Romans 2:17
New International Version
Now you, if you call yourself a Jew; if you rely on the law and boast in God;

New Living Translation
You who call yourselves Jews are relying on God’s law, and you boast about your special relationship with him.

English Standard Version
But if you call yourself a Jew and rely on the law and boast in God

Berean Study Bible
Now you, if you call yourself a Jew; if you rely on the law and boast in God;

Berean Literal Bible
But if you are called a Jew and rely on the Law and boast in God,

New American Standard Bible
But if you bear the name "Jew " and rely upon the Law and boast in God,

King James Bible
Behold, thou art called a Jew, and restest in the law, and makest thy boast of God,

Christian Standard Bible
Now if you call yourself a Jew, and rely on the law, and boast in God,

Contemporary English Version
Some of you call yourselves Jews. You trust in the Law and take pride in God.

Good News Translation
What about you? You call yourself a Jew; you depend on the Law and boast about God;

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Now if you call yourself a Jew, and rest in the law, boast in God,

International Standard Version
Now if you call yourself a Jew, and rely on the Law, and boast about God,

NET Bible
But if you call yourself a Jew and rely on the law and boast of your relationship to God

New Heart English Bible
But if you call yourself a Jew, and rely on the law, and boast in God,

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
But if you are called from the Jews and are comforted by The Written Law and are boasting in God,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
You call yourself a Jew, rely on the laws in Moses' Teachings, brag about your God,

New American Standard 1977
But if you bear the name “Jew,” and rely upon the Law, and boast in God,

Jubilee Bible 2000
Behold, thou doth call thyself a Jew and art supported by the law and doth glory in God

King James 2000 Bible
Behold, you are called a Jew, and rest in the law, and make your boast of God,

American King James Version
Behold, you are called a Jew, and rest in the law, and make your boast of God,

American Standard Version
But if thou bearest the name of a Jew, and restest upon the law, and gloriest in God,

Douay-Rheims Bible
But if thou art called a Jew and restest in the law, and makest thy boast of God,

Darby Bible Translation
But if thou art named a Jew, and restest in the law, and makest thy boast in God,

English Revised Version
But if thou bearest the name of a Jew, and restest upon the law, and gloriest in God,

Webster's Bible Translation
Behold, thou art called a Jew, and restest in the law, and makest thy boast of God,

Weymouth New Testament
And since you claim the name of Jew, and find rest and satisfaction in the Law, and make your boast in God,

World English Bible
Indeed you bear the name of a Jew, and rest on the law, and glory in God,

Young's Literal Translation
Lo, thou art named a Jew, and dost rest upon the law, and dost boast in God,
Study Bible
The Jews and the Law
16This will come to pass on that day when God will judge men’s secrets through Christ Jesus, as proclaimed by my gospel. 17Now you, if you call yourself a Jew; if you rely on the Law and boast in God; 18if you know His will and approve of what is superior because you are instructed by the law;…
Cross References
Isaiah 48:2
who indeed call yourselves after the Holy City and lean on the God of Israel--the LORD of Hosts is His name.

Micah 3:11
Her leaders judge for a bribe, her priests teach for a price, and her prophets practice divination for money. Yet they lean upon the LORD, saying, "Is not the LORD among us? No disaster can come upon us."

John 5:39
You pore over the Scriptures because you presume that by them you possess eternal life. These are the very words that testify about Me,

John 5:45
Do not think that I will accuse you before the Father. Your accuser is Moses, in whom you have put your hope.

John 9:28
Then they heaped insults on him and said, "You are His disciple; we are disciples of Moses.

Romans 2:23
You who boast in the Law, do you dishonor God by breaking the Law?

Romans 2:28
A man is not a Jew because he is one outwardly, nor is circumcision only outward and physical.

Romans 3:27
Where, then, is boasting? It is excluded. On what principle? On that of works? No, but on that of faith.

Romans 9:4
the people of Israel. Theirs is the adoption as sons; theirs the divine glory and the covenants; theirs the giving of the Law, the temple worship, and the promises.

Treasury of Scripture

Behold, you are called a Jew, and rest in the law, and make your boast of God,

thou art.

Romans 2:28,29
For he is not a Jew, which is one outwardly; neither is that circumcision, which is outward in the flesh: …

Romans 9:4-7
Who are Israelites; to whom pertaineth the adoption, and the glory, and the covenants, and the giving of the law, and the service of God, and the promises; …

Psalm 135:4
For the LORD hath chosen Jacob unto himself, and Israel for his peculiar treasure.

restest.

Romans 2:23
Thou that makest thy boast of the law, through breaking the law dishonourest thou God?

Romans 9:4,32
Who are Israelites; to whom pertaineth the adoption, and the glory, and the covenants, and the giving of the law, and the service of God, and the promises; …

Jeremiah 7:4-10
Trust ye not in lying words, saying, The temple of the LORD, The temple of the LORD, The temple of the LORD, are these…

makest.

Isaiah 45:25
In the LORD shall all the seed of Israel be justified, and shall glory.

Isaiah 48:2
For they call themselves of the holy city, and stay themselves upon the God of Israel; The LORD of hosts is his name.

Micah 3:11
The heads thereof judge for reward, and the priests thereof teach for hire, and the prophets thereof divine for money: yet will they lean upon the LORD, and say, Is not the LORD among us? none evil can come upon us.







Lexicon
Now
δὲ (de)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 1161: A primary particle; but, and, etc.

you,
σὺ (sy)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Nominative 2nd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 4771: You. The person pronoun of the second person singular; thou.

if
Εἰ (Ei)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 1487: If. A primary particle of conditionality; if, whether, that, etc.

you call [yourself]
ἐπονομάζῃ (eponomazē)
Verb - Present Indicative Middle or Passive - 2nd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 2028: To name, impose a name on; pass: be named. From epi and onomazo; to name further, i.e. Denominate.

a Jew;
Ἰουδαῖος (Ioudaios)
Adjective - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 2453: Jewish. From Iouda; Judaean, i.e. Belonging to Jehudah.

[if you]
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

rely on
ἐπαναπαύῃ (epanapauē)
Verb - Present Indicative Middle or Passive - 2nd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 1879: To rest upon, rely on, trust in. Middle voice from epi and anapano; to settle on; literally or figuratively.

[the] Law
νόμῳ (nomō)
Noun - Dative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3551: From a primary nemo; law, genitive case, specially, (including the volume); also of the Gospel), or figuratively.

and
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

boast
καυχᾶσαι (kauchasai)
Verb - Present Indicative Middle or Passive - 2nd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 2744: To boast; I glory (exult) proudly. From some base akin to that of aucheo and euchomai; to vaunt.

in
ἐν (en)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1722: In, on, among. A primary preposition denoting position, and instrumentality, i.e. A relation of rest; 'in, ' at, on, by, etc.

God;
Θεῷ (Theō)
Noun - Dative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 2316: A deity, especially the supreme Divinity; figuratively, a magistrate; by Hebraism, very.
(17) Behold.--An interesting case of a corrupt reading which has found its way into the Authorised version. For "behold," a decisive consensus of the best MSS. has "but if." The corruption was very obvious and easy. Adopting "but if," the answering clause of the sentence is to be found in the question, "Teachest thou not thyself?" Romans 2:21. The connecting particle "therefore" at the beginning of the same verse is merely resumptive, or, as it is technically called, "epanaleptic."

Turning to the Jew, the Apostle breaks out into indignant and vehement apostrophe, "If you have the name of Jew, and repose upon the Law, and make your boast in God, and do all these other things--why then, while you profess to teach others, do you not teach yourself?" A fine specimen of the natural eloquence which the Apostle derives from intense feeling. The different features of the picture crowd into his mind to point the contrast between what the Jew claimed to be and what he was.

Restest in.--Reposest or reliest upon a law. A passive confidence in something external. "In the Law the Jew saw the Magna Charta which gave him his assurance of salvation" (Meyer).

Makest thy boast of God--i.e., of a peculiar and exclusive claim to His favour. (Comp. Deuteronomy 4:7; Psalm 147:19-20.)

Verse 17. - But if (the true reading being certainly εἰ δὲ, not ἰδὲ, as in the Textus Receptus) thou (σὺ, emphatic) art named a Jew. The Israelites who had remained in Palestine, or who returned to it after the Captivity, seem thenceforth to have been designated Jews (Ἰουδαῖοι, though they included some of other tribes than that of Judah, notably that of Benjamin, of which St. Paul himself was, and of course of Levi. They are so called, whether resident in Palestine or elsewhere, throughout the New Testament, as well as by Roman writers. the term Ἑβραῖοι being applied in the New Testament (usually at least) to distinguish those Jews who adhered to the Hebrew language in public worship, and to national customs and traditions, from those who Hellenized (Ἑλληυισταί). It was the name on which the people prided themselves at that time, as expressing their peculiar privileges. The apostle, having at the beginning of this chapter addressed himself generally to "whosoever thou art that judgest," now summons the Jew exclusively to the bar of judgment, whose claims to exemption from the general condemnation have come to the front in the preceding verses. By the emphatic σὺ, he calls on him now to give an account of himself, and justify his pretensions if he can. The point of the argument is that the Jews were notoriously at that time no better than other nations in moral conduct - nay, their national character was such as to bring their very religion into disrepute among the heathen - and therefore doing, and not either privilege, knowledge, or profession, being according to the very Law on which they rested the test required, their whole ground for national exemption was taken away. And retest on law (νόμῳ, here without the article, so as to emphasize the principle on which the Jew professed to rest for acceptance), and makest thy boast of God. The Jew gloried, as against the heathen, in his knowledge and worship of the one true God. 2:17-24 The apostle directs his discourse to the Jews, and shows of what sins they were guilty, notwithstanding their profession and vain pretensions. A believing, humble, thankful glorying in God, is the root and sum of all religion. But proud, vain-glorious boasting in God, and in the outward profession of his name, is the root and sum of all hypocrisy. Spiritual pride is the most dangerous of all kinds of pride. A great evil of the sins professors is, the dishonour done to God and religion, by their not living according to their profession. Many despise their more ignorant neighbours who rest in a dead form of godliness; yet themselves trust in a form of knowledge, equally void of life and power, while some glory in the gospel, whose unholy lives dishonour God, and cause his name to be blasphemed.
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