Amos

Judgment on Israel's Neighbors
(2 Kings 16:10-18; 2 Chronicles 28:16-21)

1These are the words of Amos, who was among the sheepherdersa of Tekoa—what he saw concerning Israel two yearsb before the earthquake, in the days when Uzziah was king of Judah and Jeroboam son of Jehoashc was king of Israel. 2He said:

“The LORD roars from Zion

and raises His voice from Jerusalem;

the pastures of the shepherds mourn,

and the summit of Carmel withers.”

3This is what the LORD says:

“For three transgressions of Damascus, even four,

I will not revoke My judgment,d

because they threshed Gilead

with sledges of iron.

4So I will send fire upon the house of Hazael

to consume the citadels of Ben-hadad.

5I will break down the gates of Damascus

and cut off the rulere of the Valley of Avenf

and him who wields the scepter from Beth-eden.

The people of Aram will be exiled to Kir,”

says the LORD.

6This is what the LORD says:

“For three transgressions of Gaza, even four,

I will not revoke My judgment,

because they exiled a whole population

to deliver them up to Edom.

7So I will send fire upon the walls of Gaza,

to consume its citadels.

8I will cut off the ruler from Ashdod

and him who wields the scepter from Ashkelon.

And I will turn My hand against Ekron,

and the remnant of the Philistines will perish,”

says the Lord GOD.

9This is what the LORD says:

“For three transgressions of Tyre, even four,

I will not revoke My judgment,

because they delivered up a whole congregation of exiles to Edom

and broke a covenant of brotherhood.

10So I will send fire upon the walls of Tyre,

to consume its citadels.”

11This is what the LORD says:

“For three transgressions of Edom, even four,

I will not revoke My judgment,

because he pursued his brother with the sword

and stifled all compassion;

his anger raged continually,

and his fury flamed incessantly.

12So I will send fire upon Teman

to consume the citadels of Bozrah.”

13This is what the LORD says:

“For three transgressions of the Ammonites, even four,

I will not revoke My judgment,

because they ripped open the pregnant women of Gilead

in order to enlarge their territory.

14So I will kindle a fire in the walls of Rabbah

to consume its citadels

amid war cries on the day of battle

and a violent wind on the day of tempest.

15Their kingg will go into exile—

he and his princes together,”

says the LORD.

Footnotes:

1 a Or sheep breeders
1 b Or during the two years
1 c Hebrew Joash, a variant of Jehoash
3 d Or I will not relent, or I will not revoke my wrath; also in verses 6, 9, 11, and 13
5 e Or the inhabitants
5 f Aven means wickedness
15 g Or Molech

Amos 2

Judgment on Moab, Judah, and Israel

1This is what the LORD says:

“For three transgressions of Moab, even four,

I will not revoke My judgment,a

because he burned the bones

of the king of Edom to lime.

2So I will send fire against Moab

to consume the citadels of Kerioth.

Moab will die in tumult,

amid war cries and the blast of the trumpet.

3I will cut off the ruler from its midst

and kill all the officials with him,”

says the LORD.

4This is what the LORD says:

“For three transgressions of Judah, even four,

I will not revoke My judgment,

because they have rejected the law of the LORD

and have not kept His statutes;

they have been led astray by the lies

in which their forefathers walked.

5So I will send fire upon Judah

to consume the citadels of Jerusalem.”

6This is what the LORD says:

“For three transgressions of Israel, even four,

I will not revoke My judgment,

because they sell the righteous for silver

and the needy for a pair of sandals.

7They trample on the heads of the poor

as on the dust of the earth;

they push the needy out of their way.

A man and his father resort to the same girl

and so profane My holy name.

8They lie down beside every altar

on garments taken in pledge,

and in the house of their God,

they drink the wine of the sanctioned.

9Yet it was I who destroyed

the Amorite before them,

though his height was like that of the cedars,

and he was as strong as the oaks;

yet I destroyed his fruit above

and his roots below.

10And I brought you up from the land of Egypt

and led you forty years in the wilderness,

that you might take possession

of the land of the Amorite.

11I raised up prophets from your sons

and Nazirites from your young men.

Is this not true,

O children of Israel?”

declares the LORD.

12“But you made the Nazirites drink wine

and commanded the prophets not to prophesy.

13Behold, I am about to crush you in your place

as a wagonload of sheaves crushes grain.

14Escape will fail the swift,

the strong will not prevail by his strength,

and the mighty will not save his life.

15The archer will not stand his ground,

the fleet of foot will not escape,

and the horseman will not save his life.

16Even the bravest of mighty men

will flee naked on that day,”

declares the LORD.

Footnotes:

1 a Or I will not relent, or I will not revoke my wrath; also in verses 4 and 6

Amos 3

Witnesses Against Israel

1Hear this word that the LORD has spoken against you, O children of Israel, against the entire clan that I brought up out of Egypt:

2“You only have I known from all the clans of the earth;

therefore I will punish you for all your iniquities.

3Can two walk together

without an appointment to meet?

4Does a lion roar in the forest

when he has no prey?

Does a young lion growl in his den

if he has caught nothing?

5Does a bird land in a snare

where no bait has been set?

Does a trap spring from the ground

when it has nothing to catch?

6If a trumpet sounds in a city,

will the people not tremble?

If calamity comes to a city,

has not the LORD caused it?

7Surely the Lord GOD does nothing

without revealing His plan

to His servants the prophets.

8The lion has roared—

who will not fear?

The Lord GOD has spoken—

who will not prophesy?

9Proclaim to the citadels of Ashdod

as well as the citadels of Egypt:

‘Assemble on the mountains of Samaria;

see the great unrest in the city

and the acts of oppression in her midst.

10For they know not how to do right—

declares the LORD—

those who store up violence and destruction

in their citadels.’”

11Therefore this is what the Lord GOD says:

“An enemya will surround the land;

he will pull down your strongholds

and plunder your citadels.”

12This is what the LORD says:

“As the shepherd snatches from the mouth of the lion

two legs or a piece of an ear,

so the Israelites dwelling in Samaria will be snatched away

with the corner of a bed or the cushion of a couch.b

13Hear and testify against the house of Jacob,

declares the Lord GOD, the God of Hosts.

14On the day I punish Israel for their transgressions,

I will visit destruction on the altars of Bethel;

the horns of the altar will be cut off,

and they will fall to the ground.

15I will tear down the winter house

along with the summer house;

the houses of ivory will also perish,

and the mansions will come to an end,”

declares the LORD.

Footnotes:

11 a Or An adversary
12 b Or so will the Israelites be snatched away, those who sit in Samaria on the edge of their beds and in Damascus on their couches

Amos 4

Punishment Brings No Repentance

1Hear this word,

you cows of Bashan on Mount Samaria,

you women who oppress the poor

and crush the needy,

who say to your husbands,

“Bring us more to drink.”

2The Lord GOD has sworn by His holiness:

“Behold, the days are coming

when you will be taken away with hooks,

and your posterity with fishhooks.

3You will go out through broken walls,

each one straight ahead of her,

and you will be cast out toward Harmon,”

declares the LORD.

4“Go to Bethel and transgress;

rebel even more at Gilgal!

Bring your sacrifices every morning,

your tithes every three days.a

5Offer leavened bread as a thank offering,

and loudly proclaim your freewill offerings,

for that is what you children of Israel love to do!”

declares the LORD GOD.

6“I beset all your cities with cleanness of teeth

and all your towns with lack of bread,

yet you did not return to Me.”

declares the LORD.

7“I also withheld the rain from you

when the harvest was three months away.

I sent rain on one city

but withheld it from another.

One field received rain

while one without rain withered.

8People staggered from city to city

for water to drink,

but they were not satisfied;

yet you have not returned to Me,”

declares the LORD.

9“I struck you with blight and mildew

in your growing gardens and vineyards;

the locust devoured your fig and olive trees,

yet you did not return to Me,”

declares the LORD.

10“I sent plagues among you

like those of Egypt;

I killed your young men with the sword,

along with your captured horses.

I filled your nostrils with the stench of your camp,

yet you did not return to Me,”

declares the LORD.

11“Some of you I overthrew

as I overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah,

and you were like a firebrandb snatched from a blaze,

yet you did not return to Me,”

declares the LORD.

12“Therefore, that is what I will do

to you, O Israel,

and since I will do this to you,

prepare to meet your God, O Israel!

13For behold, He who forms the mountains,

who creates the wind,

and reveals His thoughts to man,

the One who turns the dawn to darkness

and strides on the heights of the earth,

the LORD, the God of Hosts, is His name.”

Footnotes:

4 a Or years
11 b That is, a burning stick

Amos 5

A Lamentation against Israel

1Hear this word, O house of Israel, this lamentation I take up against you:

2“Fallen is Virgin Israel,

never to rise again.

She lies abandoned on her land,

with no one to raise her up.”

3This is what the Lord GOD says:

“The city that marches out a thousand strong

will only see a hundred return,

and the one that marches out a hundred strong

will have but ten left in the house of Israel.”

A Call to Repentance
(Joel 1:13-20; Zephaniah 2:1-3; Luke 13:1-5)

4For this is what the LORD says to the house of Israel:

“Seek Me and live!

5Do not seek Bethel or go to Gilgal;

do not journey to Beersheba,

for Gilgal will surely go into exile,

and Bethel will come to nothing.a

6Seek the LORD and live,

or He will spread like fire through the house of Joseph;

it will devour everything,

with no one at Bethel to extinguish it.

7You who turn justice into wormwood

and cast righteousness to the ground—

8He who made the Pleiades and Orion,

who turns darkness into dawn

and darkens day into night,

who summons the waters of the sea

and pours them over the face of the earth,

the LORD is His name.

9He flashes destruction on the strong,

so that fury comes upon the stronghold—

10you hate the one who reproves in the gate

and despise him who speaks with integrity.

11Therefore, because you trample on the poor

and exact from him a tax of grain,

you will never live in the stone houses you have built;

you will never drink the wine

from the lush vineyards you have planted.

12For I know your transgressions are many

and your sins are innumerable.

You oppress the righteous, taking bribes,

and depriving the poor of justice at the gates.

13Therefore, the prudent keep silent in such times,

for the days are evil.

14Seek good, not evil

so that you may live,

and the LORD, the God of Hosts,

will be with you, as you have claimed.

15Hate evil and love good;

establish justice in the gate.

Perhaps the LORD, the God of Hosts, will be gracious

to the remnant of Joseph.”

The Day of the LORD

16Therefore this is what the LORD, the God of Hosts, the Lord, says:

“There will be wailing in all the public squares

and cries of ‘Alas, alas’ in all the streets.

The farmer will be summoned to mourn,

and the mourners to wail.

17There will be wailing in all the vineyards,

for I will pass through your midst,”

says the LORD.

18Woe to you who long for the Day of the LORD!

What will the Day of the LORD be for you?

It will be darkness and not light.

19It will be like a man who flees from a lion

only to encounter a bear,

or who enters his house

and rests his hand against the wall,

only to have a serpent bite him.

20Will not the Day of the LORD

be darkness and not light,

even gloom with no brightness in it?

21I hate, I despise your feasts!

I cannot stand the stench of your solemn assemblies.

22Even though you offer Me burnt offerings and grain offerings,

I will not accept them;

for your peace offerings of fattened cattle,

I will have no regard.

23Take away from Me the noise of your songs!

I will not listen to the music of your harps.

24But let justice roll on like a river,

and righteousness like an ever-flowing stream.

25Did you bring Me sacrifices and offerings

forty years in the wilderness, O house of Israel?

26You have lifted up Sakkuth your king

and Kaiwan your star god,b

the idols you made for yourselves.

27Therefore, I will send you into exile beyond Damascus,”

says the LORD, whose name is the God of Hosts.

Footnotes:

5 a Hebrew Aven, a reference to Beth Aven (a derogatory term for Bethel); see Hosea 4:15
26 b Septuagint You have lifted up the shrine of Molech and the star of your god Rephan

Amos 6

Woe to those at Ease in Zion
(Luke 6:24-26)

1Woe to those at ease in Zion

and those secure on Mount Samaria,

the distinguished ones of the foremost nation,

to whom the house of Israel comes.

2Cross over to Calneh and see;

go from there to great Hamath;

then go down to Gath of the Philistines.

Are you better than these kingdoms?

Is their territory larger than yours?

3You dismiss the day of calamity

and bring near a reign of violence.

4You lie on beds inlaid with ivory,

and lounge upon your couches;

You dine on lambs from the flock

and calves from the stall.

5You improvise songs on the harp like David

and invent your own musical instruments.

6You drink wine by the bowlful

and anoint yourselves with the finest oils,

but you fail to grieve

over the ruin of Joseph.

7Therefore, you will now go into exile

as the first of the captives,

and your feasting and lounging

will come to an end.

The Pride of Israel

8The Lord GOD has sworn by Himself—the LORD, the God of Hosts, has declared:

“I abhor Jacob’s pride

and detest his citadels,

so I will deliver up the city

and everything in it.”

9And if there are ten men left in one house, they too will die. 10And when the relative who is to burn the bodiesa picks them up to remove them from the house, he will call to one inside of the house, “Is anyone else with you?”

“None,” that person will answer.

“Silence,” the relative will reply, “for the name of the LORD must not be invoked.”

11For the LORD gives a command:

“The great house will be smashed to pieces,

and the small house to rubble.”

12“Do horses gallop on the cliffs?

Does one plow the seab with oxen?

But you have turned justice into poison

and the fruit of righteousness into wormwood—

13you who rejoice over Lo-debarc and say,

‘Did we not take Karnaimd by our own strength?’

14For behold, I will raise up a nation

against you, O house of Israel,”

declares the LORD, the God of Hosts,

“and they will oppress you

from Lebo-hamath to the Brook of the Arabah.”

Footnotes:

10 a Or to make a funeral fire to honor the dead
12 b MT plow there
13 c Lo-debar means nothing
13 d Karnaim means horns (a symbol of strength)

Amos 7

The Locusts, Fire, and Plumb Line
(Joel 2:1-11)

1This is what the Lord GOD showed me: He was preparing swarms of locusts just after the king's harvest, as the late spring crop was coming up. 2And when the locusts had eaten every green plant in the land, I said, “Lord GOD, please forgive! How will Jacob survive, since he is so small?”

3So the LORD relented from this plan. “It will not happen,” He said.

4This is what the Lord GOD showed me: The Lord GOD was calling for judgment by fire. It consumed the great deep and devoured the land. 5Then I said, “Lord GOD, please stop! How will Jacob survive, since he is so small?”

6So the LORD relented from this plan. “It will not happen either,” said the Lord GOD.

7This is what He showed me: Behold, the Lord was standing by a wall true to plumb, with a plumb line in His hand. 8“Amos, what do you see?” asked the LORD.

“A plumb line,” I replied.

“Behold,” said the Lord, “I am setting a plumb line among My people Israel; I will no longer spare them:

9The high places of Isaac will be deserted,

and the sanctuaries of Israel will be laid waste;

and I will rise up against the house of Jeroboam

with My sword.”

Amaziah Accuses Amos

10Then Amaziah the priest of Bethel sent word to Jeroboam king of Israel, saying, “Amos has conspired against you in the midst of the house of Israel. The land cannot bear all his words, 11for this is what Amos has said:

‘Jeroboam will die by the sword,

and Israel will surely go into exile,

away from her homeland.’”

12And Amaziah said to Amos, “Go away, you seer! Flee to the land of Judah; earn your bread there and do your prophesying there, 13but never prophesy at Bethel again, because it is the sanctuary of the king and the temple of the kingdom.”

14“I was nota a prophet,” Amos replied, “nor was I the sonb of a prophet; rather, I was a herdsman and a tender of sycamore-fig trees. 15But the LORD took me from following the flock and said to me, ‘Go, prophesy to My people Israel.’

16Now, therefore, hear the word of the LORD. You say:

‘Do not prophesy against Israel;

do not preach against the house of Isaac.’

17Therefore, this is what the LORD says:

‘Your wife will become a prostitute in the city,

and your sons and daughters will fall by the sword.

Your land will be divided by a measuring line,

and you yourself will die on paganc soil.

And Israel will surely go into exile,

away from her homeland.’”

Footnotes:

14 a Or I am not
14 b Or nor am I the son
17 c Hebrew unclean

Amos 8

The Basket of Ripe Fruit

1This is what the Lord GOD showed me: I saw a basket of summer fruit.

2“Amos, what do you see?” He asked.

“A basket of summer fruit,” I replied.

So the LORD said to me, “The end has come for My people Israel; I will no longer spare them.”

3“In that day,” declares the Lord GOD, “the songsa of the templeb will turn to wailing. Many will be the corpses, strewn in silence everywhere!”

4Hear this, you who trample on the needy,

who do away with the poor of the land,

5asking, “When will the New Moon be over

that we may sell grain?

When will the Sabbath end,

that we may market wheat?

Let us reduce the ephahc and increase the shekel;d

let us cheat with dishonest scales.

6Let us buy the poor with silver

and the needy for a pair of sandals,

selling even the chaff with the wheat!”

7The LORD has sworn by the Pride of Jacob:

“I will never forget any of their deeds.

8Will not the land quake for this

and all its dwellers mourn?

All of it will swell like the Nile;

it will surge and then subside

like the Nile in Egypt.”

9“And in that day,”

declares the Lord GOD,

“I will make the sun go down at noon;

and I will darken the earth in the daytime.

10I will turn your feasts into mourning

and all your songs into lamentation.

I will cause everyone to wear sackcloth

and every head to be shaved.

I will make it like a time of mourning for an only son,

and its outcome like a bitter day.

11Behold! The days are coming,”

declares the Lord GOD,

“when I will send a famine on the land—

not a famine of bread or a thirst for water,

but a famine of hearing the words of the LORD.

12People will stagger from sea to sea

and roam from north to east,

seeking the word of the LORD,

but they will not find it.

13In that day the lovely young women,

the young men as well, will faint from thirst.

14Those who swear by the guilt of Samaria

and say, ‘As surely as your god lives, O Dan,’

or, ‘As surely as the Waye of Beersheba lives’—

they will fall, never to rise again.”

Footnotes:

3 a Or the singing women
3 b Or palace
5 c Or the measure
5 d Or the price
14 e Or the god

Amos 9

The Destruction of Israel

1I saw the Lord standing beside the altar, and He said:

“Strike the tops of the pillars

so that the thresholds shake.

Topple them on the heads of all the people,

and I will kill the rest with the sword.

None of those who flee will get away;

none of the fugitives will escape.

2Though they dig down to Sheol,

from there My hand will take them;

and though they climb up to heaven,

from there I will pull them down.

3Though they hide themselves atop Carmel,

there I will track them and seize them;

and though they hide from Me at the bottom of the sea,

there I will command the serpent to bite them.

4Though they are driven by their enemies into captivity,

there I will command the sword to slay them.

I will fix My eyes upon them

for harm and not for good.”

5The Lord, the GOD of Hosts,

He who touches the earth and melts it,

and all its dwellers mourn—

all the land rises like the Nile,

then sinks like the river of Egypt—

6He builds His upper rooms in the heavens

and founds His vault upon the earth.

He summons the waters of the sea

and pours them over the face of the earth.

The LORD is His name.

7“Are you not like the Cushitesa to Me,

O children of Israel?”

declares the LORD.

“Did I not bring Israel

up from the land of Egypt,

the Philistines from Caphtor,b

and the Arameans from Kir?

8Surely the eyes of the Lord GOD

are on the sinful kingdom,

and I will destroy it from the face of the earth.

Yet I will not utterly destroy the house of Jacob,”

declares the LORD.

9“For surely I will give the command,

and I will shake the house of Israel

among all the nations,

as grain is sifted in a sieve,

but not a pebble will reach the ground.

10All the sinners among My people

will die by the sword,

all those who say,

‘Disaster will never draw near or confront us.’

The Restoration of Israel

11“In that day I will restore

the fallen tent of David.

I will repair its gaps, restore its ruins,

and rebuild it as in the days of old,

12so that they may possess the remnant of Edom

and all the nations that bear My name,c

declares the LORD, who will do this.

13“Behold, the days are coming,

declares the LORD,

when the plowman will overtake the reaper

and the treader of grapes, the sower of seed.

The mountains will drip with sweet wine,

with which all the hills will flow.

14I will restore from captivityd My people Israel;

they will rebuild and inhabit the ruined cities;

they will plant vineyards and drink their wine;

they will make gardens and eat their fruit.

15I will firmly plant them on their own land,

and they will never again be uprooted

from the land I have given them,”

says the LORD your God.

Footnotes:

7 a That is, people from the upper Nile region
7 b That is, Crete
12 c Hebrew; LXX (compare Acts 15:17) that the remnant of men, and all the nations that bear My name, may earnestly seek me
14 d Or restore the fortunes of


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