Amos 5:25
New International Version
"Did you bring me sacrifices and offerings forty years in the wilderness, people of Israel?

New Living Translation
"Was it to me you were bringing sacrifices and offerings during the forty years in the wilderness, Israel?

English Standard Version
“Did you bring to me sacrifices and offerings during the forty years in the wilderness, O house of Israel?

Berean Study Bible
Did you bring Me sacrifices and offerings forty years in the wilderness, O house of Israel?

New American Standard Bible
"Did you present Me with sacrifices and grain offerings in the wilderness for forty years, O house of Israel?

King James Bible
Have ye offered unto me sacrifices and offerings in the wilderness forty years, O house of Israel?

Christian Standard Bible
"House of Israel, was it sacrifices and grain offerings that you presented to me during the forty years in the wilderness?

Contemporary English Version
Israel, for forty years you wandered in the desert, without bringing offerings or sacrifices to me.

Good News Translation
"People of Israel, I did not demand sacrifices and offerings during those forty years that I led you through the desert.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
House of Israel, was it sacrifices and grain offerings that you presented to Me during the 40 years in the wilderness?

International Standard Version
"Was it to me that you brought offerings and gifts in the desert for 40 years, house of Israel?

NET Bible
You did not bring me sacrifices and grain offerings during the forty years you spent in the wilderness, family of Israel.

New Heart English Bible
"Did you bring to me sacrifices and offerings in the wilderness forty years, house of Israel?

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Did you bring me sacrifices and grain offerings in the desert for 40 years, nation of Israel?

JPS Tanakh 1917
Did ye bring unto Me sacrifices and offerings in the wilderness forty years, O house of Israel?

New American Standard 1977
“Did you present Me with sacrifices and grain offerings in the wilderness for forty years, O house of Israel?

Jubilee Bible 2000
Did you perchance offer me any sacrifices and offerings in the wilderness in forty years, O house of Israel?

King James 2000 Bible
Have you offered unto me sacrifices and offerings in the wilderness forty years, O house of Israel?

American King James Version
Have you offered to me sacrifices and offerings in the wilderness forty years, O house of Israel?

American Standard Version
Did ye bring unto me sacrifices and offerings in the wilderness forty years, O house of Israel?

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Have ye offered to me victims and sacrifices, O house of Israel, forty years in the wilderness?

Douay-Rheims Bible
Did you offer victims and sacrifices to me in the desert for forty years, O house of Israel?

Darby Bible Translation
Did ye bring unto me sacrifices and oblations in the wilderness forty years, O house of Israel?

English Revised Version
Did ye bring unto me sacrifices and offerings in the wilderness forty years, O house of Israel?

Webster's Bible Translation
Have ye offered to me sacrifices and offerings in the wilderness forty years, O house of Israel?

World English Bible
"Did you bring to me sacrifices and offerings in the wilderness forty years, house of Israel?

Young's Literal Translation
Sacrifices and offering did ye bring nigh to Me, In a wilderness forty years, O house of Israel?
Study Bible
The Day of the LORD
24But let justice roll on like a river, and righteousness like an ever-flowing stream. 25Did you bring Me sacrifices and offerings forty years in the wilderness, O house of Israel? 26You have lifted up Sakkuth your king and Kaiwan your star god, the idols you made for yourselves.…
Cross References
Acts 7:42
But God turned away from them and gave them over to the worship of the heavenly bodies, as it is written in the book of the prophets: 'Did you offer Me slain beasts and sacrifices forty years in the wilderness, O house of Israel?

Acts 7:43
You took along the tent of Moloch and the star of your god Rephan, the idols you made to worship. Therefore I will carry you away beyond Babylon.'

Deuteronomy 32:17
They sacrificed to demons, not to God, to gods they had not known, to newly arrived gods, which your fathers did not fear.

Joshua 24:14
Now, therefore, fear the LORD and serve Him in sincerity and truth; cast aside the gods your fathers served beyond the Euphrates and in Egypt, and serve the LORD.

Nehemiah 9:18
Even after they had cast for themselves an image of a calf and said, "This is your God who brought you up out of Egypt," and they had committed terrible blasphemies,

Isaiah 43:23
You have not brought Me sheep for burnt offerings, nor honored Me with your sacrifices. I have not burdened you with offerings, nor wearied you with incense.

Treasury of Scripture

Have you offered to me sacrifices and offerings in the wilderness forty years, O house of Israel?

Leviticus 17:7
And they shall no more offer their sacrifices unto devils, after whom they have gone a whoring. This shall be a statute for ever unto them throughout their generations.

Deuteronomy 32:17-19
They sacrificed unto devils, not to God; to gods whom they knew not, to new gods that came newly up, whom your fathers feared not…

Joshua 24:14
Now therefore fear the LORD, and serve him in sincerity and in truth: and put away the gods which your fathers served on the other side of the flood, and in Egypt; and serve ye the LORD.







Lexicon
Did you bring
הִֽגַּשְׁתֶּם־ (hig·gaš·tem-)
Verb - Hifil - Perfect - second person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 5066: To draw near, approach

Me
לִ֧י (lî)
Preposition | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew

sacrifices
הַזְּבָחִ֨ים (haz·zə·ḇā·ḥîm)
Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 2077: A slaughter, the flesh of an animal, a sacrifice

and offerings
וּמִנְחָ֜ה (ū·min·ḥāh)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4503: A donation, tribute, a sacrificial offering

forty
אַרְבָּעִ֥ים (’ar·bā·‘îm)
Number - common plural
Strong's Hebrew 705: Forty

years
שָׁנָ֖ה (šā·nāh)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8141: A year

in the wilderness,
בַמִּדְבָּ֛ר (ḇam·miḏ·bār)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4057: A pasture, a desert, speech

O house
בֵּ֥ית (bêṯ)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 1004: A house

of Israel?
יִשְׂרָאֵֽל׃ (yiś·rā·’êl)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3478: Israel -- 'God strives', another name of Jacob and his desc
(25, 26) Much uncertainty belongs to the interpretation of these verses and their connection in thought. Some commentators would treat Amos 5:25 as a statement, and not a question, the first word being read as a definite article, and not an interrogative prefix in the Hebrew. But the construction of the following words forbids this supposition, and nearly all exegetes follow the LXX., Vulg., Targ., in taking the sentence as interrogative. Is the expected answer negative or affirmative? Heb. usage points to the former. So Ewald and Keil According to the latter, the words apply to the nation as a whole, or to the great mass of the people, individual exceptions being passed by. The following verse is then taken in an adversative sense, "To me ye have offered no sacrifices, but ye have borne," &c. The opposition is between the Jehovah-worship, which they suspended, and the idol-worship which they carried on. This is a possible interpretation, as Driver (Heb. Tenses, ? 119a, foot-note) admits. But as that writer shows (l.c.), it is more in consonance with grammatical usage to translate in Amos 5:26 by a future, as Ewald does: "So ye shall carry away the tabernacle," &c., i.e., when driven into exile. To this thought Amos 5:27 forms a natural development: And I will carry you away captive, &c. Moreover, in the light of this interpretation the logical connection of Amos 5:21-27 becomes much simpler: "I, Jehovah, abhor the mechanical round of corrupt and hollow ceremonial cloaking wickedness of conduct. Live righteously. Did I exact punctilious discharge of ceremonial in the desert wanderings? [No.] Therefore I shall submit you once more to the discipline of exile wanderings." On the meaning of the difficult clause, Chiun your images, the star of your god, which ye made for yourselves, as well as on the rendering of the LXX. and St. Stephen's quotation of the passage, see Excursus B. Kuenen is scarcely justified in founding an argument on this passage as to the origin of the Sabbath.

EXCURSUS B (Amos 5:26).

Three obscure points render this verse one of the most difficult in the Old Testament.

1. As to tense. The interpretation to which preference has been given in the commentary on the text--the time being regarded as future--has been decided on grounds of grammatical usage only. But certainly the larger number of commentators have rendered the verb as a past tense, "But ye bore the tabernacle," &c., the time referred to being that of the desert wanderings. This view is upheld by Hitzig, Kuenen, Keil, Henderson, and also by R. S. Poole. It is also supported by the LXX.

2. The word Sikk�th, rendered tabernacle, or tent, in the E.V. and by the LXX., is derived from a root signifying both to interweave and to cover--an etymology which confirms the above rendering. Ewald's conjecture that it signifies "stake," inferred from the Aramaic Sekkitho, is to be rejected. The conception of Moloch being carried in a tent may be illustrated from the Egyptian monuments of Rameses XII. Birch (Egypt, S. P. C. K., p. 149), refers to a tablet found in the south-west corner of Karnak: "The picture of the tablet represents Rameses holding a censer, and worshipping the ark of the god [Khons], which, partly covered with curtains, is placed in a boat . . . Figures of priests, a sphinx, and standards are in the boat, while twelve priests carry it on their shoulders."

3. Both Moloch and Chiun were evidently star-deities. R. S. Poole endeavours to connect Chiun with Semitic deities worshipped in Egypt (see art. "Remphan," Smith's Dict. of the Bible). The name Chiun appears as Remphan in the quotation of this passage in Stephen's speech (Acts 7:43). And both Remphan and Chiun were held by Mr. Poole to be the corresponding male and female deities of Asiatic type, Renpu and Ken. But the form Remphan can be clearly shown to have arisen from textual corruption, originating, perhaps, in some false analogy. In the New Testament passage the best MSS. read Rephan, and this reading has been adopted in our Revised Version, and occurs in nearly the same form in the LXX., from which Stephen was freely quoting. In the LXX. the original order of the clauses has suffered transposition, and it is certainly safer to adhere to the Hebrew text (as in Amos 9:11-12).

Rephan arose from the Hebrew text by the change of a single character. Instances of such interchange are not infrequent in the Old Testament. Yet the form Rephan, though corrupt, is invaluable, as indicating the true reading of the Hebrew word. The word for Chiun was read by the Masoretes as Kiyy�n (according to Ewald, "pedestal" [?]). But the LXX. indicate, and much confirmatory testimony establishes the fact, that the word is to be read Kevan, and that Kevan, like the Ammonitish Moloch, represented the star-deity Saturn. Thus Kaivono is the form of the word in the Peshito. This view is supported by Aben Ezra and Kimchi, who cite Kivan as the name for the star Saturn in the Persian and Arabic. This star (see quotations in Henderson's Commentary) was held to exert malignant influence. Schrader (Cuneiform Inscriptions and the Old Testament, p. 443) compares the name Ka-ai-vanu, the Assyrian name for that planet.

Verse 25. - Ye have always been idolaters, corrupters of pure worship. Your service in the wilderness, when you were little exposed to external influence, was no more true and faithful than that which you offer now; that was as unacceptable as this. Have ye offered unto me? Did ye offer unto me? The answer expected is "No;" i.e. you did not so really, because your worship was mixed with falsehood, and was not offered simply and genuinely to me. It is certain, too, that during the sojourn in the wilderness sacrificial worship fell greatly into desuetude, as we know that the rite of circumcision was suspended (Joshua 5:5-7), the Passover was not duly celebrated, and Joshua urged the people to put away the strange gods from among them (Joshua 24:23). Moses, too, doubtless with a view to existing practices, warns them against worshipping the heavenly bodies (Deuteronomy 4:19), and offering sacrifice unto devils (seirim), "after whom they had gone a-whoring" (Leviticus 17:7). The prophets, too, allude to the idolatry practised in the desert (see Ezekiel 20:7-26; Hosea 9:10). But to argue (as some neologians do) from this passage of Amos that the Israelites during those forty years knew nothing of Jehovah, or that Amos himself denies that they offered him any worship, is absurd, seeing that the prophet presupposes the fact, and blames them for corrupting the Divine service and mingling the prescribed and enacted ritual with idolatrous accretions. Sacrifices; slain, bloody sacrifices. Offerings; bloodless sacrifices, meal offerings. 5:18-27 Woe unto those that desire the day of the Lord's judgments, that wish for times of war and confusion; as some who long for changes, hoping to rise upon the ruins of their country! but this should be so great a desolation, that nobody could gain by it. The day of the Lord will be a dark, dismal, gloomy day to all impenitent sinners. When God makes a day dark, all the world cannot make it light. Those who are not reformed by the judgments of God, will be pursued by them; if they escape one, another stands ready to seize them. A pretence of piety is double iniquity, and so it will be found. The people of Israel copied the crimes of their forefathers. The law of worshipping the Lord our God, is, Him only we must serve. Professors thrive so little, because they have little or no communion with God in their duties. They were led captive by Satan into idolatry, therefore God caused them to go into captivity among idolaters.
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