Amos 6:12
New International Version
Do horses run on the rocky crags? Does one plow the sea with oxen? But you have turned justice into poison and the fruit of righteousness into bitterness--

New Living Translation
Can horses gallop over boulders? Can oxen be used to plow them? But that's how foolish you are when you turn justice into poison and the sweet fruit of righteousness into bitterness.

English Standard Version
Do horses run on rocks? Does one plow there with oxen? But you have turned justice into poison and the fruit of righteousness into wormwood—

Berean Study Bible
“Do horses gallop on the cliffs? Does one plow the sea with oxen? But you have turned justice into poison and the fruit of righteousness into wormwood—

New American Standard Bible
Do horses run on rocks? Or does one plow them with oxen? Yet you have turned justice into poison And the fruit of righteousness into wormwood,

King James Bible
Shall horses run upon the rock? will one plow there with oxen? for ye have turned judgment into gall, and the fruit of righteousness into hemlock:

Christian Standard Bible
Do horses gallop on the cliffs? Does anyone plow there with oxen? Yet you have turned justice into poison and the fruit of righteousness into wormwood--

Contemporary English Version
Horses can't gallop on rocks; oceans can't be plowed. But you have turned justice and fairness into bitter poison.

Good News Translation
Do horses gallop on rocks? Does anyone plow the sea with oxen? Yet you have turned justice into poison, and right into wrong.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Do horses gallop on the cliffs; does anyone plow there with oxen? Yet you have turned justice into poison and the fruit of righteousness into wormwood--

International Standard Version
"Horses don't run over bare rock, do they? One doesn't plow rock with oxen, does he? But you have turned justice to gall, and the fruit of righteousness into bitterness.

NET Bible
Can horses run on rocky cliffs? Can one plow the sea with oxen? Yet you have turned justice into a poisonous plant, and the fruit of righteous actions into a bitter plant.

New Heart English Bible
Do horses run on the rocky crags? Does one plow there with oxen? But you have turned justice into poison, and the fruit of righteousness into bitterness;

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Do horses run on rocks? Does a farmer plow the sea with oxen? Yet, you have turned justice into something deadly and what is righteous into poison.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Do horses run upon the rocks? Doth one plow there with oxen? That ye have turned justice into gall, And the fruit of righteousness into wormwood;

New American Standard 1977
Do horses run on rocks? Or does one plow them with oxen? Yet you have turned justice into poison, And the fruit of righteousness into wormwood,

Jubilee Bible 2000
Shall horses run upon the rocks? will one plow there with oxen? why have ye turned judgment into hemlock, and the fruit of righteousness into wormwood?

King James 2000 Bible
Shall horses run upon the rock? will one plow there with oxen? for you have turned justice into gall, and the fruit of righteousness into hemlock:

American King James Version
Shall horses run on the rock? will one plow there with oxen? for you have turned judgment into gall, and the fruit of righteousness into hemlock:

American Standard Version
Shall horses run upon the rock? will one plow there with oxen? that ye have turned justice into gall, and the fruit of righteousness into wormwood;

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Will horses run upon rocks? will they refrain from neighing at mares? for ye have turned judgment into poison, and the fruit of righteousness into bitterness:

Douay-Rheims Bible
Can horses run upon the rocks, or can any one plough with buffles? for you have turned judgment into bitterness, and the fruit of justice into wormwood.

Darby Bible Translation
Shall horses run upon the rock? will [men] plough [thereon] with oxen? For ye have turned judgment into gall, and the fruit of righteousness into wormwood,

English Revised Version
Shall horses run upon the rock? will one plow there with oxen? that ye have turned judgment into gall, and the fruit of righteousness into wormwood:

Webster's Bible Translation
Shall horses run upon the rock? will one plow there with oxen? for ye have turned judgment into gall, and the fruit of righteousness into hemlock:

World English Bible
Do horses run on the rocky crags? Does one plow there with oxen? But you have turned justice into poison, and the fruit of righteousness into bitterness;

Young's Literal Translation
Do horses run on a rock? Doth one plough it with oxen? For ye have turned to gall judgment, And the fruit of righteousness to wormwood.
Study Bible
The Pride of Israel
11For the LORD gives a command: “The great house will be smashed to pieces, and the small house to rubble.” 12“Do horses gallop on the cliffs? Does one plow the sea with oxen? But you have turned justice into poison and the fruit of righteousness into wormwood— 13you who rejoice over Lo-debar and say, ‘Did we not take Karnaim by our own strength?’…
Cross References
James 3:18
Peacemakers who sow in peace reap the fruit of righteousness.

1 Kings 21:7
But his wife Jezebel said to him, "Do you not reign over Israel? Get up, eat some food, and be cheerful, for I will get you the vineyard of Naboth the Jezreelite."

Isaiah 59:13
rebelling and denying the LORD, turning away from our God, speaking oppression and revolt, conceiving and uttering lies from the heart.

Isaiah 59:14
So justice is turned away, and righteousness stands at a distance. For truth has stumbled in the public square, and honesty cannot enter.

Hosea 10:4
They speak mere words; with false oaths they make covenants. So judgment springs up like poisonous weeds in the furrows of a field.

Amos 2:3
I will cut off the ruler from its midst and kill all the officials with him," says the LORD.

Amos 3:10
For they know not how to do right--declares the LORD--those who store up violence and destruction in their citadels.'"

Amos 5:7
You who turn justice into wormwood and cast righteousness to the ground--

Amos 5:11
Therefore, because you trample on the poor and exact from him a tax of grain, you will never live in the stone houses you have built; you will never drink the wine from the lush vineyards you have planted.

Treasury of Scripture

Shall horses run on the rock? will one plow there with oxen? for you have turned judgment into gall, and the fruit of righteousness into hemlock:

horses.

Isaiah 48:4
Because I knew that thou art obstinate, and thy neck is an iron sinew, and thy brow brass;

Jeremiah 5:3
O LORD, are not thine eyes upon the truth? thou hast stricken them, but they have not grieved; thou hast consumed them, but they have refused to receive correction: they have made their faces harder than a rock; they have refused to return.

Jeremiah 6:29,30
The bellows are burned, the lead is consumed of the fire; the founder melteth in vain: for the wicked are not plucked away…

for.

Amos 5:7,11,12
Ye who turn judgment to wormwood, and leave off righteousness in the earth, …

1 Kings 21:7-13
And Jezebel his wife said unto him, Dost thou now govern the kingdom of Israel? arise, and eat bread, and let thine heart be merry: I will give thee the vineyard of Naboth the Jezreelite…

Psalm 94:20,21
Shall the throne of iniquity have fellowship with thee, which frameth mischief by a law? …







Lexicon
“Do horses
סוּסִ֔ים (sū·sîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 5483: A swallow, swift (type of bird)

gallop
הַיְרֻצ֤וּן (hay·ru·ṣūn)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine plural | Paragogic nun
Strong's Hebrew 7323: To run

on the cliffs?
בַּסֶּ֙לַע֙ (bas·se·la‘)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5553: A craggy rock

Does one plow [the sea]
יַחֲר֖וֹשׁ (ya·ḥă·rō·wōš)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2790: To cut in, engrave, plow, devise

with oxen?
בַּבְּקָרִ֑ים (bab·bə·qā·rîm)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 1241: Beef cattle, ox, a herd

But
כִּֽי־ (kî-)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3588: A relative conjunction

you have turned
הֲפַכְתֶּ֤ם (hă·p̄aḵ·tem)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - second person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 2015: To turn about, over, to change, overturn, return, pervert

justice
מִשְׁפָּ֔ט (miš·pāṭ)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4941: A verdict, a sentence, formal decree, divine law, penalty, justice, privilege, style

into poison
לְרֹאשׁ֙ (lə·rōš)
Preposition-l | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7219: A poisonous plant, the poppy, poison

and the fruit
וּפְרִ֥י (ū·p̄ə·rî)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 6529: Fruit

of righteousness
צְדָקָ֖ה (ṣə·ḏā·qāh)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6666: Rightness, subjectively, objectively

into wormwood—
לְלַעֲנָֽה׃ (lə·la·‘ă·nāh)
Preposition-l | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3939: Wormwood
(12) The questions require a negative answer, and show that the conduct of Israel is as inconsistent and senseless as the supposition involved in the interrogation: that horses should climb steep cliffs, or oxen plough in the rocky gorge. The conception of oppression, luxury, and pride being the forerunners of prosperity and peace is anomalous. The idea is, that that which should have insured the stability of the state, the embodiment of its conscience, had been turned into narcotic poison--the self-satisfaction of personal greed. Rosh, the Hebrew for "gall," is a poisonous kind of plant with bitter taste, and resembling, according to Jerome, stalks of grass, and propagating itself with such rapidity that it is difficult to exterminate it. (Comp. Hosea 10:4. Speaker's Commentary suggests "poppy-head.") In Amos 5:7 the word expressed here by "hemlock" is rendered "worm-wood," as in Jeremiah 9:15; Jeremiah 23:15; Deuteronomy 29:18, &c., a rendering which should have been retained here. Gall and worm-wood are constantly associated in Old Testament prophecy in this metaphorical sense.

Verses 12-14. - The prophet shows the folly of these evil doers who think in their own strength to defy judgment and to resist the enemy whom God is sending against them. Verse 12. - Shall horses run upon the rock? Can horses gallop safely over places covered with rocks and stones? Will one plough there with oxen? Do men plough the rock with their oxen? The answer, of course, is "No." Yet your conduct is equally foolish, your labour is equally lost. Some, dividing the words differently, translate, "Does one plough the sea with oxen?" which reminds one of the Latin proverb, "Litus arare bubus." Thus Ovid, 'Ep. Heroid,' 5:115 -

"Quid facis OEnone? Quid arenae semina mandas?
Non protecturis litora bubus aras."
For ye have turned; or, that ye have turned. Judgment into gall (see note on Amos 5:7). Hemlock. Some plant with an acrid juice. Ye turn the administration of justice, which is "the fruit of righteousness," into the bitterest injustice and wrong. It were "more easy," says Pusey, "to change the course of nature or the use of things of nature, than the course of God's providence or the laws of his just retribution." 6:8-14 How dreadful, how miserable, is the case of those whose eternal ruin the Lord himself has sworn; for he can execute his purpose, and none can alter it! Those hearts are wretchedly hardened that will not be brought to mention God's name, and to worship him, when the hand of God is gone out against them, when sickness and death are in their families. Those that will not be tilled as fields, shall be abandoned as rocks. When our services of God are soured with sin, his providences will justly be made bitter to us. Men should take warning not to harden their hearts, for those who walk in pride, God will destroy.
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