Jeremiah 49:4
New International Version
Why do you boast of your valleys, boast of your valleys so fruitful? Unfaithful Daughter Ammon, you trust in your riches and say, 'Who will attack me?'

New Living Translation
You are proud of your fertile valleys, but they will soon be ruined. You trusted in your wealth, you rebellious daughter, and thought no one could ever harm you.

English Standard Version
Why do you boast of your valleys, O faithless daughter, who trusted in her treasures, saying, ‘Who will come against me?’

Berean Study Bible
Why do you boast of your valleys, your valleys so fruitful, O faithless daughter? You trust in your riches and say, ‘Who can come against me?’

New American Standard Bible
"How boastful you are about the valleys! Your valley is flowing away, O backsliding daughter Who trusts in her treasures, saying, 'Who will come against me?'

King James Bible
Wherefore gloriest thou in the valleys, thy flowing valley, O backsliding daughter? that trusted in her treasures, saying, Who shall come unto me?

Christian Standard Bible
Why do you boast about your valleys, your flowing valley, you faithless daughter--you who trust in your treasures and say, "Who can attack me?"

Contemporary English Version
You rebellious Ammonites trust your wealth and ask, "Who could attack us?" But I warn you not to boast when your strength is fading.

Good News Translation
Why do you unfaithful people boast? Your strength is failing. Why do you trust in your power and say that no one would dare attack you?

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Why do you brag about your valleys, your flowing valley, you faithless daughter? You who trust in your treasures and boast, "Who can attack me?"

International Standard Version
Why do you boast in your valleys? Your valley is flowing away, faithless daughter, who trusted in her treasures, saying, 'Who will come against me?'

NET Bible
Why do you brag about your great power? Your power is ebbing away, you rebellious people of Ammon, who trust in your riches and say, 'Who would dare to attack us?'

New Heart English Bible
Why do you glory in the valleys, your flowing valley, backsliding daughter? You who trusted in her treasures, saying, "Who shall come to me?"

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Why do you brag about your valleys, your fertile valleys, you unfaithful people? You trust your treasures. You think, "Who would attack me?"

JPS Tanakh 1917
Wherefore gloriest thou in the valleys, Thy flowing valley, O backsliding daughter? That didst trust in thy treasures: 'Who shall come unto me?'

New American Standard 1977
“How boastful you are about the valleys! Your valley is flowing away, O backsliding daughter Who trusts in her treasures, saying, ‘Who will come against me?’

Jubilee Bible 2000
Why gloriest thou in the valleys? Thy valley has slipped, O backsliding daughter that trusted in her treasures, she that saith, Who shall come against me?

King James 2000 Bible
Why boast yourself in the valleys, your flowing valley, O backsliding daughter? that trusted in her treasures, saying, Who shall come against me?

American King James Version
Why glory you in the valleys, your flowing valley, O backsliding daughter? that trusted in her treasures, saying, Who shall come to me?

American Standard Version
Wherefore gloriest thou in the valleys, thy flowing valley, O backsliding daughter? that trusted in her treasures,'saying , Who shall come unto me?

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Why do ye exult in the plains of the Enakim, thou haughty daughter, that trustest in thy treasures, that sayest, Who shall come in to me?

Douay-Rheims Bible
Why gloriest thou in the valleys? thy valley hath flowed away, O delicate daughter, that hast trusted in thy treasures, and hast said: Who shall come to me?

Darby Bible Translation
Wherefore gloriest thou in the valleys? Thy valley shall flow down, O backsliding daughter, that trusteth in her treasures, [saying,] Who shall come against me?

English Revised Version
Wherefore gloriest thou in the valleys, thy flowing valley, O backsliding daughter? that trusted in her treasures, saying, Who shall come unto me?

Webster's Bible Translation
Why gloriest thou in the valleys, thy flowing valley, O backsliding daughter? that trusted in her treasures, saying, Who shall come to me?

World English Bible
Why do you glory in the valleys, your flowing valley, backsliding daughter? who trusted in her treasures, [saying], Who shall come to me?

Young's Literal Translation
What -- dost thou boast thyself in valleys? Flowed hath thy valley, O backsliding daughter, Who is trusting in her treasures: Who doth come in unto me?
Study Bible
The Judgment on the Ammonites
3Wail, O Heshbon, for Ai has been destroyed; cry out, O daughters of Rabbah! Put on sackcloth and mourn; run back and forth within your walls, for Molech will go into exile together with his priests and officials. 4Why do you boast of your valleys, your valleys so fruitful, O faithless daughter? You trust in your riches and say, ‘Who can come against me?’ 5Behold, I am about to bring terror upon you, declares the Lord GOD of Hosts, from all those around you. You will each be driven headlong, with no one to regather the fugitives.…
Cross References
1 Timothy 6:17
Instruct those who are rich in the present age not to be conceited and not to put their hope in the uncertainty of wealth, but in God, who richly provides all things for us to enjoy.

Psalm 62:10
Place no trust in extortion, or false hope in stolen goods. If your riches increase, do not set your heart upon them.

Jeremiah 9:23
This is what the LORD says: "Let not the wise man boast in his wisdom, nor the strong man in his strength, nor the wealthy man in his riches.

Jeremiah 21:13
Behold, I am against you, Jerusalem, you who sit above the valley, atop the rocky plateau--declares the LORD--you who say, "Who can come against us? Who can enter our habitations?"

Jeremiah 31:22
How long will you wander, O faithless daughter? For the LORD has created a new thing in the land--A woman will surround a man."

Ezekiel 28:4
By your wisdom and understanding you have gained your wealth and amassed gold and silver for your treasuries.

Ezekiel 28:5
By your great skill in trading you have increased your wealth, but your heart has grown proud because of it.'

Treasury of Scripture

Why glory you in the valleys, your flowing valley, O backsliding daughter? that trusted in her treasures, saying, Who shall come to me?

gloriest

Jeremiah 9:23
Thus saith the LORD, Let not the wise man glory in his wisdom, neither let the mighty man glory in his might, let not the rich man glory in his riches:

Isaiah 28:1-4
Woe to the crown of pride, to the drunkards of Ephraim, whose glorious beauty is a fading flower, which are on the head of the fat valleys of them that are overcome with wine! …

Isaiah 47:7,8
And thou saidst, I shall be a lady for ever: so that thou didst not lay these things to thy heart, neither didst remember the latter end of it…

thy flowing valley.

Jeremiah 3:14
Turn, O backsliding children, saith the LORD; for I am married unto you: and I will take you one of a city, and two of a family, and I will bring you to Zion:

Jeremiah 7:24
But they hearkened not, nor inclined their ear, but walked in the counsels and in the imagination of their evil heart, and went backward, and not forward.

Hosea 4:16
For Israel slideth back as a backsliding heifer: now the LORD will feed them as a lamb in a large place.

trusted

Jeremiah 48:7
For because thou hast trusted in thy works and in thy treasures, thou shalt also be taken: and Chemosh shall go forth into captivity with his priests and his princes together.

Psalm 49:6
They that trust in their wealth, and boast themselves in the multitude of their riches;

Psalm 52:7
Lo, this is the man that made not God his strength; but trusted in the abundance of his riches, and strengthened himself in his wickedness.

Who

Jeremiah 49:16
Thy terribleness hath deceived thee, and the pride of thine heart, O thou that dwellest in the clefts of the rock, that holdest the height of the hill: though thou shouldest make thy nest as high as the eagle, I will bring thee down from thence, saith the LORD.

Jeremiah 21:13
Behold, I am against thee, O inhabitant of the valley, and rock of the plain, saith the LORD; which say, Who shall come down against us? or who shall enter into our habitations?

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Lexicon
Why
מַה־ (mah-)
Interrogative
Strong's Hebrew 4100: What?, what!, indefinitely what

do you boast
תִּתְהַֽלְלִי֙ (tiṯ·hal·lî)
Verb - Hitpael - Imperfect - second person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1984: To shine

of your valleys,
בָּֽעֲמָקִ֔ים (bā·‘ă·mā·qîm)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 6010: A vale

your valleys
עִמְקֵ֔ךְ (‘im·qêḵ)
Noun - masculine singular construct | second person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6010: A vale

so fruitful,
זָ֣ב (zāḇ)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2100: To flow freely, to have a, flux, to waste away, to overflow

O faithless
הַשּֽׁוֹבֵבָ֑ה (haš·šō·w·ḇê·ḇāh)
Article | Adjective - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7728: Apostate, heathenish, heathen

daughter?
הַבַּ֖ת (hab·baṯ)
Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1323: A daughter

You trust
הַבֹּֽטְחָה֙ (hab·bō·ṭə·ḥāh)
Article | Verb - Qal - Participle - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 982: To trust, be confident, sure

in your riches [and say],
בְּאֹ֣צְרֹתֶ֔יהָ (bə·’ō·ṣə·rō·ṯe·hā)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine plural construct | third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 214: Treasure, store, a treasury, storehouse

‘Who
מִ֖י (mî)
Interrogative
Strong's Hebrew 4310: Who?, whoever, in oblique construction with prefix, suffix

can come against
יָב֥וֹא (yā·ḇō·w)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 935: To come in, come, go in, go

me?’
אֵלָֽי׃ (’ê·lāy)
Preposition | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 413: Near, with, among, to
(4) In the valleys.--The word exactly describes the conformation of the Ammonite country, as a high plateau intersected by streams which make their way to the Jordan. For "thy flowing valley" read "thy valley" (this is, of course, the valley in which Rabbah was situated) "that floweth with plenty." The words admit, however, of being rendered, "Thy valley floweth away," i.e., is wasted and emptied.

O backsliding daughter.--There is something suggestive in the fact that the prophet applies to Ammon the epithet which he had applied before to the kingdom of the Ten Tribes (Jeremiah 3:6; Jeremiah 3:8; Jeremiah 3:11; Jeremiah 3:14). Ammon also had the opportunity of worshipping the God of Israel, and had probably, as long as the Israelites were her rulers, adopted that worship wholly or in part, and so she also was an apostate. The question which follows, as in Jeremiah 21:13, implies that the people of Rabbah looked on their city as impregnable.

Verse 4. - The valleys; i.e. long extended plains, such as were suitable for cornfields (Isaiah 17:5; Psalm 65:14), and such as characterized the territory of the Ammonites. Thy flowing valley. "Flowing;" that is, abounding with rich crops. The meaning of the phrase, however, is only probable. 49:1-6. Might often prevails against right among men, yet that might shall be controlled by the Almighty, who judges aright; and those will find themselves mistaken, who, like the Ammonites, think every thing their own on which they can lay their hands. The Lord will call men to account for every instance of dishonesty, especially to the destitute.
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