Jeremiah
Jeremiah 1 Par ▾ 

The Words of Jeremiah
(2 Kings 24:18-20; 2 Chronicles 36:11-14)

1These are the words of Jeremiah son of Hilkiah, one of the priests in Anathoth in the territory of Benjamin.

2The word of the LORD came to Jeremiah in the thirteenth year of the reign of Josiah son of Amon king of Judah, 3and through the days of Jehoiakim son of Josiah king of Judah, until the fifth month of the eleventh year of Zedekiah son of Josiah king of Judah, when the people of Jerusalem went into exile.

The Call of Jeremiah

4The word of the LORD came to me, saying:

5“Before I formed you in the womb I knew you,

and before you were born I set you apart

and appointed you a prophet to the nations.”

6“Ah, Lord GOD,” I said, “I surely do not know how to speak, for I am only a child!”

7But the LORD told me:

“Do not say,

‘I am only a child.’

For to everyone I send you,

you must go,

and all that I command you,

you must speak.

8Do not be afraid of them,

for I am with you to deliver you,”

declares the LORD.

9Then the LORD reached out His hand, touched my mouth, and said to me:

“Behold, I have put My words

into your mouth.

10See, I have appointed you today

over nations and kingdoms

to uproot and tear down,

to destroy and overthrow,

to build and plant.”

11And the word of the LORD came to me, asking, “What do you see, Jeremiah?”

“I see a branch of an almond tree,” I replied.

12“You have observed correctly,” said the LORD, “for I am watchinga over My word to accomplish it.”

13Again the word of the LORD came to me, inquiring, “What do you see?”

“I see a boiling pot,” I replied, “and it is tilting away from the north.”

14Then the LORD said to me, “Disaster from the north will be poured out on all who live in the land. 15For I am about to summon all the clans and kingdoms of the north,” declares the LORD.

“Their kings will come and set up their thrones

at the entrance to Jerusalem’s gates.

They will attack all her surrounding walls

and all the other cities of Judah.

16I will pronounce My judgments against them

for all the evil they did,

when they abandoned Me to burn incense to other gods

and to worship the works of their own hands.

17Get yourself ready.b Stand up and tell them everything that I command you. Do not be intimidated by them, or I will terrify you before them. 18Now behold, this day I have made you a fortified city, an iron pillar, and bronze walls against the whole land—against the kings of Judah, its officials, its priests, and the people of the land. 19They will fight against you but never overcome you, since I am with you to rescue you,” declares the LORD.

Footnotes:

12 a The Hebrew for watching sounds like the Hebrew for almond tree
17 b Hebrew gird up your loins

Jeremiah 2
Jeremiah 2 Par ▾ 

Israel has Forsaken God

1Now the word of the LORD came to me, saying: 2“Go and proclaim in the hearing of Jerusalem that this is what the LORD says:

I remember the devotion of your youth,

your love as a bride,

how you followed Me in the wilderness,

in a land not sown.

3Israel was holy to the LORD,

the firstfruits of His harvest.

All who devoured her

found themselves guilty;

disaster came upon them,

declares the LORD.”

4Hear the word of the LORD, O house of Jacob, and all you families of the house of Israel. 5This is what the LORD says:

“What fault did your fathers find in Me

that they strayed so far from Me,

and followed worthless idols,

and became worthless themselves?

6They did not ask, ‘Where is the LORD

who brought us from the land of Egypt,

who led us through the wilderness,

through a land of deserts and pits,

through a land of drought and darkness,

a land where no one travels and no one lives?’

7I brought you into a fertile land

to eat its fruit and bounty,

but you came and defiled My land,

and made My inheritance detestable.

8The priests did not ask,

‘Where is the LORD?’

The experts in the law no longer knew Me,

and the leaders rebelled against Me.

The prophets prophesied by Baal

and followed useless idols.

9Therefore, I will contend with you again,

declares the LORD,

and I will bring a case

against your children’s children.

10Cross over to Cyprusa and take a look;

send to Kedarb and consider carefully;

see if there has ever been anything like this:

11Has a nation ever changed its gods?

(though they were no gods at all!)

Yet My people have exchanged their Glory

for idols that are useless.

12Be stunned by this, O heavens,

be shocked and utterly appalled,

declares the LORD.

13“For My people have committed two evils:

They have forsaken Me, the fountain of living water,

and they have dug cisterns for themselves,

broken cisterns that cannot hold water.

The Consequences of Israel's Sin

14Is Israel a slave?

Was he born into slavery?

Why then has he become prey?

15The young lions have roared at him;

they have growled with a loud voice.

They have laid waste his land;

his cities lie in ruins, without inhabitants.

16The men of Memphis and Tahpanhes

have shaved the crown of your head.

17Have you not brought this on yourself

by forsaking the LORD your God

when He led you in the way?

18Now what will you gain on your way to Egypt

to drink the waters of the Nile?

What will you gain on your way to Assyria

to drink the waters of the Euphrates?c

19Your own evil will discipline you;

your own apostasies will reprimand you.

Consider and realize

how evil and bitter it is

for you to forsake the LORD your God

and to have no fear of Me,”

declares the Lord GOD of Hosts.

20“For long ago you broke your yoke

and tore off your chains,

saying, “I will not serve!”

Indeed, on every high hill

and under every green tree

you lay down as a prostitute.

21I had planted you like a choice vine

from the very best seed.

How could you turn yourself before me,

into a rotten wild vine?

22Although you wash with lye

and use an abundance of soap,

the stain of your guilt is still before Me,”

declares the Lord GOD.

Israel's Unfaithfulness
(Judges 2:10-15; Isaiah 43:22-28)

23“How can you say, ‘I am not defiled;

I have not run after the Baals’?

Look at your behavior in the valley;

acknowledge what you have done.

You are a swift young she-camel

galloping here and there,

24a wild donkey at home in the wilderness,

sniffing the wind

in the heat of her desire.

Who can restrain her passion?

All who seek her need not weary themselves;

in mating season they will find her.

25Keep your feet from being unshod

and your throat from thirst.

But you say, ‘It is hopeless!

I love foreign gods, and I must go after them.’

26As the thief is ashamed when he is caught,

so the house of Israel is disgraced.

They, their kings, their officials,

their priests, and their prophets

27say to a tree, ‘You are my father,’

and to a stone, ‘You gave birth to me.’

For they have turned their backs to Me

and not their faces,

yet in the time of trouble they beg,

‘Rise up and save us!’

28But where are the gods you made for yourself?

Let them rise up and save you if they can

in your time of trouble;

for your gods are as numerous as your cities, O Judah.

29Why do you bring a case against Me?

You have all rebelled against Me,”

declares the LORD.

30“I have struck your sons in vain;

they accepted no discipline.

Your own sword has devoured your prophets

like a voracious lion.

31You people of this generation, consider the word of the LORD:

Have I been a wilderness to Israel

or a land of dense darkness?

Why do My people say,

‘We are free to roam;

we will come to You no more’?

32Does a maiden forget her jewelry

or a bride her wedding sash?

Yet My people have forgotten Me

for days without number.

33How skillfully you pursue love;

even the most immoral of women could learn from your ways.

34Moreover, your skirts are stained

with the blood of the innocent poor,

though you did not find them breaking in.

But in spite of all these things

35you say, ‘I am innocent.

Surely His anger will turn from me.’

But I will certainly judge you,

because you say, ‘I have not sinned.’

36How unstable you are,

constantly changing your ways!

You will be disappointed by Egypt

just as you were by Assyria.

37Moreover, you will leave that place

with your hands on your head,

for the LORD has rejected those you trust;

you will not prosper by their help.”

Footnotes:

10 a Hebrew Kittim
10 b In the Syro-Arabian desert
18 c Hebrew the River

Jeremiah 3
Jeremiah 3 Par ▾ 

The Wages of the Harlot

1“If a man divorces his wife

and she leaves him to marry another,

can he ever return to her?

Would not such a land be completely defiled?

But you have played the harlot with many lovers—

and you would return to Me?”

declares the LORD.

2“Lift up your eyes to the barren heights and see.

Is there any place where you have not been violated?

You sat waiting for your lovers beside the highways,

like a nomad in the desert.

You have defiled the land

with your prostitution and wickedness.

3Therefore the showers have been withheld,

and no spring rains have fallen.

Yet you have the brazen look of a prostitute;

you refused to be ashamed.

4Have you not just called to Me,

‘My Father, You are my friend from youth.

5Will He be angry forever?

Will He be indignant to the end?’

This you have spoken,

but you keep doing all the evil you can.”

Judah Follows Israel’s Example

6Now in the days of King Josiah, the LORD said to me, “Have you seen what faithless Israel has done? She has gone up on every high hill and under every green tree to prostitute herself there. 7I thought that after she had done all these things, she would return to Me. But she did not return, and her unfaithful sister Judah saw it.

8Because faithless Israel had committed adultery, I gave her a certificate of divorce and sent her away. Yet I saw that her unfaithful sister Judah had no fear and prostituted herself as well. 9Indifferent to her immorality, Israel had defiled the land and committed adultery with stones and trees. 10Yet in spite of all this, her unfaithful sister Judah did not return to Me with all her heart, but only in pretense,” declares the LORD.

Invitation to Repentance
(Isaiah 57:14-21; Hosea 14:1-3; Zechariah 1:1-6)

11And the LORD said to me, “Faithless Israel has shown herself more righteous than unfaithful Judah. 12Go, proclaim this message toward the north:

‘Return, O faithless Israel,’ declares the LORD.

‘I will no longer look on you with anger,

for I am merciful,’ declares the LORD.

‘I will not be angry forever.

13Only acknowledge your guilt,

that you have rebelled against the LORD your God.

You have scattered your favors to foreign gods

under every green tree

and have not obeyed My voice,’”

declares the LORD.

14“Return, O faithless children,” declares the LORD, “for I am your master, and I will take you—one from a city and two from a family—and bring you to Zion. 15Then I will give you shepherds after My own heart, who will feed you with knowledge and understanding.

16In those days, when you multiply and increase in the land,” declares the LORD, “no longer will they say, ‘The ark of the LORD’s covenant.’ It will never come to mind, and no one will remember it or miss it, nor will another one be made.

17At that time Jerusalem will be called The Throne of the LORD, and all the nations will be gathered in Jerusalem to honor the name of the LORD. They will no longer follow the stubbornness of their evil hearts. 18In those days the house of Judah will walk with the house of Israel, and they will come together from the land of the north to the land I have given your ancestors as an inheritance.

19Then I said, ‘How I long to make you My sons

and give you a desirable land,

the most beautiful inheritance

of all the nations.’

I thought you would call Me ‘Father’

and never turn away from following Me.

20But as a woman may betray her husband,

so you have betrayed Me, O house of Israel,”

declares the LORD.

21A voice is heard on the barren heights,

the children of Israel weeping and begging for mercy,

because they have perverted their ways

and forgotten the LORD their God.

22“Return, O faithless children,

and I will heal your faithlessness.”

“Here we are. We come to You,

for You are the LORD our God.

23Surely deception comes from the hills,

commotion from the mountains,

but surely the salvation of Israel

is in the LORD our God.

24From our youth, that shameful god

has consumed what our fathers have worked for—

their flocks and herds,

their sons and daughters.

25Let us lie down in our shame;

let our disgrace cover us.

We have sinned against the LORD our God,

both we and our fathers;

from our youth even to this day

we have not obeyed the voice of the LORD our God.”


Jeremiah 4
Jeremiah 4 Par ▾ 

God Calls Israel by His Promise

1“If you will return, O Israel,

return to Me,” declares the LORD.

“If you will remove your detestable idols from My sight

and no longer waver,

2and if you can swear, ‘As surely as the LORD lives,’

in truth, in justice, and in righteousness,

then the nations will be blessed by Him,

and in Him they will glory.”

3For this is what the LORD says to the men of Judah and Jerusalem:

“Break up your unplowed ground,

and do not sow among the thorns.

4Circumcise yourselves to the LORD,

remove the foreskins of your hearts,

O men of Judah and people of Jerusalem.

Otherwise, My wrath will break out like fire

and burn with no one to extinguish it,

because of your evil deeds.”

Disaster from the North

5Announce in Judah, proclaim in Jerusalem, and say:

“Blow the trumpet in the land.

Cry aloud and say,

‘Assemble yourselves

and let us flee to the fortified cities.’

6Raise a signal flag toward Zion.

Seek refuge! Do not delay!

For I am bringing disaster from the north,

and terrible destruction.

7A lion has gone up from his thicket,

and a destroyer of nations has set out.

He has left his lair

to lay waste to your land.

Your cities will be reduced to ruins

and lie uninhabited.

8So put on sackcloth,

mourn and wail,

for the fierce anger of the LORD

has not turned away from us.”

9“In that day,” declares the LORD,

“the king and officials will lose their courage.

The priests will tremble in fear,

and the prophets will be astounded.”

10Then I said, “Ah, Lord GOD, how completely You have deceived this people and Jerusalem by saying, ‘You will have peace,’ when a sword is at our throats.”

11At that time it will be said to this people and to Jerusalem, “A searing wind from the barren heights in the desert blows toward the daughter of My people, but not to winnow or to sift; 12a wind too strong for that comes from Me. Now I will also pronounce judgments against them.”

13Behold, he advances like the clouds,

his chariots like the whirlwind.

His horses are swifter than eagles.

Woe to us, for we are ruined!

14Wash the evil from your heart, O Jerusalem,

so that you may be saved.

How long will you harbor

wicked thoughts within you?

15For a voice resounds from Dan,

proclaiming disaster from Mount Ephraim.

16Warn the nations now!

Proclaim to Jerusalem:

“A besieging army comes from a distant land;

they raise their voices against the cities of Judah.

17They surround her like men guarding a field,

because she has rebelled against Me, declares the LORD.

18Your ways and your deeds

have brought this upon you.

This is your punishment. How bitter it is,

because it pierces to the heart!”

Lamentation for Judah

19My anguish, my anguish! I writhe in pain!

Oh, the pain in my chest!

My heart pounds within me;

I cannot be silent.

For I have heard the sound of the trumpet,

the alarm of battle.

20Disaster after disaster is proclaimed,

for the whole land is laid waste.

My tents are destroyed in an instant,

my curtains in a moment.

21How long must I see the signal flag

and hear the sound of the trumpet?

22“For My people are fools;

they have not known Me.

They are foolish children,

without understanding.

They are skilled in doing evil,

but they do not know how to do good.”

23I looked at the earth,

and it was formless and empty;

I looked to the heavens,

and they had no light.

24I looked at the mountains,

and behold, they were quaking;

all the hills were swaying.

25I looked, and no man was left;

all the birds of the sky had fled.

26I looked, and the fertile field was a desert.

All its cities were torn down

before the LORD,

before His fierce anger.

27For this is what the LORD says:

“The whole land will be desolate,

but I will not finish its destruction.

28Therefore the earth will mourn

and the heavens above grow dark.

I have spoken, I have planned,

and I will not relent or turn back.

29Every city flees

at the sound of the horseman and archer.

They enter the thickets

and climb among the rocks.

Every city is abandoned;

no inhabitant is left.

30And you, O devastated one, what will you do,

though you dress yourself in scarlet,

though you adorn yourself with gold jewelry,

though you enlarge your eyes with paint?

You adorn yourself in vain; your lovers despise you;

they want to take your life.

31I hear a cry like a woman in labor,

a cry of anguish like one bearing her first child—

the cry of the Daughter of Zion gasping for breath,

stretching out her hands:

‘Woe is me,

for my soul faints before the murderers!’”


Jeremiah 5
Jeremiah 5 Par ▾ 

No One is Just

1Go up and down the streets of Jerusalem.

Look now and take note; search her squares.

If you can find a single person,

anyone who acts justly,

anyone who seeks the truth,

then I will forgive the city.

2Although they say, “As surely as the LORD lives,”

they are swearing falsely.

3O LORD, do not Your eyes look for truth?

You struck them, but they felt no pain.

You finished them off,

but they refused to accept discipline.

They have made their faces harder than stone

and refused to repent.

4Then I said, “They are only the poor;

they have played the fool,

for they do not know the way of the LORD,

the justice of their God.

5I will go to the powerful

and speak to them.

Surely they know the way of the LORD,

the justice of their God.

But they too, with one accord, had broken the yoke

and torn off the chains.

6Therefore a lion from the forest will strike them down,

a wolf from the desert will ravage them.

A leopard will lie in wait near their cities,

and everyone who ventures out will be torn to pieces.

For their rebellious acts are many,

and their unfaithful deeds are numerous.

7“Why should I forgive you?

Your children have forsaken Me

and sworn by gods that are not gods.

I satisfied their needs, yet they committed adultery

and assembled at the houses of prostitutes.

8They are well-fed, lusty stallions,

each neighing after his neighbor’s wife.

9Should I not punish them for these things?”

declares the LORD.

“Should I not avenge Myself

on such a nation as this?

10Go up through her vineyards and ravage them,

but do not finish them off.

Strip off her branches,

for they do not belong to the LORD.

11For the house of Israel and the house of Judah

have been utterly unfaithful to Me,”

declares the LORD.

12They have lied about the LORD and said,

“He will not do anything;

harm will not come to us;

we will not see sword or famine.

13The prophets are but wind,

for the LORD’s word is not in them.

So let their own words be done to them.”

Judgment Proclaimed

14Therefore this is what the Lord GOD of Hosts says:

“Because you have spoken this word,

I will make My words a fire in your mouth

and this people the wood

it will consume.

15Behold, I am bringing a distant nation against you,

O house of Israel,” declares the LORD.

“It is an established nation,

an ancient nation,

a nation whose language you do not know

and whose speech you do not understand.

16Their quivers are like open graves;

they are all mighty warriors.

17They will devour your harvest and food;

they will consume your sons and daughters;

they will eat up your flocks and herds;

they will feed on your vines and fig trees.

With the sword they will destroy

the fortified cities in which you trust.

18Yet even in those days, declares the LORD, I will not make a full end of you. 19And when the people ask, ‘For what offense has the LORD our God done all these things to us?’ You are to tell them, ‘Just as you have forsaken Me and served foreign gods in your land, so will you serve foreigners in a land that is not your own.’

20Declare this in the house of Jacob and proclaim it in Judah:

21Hear this,

O foolish and senseless people,

who have eyes but do not see,

who have ears but do not hear.

22Do you not fear Me? declares the LORD.

Do you not tremble before Me,

the One who set the sand as the boundary of the sea,

an enduring barrier it cannot cross?

The waves surge, but they cannot prevail.

They roar but cannot cross it.

23But these people have stubborn and rebellious hearts.

They have turned aside and gone away.

24They have not said in their hearts,

‘Let us fear the LORD our God,

who gives the rains, both autumn and spring, in season,

who keeps for us the appointed weeks of harvest.’

25Your iniquities have diverted these from you;

your sins have deprived you of My bounty.

26For My people are among wicked men.

They watch like fowlers lying in wait;

they set a trap;

they catch men.

27Like cages full of birds,

so their houses are full of deceit.

Therefore they have become powerful and rich.

28They have grown fat and sleek,

and have excelled in evil matters.

They have not taken up the cause of the fatherless,

so they might prosper,

nor have they defended

the rights of the needy.

29Should I not punish them for these things?

declares the LORD.

Should I not avenge Myself

on such a nation as this?

30A horrible and shocking thing

has happened in the land.

31The prophets prophesy falsely,

and the priests rule by their own authority.

My people love it so,

but what will you do in the end?”


Jeremiah 6
Jeremiah 6 Par ▾ 

Jerusalem's Final Warning

1Run for cover, O sons of Benjamin,

flee from Jerusalem!

Sound the trumpet in Tekoa;

send up a signal over Beth-haccherem,

for disaster looms from the north,

even great destruction.

2Though she is beautiful and delicate,

I will destroy the Daughter of Zion.a

3Shepherds and their flocks

will come against her;

they will pitch their tents all around her,

each tending his own portion:

4“Prepare for battle against her;

rise up, let us attack at noon.

Woe to us, for the daylight is fading;

the evening shadows grow long.

5Rise up, let us attack by night

and destroy her fortresses!”

6For this is what the LORD of Hosts says:

“Cut down the trees

and raise a siege ramp against Jerusalem.

This city must be punished;

there is nothing but oppression in her midst.

7As a well gushes its water,

so she pours out her evil.

Violence and destruction resound in her;

sickness and wounds are ever before Me.

8Be warned, O Jerusalem,

or I will turn away from you;

I will make you a desolation,

a land without inhabitants.”

9This is what the LORD of Hosts says:

“Glean the remnant of Israel

as thoroughly as a vine.

Pass your hand once more like a grape gatherer

over the branches.”

10To whom can I give this warning?

Who will listen to me?

Look, their ears are closed,b

so they cannot hear.

See, the word of the LORD has become offensive to them;

they find no pleasure in it.

11But I am full of the LORD’s wrath;

I am tired of holding it back.

Pour it out on the children in the street,

and on the young men gathered together.

For both husband and wife will be captured,

the old and the very old.

12Their houses will be turned over to others,

their fields and wives as well,

for I will stretch out My hand

against the inhabitants of the land,”

declares the LORD.

13“For from the least of them to the greatest,

all are greedy for gain.

From prophet to priest,

all practice deceit.

14They have dressed the wound of My people

with very little care,

saying, ‘Peace, peace,’

when there is no peace at all.

15Were they ashamed of the abomination they committed?

No, they were not at all ashamed.

They did not even know how to blush.

So they will fall among the fallen;

when I punish them,

they will collapse,”

says the LORD.

16This is what the LORD says:

“Stand at the crossroads and look.

Ask for the ancient paths:

Where is the good way?

Then walk in it and find rest for your souls.

But they said, ‘We will not walk in it!’

17I appointed watchmen over you and said,

‘Listen for the sound of the ram’s horn.’

But they answered, ‘We will not listen!’

18Therefore hear, O nations, and learn, O congregations,

what will happen to them.

19Hear, O earth! I am bringing disaster on this people,

the fruit of their own schemes,

for they have paid no attention to My word

and have rejected My instruction.

20What use to Me is frankincense from Sheba

or sweet cane from a distant land?

Your burnt offerings are not acceptable;

your sacrifices do not please Me.”

21Therefore, this is what the LORD says:

“I will lay stumbling blocks before this people;

fathers and sons alike will be staggered;

friends and neighbors will perish.”

An Invasion from the North

22This is what the LORD says:

“Behold, an army is coming

from the land of the north;

a great nation is stirred

from the ends of the earth.

23They grasp the bow and spear.

They are cruel and show no mercy.

Their voice roars like the sea,

and they ride upon horses,

lined up like men in formation

against you, O Daughter of Zion.”

24“We have heard the reports;

our hands are limp.

Anguish has gripped us,

pain like a woman in labor.

25Do not go out to the fields;

do not walk the road.

For the enemy has a sword;

terror is on every side.”

26“O daughter of My people,

dress yourselves in sackcloth and roll in ashes.

Mourn with bitter wailing,

as you would for an only son,

for suddenly the destroyer will come upon us.”

27I have appointed you a tester of metals among My people,

so you may know and try their ways.

28All are hardened rebels,

walking around as slanderers.

They are bronze and iron;

all of them are corrupt.

29The bellows blow fiercely,

blasting away the lead with fire.

The refining proceeds in vain,

for the wicked are not purged.

30They are called rejected silver,

for the LORD has rejected them.

Footnotes:

2 a Or to a lovely and delicate woman I have likened the daughter of Zion
10 b Hebrew uncircumcised

Jeremiah 7
Jeremiah 7 Par ▾ 

Jeremiah's Message at the Temple Gate

1This is the word that came to Jeremiah from the LORD, saying, 2“Stand in the gate of the house of the LORD and proclaim this message: ‘Hear the word of the LORD, all you people of Judah who enter through these gates to worship the LORD.

3Thus says the LORD of Hosts, the God of Israel: Correct your ways and your deeds, and I will allow you to live in this place. 4Do not trust in deceptive words, chanting, “This is the temple of the LORD, the temple of the LORD, the temple of the LORD.”

5For if you really change your ways and deeds, if you act justly toward one another, 6if you no longer oppress the foreigner, the fatherless, and the widow, and no longer shed innocent blood in this place or follow other gods to your own harm, 7then I will allow you to live in this place, in the land I gave to your fathers forever and ever.

8But look, you keep trusting in deceptive words to no avail. 9Will you steal and murder, commit adultery and perjury, burn incense to Baal, and follow other gods that you have not known, 10and then come and stand before Me in this house, which bears My name, and say, “We are delivered, so we can continue with all these abominations”? 11Has this house, which bears My name, become a den of robbers in your sight? Yes, I too have seen it, declares the LORD.

12But go now to the place in Shiloh where I first made a dwelling for My name, and see what I did to it because of the wickedness of My people Israel. 13And now, because you have done all these things, declares the LORD, and because I have spoken to you time and time again but you would not listen, and I have called to you but you would not answer, 14therefore what I did to Shiloh I will now do to the house that bears My name, the house in which you trust, the place that I gave to you and your fathers. 15And I will cast you out of My presence, just as I have cast out all your brothers, all the descendants of Ephraim.’

Judah's Idolatry Persists

16As for you, do not pray for these people. Do not offer a plea or petition on their behalf, and do not beg Me, for I will not listen to you. 17Do you not see what they are doing in the cities of Judah and in the streets of Jerusalem? 18The sons gather wood, the fathers light the fire, and the women knead the dough to make cakes for the Queen of Heaven; they pour out drink offerings to other gods to provoke Me to anger. 19But am I the one they are provoking? declares the LORD. Is it not themselves they spite, to their own shame?

20Therefore, this is what the Lord GOD says: Behold, My anger, My fury, will be poured out on this place, on man and beast, on the trees of the field and the produce of the land, and it will burn and not be extinguished.

21This is what the LORD of Hosts, the God of Israel, says: ‘Add your burnt offerings to your other sacrifices and eat the meat yourselves! 22For when I brought your fathers out of the land of Egypt, I did not merely command them about burnt offerings and sacrifices, 23but this is what I commanded them: Obey Me, and I will be your God, and you will be My people. You must walk in all the ways I have commanded you, so that it may go well with you.

24Yet they did not listen or pay attention, but they followed the stubborn inclinations of their own evil hearts. They went backward and not forward. 25From the day your fathers came out of the land of Egypt until this day, I have sent you all My servants the prophets time and time again. 26Yet they would not listen to Me or incline their ear, but they stiffened their necks and did more evil than their fathers.’

27When you tell them all these things, they will not listen to you. When you call to them, they will not answer. 28Therefore you must say to them: This is the nation that would not listen to the voice of the LORD their God and would not receive correction. Truth has perished; it has disappeared from their lips.

29Cut off your hair and throw it away. Raise up a lamentation on the barren heights, for the LORD has rejected and forsaken the generation of His wrath.

The Valley of Slaughter

30For the people of Judah have done evil in My sight, declares the LORD. They have set up their abominations in the house that bears My name, and so have defiled it. 31They have built the high places of Topheth in the Valley of Hinnom so they could burn their sons and daughters in the fire—something I did not command, nor did it enter My mind.

32So beware! The days are coming, declares the LORD, when this place will no longer be called Topheth and the Valley of Hinnom, but the Valley of Slaughter. For they will bury the dead in Topheth until there is no more room. 33The corpses of this people will become food for the birds of the sky and the beasts of the earth, and there will be no one to scare them away.

34I will remove from the cities of Judah and the streets of Jerusalem the sounds of joy and gladness and the voices of the bride and bridegroom, for the land will become a wasteland.”


Jeremiah 8
Jeremiah 8 Par ▾ 

Judah's Sin and Punishment

1“At that time,” declares the LORD, “the bones of the kings of Judah, the bones of the officials, the bones of the priests, the bones of the prophets, and the bones of the people of Jerusalem will be removed from their graves. 2They will be exposed to the sun and moon, and all the host of heaven which they have loved, served, followed, consulted, and worshiped. Their bones will not be gathered up or buried, but will become like dung lying on the ground. 3And wherever I have banished them, the remnant of this evil family will choose death over life, declares the LORD of Hosts.

4So you are to tell them this is what the LORD says:

‘Do men fall and not get up again?

Does one turn away and not return?

5Why then have these people turned away?

Why does Jerusalem always turn away?

They cling to deceit;

they refuse to return.

6I have listened and heard;

they do not speak what is right.

No one repents of his wickedness,

asking, “What have I done?”

Everyone has stayed his course

like a horse charging into battle.

7Even the stork in the sky

knows her appointed seasons.

The turtledove, the swift, and the thrush

observe their time of migration,a

but My people do not know

the requirements of the LORD.

8How can you say, ‘We are wise,

and the law of the LORD is with us?’

But in fact, the lying pen of the scribes

has produced a deception.

9The wise will be put to shame;

they will be dismayed and snared.

They have rejected the word of the LORD,

so what wisdom do they really have?

10Therefore I will give their wives to other men

and their fields to new owners,

for from the least to the greatest,

all are greedy for gain;

from the prophet to the priest,

all practice deceit.

11They dress the wounds of the daughter of My people

with very little care,

saying, ‘Peace, peace,’

when there is no peace.

12Are they ashamed of their loathsome conduct?

No, they have no shame at all,

not even enough to blush.

Therefore they will fall among the fallen.

When I punish them, they will collapse,

says the LORD.

13I will take away their harvest,

declares the LORD.

There will be no grapes on the vine,

nor figs on the tree,

and even the leaf will wither.

Whatever I have given them will be lost to them.”

14“Why are we just sitting here?

Gather together,

let us flee to the fortified cities and perish there,

for the LORD our God has doomed us.

He has given us poisoned water to drink,

because we have sinned against the LORD.

15We hoped for peace,

but no good has come,

for a time of healing,

but there was only terror.

16The snorting of enemy horses

is heard from Dan.

At the sound of the neighing of mighty steeds,

the whole land quakes.

They come to devour the land and everything in it,

the city and all who dwell in it.”

17“For behold, I will send snakes among you,

poisonous vipers that cannot be charmed,

and they will bite you,”

declares the LORD.

Jeremiah Weeps for His People

18My sorrow is beyond healing;b

my heart is faint within me.

19Listen to the cry of the daughter of my people

from a land far away,

“Is the LORD no longer in Zion?

Is her King no longer there?”

“Why have they provoked Me to anger

with their carved images,

with their worthless foreign idols?”

20“The harvest has passed, the summer has ended,

but we have not been saved.”

21For the brokenness of the daughter of my people I am crushed.

I mourn; horror has gripped me.

22Is there no balm in Gilead?

Is no physician there?

Why then has the health of the daughter of my people

not been restored?

Footnotes:

7 a The identification of some of these birds is uncertain.
18 b Or O my Comforter in sorrow

Jeremiah 9
Jeremiah 9 Par ▾ 

A Lament over Zion

1Oh, that my head were a spring of water,

and my eyes a fountain of tears,

I would weep day and night

over the slain daughter of my people.

2If only I had a traveler’s lodge in the wilderness,

I would abandon my people and depart from them,

for they are all adulterers,

a crowd of faithless people.

3“They bend their tongue like their bows;

lies instead of truth prevail in the land,

for they proceed from evil to evil,

and they do not take Me into account,”

declares the LORD.

4“Let everyone guard against his neighbor;

do not trust any brother,

for every brother deals craftily,

and every friend spreads slander.

5Each one betrays his friend;

no one tells the truth.

They have taught their tongues to lie;

they wear themselves out committing iniquity.

6You dwella in the midst of deception;

in their deceit they refuse to know Me,”

declares the LORD.

7Therefore, this is what the LORD of Hosts says:

“Behold, I will refine and test them,

for what else can I do

because of the daughter of My people?

8Their tongues are deadly arrows;

they speak deception.

With his mouth a man speaks peace to his neighbor,

but in his heart he sets a trap for him.

9Should I not punish them for these things?

declares the LORD.

Should I not avenge Myself

on such a nation as this?”

10I will take up a weeping and wailing for the mountains,

a dirge over the wilderness pasture,

for they have been scorched so no one passes through,

and the lowing of cattle is not heard.

Both the birds of the air and the beasts have fled;

they have gone away.

11“And I will make Jerusalem a heap of rubble,

a haunt for jackals;

and I will make the cities of Judah a desolation,

without inhabitant.”

12Who is the man wise enough to understand this? To whom has the mouth of the LORD spoken, that he may explain it? Why is the land destroyed and scorched like a desert, so no one can pass through it?

13And the LORD answered, “It is because they have forsaken My law that I set before them; they have not walked in it or obeyed My voice. 14Instead, they have followed the stubbornness of their hearts and gone after the Baals, as their fathers taught them.”

15Therefore, this is what the LORD of Hosts, the God of Israel, says: “Behold, I will feed this people wormwood and give them poisoned water to drink. 16I will scatter them among the nations that neither they nor their fathers have known, and I will send a sword after them until I have finished them off.”

17This is what the LORD of Hosts says:

“Take note, and summon the wailing women;

send for the most skillful among them.

18Let them come quickly

and take up a lament over us,

that our eyes may overflow with tears,

and our eyelids may stream with waters.

19For the sound of wailing

is heard from Zion:

‘How devastated we are!

How great is our shame,

for we have abandoned the land

because our dwellings have been torn down.’”

20Now, O women, hear the word of the LORD.

Open your ears to the word of His mouth.

Teach your daughters to wail,

and one another to lament.

21For death has climbed in through our windows;

it has entered our fortresses,

to cut off the children from the streets,

the young men from the town squares.

22Declare that this is what the LORD says:

“The corpses of men will fall like dung

upon the open field,

like newly cut grain behind the reaper,

with no one to gather it.”

23This is what the LORD says:

“Let not the wise man boast in his wisdom,

nor the strong man in his strength,

nor the wealthy man in his riches.

24But let him who boasts boast in this,

that he understands and knows Me,

that I am the LORD,

who exercises loving devotion,

justice and righteousness on the earth—

for I delight in these things,”

declares the LORD.

25“Behold, the days are coming,” declares the LORD, “when I will punish all who are circumcised yet uncircumcised: 26Egypt, Judah, Edom, Ammon, Moab, and all the inhabitants of the desert who clip the hair of their temples. All these nations are really uncircumcised, and even the whole house of Israel is uncircumcised in heart.”

Footnotes:

6 a That is, Jeremiah dwells (the Hebrew is singular)

Jeremiah 10
Jeremiah 10 Par ▾ 

The Sovereignty of God

1Hear the word that the LORD speaks to you, O house of Israel. 2This is what the LORD says:

“Do not learn the ways of the nations

or be terrified by the signs in the heavens,

although the nations are terrified by them.

3For the customs of the peoples are worthless;

they cut down a tree from the forest;

it is shaped with a chisel

by the hands of a craftsman.

4They adorn it with silver and gold

and fasten it with hammer and nails,

so that it will not totter.

5Like scarecrows in a cucumber patch,

their idols cannot speak.

They must be carried

because they cannot walk.

Do not fear them, for they can do no harm,

and neither can they do any good.”

6There is none like You, O LORD.

You are great, and Your name is mighty in power.

7Who would not fear You, O King of nations?

This is Your due.

For among all the wise men of the nations,

and in all their kingdoms,

there is none like You.

8But they are altogether senseless and foolish,

instructed by worthless idols made of wood!

9Hammered silver is brought from Tarshish,

and gold from Uphaz—

the work of a craftsman

from the hands of a goldsmith.

Their clothing is blue and purple,

all fashioned by skilled workers.

10But the LORD is the true God;

He is the living God and eternal King.

The earth quakes at His wrath,

and the nations cannot endure His indignation.”

11Thus you are to tell them: “The gods that did not make heaven or earth will perish from this earth and from under these heavens.”a

12God made the earth by His power;

He established the world by His wisdom

and stretched out the heavens by His understanding.

13When He thunders,

the waters in the heavens roar,

and He causes the clouds to rise

from the ends of the earth.

He sends lightning with the rain

and brings the wind from His storehouses.

14Everyone is senseless and devoid of knowledge.

Every goldsmith is put to shame by his idols.

For his molten images are a fraud;

they have no breath in them.

15They are worthless, a work to be mocked.

In the time of their punishment, they will perish.

16The Portion of Jacob is not like these,

for He is the Maker of all things:

Israel is the tribe of His inheritance;

the LORD of Hosts is His name.

The Coming Destruction

17Gather up your belongings from this land,

you who live under siege.

18For this is what the LORD says:

“Behold, at this time I will sling out

the inhabitants of the land

and bring distress on them

so that they may be captured.”

19Woe to me because of my brokenness;

my wound is grievous!

But I said, “This is truly my sickness,

and I must bear it.”

20My tent is destroyed,

and all its ropes are snapped.

My sons have departed from me

and are no more.

I have no one left to pitch my tent

or set up my curtains.

21For the shepherds have become senseless

and do not seek the LORD.

Therefore they have not prospered,

and all their flock is scattered.

22Listen! The sound of a report is coming—

a great commotion from the land to the north.

The cities of Judah will be made a desolation,

a haunt of jackals.

Jeremiah's Prayer

23I know, O LORD, that a man’s way is not his own;

no one who walks directs his own steps.

24Correct me, O LORD,

but only with justice—

not in Your anger,

or You will bring me to nothing.

25Pour out Your wrath on the nations

that do not acknowledge You,

and on the families

that do not call on Your name.

For they have devoured Jacob;

they have consumed him and finished him off;

they have devastated his homeland.

Footnotes:

11 a The original text of this verse is in Aramaic.

Jeremiah 11
Jeremiah 11 Par ▾ 

The Broken Covenant

1This is the word that came to Jeremiah from the LORD:

2“Listen to the words of this covenant and tell them to the men of Judah and the residents of Jerusalem. 3You must tell them that this is what the LORD, the God of Israel, says: ‘Cursed is the man who does not obey the words of this covenant, 4which I commanded your forefathers when I brought them out of the land of Egypt, out of the iron furnace, saying, “Obey Me, and do everything that I command you, and you will be My people, and I will be your God.” 5This was in order to establish the oath I swore to your forefathers, to give them a land flowing with milk and honey, as it is to this day.’”

“Amen, LORD,” I answered.

6Then the LORD said to me, “Proclaim all these words in the cities of Judah and in the streets of Jerusalem, saying, ‘Hear the words of this covenant and carry them out. 7For from the time I brought your fathers out of the land of Egypt until today, I strongly warned them time and time again, saying, “Obey My voice.” 8Yet they would not obey or incline their ears, but each one followed the stubbornness of his evil heart. So I brought on them all the curses of this covenant I commanded them to follow but they did not keep.’”

9And the LORD told me, “There is a conspiracy among the men of Judah and the residents of Jerusalem. 10They have returned to the sins of their forefathers who refused to obey My words. They have followed other gods to serve them. The house of Israel and the house of Judah have broken the covenant I made with their fathers.

11Therefore this is what the LORD says: I am about to bring upon them a disaster that they cannot escape. They will cry out to Me, but I will not listen to them. 12Then the cities of Judah and the residents of Jerusalem will go and cry out to the gods to which they have been burning incense, but these gods certainly will not save them in their time of disaster. 13Your gods are indeed as numerous as your cities, O Judah, and the altars you have set up to shame—the altars to burn incense to Baal—are as many as the streets of Jerusalem.

14As for you, do not pray for these people. Do not raise up a cry or a prayer on their behalf, for I will not be listening when they call out to Me at the time of their disaster.

15What right has My beloved in My house,

having carried out so many evil schemes?

Can consecrated meat avert your doom,

so that you can rejoice?

16The LORD once called you a flourishing olive tree,

beautiful with well-formed fruit.

But with a mighty roar He will set fire to it,

and its branches will be consumed.

17The LORD of Hosts who planted you has decreed disaster upon you, because of the evil that the house of Israel and the house of Judah have brought upon themselves, provoking Me to anger by burning incense to Baal.”

The Plot Against Jeremiah
(Psalm 70:1-5; Psalm 141:1-10; Jeremiah 18:18-23)

18And the LORD informed me, so I knew.

Then You showed me their deeds.

19For I was like a gentle lamb led to slaughter;

I did not know that they had plotted against me:

“Let us destroy the tree with its fruit;

let us cut him off from the land of the living,

that his name will be remembered no more.”

20But, O LORD of Hosts, who judges righteously,

who tests the heart and mind,

let me see Your vengeance upon them,

for I have committed my cause to You.

21Therefore, this is what the LORD says concerning the people of Anathoth who are seeking your life and saying, “You must not prophesy in the name of the LORD, or you will die by our hand.” 22So this is what the LORD of Hosts says: “I will punish them. Their young men will die by the sword, their sons and daughters by famine. 23There will be no remnant, for I will bring disaster on the people of Anathoth in the year of their punishment.”


Jeremiah 12
Jeremiah 12 Par ▾ 

The Prosperity of the Wicked

1Righteous are You, O LORD,

when I plead before You.

Yet I wish to contend with You:

Why does the way of the wicked prosper?

Why do all the faithless live at ease?

2You planted them, and they have taken root.

They have grown and produced fruit.

You are ever on their lips,

but far from their conscience.

3But You know me, O LORD;

You see me and test my heart toward You.

Drag away the wicked like sheep to the slaughter

and set them apart for the day of carnage.

4How long will the land mourn

and the grass of every field be withered?

Because of the evil of its residents,

the animals and birds have been swept away,

for the people have said,

“He cannot see what our end will be.”

God's Answer to Jeremiah

5“If you have raced with men on foot

and they have worn you out,

how can you compete with horses?

If you stumble in a peaceful land,

how will you do in the thickets of the Jordan?

6Even your brothers—

your own father’s household—

even they have betrayed you;

even they have cried aloud against you.

Do not trust them,

though they speak well of you.

7I have forsaken My house;

I have abandoned My inheritance.

I have given the love of My life

into the hands of her enemies.

8My inheritance has become to Me

like a lion in the forest.

She has roared against Me;

therefore I hate her.

9Is not My inheritance to Me like a speckled bird of prey,a

with other birds of prey circling against her?

Go, gather all the beasts of the field;

bring them to devour her.

10Many shepherds have destroyed My vineyard;

they have trampled My plot of land.

They have turned My pleasant field

into a desolate wasteland.

11They have made it a desolation.

Desolate before Me, it mourns;

all the land is laid waste,

but no man takes it to heart.

12Over all the barren heights in the wilderness

the destroyers have come,

for the sword of the LORD devours

from one end of the earth to the other.

No flesh shall have peace.

13They have sown wheat but harvested thorns.

They have exhausted themselves to no avail.

Bear the shame of your harvest

because of the fierce anger of the LORD.”

A Message for Israel's Neighbors

14This is what the LORD says: “As for all My evil neighbors who attack the inheritance that I bequeathed to My people Israel, I am about to uproot them from their land, and I will uproot the house of Judah from among them. 15But after I have uprooted them, I will once again have compassion on them and return each one to his inheritance and to his land.

16And if they will diligently learn the ways of My people—to swear by My name, ‘As surely as the LORD lives,’ just as they taught My people to swear by Baal—then they will be established among My people. 17But if they will not obey, then I will uproot that nation; I will uproot it and destroy it,”

declares the LORD.

Footnotes:

9 a Or like a speckled hyena

Jeremiah 13
Jeremiah 13 Par ▾ 

The Linen Loincloth

1This is what the LORD said to me: “Go and buy yourself a linen loincloth and put it around your waist, but do not let it touch water.”

2So I bought a loincloth as the LORD instructed me, and I put it around my waist.

3Then the word of the LORD came to me a second time: 4“Take the loincloth that you bought and are wearing, and go at once to Peratha and hide it there in a crevice of the rocks.” 5So I went and hid it at Perath, as the LORD had commanded me.

6Many days later the LORD said to me, “Arise, go to Perath and get the loincloth that I commanded you to hide there.” 7So I went to Perath and dug up the loincloth, and I took it from the place where I had hidden it. But now it was ruined—of no use at all.

8Then the word of the LORD came to me: 9“This is what the LORD says: In the same way I will ruin the pride of Judah and the great pride of Jerusalem. 10These evil people, who refuse to listen to My words, who follow the stubbornness of their own hearts, and who go after other gods to serve and worship them, they will be like this loincloth—of no use at all.

11For just as a loincloth clings to a man’s waist, so I have made the whole house of Israel and the whole house of Judah cling to Me, declares the LORD, so that they might be My people for My renown and praise and glory—but they did not listen.

The Wineskins

12Therefore you are to tell them that this is what the LORD, the God of Israel, says: ‘Every wineskin shall be filled with wine.’

And when they reply, ‘Don’t we surely know that every wineskin should be filled with wine?’ 13then you are to tell them that this is what the LORD says: ‘I am going to fill with drunkenness all who live in this land—the kings who sit on David’s throne, the priests, the prophets, and all the people of Jerusalem. 14I will smash them against each other, fathers and sons alike, declares the LORD. I will allow no mercy or pity or compassion to keep Me from destroying them.’”

Captivity Threatened

15Listen and give heed. Do not be arrogant,

for the LORD has spoken.

16Give glory to the LORD your God

before He brings darkness,

before your feet stumble

on the dusky mountains.

You wait for light, but He turns it

into deep gloom and thick darkness.

17But if you do not listen,

I will weep alone because of your pride;

My eyes will overflow with tears,

because the LORD’s flock has been taken captive.

18Say to the king

and to the queen mother:

“Take a lowly seat,

for your glorious crowns have fallen from your heads.

19The cities of the Negev have been shut tight,

and no one can open them.

All of Judah has been carried into exile,

wholly taken captive.

20Lift up your eyes and see

those coming from the north.

Where is the flock entrusted to you,

the sheep that were your pride?

21What will you say when He sets over you

close allies whom you yourself trained?

Will not pangs of anguish grip you,

as they do a woman in labor?

22And if you ask yourself,

“Why has this happened to me?”

it is because of the magnitude of your iniquity.

Your skirts have been stripped off, your body exposed.

23Can the Ethiopianb change his skin,

or the leopard his spots?

Neither are you able to do good—

you who are accustomed to doing evil.

24“I will scatter you like chaff,

driven by the desert wind.

25This is your lot,

the portion I have measured to you,”

declares the LORD,

“because you have forgotten Me

and trusted in falsehood.

26So I will pull your skirts up over your face,

that your shame may be seen.

27Your adulteries and lustful neighings,

your shameless prostitution

on the hills and in the fields—

I have seen your detestable acts.

Woe to you, O Jerusalem!

How long will you remain unclean?”

Footnotes:

4 a Or possibly the Euphrates; similarly in verses 5-7
23 b Hebrew Cushite (probably a person from the upper Nile region)

Jeremiah 14
Jeremiah 14 Par ▾ 

Drought, Famine, Sword, Pestilence

1This is the word of the LORD that came to Jeremiah concerning the drought:

2“Judah mourns

and her gates languish.

Her people wail for the land,

and a cry goes up from Jerusalem.

3The nobles send their servants for water;

they go to the cisterns,

but find no water

their jars return empty.

They are ashamed and humiliated;

they cover their heads.

4The ground is cracked

because no rain has fallen on the land.

The farmers are ashamed;

they cover their heads.

5Even the doe in the field deserts her newborn fawn

because there is no grass.

6Wild donkeys stand on barren heights;

they pant for air like jackals;

their eyes fail for lack of pasture.”

7Although our iniquities testify against us, O LORD,

act for the sake of Your name.

Indeed, our rebellions are many;

we have sinned against You.

8O Hope of Israel,

its Savior in times of distress,

why are You like a stranger in the land,

like a traveler who stays but a night?

9Why are You like a man taken by surprise,

like a warrior powerless to save?

Yet You are among us, O LORD,

and we are called by Your name.

Do not forsake us!

10This is what the LORD says about this people:

“Truly they love to wander;

they have not restrained their feet.

So the LORD does not accept them;

He will now remember their guilt

and call their sins to account.”

11Then the LORD said to me, “Do not pray for the well-being of this people. 12Although they may fast, I will not listen to their cry; although they may offer burnt offerings and grain offerings, I will not accept them. Instead, I will finish them off by sword and famine and plague.”

13“Ah, Lord GOD!” I replied, “Look, the prophets are telling them, ‘You will not see the sword or suffer famine, but I will give you lasting peace in this place.’”

14“The prophets are prophesying lies in My name,” the LORD replied. “I did not send them or appoint them or speak to them. They are prophesying to you a false vision, a worthless divination, the futility and delusion of their own minds.

15Therefore, this is what the LORD says about the prophets who prophesy in My name, though I did not send them, and who say, ‘No sword or famine will touch this land.’ By sword and famine these very prophets will meet their end! 16And the people to whom they prophesy will be thrown into the streets of Jerusalem because of famine and sword. There will be no one to bury them or their wives, their sons or their daughters. I will pour out their own evil upon them.

17You are to speak this word to them:

“My eyes overflow with tears;

day and night they do not cease,

for the virgin daughter of my people

has been shattered by a crushing blow,

a severely grievous wound.

18If I go out to the country,

I see those slain by the sword;

if I enter the city,

I see those ravaged by famine!

For both prophet and priest

travel to a land they do not know.”

A Prayer for Mercy

19Have You rejected Judah completely?

Do You despise Zion?

Why have You stricken us

so that we are beyond healing?

We hoped for peace,

but no good has come,

and for the time of healing,

but there was only terror.

20We acknowledge our wickedness, O LORD,

the guilt of our fathers;

indeed, we have sinned against You.

21For the sake of Your name do not despise us;

do not disgrace Your glorious throne.

Remember Your covenant with us;

do not break it.

22Can the worthless idols of the nations bring rain?

Do the skies alone send showers?

Is this not by You, O LORD our God?

So we put our hope in You,

for You have done all these things.


Jeremiah 15
Jeremiah 15 Par ▾ 

Judgment to Continue

1Then the LORD said to me: “Even if Moses and Samuel should stand before Me, My heart would not go out to this people. Send them from My presence, and let them go. 2If they ask you, ‘Where shall we go?’ you are to tell them that this is what the LORD says:

‘Those destined for death, to death;

those destined for the sword, to the sword;

those destined for famine, to famine;

those destined for captivity, to captivity.’

3I will appoint over them four kinds of destroyers, declares the LORD: the sword to kill, the dogs to drag away, and the birds of the air and beasts of the earth to devour and destroy. 4I will make them a horror to all the kingdoms of the earth because of what Manasseh son of Hezekiah king of Judah did in Jerusalem.

5Who will have pity on you, O Jerusalem?

Who will mourn for you?

Who will turn aside

to ask about your welfare?

6You have forsaken Me,

declares the LORD.

You have turned your back,

so I have stretched out My hand

against you to destroy you;

I am weary of showing compassion.

7I will scatter them with a winnowing fork

at the gates of the land.

I will bereave and destroy My people

who have not turned from their ways.

8I will make their widows more numerous

than the sand of the sea.

I will bring a destroyer at noon

against the mothers of young men.

I will suddenly bring upon them

anguish and dismay.

9The mother of seven will grow faint;

she will breath her last breath.

Her sun will set while it was still day;

she will be disgraced and humiliated.

And the rest I will put to the sword

in the presence of their enemies,”

declares the LORD.

Jeremiah's Woe

10Woe to me, my mother,

that you have borne me,

a man of strife and conflict

in all the land.

I have neither lent nor borrowed,

yet everyone curses me.

11The LORD said:

“Surely I will deliver you for a good purpose;

surely I will intercede with your enemy

in your time of trouble,

in your time of distress.

12Can anyone smash iron—

iron from the north—or bronze?

13Your wealth and your treasures

I will give up as plunder,

without charge for all your sins

within all your borders.

14Then I will enslave you to your enemies

in a landa you do not know,

for My anger will kindle a fire

that will burn against you.”

15You understand, O LORD;

remember me and attend to me.

Avenge me against my persecutors.

In Your patience, do not take me away.

Know that I endure reproach for Your honor.

16Your words were found, and I ate them.

Your words became a delight to me

and my heart’s delight,

for I bear Your name,

O LORD God of Hosts.

17I never sat with the band of revelers,

and I did not celebrate with them.

Because Your hand was on me, I sat alone,

for You have filled me with indignation.

18Why is my pain unending,

and my wound incurable, refusing to be healed?

You have indeed become like a mirage to me—

water that is not there.

The LORD's Promise

19Therefore this is what the LORD says:

“If you return, I will restore you;

you will stand in My presence.

And if you speak words that are noble instead of worthless,

you will be My spokesman.

It is they who must return to you,

but you must not return to them.

20Then I will make you a wall to this people,

a fortified wall of bronze;

they will fight against you

but will not overcome you,

for I am with you to save you and deliver you.

declares the LORD.

21I will deliver you from the hand of the wicked

and redeem you from the grasp of the ruthless.”

Footnotes:

14 a Some Hebrew manuscripts, LXX and Syriac (see also Jeremiah 17:4); most Hebrew manuscripts I will cause your enemies to bring you into a land

Jeremiah 16
Jeremiah 16 Par ▾ 

Disaster Predicted

1Then the word of the LORD came to me: 2“You must not marry or have sons or daughters in this place.”

3For this is what the LORD says concerning sons and daughters born in this place, and the mothers who bore them, and the fathers who fathered them in this land: 4“They will die from deadly diseases. They will not be mourned or buried, but will lie like dung on the ground. They will be finished off by sword and famine, and their corpses will become food for the birds of the sky and the beasts of the earth.”

5Indeed, this is what the LORD says: “Do not enter a house where there is a funeral meal. Do not go to mourn or show sympathy, for I have removed My peace from this people, declares the LORD, My loving devotion and compassion.

6Both great and small will die in this land. They will not be buried or mourned, nor will anyone cut himself or shave his head for them. 7No food will be offered to comfort those who mourn the dead; not even a cup of consolation will be given for the loss of a father or mother.

8You must not enter a house where there is feasting and sit down with them to eat and drink. 9For this is what the LORD of Hosts, the God of Israel, says: I am going to remove from this place, before your very eyes and in your days, the sounds of joy and gladness, the voices of the groom and the bride.

10When you tell these people all these things, they will ask you, ‘Why has the LORD pronounced all this great disaster against us? What is our guilt? What is the sin that we have committed against the LORD our God?’

11Then you are to answer them: ‘It is because your fathers have forsaken Me,’ declares the LORD, ‘and followed other gods, and served and worshiped them. They abandoned Me and did not keep My instruction. 12And you have done more evil than your fathers. See how each of you was following the stubbornness of his evil heart, instead of obeying Me. 13So I will cast you out of this land into a land that neither you nor your fathers have known. There you will serve other gods day and night, for I will show you no favor.’

God will Restore Israel

14Yet behold, the days are coming, declares the LORD, when men will no longer say, ‘As surely as the LORD lives, who brought the Israelites up out of the land of Egypt.’ 15Instead they will say, ‘As surely as the LORD lives, who brought the Israelites up out of the land of the north and all the other lands to which He had banished them.’ For I will return them to their land that I gave to their ancestors.

16But for now I will send for many fishermen, declares the LORD, and they will catch them. After that I will send for many hunters, and they will hunt them down on every mountain and hill, even from the clefts of the rocks.

17For My eyes are on all their ways. They are not hidden from My face, and their guilt is not concealed from My eyes. 18And I will first repay them double their iniquity and their sin, because they have defiled My land with the carcasses of their detestable idols, and they have filled My inheritance with their abominations.”

19O LORD, my strength and my fortress,

my refuge in the day of distress,

the nations will come to You

from the ends of the earth, and they will say,

“Our fathers inherited nothing but lies,

worthless idols of no benefit at all.”

20Can man make gods for himself?

Such are not gods!

21“Therefore behold, I will inform them,

and this time I will make them know

My power and My might;

then they will know that My name is the LORD.”


Jeremiah 17
Jeremiah 17 Par ▾ 

The Sin and Punishment of Judah

1The sin of Judah is written with an iron stylus,

engraved with a diamond point

on the tablet of their hearts

and on the horns of their altars.

2Even their children remember their altars and Asherah poles,

by the green trees, on the high hills.

3O My mountain in the countryside,

I will give over your wealth

and all your treasures as plunder,

because of the sin of your high places,

in all your borders.

4And you yourself will relinquish

the inheritance that I gave you.

I will enslave you to your enemies

in a land you do not know,

for you have kindled My anger;

it will burn forever.

5This is what the LORD says:

“Cursed is the man who trusts in mankind,

who makes the flesh his strengtha

and turns his heart from the LORD.

6He will be like a shrub in the desert;

he will not see when prosperity comes.

He will dwell in the parched places of the desert,

in a salt land where no one lives.

7But blessed is the man who trusts in the LORD,

whose confidence is Him.

8He will be like a tree planted by the waters

that sends out its roots toward the stream.

It does not fear when the heat comes,

and its leaves are always green.

It will not worry in a year of drought

or cease producing fruit.

9The heart is deceitful above all things

and beyond cure—who can understand it?

10I, the LORD, search the heart;

I test the mindb

to reward a man according to his way,

by what his deeds deserve.

11Like a partridge hatching eggs it did not lay

is the man who makes a fortune unjustly.

In the middle of his days his riches will desert him,

and in the end he will be the fool.

Jeremiah's Prayer for Deliverance

12A glorious throne, exalted from the beginning,

is the place of our sanctuary.

13O LORD, the hope of Israel,

all who abandon You will be put to shame.

All who turn away will be written in the dust,

for they have abandoned the LORD,

the fountain of living water.

14Heal me, O LORD, and I will be healed;

save me, and I will be saved,

for You are my praise.

15Behold, they keep saying to me,

“Where is the word of the LORD?

Let it come now!”

16But I have not run away from being Your shepherd;

I have not desired the day of despair.

You know that the utterance of my lips

was spoken in Your presence.

17Do not become a terror to me;

You are my refuge in the day of disaster.

18Let my persecutors be put to shame,

but do not let me be put to shame.

Let them be terrified,

but do not let me be terrified.

Bring upon them the day of disaster

and shatter them with double destruction.

The Sabbath Renewed

19This is what the LORD said to me: “Go and stand at the gate of the people, through which the kings of Judah go in and out; and stand at all the other gates of Jerusalem.

20Say to them, ‘Hear the word of the LORD, O kings of Judah, all people of Judah and Jerusalem who enter through these gates. 21This is what the LORD says: Take heed for yourselves; do not carry a load or bring it through the gates of Jerusalem on the Sabbath day. 22You must not carry a load out of your houses or do any work on the Sabbath day, but you must keep the Sabbath day holy, just as I commanded your forefathers. 23Yet they would not listen or incline their ear, but they stiffened their necks and would not listen or receive My discipline.

24If, however, you listen carefully to Me, says the LORD, and bring no load through the gates of this city on the Sabbath day, and keep the Sabbath day holy, and do no work on it, 25then kings and princes will enter through the gates of this city. They will sit on the throne of David, riding in chariots and on horses with their officials, along with the men of Judah and residents of Jerusalem, and this city will be inhabited forever. 26And people will come from the cities of Judah and the places around Jerusalem, from the land of Benjamin, and from the foothills,c the hill country, and the Negev, bringing burnt offerings and sacrifices, grain offerings and incense, and thank offerings to the house of the LORD.

27But if you do not listen to Me to keep the Sabbath day holy by not carrying a load while entering the gates of Jerusalem on the Sabbath day, then I will kindle an unquenchable fire in its gates to consume the citadels of Jerusalem.’”

Footnotes:

5 a Hebrew arm
10 b Hebrew kidneys
26 c Hebrew Shephelah or lowlands, that is, the western foothills of Judea

Jeremiah 18
Jeremiah 18 Par ▾ 

The Potter and the Clay

1This is the word that came to Jeremiah from the LORD: 2“Go down at once to the potter’s house, and there I will reveal My message to you.”

3So I went down to the potter’s house and saw him working at the wheel. 4But the vessel that he was shaping from the clay became flawed in his hand; so he formed it into another vessel, as it seemed best for him to do.

5Then the word of the LORD came to me, saying, 6“O house of Israel, can I not treat you as this potter treats his clay? declares the LORD. Just like clay in the potter’s hand, so are you in My hand, O house of Israel.

7At any time I might announce that a nation or kingdom will be uprooted, torn down, and destroyed. 8But if that nation I warned turns from its evil, then I will relent of the disaster I had planned to inflict.

9And if at another time I announce that I will build up and establish a nation or kingdom, 10and if it does evil in My sight and does not listen to My voice, I will relent of the good I had intended for it.

11Now therefore, tell the men of Judah and residents of Jerusalem that this is what the LORD says: ‘Behold, I am planning a disaster for you and devising a plan against you. Turn now, each of you, from your evil ways, and correct your ways and deeds.’

12But they will reply, ‘It is hopeless. We will follow our own plans, and each of us will act according to the stubbornness of his evil heart.’”

13Therefore, this is what the LORD says:

“Inquire among the nations:

Who has ever heard things like these?

Virgin Israel has done a most terrible thing.

14Does the snow of Lebanon

ever leave its rocky slopes?

Or do its cool waters flowing from a distance

ever run dry?

15Yet My people have forgotten Me.

They burn incense to worthless idols

that make them stumble in their ways

on the ancient roads

and walk on bypaths

instead of the highway.

16They have made their land a desolation,

a perpetual object of scorn;

everyone who passes by will be appalled

and shake their heads.

17I will scatter them before the enemy

like the east wind.

I will show them My back and not My face

in the day of their calamity.”

The Plot Against Jeremiah
(Psalm 70:1-5; Psalm 141:1-10; Jeremiah 11:18-23)

18Then some said, “Come, let us make plans against Jeremiah, for the law will never be lost to the priest, or counsel to the wise, or an oracle to the prophet. Come, let us denounce him and pay no heed to any of his words.”

19Give heed to me, O LORD.

Hear what my accusers are saying!

20Should good be repaid with evil?

Yet they have dug a pit for me.

Remember how I stood before You

to speak good on their behalf,

to turn Your wrath from them.

21Therefore, hand their children over to famine,

pour out the power of the sword upon them.

Let their wives become childless and widowed,

their husbands be slain by disease,

and their young men struck down

by the sword in battle.

22Let a cry be heard from their houses

when You suddenly bring raiders against them,

for they have dug a pit to capture me

and have hidden snares for my feet.

23But You, O LORD, know

all their deadly plots against me.

Do not wipe out their guilt

or blot out their sin from Your sight.

Let them be overthrown before You;

deal with them in the time of Your anger.


Jeremiah 19
Jeremiah 19 Par ▾ 

The Broken Jar

1This is what the LORD says: “Go, buy a clay jar from a potter. Take some of the elders of the people and leaders of the priests, 2and go out to the valley of Ben-hinnom near the entrance of the Potsherd Gate.

Proclaim there the words I speak to you, 3saying, ‘Hear the word of the LORD, O kings of Judah and residents of Jerusalem. This is what the LORD of Hosts, the God of Israel, says: I am going to bring such disaster on this place that the ears of all who hear of it will ring, 4because they have abandoned Me and made this a foreign place. They have burned incense in it to other gods that neither they nor their fathers nor the kings of Judah have ever known. They have filled this place with the blood of the innocent. 5They have built high places to Baal on which to burn their children in the fire as offerings to Baal—something I never commanded or mentioned, nor did it ever enter My mind.

6So behold, the days are coming, declares the LORD, when this place will no longer be called Topheth or the valley of Ben-hinnom, but the Valley of Slaughter. 7And in this place I will ruina the plans of Judah and Jerusalem. I will make them fall by the sword before their enemies, by the hands of those who seek their lives, and I will give their carcasses as food to the birds of the sky and the beasts of the earth.

8I will make this city a desolation and an object of scorn. All who pass by will be horrified, and will scoff because of all its wounds. 9I will make them eat the flesh of their sons and daughters, and they will eat one another’s flesh in the siege and distress inflicted on them by their enemies who seek their lives.’

10Then you are to shatter the jar in the presence of the men who accompany you, 11and you are to proclaim to them that this is what the LORD of Hosts says: I will shatter this nation and this city, like one shatters a potter’s jar that can never again be repaired. They will bury the dead in Topheth since there is nowhere else to bury them.

12This is what I will do to this place and to its residents, declares the LORD. I will make this city like Topheth. 13The houses of Jerusalem and the houses of the kings of Judah will be defiled like that place, Topheth—all the houses on whose rooftops they burned incense to all the heavenly hosts and poured out drink offerings to other gods.”

14Then Jeremiah returned from Topheth, where the LORD had sent him to prophesy, and he stood in the court of the LORD’s house and proclaimed to all the people, 15“Thus says the LORD of Hosts, the God of Israel: ‘I am about to bring on this city and on all the villages around it every disaster I have pronounced against them, because they have stiffened their necks so as not to heed My words.’”

Footnotes:

7 a The Hebrew term for ruin sounds like the Hebrew for jar (see verses 1 and 10)

Jeremiah 20
Jeremiah 20 Par ▾ 

Pashhur Persecutes Jeremiah

1When Pashhur the priest, the son of Immer and the chief official in the temple of the LORD, heard Jeremiah prophesying these things, 2he had Jeremiah the prophet beaten, and he put him in the stocks at the Upper Gate of Benjamin, which was by the house of the LORD.

3The next day, when Pashhur released Jeremiah from the stocks, Jeremiah said to him, “The LORD does not call you Pashhur, but Magor-missabib. 4For this is what the LORD says: ‘I will make you a terror to yourself and to all your friends. They will fall by the sword of their enemies before your very eyes. And I will hand Judah over to the king of Babylon, and he will carry them away to Babylon and put them to the sword. 5I will give away all the wealth of this city—all its products and valuables, and all the treasures of the kings of Judah—to their enemies. They will plunder them, seize them, and carry them off to Babylon. 6And you, Pashhur, and all who live in your house, will go into captivity. You will go to Babylon, and there you will die and be buried—you and all your friends to whom you have prophesied these lies.’”

Jeremiah's Complaint

7You have deceived me, O LORD, and I was deceived.

You have overcome me and prevailed.

I am a laughingstock all day long;

everyone mocks me.

8For whenever I speak, I cry out,

I proclaim violence and destruction.

For the word of the LORD has become to me

a reproach and derision all day long.

9If I say, “I will not mention Him

or speak any more in His name,”

His message becomes a fire burning in my heart,

shut up in my bones,

and I become weary of holding it in,

and I cannot prevail.

10For I have heard the whispering of many,

“Terror is on every side!

Report him; let us report him!”

All my trusted friends

watch for my fall:

“Perhaps he will be deceived

so that we may prevail against him

and take our vengeance upon him.”

11But the LORD is with me like a fearsome warrior.

Therefore, my persecutors will stumble and not prevail.

Since they have not succeeded, they will be utterly put to shame,

with an everlasting disgrace that will never be forgotten.

12O LORD of Hosts, who examines the righteous,

who sees the heart and mind,a

let me see Your vengeance upon them,

for to You I have committed my cause.

13Sing to the LORD!

Praise the LORD!

For He rescues the life of the needy

from the hands of evildoers.

14Cursed be the day I was born!

May the day my mother bore me never be blessed.

15Cursed be the man who brought my father the news,

saying, “A son is born to you,”

bringing him great joy.

16May that man be like the cities

the LORD overthrew without compassion.

May he hear an outcry in the morning

and a battle cry at noon,

17because he did not kill me in the womb

so that my mother might have been my grave,

and her womb forever enlarged.

18Why did I come out of the womb

to see only trouble and sorrow,

and to end my days in shame?

Footnotes:

12 a Hebrew kidneys

Jeremiah 21
Jeremiah 21 Par ▾ 

Jerusalem will Fall to Babylon

1This is the word that came to Jeremiah from the LORD when King Zedekiah sent to him Pashhur son of Malchijah and the priest Zephaniah son of Maaseiah, saying, 2“Please inquire of the LORD on our behalf, since Nebuchadnezzara king of Babylon is waging war against us. Perhaps the LORD will perform for us something like all His past wonders, so that Nebuchadnezzar will withdraw from us.”

3But Jeremiah answered, “You are to tell Zedekiah the following: 4‘This is what the LORD, the God of Israel, says: I will turn against you the weapons of war in your hands, with which you are fighting the king of Babylon and the Chaldeansb who besiege you outside the wall, and I will assemble their forces in the center of this city. 5And I Myself will fight against you with an outstretched hand and a mighty arm, with anger, fury, and great wrath. 6I will strike down the residents of this city, both man and beast. They will die in a terrible plague.

7After that, declares the LORD, I will hand over King Zedekiah of Judah, his officers, and the people in this city who survive the plague and sword and famine, to King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon and to their enemies who seek their lives. He will put them to the sword; he will not spare them or show pity or compassion.’

8You are also to say to this people, ‘This is what the LORD says: Behold, I set before you the way of life and the way of death. 9Whoever stays in this city will die by sword and famine and plague, but whoever goes out and surrenders to the Chaldeans who besiege you will live and retain his life like a spoil of war. 10For I have set My face against this city to bring disaster and not good, declares the LORD. It will be handed over to the king of Babylon, who will destroy it with fire.’

Message to the House of David

11Moreover, say to the house of the king of Judah: Hear the word of the LORD! 12O house of David, this is what the LORD says:

‘Administer justice every morning,

and rescue the victim of robbery

from the hand of his oppressor,

or My wrath will go forth like fire

and burn with none to extinguish it

because of their evil deeds.

13Behold, I am against you, Jerusalem,

you who sit above the valley,

atop the rocky plateau—

declares the LORD—

you who say, “Who can come against us?

Who can enter our habitations?”

14I will punish you as your deeds deserve,

declares the LORD.

I will kindle a fire in your forest

that will consume everything around you.’”

Footnotes:

2 a Hebrew Nebuchadrezzar, a variant of Nebuchadnezzar (king of Babylon) occurring frequently throughout the rest of Jeremiah; the latter spelling is used throughout Jeremiah for consistency
4 b Or Babylonians; also in verse 9

Jeremiah 22
Jeremiah 22 Par ▾ 

A Warning for Judah's Kings

1This is what the LORD says: “Go down to the palace of the king of Judah and proclaim this message there, 2saying, ‘Hear the word of the LORD, O king of Judah, who sits on the throne of David—you and your officials and your people who enter these gates. 3This is what the LORD says: Administer justice and righteousness. Rescue the victim of robbery from the hand of his oppressor. Do no wrong or violence to the foreigner, the fatherless, or the widow. Do not shed innocent blood in this place.

4For if you will indeed carry out these commands, then kings who sit on David’s throne will enter through the gates of this palace riding on chariots and horses—they and their officials and their people. 5But if you do not obey these words, then I swear by Myself, declares the LORD, that this house will become a pile of rubble.’”

A Warning about the Palace

6For this is what the LORD says concerning the house of the king of Judah:

“You are like Gilead to Me,

like the summit of Lebanon;

but I will certainly turn you into a desert,

like cities that are uninhabited.

7I will appoint destroyers against you,

each man with his weapons,

and they will cut down the choicest of your cedars

and throw them into the fire.

8And many nations will pass by this city and ask one another, ‘Why has the LORD done such a thing to this great city?’

9Then people will reply, ‘Because they have forsaken the covenant of the LORD their God and have worshiped and served other gods.’

A Warning about Shallum

10Do not weep for the dead king;

do not mourn his loss.

Weep bitterly for the one who is exiled,

for he will never return

to see his native land.

11For this is what the LORD says concerning Shalluma son of Josiah, king of Judah, who succeeded his father Josiah but has gone forth from this place: ‘He will never return, 12but he will die in the place to which he was exiled; he will never see this land again.’”

A Warning about Jehoiakim

13“Woe to him who builds his palace by unrighteousness,

and his upper rooms without justice,

who makes his countrymen serve without pay,

and will not give him his wages,

14who says, ‘I will build myself a great palace,

with spacious upper rooms.’

So he cuts windows in it,

panels it with cedar,

and paints it with vermilion.

15Are you a king because you excel in cedar?

Did not your father eat and drink

and administer justice and righteousness?

Then it went well with him.

16He took up the cause of the poor and needy,

and so it went well.

Is this not what it means to know Me?”

declares the LORD.

17“But your eyes and heart are set on nothing

except your own dishonest gain,

on shedding innocent blood,

on practicing extortion and oppression.”

18Therefore, this is what the LORD says concerning Jehoiakim son of Josiah king of Judah:

“They will not mourn for him:

‘Alas, my brother! Alas, my sister!’

They will not mourn for him:

‘Alas, for the master! Alas, for his splendor!’

19He will be buried like a donkey,

dragged away and thrown outside the gates of Jerusalem.

20Go up to Lebanon and cry out;

raise your voice in Bashan;

cry out from Abarim,

for all your lovers have been crushed.

21I warned you when you were secure.

You said, ‘I will not listen.’

This has been your way from youth,

that you have not you obeyed My voice.

22The wind will drive away all your shepherds,

and your lovers will go into captivity.

Then you will be ashamed and humiliated

because of all your wickedness.

23O inhabitant of Lebanon,b

nestled in the cedars,

how you will groan when pangs of anguish come upon you,

agony like a woman in labor.”

A Warning for Coniah

24“As surely as I live,” declares the LORD, “even if you, Coniahc son of Jehoiakim king of Judah, were a signet ring on My right hand, I would pull you off. 25And I will hand you over to those you dread, who want to take your life—to Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon and the Chaldeans.d 26I will hurl you and the mother who gave you birth into another land, where neither of you were born—and there you will both die. 27You will never return to the land for which you long.”

28Is this man Coniah a despised and shattered pot,

a jar that no one wants?

Why are he and his descendants hurled out

and cast into a land they do not know?

29O land, land, land,

hear the word of the LORD!

30This is what the LORD says:

“Enroll this man as childless,

a man who will not prosper in his lifetime.

None of his descendants will prosper

to sit on the throne of David

or to rule again in Judah.”

Footnotes:

11 a Also called Jehoahaz
23 b That is, the palace in Jerusalem (see 1 Kings 7:2)
24 c Coniah is a variant of Jehoiachin; also in verse 28.
25 d Or Babylonians

Jeremiah 23
Jeremiah 23 Par ▾ 

David's Righteous Branch

1“Woe to the shepherds who destroy and scatter the sheep of My pasture!” declares the LORD.

2Therefore, this is what the LORD, the God of Israel, says about the shepherds who tend My people: “You have scattered My flock and driven them away, and have not attended to them. Behold, I will attend to you for the evil of your deeds, declares the LORD.

3Then I Myself will gather the remnant of My flock from all the lands to which I have banished them, and I will return them to their pasture, where they will be fruitful and multiply. 4I will raise up shepherds over them who will tend them, and they will no longer be afraid or dismayed, nor will any go missing, declares the LORD.

5Behold, the days are coming,

declares the LORD,

when I will raise up for Davida

a Righteous Branch,

and He will reign wisely as king

and administer justice and righteousness in the land.

6In His days Judah will be saved,

and Israel will dwell securely.

And this is His name by which He will be called:

The LORD Our Righteousness.

7So behold, the days are coming, declares the LORD, when they will no longer say, ‘As surely as the LORD lives, who brought the Israelites out of the land of Egypt.’ 8Instead, they will say, ‘As surely as the LORD lives, who brought and led the descendants of the house of Israel from the land of the north and from all the other countries to which I had banished them.’ They will dwell once more in their own land.”

Lying Prophets

9As for the prophets:

My heart is broken within me,

and all my bones tremble.

I have become like a drunkard,

like a man overcome by wine,

because of the LORD,

because of His holy words.

10For the land is full of adulterers—

because of the curse the land mourns,

and the pastures of the wilderness have dried up—

their course is evil

and their power is misused.

11“For both prophet and priest are ungodly;

even in My house I have found their wickedness,”

declares the LORD.

12“Therefore their path will become slick;

they will be driven away into the gloom and fall into it.

For I will bring disaster upon them

in the year of their punishment,”

declares the LORD.

13“Among the prophets of Samaria

I saw an offensive thing:

They prophesied by Baal

and led My people Israel astray.

14And among the prophets of Jerusalem

I have seen a horrible thing:

They commit adultery

and walk in lies.

They strengthen the hands of evildoers,

so that no one turns his back on wickedness.

They are all like Sodom to Me;

the people of Jerusalem are like Gomorrah.”

15Therefore, this is what the LORD of Hosts says concerning the prophets:

“I will feed them wormwood

and give them poisoned water to drink,

for from the prophets of Jerusalem

ungodliness has spread throughout the land.”

16This is what the LORD of Hosts says:

“Do not listen to the words of the prophets who prophesy to you.

They are filling you with false hopes.

They speak visions from their own minds,

not from the mouth of the LORD.

17They keep saying to those who despise Me,

‘The LORD says that you will have peace,’

and to everyone who walks in the stubbornness of his own heart,

‘No harm will come to you.’

18But which of them has stood in the council of the LORD

to see and hear His word?

Who has given heed to His word

and obeyed it?

19Behold, the storm of the LORD

has gone out in fury,

a whirlwind swirling down

upon the heads of the wicked.

20The anger of the LORD will not diminish

until He has fully accomplished the purposes of His heart.

In the days to come you will understand it clearly.

21I did not send these prophets,

yet they have run with their message;

I did not speak to them,

yet they prophesied.

22But if they had stood in My council,

they would have proclaimed My words to My people

and turned them back from their evil ways and evil deeds.”

23“Am I only a God nearby,” declares the LORD, “and not a God far away?”

24“Can a man hide in secret places where I cannot see him?” declares the LORD. “Do I not fill the heavens and earth?” declares the LORD.

25“I have heard the sayings of the prophets who prophesy lies in My name: ‘I had a dream! I had a dream!’ 26How long will this continue in the hearts of these prophets who prophesy falsehood, these prophets of the delusion of their own minds? 27They suppose the dreams that they tell one another will make My people forget My name, just as their fathers forgot My name through the worship of Baal.

28Let the prophet who has a dream retell it, but let him who has My word speak it truthfully. For what is straw compared to grain? declares the LORD. 29Is not My word like fire, declares the LORD, and like a hammer that smashes a rock?”

30“Therefore behold,” declares the LORD, “I am against the prophets who steal from each other words they attribute to Me.”

31“Yes,” declares the LORD, “I am against the prophets who wag their own tongues and proclaim, ‘The Lord declares it.’”

32“Indeed,” declares the LORD, “I am against those who prophesy false dreams they tell to lead My people astray with their reckless lies. It was not I who sent or commanded them, and they are of no benefit at all to these people,” declares the LORD.

False Oracles

33“Now when this people, or a prophet or a priest, asks you, ‘What is the oracle of the LORD?’ you are to say to them: ‘What oracle? I will forsake you, declares the LORD.’ 34As for the prophet or priest or anyone who claims, ‘This is the oracle of the LORD,’ I will punish that man and his household.

35This is what each man is to say to his friend and to his brother: ‘What has the LORD answered?’ or, ‘What has the LORD spoken?’ 36But no longer refer to the oracle of the LORD, for each man’s word becomes the oracle, so that you pervert the words of the living God, the LORD of Hosts, our God.

37Thus you are to say to the prophet: ‘What has the LORD answered you?’ and, ‘What has the LORD spoken?’

38But if you claim, ‘This is the oracle of the LORD,’ then this is what the LORD says: Because you have said, ‘This is the oracle of the LORD,’ and I specifically told you not to make this claim, 39therefore I will surely forget you and cast you out of My presence, both you and the city that I gave to you and your fathers. 40And I will bring upon you everlasting shame and perpetual humiliation that will never be forgotten.”

Footnotes:

5 a Or up for David’s line

Jeremiah 24
Jeremiah 24 Par ▾ 

The Good and Bad Figs

1After Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon had carried away Jeconiaha son of Jehoiakim king of Judah, the officials of Judah, and the craftsmen and metalsmiths from Jerusalem, and had brought them to Babylon, the LORD showed me two baskets of figs placed in front of the temple of the LORD. 2One basket had very good figs, like those that ripen early, but the other basket contained very poor figs, so bad they could not be eaten.

3“Jeremiah,” the LORD asked, “what do you see?”

“Figs!” I replied. “The good figs are very good, but the bad figs are very bad, so bad they cannot be eaten.”

4Then the word of the LORD came to me, saying, 5“This is what the LORD, the God of Israel, says: ‘Like these good figs, so I regard as good the exiles from Judah, whom I have sent away from this place to the land of the Chaldeans.b 6I will keep My eyes upon their good and will return them to this land. I will build them up and not tear them down; I will plant them and not uproot them. 7I will give them a heart to know Me, that I am the LORD. They will be My people, and I will be their God, for they will return to Me with all their heart.

8But like the bad figs, so bad they cannot be eaten, says the LORD, so I will deal with Zedekiah king of Judah, his officials, and the remnant of Jerusalem—those remaining in this land and those living in the land of Egypt. 9I will make them a horror and an offense to all the kingdoms of the earth, a disgrace, an object of scorn, ridicule, and cursing, wherever I have banished them. 10And I will send the sword, famine, and plague against them, until they have perished from the land I gave to them and their fathers.’”

Footnotes:

1 a Jeconiah is a variant of Jehoiachin
5 b Or Babylonians

Jeremiah 25
Jeremiah 25 Par ▾ 

The Seventy-Year Captivity

1This is the word that came to Jeremiah concerning all the people of Judah in the fourth year of Jehoiakim son of Josiah king of Judah, which was the first year of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon. 2So the prophet Jeremiah spoke to all the people of Judah and all the residents of Jerusalem as follows:

3“From the thirteenth year of Josiah son of Amon king of Judah until this very day—twenty-three years—the word of the LORD has come to me, and I have spoken to you again and again, but you have not listened. 4And the LORD has sent all His servants the prophets to you again and again, but you have not listened or inclined your ear to hear.

5The prophets told you, ‘Turn now, each of you, from your evil ways and evil deeds, and you can dwell in the land that the LORD has given to you and to your fathers forever and ever. 6Do not follow other gods to serve them and to worship them, and do not provoke Me to anger with the works of your hands. Then I will do you no harm.’

7‘But to your own harm, you have not listened to Me,’ declares the LORD, ‘so you have provoked Me to anger with the works of your hands.’

8Therefore, this is what the LORD of Hosts says: ‘Because you have not obeyed My words, 9behold, I will summon all the families of the north, declares the LORD, and I will send for My servant Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon. I will bring them against this land, against its residents, and against all the surrounding nations. So I will completely destroya them and make them an object of horror and contempt, an everlasting desolation.

10Moreover, I will banish from them the sounds of joy and gladness, the voices of the bride and bridegroom, the sound of the millstones, and the light of the lamp. 11And this whole land will become a desolate wasteland, and these nations will serve the king of Babylon for seventy years.

The Destruction of Babylon

12But when seventy years are complete, I will punish the king of Babylon and that nation, the land of the Chaldeans,b for their guilt, declares the LORD, and I will make it an everlasting desolation.

13I will bring upon that land all the words I have pronounced against it, all that is written in this book, which Jeremiah prophesied against all the nations. 14For many nations and great kings will enslave them, and I will repay them according to their deeds and according to the work of their hands.’”

The Cup of God's Wrath
(Jeremiah 6:10-21; Jonah 1:4-10; Acts 27:13-26; Romans 1:18-32)

15This is what the LORD, the God of Israel, said to me: “Take from My hand this cup of the wine of wrath, and make all the nations to whom I send you drink from it. 16And they will drink and stagger and go out of their minds, because of the sword that I will send among them.”

17So I took the cup from the LORD’s hand and made all the nations drink from it, each one to whom the LORD had sent me, 18to make them a ruin, an object of horror and contempt and cursing, as they are this day—Jerusalem and the cities of Judah, its kings and officials; 19Pharaoh king of Egypt, his officials, his leaders, and all his people; 20all the mixed tribes; all the kings of Uz; all the kings of the Philistines: Ashkelon, Gaza, Ekron, and the remnant of Ashdod; 21Edom, Moab, and the Ammonites; 22all the kings of Tyre and Sidon; the kings of the coastlands across the sea; 23Dedan, Tema, Buz, and all who cut the corners of their hair; 24all the kings of Arabia, and all the kings of the mixed tribes who dwell in the desert; 25all the kings of Zimri, Elam, and Media; 26all the kings of the north, both near and far, one after another—all the kingdoms on the face of the earth. And after all of them, the king of Sheshachc will drink it too.

27Then you are to tell them, ‘This is what the LORD of Hosts, the God of Israel, says: Drink, get drunk, and vomit. Fall down and never get up again, because of the sword I will send among you.’

28If they refuse to take the cup from your hand and drink it, you are to tell them, ‘This is what the LORD of Hosts says: You most certainly must drink it! 29For behold, I am beginning to bring disaster on the city that bears My name, so how could you possibly go unpunished? You will not go unpunished, for I am calling down a sword against all the inhabitants of the earth, declares the LORD of Hosts.’

30So you are to prophesy all these words against them and say to them:

‘The LORD will roar from on high;

He will raise His voice from His holy habitation.

He will roar loudly over His pasture;

like those who tread the grapes,

He will call out with a shout,

against all the inhabitants of the earth.

31The tumult will resound to the ends of the earth

because the LORD brings a charge against the nations.

He enters into judgment on all mankind

and puts the wicked to the sword,’

declares the LORD.”

32This is what the LORD of Hosts says:

“Behold! Disaster is spreading

from nation to nation;

a mighty storm is rising

from the ends of the earth.”

33Those slain by the LORD on that day will be spread from one end of the earth to the other. They will not be mourned, gathered, or buried. They will be like dung lying on the ground.

The Cry of the Shepherds

34Wail, you shepherds, and cry out;

roll in the dust, you leaders of the flock.

For the days of your slaughter have come;

you will fall and be shattered like fine pottery.d

35Flight will evade the shepherds,

and escape will elude the leaders of the flock.

36Hear the cry of the shepherds,

the wailing of the leaders of the flock,

for the LORD is destroying their pasture.

37The peaceful meadows will become lifeless

because of the LORD’s burning anger.

38He has left His den like a lion,

for their land has been made a desolation

by the sworde of the oppressor,

and because of His fierce anger.

Footnotes:

9 a The Hebrew term refers to giving over things or persons to the LORD, either by destroying them or by giving them as an offering
12 b Or Babylonians
26 c Sheshach is a code name for Babylon
34 d Hebrew; LXX you will fall like the best of the rams
38 e Some Hebrew manuscripts and LXX (see also 46:16 and 50:16); most Hebrew manuscripts anger

Jeremiah 26
Jeremiah 26 Par ▾ 

A Warning to the Cities of Judah

1At the beginning of the reign of Jehoiakim son of Josiah king of Judah, this word came from the LORD: 2“This is what the LORD says: Stand in the courtyard of the LORD’s house and speak all the words I have commanded you to speak to all the cities of Judah who come to worship there. Do not omit a word. 3Perhaps they will listen and turn—each from his evil way of life—so that I may relent of the disaster that I am planning to do to them because of the evil of their deeds.

4And you are to tell them that this is what the LORD says: If you do not listen to Me and walk in My law, which I set before you, 5and if you do not listen to the words of My servants the prophets, whom I have sent you again and again even though you did not listen, 6then I will make this house like Shiloh, and I will make this city an object of cursing among all the nations of the earth.”

The Plot to Murder Jeremiah

7The priests, the prophets, and all the people heard Jeremiah speaking these words in the house of the LORD, 8and as soon as he had finished telling all the people what the LORD had commanded him to say, the priests and prophets and all the people seized him, shouting, “You must surely die! 9How dare you prophesy in the name of the LORD that this house will become like Shiloh and this city will be desolate and deserted!”

And all the people assembled against Jeremiah in the house of the LORD.

10When the officials of Judah heard these things, they went up from the king’s palace to the house of the LORD and sat at the entrance of the New Gate of the LORD’s house.

11Then the priests and prophets said to the officials and all the people, “This man is worthy of death, for he has prophesied against this city, as you have heard with your own ears!”

12And Jeremiah said to all the officials and all the people, “The LORD sent me to prophesy against this house and against this city all the words that you have heard. 13So now, correct your ways and deeds and obey the voice of the LORD your God, so that He might relent of the disaster that He has pronounced against you. 14As for me, here I am in your hands; do to me what you think is good and right. 15But know for certain that if you put me to death, you will bring innocent blood upon yourselves, on this city, and on its residents; for truly the LORD has sent me to speak all these words in your hearing.”

Jeremiah Spared from Death

16Then the officials and all the people told the priests and prophets, “This man is not worthy of death, for he has spoken to us in the name of the LORD our God!”

17Some of the elders of the land stood up and said to the whole assembly of the people, 18“Micah the Moreshite prophesied in the days of Hezekiah king of Judah and told all the people of Judah that this is what the LORD of Hosts says:

‘Zion will be plowed like a field,

Jerusalem will become a heap of rubble,

and the temple mount a wooded ridge.’a

19Did Hezekiah king of Judah or anyone else in Judah put him to death? Did Hezekiah not fear the LORD and seek His favor, and did not the LORD relent of the disaster He had pronounced against them? But we are about to bring great harm on ourselves!”

20Now there was another man prophesying in the name of the LORD, Uriah son of Shemaiah from Kiriath-jearim. He prophesied against this city and against this land in words like all those of Jeremiah. 21King Jehoiakim and all his mighty men and officials heard his words, and the king sought to put him to death. But when Uriah found out about it, he fled in fear and went to Egypt.

22Then King Jehoiakim sent men to Egypt: Elnathan son of Achbor along with some other men. 23They brought Uriah out of Egypt and took him to King Jehoiakim, who struck him down with the sword and threw his body into the burial place of the common people.

24Nevertheless, Ahikam son of Shaphan supported Jeremiah, so he was not handed over to the people to be put to death.

Footnotes:

18 a Micah 3:12

Jeremiah 27
Jeremiah 27 Par ▾ 

The Yoke of Nebuchadnezzar

1At the beginning of the reign of Zedekiaha son of Josiah king of Judah, this word came to Jeremiah from the LORD: 2“This is what the LORD said to me: Make for yourself a yoke out of leather straps and put it on your neck.

3Send word to the kings of Edom, Moab, Ammon, Tyre, and Sidon through the envoys who have come to Jerusalem to Zedekiah king of Judah. 4Give them a message for their masters declaring that this is what the LORD of Hosts, the God of Israel, says that you are to tell them: 5By My great power and outstretched arm, I made the earth and the men and beasts on the face of it, and I give it to whom I please. 6So now I have placed all these lands under the authority of My servant Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon. I have even made the beasts of the field subject to him. 7All nations will serve him and his son and grandson, until the time of his own land comes; then many nations and great kings will enslave him.

8As for the nation or kingdom that does not serve Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon and does not place its neck under his yoke, I will punish that nation by sword and famine and plague, declares the LORD, until I have destroyed it by his hand.

9But as for you, do not listen to your prophets, your diviners, your interpreters of dreams, your mediums, or your sorcerers who tell you, ‘You shall not serve the king of Babylon.’ 10For they prophesy to you a lie that will serve to remove you from your land; I will banish you and you will perish. 11But the nation that will put its neck under the yoke of the king of Babylon and serve him, I will leave it in its own land, to cultivate it and reside in it, declares the LORD.”

12And to Zedekiah king of Judah I spoke the same message: “Put your necks under the yoke of the king of Babylon; serve him and his people, and live! 13Why should you and your people die by the sword, famine, and plague, as the LORD has decreed against any nation that does not serve the king of Babylon?

14Do not listen to the words of the prophets who tell you, ‘You must not serve the king of Babylon,’ for they are prophesying to you a lie. 15‘For I have not sent them,’ declares the LORD, ‘and yet they are prophesying falsely in My name; therefore I will banish you and you will perish—you and the prophets who prophesy to you.’”

16Then I said to the priests and all this people, “This is what the LORD says: Do not listen to the words of your prophets who prophesy to you, saying, ‘Look, very soon now the articles of the LORD’s temple will be brought back from Babylon.’ They are prophesying to you a lie.

17Do not listen to them. Serve the king of Babylon and live! Why should this city become a ruin?

18If they are indeed prophets and the word of the LORD is with them, let them now plead with the LORD of Hosts that the articles remaining in the house of the LORD, in the palace of the king of Judah, and in Jerusalem, not be taken to Babylon.

19For this is what the LORD of Hosts says about the pillars, the sea, the bases, and the rest of the articles that still remain in this city, 20which Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon did not take when he carried Jeconiahb son of Jehoiakim king of Judah into exile from Jerusalem to Babylon, along with all the nobles of Judah and Jerusalem. 21Yes, this is what the LORD of Hosts, the God of Israel, says about the articles that remain in the house of the LORD, in the palace of the king of Judah, and in Jerusalem: 22‘They will be carried to Babylon and will remain there until the day I attend to them again,’ declares the LORD. ‘Then I will bring them back and restore them to this place.’”

Footnotes:

1 a A few Hebrew manuscripts and Syriac (see also 27:3 and 12 and 28:1); most Hebrew manuscripts Jehoiakim; Most LXX manuscripts do not include this verse
20 b Jeconiah is a variant of Jehoiachin

Jeremiah 28
Jeremiah 28 Par ▾ 

Hananiah's False Prophecy

1In the fifth month of that same year, the fourth year, near the beginning of the reign of King Zedekiah of Judah, the prophet Hananiah son of Azzur of Gibeon, said to me in the house of the LORD in the presence of the priests and all the people: 2“This is what the LORD of Hosts, the God of Israel, says: ‘I have broken the yoke of the king of Babylon. 3Within two years I will restore to this place all the articles of the house of the LORD that King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon removed from here and carried to Babylon. 4And I will restore to this place Jeconiaha son of Jehoiakim king of Judah, along with all the exiles from Judah who went to Babylon,’ declares the LORD, ‘for I will break the yoke of the king of Babylon.’”

5Then the prophet Jeremiah replied to the prophet Hananiah in the presence of the priests and all the people who were standing in the temple of the LORD. 6“Amen!” Jeremiah said. “May the LORD do so! May the LORD fulfill the words you have prophesied, and may He restore the articles of His house and all the exiles back to this place from Babylon.

7Nevertheless, listen now to this message I am speaking in your hearing and in the hearing of all the people. 8The prophets of old who preceded you and me prophesied war, disaster, and plague against many lands and great kingdoms. 9As for the prophet who prophesies peace, only if the word of the prophet comes true will the prophet be recognized as one the LORD has truly sent.”

10Then the prophet Hananiah took the yoke off the neck of Jeremiah the prophet and broke it. 11And in the presence of all the people Hananiah proclaimed, “This is what the LORD says: ‘In this way, within two years I will break the yoke of King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon off the neck of all the nations.’”

At this, Jeremiah the prophet went on his way. 12But shortly after Hananiah the prophet had broken the yoke off his neck, the word of the LORD came to Jeremiah: 13“Go and tell Hananiah that this is what the LORD says: ‘You have broken a yoke of wood, but in its place you have fashioned a yoke of iron.’

14For this is what the LORD of Hosts, the God of Israel, says: ‘I have put a yoke of iron on the neck of all these nations to make them serve King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon, and they will serve him. I have even given him control of the beasts of the field.’”

15Then the prophet Jeremiah said to the prophet Hananiah, “Listen, Hananiah! The LORD did not send you, but you have persuaded this people to trust in a lie. 16Therefore, this is what the LORD says: ‘I am about to remove you from the face of the earth. You will die this year because you have preached rebellion against the LORD.’”

17And in the seventh month of that very year, the prophet Hananiah died.

Footnotes:

4 a Jeconiah is a variant of Jehoiachin

Jeremiah 29
Jeremiah 29 Par ▾ 

Jeremiah's Letter to the Exiles

1This is the text of the letter that Jeremiah the prophet sent from Jerusalem to the rest of the elders among the exiles, the priests, the prophets, and all the others Nebuchadnezzar had carried into exile from Jerusalem to Babylon. 2(This was after King Jeconiah,a the queen mother, the court officials, the officials of Judah and Jerusalem, the craftsmen, and the metalsmiths had been exiled from Jerusalem.) 3The letter was entrusted to Elasah son of Shaphan and Gemariah son of Hilkiah, whom Zedekiah king of Judah had sent to King Nebuchadnezzar in Babylon. It stated:

4“This is what the LORD of Hosts, the God of Israel, says to all the exiles I carried away from Jerusalem to Babylon: 5‘Build houses and settle down. Plant gardens and eat their produce. 6Take wives and have sons and daughters. Take wives for your sons and give your daughters in marriage, so that they too may have sons and daughters. Multiply there; do not decrease. 7Seek the prosperity of the city to which I have sent you as exiles. Pray to the LORD on its behalf, for if it prospers, you too will prosper.’ 8For this is what the LORD of Hosts, the God of Israel, says: ‘Do not be deceived by the prophets and diviners among you, and do not listen to the dreams you elicit from them. 9For they are falsely prophesying to you in My name; I have not sent them, declares the LORD.’”

10For this is what the LORD says: “When Babylon’s seventy years are complete, I will attend to you and confirm My promise to restore you to this place. 11For I know the plans I have for you, declares the LORD, plans to prosper you and not to harm you, to give you a future and a hope. 12Then you will call upon Me and come and pray to Me, and I will listen to you. 13You will seek Me and find Me when you search for Me with all your heart. 14I will be found by you, declares the LORD, and I will restore you from captivityb and gather you from all the nations and places to which I have banished you, declares the LORD. I will restore you to the place from which I sent you into exile.”

15Because you may say, “The LORD has raised up for us prophets in Babylon,” 16this is what the LORD says about the king who sits on David’s throne and all the people who remain in this city, your brothers who did not go with you into exile. 17This is what the LORD of Hosts says: “I will send against them sword, famine, and plague, and I will make them like rotten figs, so bad that they cannot be eaten.

18I will pursue them with sword, famine, and plague. I will make them a horror to all the kingdoms of the earth—a curse, a desolation, and an object of scorn and reproach among all the nations to which I banish them. 19I will do this because they have not listened to My words, declares the LORD, which I sent to them time and again with My servants the prophets. And neither have you exiles listened, declares the LORD.

20So hear the word of the LORD, all you exiles I have sent away from Jerusalem to Babylon. 21This is what the LORD of Hosts, the God of Israel, says about Ahab son of Kolaiah and Zedekiah son of Maaseiah, who are prophesying to you lies in My name: “I will deliver them to Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, and he will kill them before your very eyes. 22Because of them, all the exiles of Judah who are in Babylon will use this curse: ‘May the LORD make you like Zedekiah and Ahab, whom the king of Babylon roasted in the fire!’ 23For they have committed an outrage in Israel by committing adultery with the wives of their neighbors and speaking lies in My name, which I did not command them to do. I am He who knows, and I am a witness, declares the LORD.

Shemaiah's Letter Against Jeremiah

24You are to say to Shemaiah the Nehelamite, 25“This is what the LORD of Hosts, the God of Israel, says: In your own name you have sent out letters to all the people of Jerusalem, to the priest Zephaniah son of Maaseiah, and to all the priests, saying: 26‘The LORD has appointed you priest in place of Jehoiada, to be the chief officer in the house of the LORD, responsible for any madman who acts like a prophet—you must put him in stocks and neck irons. 27So now, why have you not rebuked Jeremiah of Anathoth, who poses as a prophet among you? 28For he has sent to us in Babylon, claiming: The exile will be long. So build houses and settle down; plant gardens and eat their produce.’”

29And Zephaniah the priest read this letter to Jeremiah the prophet.

30Then the word of the LORD came to Jeremiah: 31“Send a message to all the exiles: This is what the LORD says concerning Shemaiah the Nehelamite. Because Shemaiah prophesied to you, though I did not send him, and made you trust in a lie, 32this is what the LORD says: Behold, I will punish Shemaiah the Nehelamite and his descendants. He will have no one left among this people, nor will he see the good that I bring to My people, declares the LORD, for he has preached rebellion against the LORD.”

Footnotes:

2 a Jeconiah is a variant of Jehoiachin
14 b Or restore your fortunes

Jeremiah 30
Jeremiah 30 Par ▾ 

The Restoration of Israel and Judah

1This is the word that came to Jeremiah from the LORD: 2“This is what the LORD, the God of Israel, says: ‘Write in a book all the words that I have spoken to you. 3For behold, the days are coming, declares the LORD, when I will restore from captivitya My people Israel and Judah, declares the LORD. I will restore them to the land I gave to their forefathers, and they will possess it.’”

4These are the words the LORD spoke concerning Israel and Judah. 5Yes, this is what the LORD says:

“We have heard a cry of panic—

of terror, not of peace.

6Ask and see: Can a male give birth?

Why then do I see every man

with his hands on his stomach like a woman in labor

and every face turned pale?

7How awful that day will be!

None will be like it!

It is the time of Jacob’s distress,

but he will be delivered out of it.

8On that day, declares the LORD of Hosts,

I will break the yoke off their necks

and tear off their bonds,

and no longer will strangers enslave them.

9Instead, they will serve the LORD their God

and David their king,

whom I will raise up for them.

10As for you, My servant Jacob, do not be afraid,

declares the LORD,

and do not be dismayed,

O Israel;

for I will surely deliver you out of a distant place,

your descendants from the land of their captivity!

Jacob will return to quiet and ease,

with no one to frighten him.

11For I am with you to save you,

declares the LORD.

Though I will completely destroy all the nations

to which I have scattered you,

I will not completely destroy you;

yet I will correct you in measure,

and I will by no means leave you unpunished.”

12For this is what the LORD says:

“Your injury is incurable;

your wound is grievous.

13There is no one to plead your cause,

no remedy for your sores, no recovery for you.

14All your lovers have forgotten you;

they no longer seek you,

for I have struck you as an enemy would,

with the discipline of someone cruel,

because of your great iniquity and numerous sins.

15Why do you cry out over your wound?

Your pain has no cure!

Because of your great iniquity and numerous sins

I have done these things to you.

16Nevertheless, all who devour you will be devoured,

and all your adversaries—

every one of them—

will go off into exile.

Those who plundered you will be plundered,

and all who raided you will be raided.

17But I will restore your health and heal your wounds,

declares the LORD,

because they call you an outcast,

Zion, for whom no one cares.”

Restoration of Jacob

18This is what the LORD says:

“I will restore the fortunes of Jacob’s tents

and have compassion on his dwellings.

And the city will be rebuilt on her own ruins,

and the palace will stand in its rightful place.

19Thanksgiving will proceed from them,

a sound of celebration.

I will multiply them, and they will not be decreased;

I will honor them, and they will not be belittled.

20Their children will be as in days of old,

and their congregation will be established before Me.

And I will punish all their oppressors.

21Their leader will be one of their own,

and their ruler will arise from their midst.

And I will bring him near, and he will approach Me,

for who would dare on his own to approach Me?

declares the LORD.

22And you will be My people,

and I will be your God.”

23Behold, the tempest of the LORD—

wrath has gone forth—

a churning storm!

It will swirl about the heads of the wicked.

24The fierce anger of the LORD will not turn back

until He has fully accomplished the purposes of His heart.

In the days to come you will understand this.

Footnotes:

3 a Or restore the fortunes of

Jeremiah 31
Jeremiah 31 Par ▾ 

Mourning Turned to Joy
(Matthew 2:16-18)

1“At that time,” declares the LORD, “I will be the God of all the families of Israel, and they will be My people.”

2This is what the LORD says:

“The people who survived the sword

found favor in the wilderness

when Israel went to find rest.”

3The LORD appeared to hima from afar:b

“I have loved you with an everlasting love;

therefore I have drawn you with loving devotion.

4Again I will build you, and you will be rebuilt,

O Virgin Israel.

Again you will take up your tambourines

and go out in joyful dancing.

5Again you will plant vineyards on the hills of Samaria;

the farmers will plant and enjoy the fruit.

6For there will be a day when watchmen will call out

on the hills of Ephraim,

‘Arise, let us go up to Zion,

to the LORD our God!’”

7For this is what the LORD says:

“Sing with joy for Jacob;

shout for the foremost of the nations!

Make your praises heard and say,

‘O LORD, save Your people,

the remnant of Israel!’

8Behold, I will bring them from the land of the north

and gather them from the farthest parts of the earth,

including the blind and the lame,

expectant mothers and women in labor.

They will return as a great assembly!

9They will come with weeping,

and by their supplication I will lead them;

I will make them walk beside streams of waters,

on a level path where they will not stumble.

For I am Israel’s Father,

and Ephraim is My firstborn.”

10Hear, O nations, the word of the LORD,

and proclaim it in distant coastlands,

saying: “The One who scattered Israel will gather them

and keep them as a shepherd guards his flock.

11For the LORD has ransomed Jacob

and redeemed him from the hand that had overpowered him.

12They will come and shout for joy on the heights of Zion;

they will be radiant in the bounty of the LORD—

the grain, the new wine, the fresh oil,

and the young of the flocks and herds.

Their life will be like a well-watered garden,

and never again will they languish.

13Then the maidens will rejoice with dancing,

young men and old as well.

I will turn their mourning into joy,

and give them comfort and joy for their sorrow.

14I will refresh the priests with abundance,

and My people will be filled with My bounty,”

declares the LORD.

15This is what the LORD says:

“A voice is heard in Ramah,

mourning and great weeping,

Rachel weeping for her children,

and refusing consolation,

because they are no more.”

16This is what the LORD says:

“Keep your voice from weeping

and your eyes from tears,

for the reward for your work will come,

declares the LORD.

Then your children will return

from the land of the enemy.

17So there is hope for your future,

declares the LORD,

and your children will return

to their own land.

18I have surely heard Ephraim’s moaning:

‘You disciplined me severely,

like an untrained calf.

Restore me, and I will return,

for You are the LORD my God.

19After I returned, I repented;

and after I was instructed, I struck my thigh in grief.

I was ashamed and humiliated

because I bore the disgrace of my youth.’

20Is not Ephraim a precious son to Me,

a delightful child?

Though I often speak against him,

surely I still remember him.

Therefore My heart yearns for him;c

I have great compassion for him,”

declares the LORD.

21“Set up the roadmarks,

establish the signposts.

Keep the highway in mind,

the road you have traveled.

Return, O Virgin Israel,

return to these cities of yours.

22How long will you wander,

O faithless daughter?

For the LORD has created a new thing in the land—

a woman will surroundd a man.”

23This is what the LORD of Hosts, the God of Israel, says: “When I restore them from captivity,e they will once again speak this word in the land of Judah and in its cities: ‘May the LORD bless you, O righteous dwelling place, O holy mountain.’ 24And Judah and all its cities will dwell together in the land, the farmers and those who move with the flocks, 25for I will refresh the weary soul and replenish all who are weak.”

26At this I awoke and looked around. My sleep had been most pleasant to me.

27“The days are coming,” declares the LORD, “when I will sow the house of Israel and the house of Judah with the offspring of man and of beast. 28Just as I watched over them to uproot and tear them down, to demolish, destroy, and bring disaster, so will I be attentive to build them and to plant them,” declares the LORD.

29“In those days, it will no longer be said:

‘The fathers have eaten sour grapes,

and this has set the children’s teeth on edge.’

30Instead, each will die for his own iniquity. If anyone eats the sour grapes, his own teeth will be set on edge.

31Behold, the days are coming, declares the LORD,

when I will make a new covenant

with the house of Israel

and with the house of Judah.

32It will not be like the covenant I made with their fathers

when I took them by the hand to lead them out of Egypt—

a covenant they broke,

though I was a husband to them,f

declares the LORD.

33“But this is the covenant I will make with the house of Israel

after those days, declares the LORD.

I will put My law in their minds

and inscribe it on their hearts.

And I will be their God,

and they will be My people.

34No longer will each man teach his neighbor or his brother,

saying, ‘Know the LORD,’

because they will all know Me,

from the least of them to the greatest, declares the LORD.

For I will forgive their iniquity

and will remember their sins no more.”

35Thus says the LORD, who gives the sun for light by day and orders the moon and stars for light by night, who stirs up the sea so that its waves roar—the LORD of Hosts is His name:

36“Only if this fixed order departed from My presence,

declares the LORD,

would Israel’s descendants ever cease

to be a nation before Me.”

37This is what the LORD says:

“Only if the heavens above could be measured

and the foundations of the earth below searched out,

would I reject all of Israel’s descendants

because of all they have done,”

declares the LORD.

38“Behold, the days are coming,” declares the LORD, “when the city will be rebuilt for Me, from the tower of Hananel to the Corner Gate. 39The measuring line will once again stretch out straight to the hill of Gareb and then turn toward Goah. 40The whole valley of the dead bodies and of ashes, and all the fields as far as the Kidron Valley, to the corner of the Horse Gate to the east, will be holy to the LORD. It will never again be uprooted or demolished.”

Footnotes:

3 a LXX; Hebrew me
3 b Or In the past
20 c Hebrew My bowels yearn for him
22 d Or will protect
23 e Or restore their fortunes
32 f Hebrew; LXX and Syriac so I turned away from them

Jeremiah 32
Jeremiah 32 Par ▾ 

Jeremiah Buys Hanamel's Field

1This is the word that came to Jeremiah from the LORD in the tenth year of Zedekiah king of Judah, which was the eighteenth year of Nebuchadnezzar. 2At that time, the army of the king of Babylon was besieging Jerusalem, and Jeremiah the prophet was imprisoned in the courtyard of the guard, which was in the palace of the king of Judah.

3For Zedekiah king of Judah had imprisoned him, saying: “Why are you prophesying that the LORD says: ‘Behold, I am about to hand this city over to the king of Babylon, and he will capture it. 4Zedekiah king of Judah will not escape from the hands of the Chaldeans,a but he will surely be handed over to the king of Babylon to speak with him face to face and to see him eye to eye. 5He will take Zedekiah to Babylon, where he will stay until I attend to him, declares the LORD. If you fight against the Chaldeans, you will not succeed.’”

6Jeremiah replied, “The word of the LORD came to me, saying: 7Behold! Hanamel, the son of your uncle Shallum, is coming to you to say, ‘Buy for yourself my field in Anathoth, for you have the right of redemption to buy it.’ 8Then, as the LORD had said, my cousin Hanamel came to me in the courtyard of the guard and urged me, ‘Please buy my field in Anathoth in the land of Benjamin, for you own the right of inheritance and redemption. Buy it for yourself.’”

Then I knew that this was the word of the LORD.

9So I bought the field in Anathoth from my cousin Hanamel, and I weighed out seventeen shekelsb of silver. 10I signed and sealed the deed, called in witnesses, and weighed out the silver on the scales. 11Then I took the deed of purchase—the sealed copy with its terms and conditions, as well as the open copy— 12and I gave this deed to Baruch son of Neriah, the son of Mahseiah, in the sight of my cousin Hanamel, the witnesses who were signing the purchase agreement, and all the Jews sitting in the courtyard of the guard.

13In their sight I instructed Baruch, 14“This is what the LORD of Hosts, the God of Israel, says: Take these deeds—both the sealed copy and the open copy of the deed of purchase—and put them in a clay jar to preserve them for a long time. 15For this is what the LORD of Hosts, the God of Israel, says: Houses, fields, and vineyards will again be bought in this land.”

Jeremiah's Prayer

16After I had given the deed of purchase to Baruch son of Neriah, I prayed to the LORD: 17“Oh, Lord GOD! You have made the heavens and earth by Your great power and outstretched arm. Nothing is too difficult for You!

18You show loving devotion to thousands, but lay the sins of the fathers into the laps of their children after them, O great and mighty God whose name is the LORD of Hosts, 19the One great in counsel and mighty in deed, whose eyes are on all the ways of the sons of men, to reward each one according to his ways and the fruit of his deeds.

20You performed signs and wonders in the land of Egypt, and You do so to this very day, both in Israel and among all mankind. And You have made a name for Yourself, as is the case to this day.

21You brought Your people Israel out of Egypt with signs and wonders, with a strong hand and outstretched arm, and with great terror. 22You gave them this land You had sworn to give their forefathers, a land flowing with milk and honey.

23They came in and possessed it, but they did not obey Your voice or walk in Your law. They failed to perform all You commanded them to do, and so You have brought upon them all this disaster. 24See how the siege ramps are mounted against the city to capture it. And by sword, famine, and plague, the city has been given into the hand of the Chaldeans who are fighting against it. What You have spoken has happened, as You now see!

25Yet You, O Lord GOD, have said to me, ‘Buy for yourself the field with silver and call in witnesses, even though the city has been handed over to the Chaldeans!’”

The LORD's Answer

26Then the word of the LORD came to Jeremiah: 27“Behold, I am the LORD, the God of all flesh. Is anything too difficult for Me?

28Therefore, this is what the LORD says: I am about to hand this city over to the Chaldeans and to Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, who will capture it. 29And the Chaldeans who are fighting against this city will come in, set it on fire, and burn it, along with the houses of those who provoked Me to anger by burning incense to Baal on their rooftops and by pouring out drink offerings to other gods.

30For the children of Israel and of Judah have done nothing but evil in My sight from their youth; indeed, they have done nothing but provoke Me to anger by the work of their hands, declares the LORD.

31For this city has aroused My wrath and fury from the day it was built until now. Therefore I will remove it from My presence 32because of all the evil the children of Israel and of Judah have done to provoke Me to anger—they, their kings, their officials, their priests and prophets, the men of Judah, and the residents of Jerusalem. 33They have turned their backs to Me and not their faces. Though I taught them again and again, they would not listen or respond to discipline.

34They have placed their abominations in the house that bears My name, and so have defiled it. 35They have built the high places of Baal in the Valley of Hinnom to make their sons and daughters pass through the fire to Molech—something I never commanded them, nor had it ever entered My mind, that they should commit such an abomination and cause Judah to sin.

A Promise of Restoration

36Now therefore, about this city of which you say, ‘It is given into the hand of the king of Babylon by sword and famine and plague,’ this is what the LORD, the God of Israel, says: 37I will surely gather My people from all the lands to which I have banished them in My furious anger and great wrath, and I will return them to this place and make them dwell in safety. 38They will be My people, and I will be their God. 39I will give them one heart and one way, so that they will always fear Me for their own good and for the good of their children after them.

40I will make an everlasting covenant with them: I will never turn away from doing good to them, and I will put My fear in their hearts so that they will never turn away from Me. 41Yes, I will rejoice in doing them good, and I will faithfully plant them in this land with all My heart and soul.

42For this is what the LORD says: Just as I have brought all this great disaster on this people, so I will bring on them all the good I have promised them. 43And fields will be bought in this land about which you are saying, ‘It is a desolation, without man or beast; it has been handed over to the Chaldeans.’ 44Fields will be purchased with silver, and deeds will be signed, sealed, and witnessed in the land of Benjamin, in the areas surrounding Jerusalem, and in the cities of Judah—the cities of the hill country, the foothills,c and the Negev—because I will restore them from captivity,d declares the LORD.”

Footnotes:

4 a Or Babylonians; also in verses 5, 24, 25, 28, 29, and 43
9 b That is, about 6.8 ounces or 194 grams
44 c Hebrew Shephelah or lowlands, that is, the western foothills of Judea
44 d Or restore their fortunes

Jeremiah 33
Jeremiah 33 Par ▾ 

The Restoration of Israel

1While Jeremiah was still confined in the courtyard of the guard, the word of the LORD came to him a second time: 2“Thus says the LORD who made the earth,a the LORD who formed it and established it, the LORD is His name: 3Call to Me and I will answer and show you great and unsearchable things you do not know.

4For this is what the LORD, the God of Israel, says about the houses of this city and the palaces of the kings of Judah that have been torn down for defense against the siege ramps and the sword: 5Those who come to fight the Chaldeansb will fill these houses with the corpses of their own men, whom I will strike down in My anger and in My wrath. I have hidden My face from this city because of all its wickedness.

6Nevertheless, I will bring to it health and healing, and I will heal its people and reveal to them the abundance of peace and truth. 7I will restore Judah and Israel from captivityc and will rebuild them as in former times. 8And I will cleanse them from all the iniquity they have committed against Me and forgive all the wrongs they have committed by rebelling against Me.

9So this city will bring Me renown, joy, praise, and glory before all the nations of the earth, who will hear of all the good I do for it. They will tremble in awe because of all the goodness and prosperity I will provide it.

10This is what the LORD says: In this place you say is a wasteland without man or beast, in the cities of Judah and in the streets of Jerusalem that are deserted—inhabited by neither man nor beast—there will be heard again 11the sounds of joy and gladness, the voices of the bride and bridegroom, and the voices of those bringing thank offerings into the house of the LORD, saying:

‘Give thanks to the LORD of Hosts,

for the LORD is good;

His loving devotion endures forever.’

For I will restore the land from captivityd as in former times, says the LORD.

12This is what the LORD of Hosts says: In this desolate place, without man or beast, and in all its cities, there will once more be pastures for shepherds to rest their flocks. 13In the cities of the hill country, the foothills,e and the Negev, in the land of Benjamin and the cities surrounding Jerusalem, and in the cities of Judah, the flocks will again pass under the hands of the one who counts them, says the LORD.

The Covenant with David

14Behold, the days are coming,

declares the LORD,

when I will fulfill the gracious promise

that I have spoken

to the house of Israel

and the house of Judah.

15In those days and at that time

I will cause to sprout

a Righteous Branch of David,

and He will administer justice

and righteousness in the land.

16In those days Judah will be saved,

and Jerusalem will dwell securely,

and this is the name by which she will be called:

The LORD Our Righteousness.

17For this is what the LORD says: David will never lack a man to sit on the throne of the house of Israel, 18nor will the priests who are Levites ever fail to have a man before Me to offer burnt offerings, to burn grain offerings, and to present sacrifices.”

19And the word of the LORD came to Jeremiah: 20“This is what the LORD says: If you can break My covenant with the day and My covenant with the night, so that day and night cease to occupy their appointed time, 21then My covenant may also be broken with David My servant and with My ministers the Levites who are priests, so that David will not have a son to reign on his throne. 22As the hosts of heaven cannot be counted and the sand of the sea cannot be measured, so too will I multiply the descendants of My servant David and the Levites who minister before Me.”

23Moreover, the word of the LORD came to Jeremiah: 24“Have you not noticed what these people are saying: ‘The LORD has rejected the two families He had chosen’? So they despise My people and no longer regard them as a nation. 25This is what the LORD says: If I have not established My covenant with the day and the night and the fixed laws of heaven and earth, 26then I would also reject the seed of Jacob and of My servant David, so as not to take from his descendants rulers over the descendants of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. For I will restore them from captivityf and have compassion on them.”

Footnotes:

2 a LXX; Hebrew it
5 b Or Babylonians
7 c Or restore the fortunes of Judah and Israel
11 d Or restore the fortunes of the land
13 e Hebrew Shephelah or lowlands, that is, the western foothills of Judea
26 f Or restore their fortunes

Jeremiah 34
Jeremiah 34 Par ▾ 

A Prophecy Against Zedekiah

1This is the word that came to Jeremiah from the LORD when Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, all his army, all the earthly kingdoms under his control, and all the other nations were fighting against Jerusalem and all its surrounding cities:

2“This is what the LORD, the God of Israel, says: Go, speak to Zedekiah king of Judah and tell him that this is what the LORD says: I am about to hand this city over to the king of Babylon, and he will burn it down. 3As for you, you will not escape his grasp but will surely be captured and handed over to him. You will see the king of Babylon eye to eye and speak to him face to face; and you will go to Babylon.

4Yet hear the word of the LORD, O Zedekiah king of Judah. This is what the LORD says concerning you: You will not die by the sword; 5you will die in peace. As spices were burned for your fathers, the former kings who preceded you, so people will burn spices for you and lament, ‘Alas, O master!’ For I Myself have spoken this word, declares the LORD.”

6In Jerusalem, then, Jeremiah the prophet related all these words to Zedekiah king of Judah 7as the army of the king of Babylon was fighting against Jerusalem and the remaining cities of Judah—against Lachish and Azekah. For these were the only remaining fortified cities left in Judah.

Freedom for Hebrew Slaves

8After King Zedekiah had made a covenant with all the people in Jerusalem to proclaim liberty, the word came to Jeremiah from the LORD 9that each man should free his Hebrew slaves, both male and female, and no one should hold his fellow Jew in bondage. 10So all the officials and all the people who entered into this covenant agreed to free their menservants and maidservants and no longer to hold them in bondage. They obeyed and released them, 11but later they changed their minds and took back the menservants and maidservants they had freed, and they forced them to become slaves again.

12Then the word of the LORD came to Jeremiah from the LORD, saying, 13“This is what the LORD, the God of Israel, says: I made a covenant with your forefathers when I brought them out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of slavery, saying: 14Every seventh year, each of you must free his Hebrew brother who has sold himself to you. He may serve you six years, but then you must let him go free. But your fathers did not listen or incline their ear. 15In this day you repented and did what pleased Me; each of you proclaimed liberty for his neighbor. You made a covenant before Me in the house that bears My name. 16But now you have changed your minds and profaned My name. Each of you has taken back the menservants and maidservants whom you had set at liberty to go wherever they wanted, and you have again forced them to be your slaves.

17Therefore, this is what the LORD says: You have not obeyed Me; you have not proclaimed freedom, each man for his brother and for his neighbor. So now I proclaim freedom for you, declares the LORD—freedom to fall by sword, by plague, and by famine! I will make you a horror to all the kingdoms of the earth.

18And those who have transgressed My covenant and have not fulfilled the terms of the covenant they made before Me, I will treat like the calf they cut in two in order to pass between its pieces. 19The officials of Judah and Jerusalem, the court officials, the priests, and all the people of the land who passed between the pieces of the calf, 20I will hand over to their enemies who seek their lives. Their corpses will become food for the birds of the air and the beasts of the earth. 21I will hand Zedekiah king of Judah and his officials over to their enemies who seek their lives, to the army of the king of Babylon that had withdrawn from you.

22Behold, I am going to give the command, declares the LORD, and I will bring them back to this city. They will fight against it, capture it, and burn it down. And I will make the cities of Judah a desolation, without inhabitant.”


Jeremiah 35
Jeremiah 35 Par ▾ 

The Obedience of the Rechabites

1This is the word that came to Jeremiah from the LORD in the days of Jehoiakim son of Josiah king of Judah: 2“Go to the house of the Rechabites, speak to them, and bring them to one of the chambers of the house of the LORD to offer them a drink of wine.”

3So I took Jaazaniah son of Jeremiah, the son of Habazziniah, and his brothers and all his sons—the entire house of the Rechabites— 4and I brought them into the temple of the LORD, to a chamber occupied by the sons of Hanan son of Igdaliah, a man of God. This room was near the chamber of the officials, which was above the chamber of Maaseiah son of Shallum the doorkeeper.

5Then I set pitchers full of wine and cups before the men of the house of the Rechabites and said to them, “Drink some wine.”

6“We do not drink wine,” they replied, “for our forefather Jonadaba son of Rechab commanded us, ‘Neither you nor your descendants are ever to drink wine. 7Nor are you ever to build a house or sow seed or plant a vineyard. Those things are not for you. Instead, you must live in tents all your lives, so that you may live a long time in the land where you sojourn.’

8We have obeyed the voice of our forefather Jonadab son of Rechab in all he commanded us. So we have not drunk wine all our lives—neither we nor our wives nor sons nor daughters. 9Nor have we built houses to live in or had vineyards, fields, or crops. 10But we have lived in tents and have obeyed and done exactly as our forefather Jonadab commanded us.

11But when Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon marched into the land, we said: ‘Come, let us go into Jerusalem to escape the armies of the Chaldeansb and the Arameans. So we have remained in Jerusalem.”

Judah Rebuked

12Then the word of the LORD came to Jeremiah: 13“This is what the LORD of Hosts, the God of Israel, says: Go and tell the men of Judah and residents of Jerusalem: ‘Will you not accept discipline and obey My words?’ declares the LORD.

14The words of Jonadab son of Rechab have been carried out. He commanded his sons not to drink wine, and they have not drunk it to this very day because they have obeyed the command of their forefather. But I have spoken to you again and again, and you have not obeyed Me!

15Time and time again I have sent you all My servants the prophets, proclaiming: ‘Turn now, each of you, from your wicked ways, and correct your actions. Do not go after other gods to serve them. Live in the land that I have given to you and your fathers.’ But you have not inclined your ear or listened to Me. 16Yes, the sons of Jonadab son of Rechab carried out the command their forefather gave them, but these people have not listened to Me.

17Therefore, this is what the LORD, the God of Hosts, the God of Israel, says: ‘Behold, I will bring to Judah and to all the residents of Jerusalem all the disaster I have pronounced against them, because I have spoken to them but they have not obeyed, and I have called to them but they have not answered.’”

18Then Jeremiah said to the house of the Rechabites: “This is what the LORD of Hosts, the God of Israel, says: ‘Because you have obeyed the command of your forefather Jonadab and have kept all his commandments and have done all that he charged you to do, 19this is what the LORD of Hosts, the God of Israel, says: Jonadab son of Rechab will never fail to have a man to stand before Me.’”

Footnotes:

6 a Jonadab is a variant of Jehonadab; here and often in this chapter
11 b Or Babylonians

Jeremiah 36
Jeremiah 36 Par ▾ 

Jeremiah's Scroll Read in the Temple

1In the fourth year of Jehoiakim son of Josiah king of Judah, this word came to Jeremiah from the LORD: 2“Take a scroll and write on it all the words I have spoken to you concerning Israel, Judah, and all the nations, from the day I first spoke to you during the reign of Josiah until today. 3Perhaps when the people of Judah hear about all the calamity I plan to bring upon them, each of them will turn from his wicked way. Then I will forgive their iniquity and their sin.”

4So Jeremiah called Baruch son of Neriah. At the dictation of Jeremiah, Baruch wrote on a scroll all the words the LORD had spoken to Jeremiah.

5Then Jeremiah commanded Baruch, “I am restricted; I cannot enter the temple of the LORD; 6so you are to go to the house of the LORD on a day of fasting, and in the hearing of the people you are to read the words of the LORD from the scroll you wrote at my dictation. Read them in the hearing of all the people of Judah who are coming from their cities.

7Perhaps they will bring their petition before the LORD, and each one will turn from his wicked way; for great are the anger and fury that the LORD has pronounced against this people.”

8So Baruch son of Neriah did everything Jeremiah the prophet had commanded him. In the house of the LORD he read the words of the LORD from the scroll.

9Now in the ninth month of the fifth year of Jehoiakim son of Josiah king of Judah, a fast before the LORD was proclaimed to all the people of Jerusalem and all who had come there from the cities of Judah. 10From the chamber of Gemariah son of Shaphan the scribe, which was in the upper courtyard at the opening of the New Gate of the house of the LORD, Baruch read from the scroll the words of Jeremiah in the hearing of all the people.

Jeremiah's Scroll Read in the King's House

11When Micaiah son of Gemariah, the son of Shaphan, heard all the words of the LORD from the scroll, 12he went down to the scribe’s chamber in the king’s palace, where all the officials were sitting: Elishama the scribe, Delaiah son of Shemaiah, Elnathan son of Achbor, Gemariah son of Shaphan, Zedekiah son of Hananiah, and all the other officials. 13And Micaiah reported to them all the words he had heard Baruch read from the scroll in the hearing of the people.

14Then all the officials sent word to Baruch through Jehudi son of Nethaniah, son of Shelemiah, son of Cushi, saying, “Bring the scroll that you read in the hearing of the people, and come.”

So Baruch son of Neriah took the scroll and went to them.

15“Please sit down,” they said, “and read it in our hearing.”

So Baruch read it in their hearing.

16When they had heard all these words, they turned to each other in fear and said to Baruch, “Surely we must report all these words to the king.”

17“Tell us now,” they asked Baruch, “how did you write all these words? Was it at Jeremiah’s dictation?”

18“It was at his dictation,” Baruch replied. “He recited all these words to me and I wrote them in ink on the scroll.”

19Then the officials said to Baruch, “You and Jeremiah must hide yourselves and let no one know where you are.”

King Jehoiakim Burns the Scroll

20So the officials went to the king in the courtyard. And having stored the scroll in the chamber of Elishama the scribe, they reported everything to the king.

21The king sent Jehudi to get the scroll, and he took it from the chamber of Elishama the scribe. And Jehudi read it in the hearing of the king and all the officials who were standing beside him.

22Since it was the ninth month, the king was sitting in his winter quarters with a fire burning before him. 23And as soon as Jehudi had read three or four columns, Jehoiakim would cut them off with a scribe’s knife and throw them into the firepot, until the entire scroll had been consumed by the fire.

24Yet in hearing all these words, the king and his servants did not become frightened or tear their garments. 25Even though Elnathan, Delaiah, and Gemariah had urged the king not to burn the scroll, he would not listen to them. 26Instead, the king commanded Jerahmeel, a son of the king, as well as Seraiah son of Azriel and Shelemiah son of Abdeel, to seize Baruch the scribe and Jeremiah the prophet. But the LORD had hidden them.

Jeremiah Rewrites the Scroll

27After the king had burned the scroll with the words Baruch had written at Jeremiah’s dictation, the word of the LORD came to Jeremiah: 28“Take another scroll and rewrite on it the very words that were on the original scroll, which Jehoiakim king of Judah has burned.

29You are to proclaim concerning Jehoiakim king of Judah that this is what the LORD says: You have burned the scroll and said, ‘Why have you written on it that the king of Babylon would surely come and destroy this land and deprive it of man and beast?’

30Therefore, this is what the LORD says about Jehoiakim king of Judah: He will have no one to sit on David’s throne, and his body will be thrown out to be exposed to heat by day and frost by night. 31I will punish him and his descendants and servants for their iniquity. I will bring on them, on the residents of Jerusalem, and on the men of Judah, all the calamity about which I warned them but they did not listen.”

32Then Jeremiah took another scroll and gave it to the scribe Baruch son of Neriah, and at Jeremiah’s dictation he wrote on it all the words of the scroll that Jehoiakim king of Judah had burned in the fire. And many similar words were added to them.


Jeremiah 37
Jeremiah 37 Par ▾ 

Jeremiah Warns Zedekiah

1Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon named Zedekiah son of Josiah the king of Judah, and he reigned in place of Coniaha son of Jehoiakim. 2He and his officers and the people of the land refused to obey the words that the LORD had spoken through Jeremiah the prophet.

3Yet King Zedekiah sent Jehucal son of Shelemiah and Zephaniah the priest, the son of Maaseiah, to Jeremiah the prophet with the message, “Please pray for us to the LORD our God!”

4Now Jeremiah was free to come and go among the people, for they had not yet put him into the prison. 5Pharaoh’s army had left Egypt, and when the Chaldeansb who were besieging Jerusalem heard the report, they withdrew from Jerusalem.

6Then the word of the LORD came to Jeremiah the prophet: 7“This is what the LORD, the God of Israel, says: Tell the king of Judah, who is sending you to inquire of Me, ‘Behold, Pharaoh’s army, which has marched out to help you, is going back to its own land of Egypt. 8Then the Chaldeans will return and fight against this city. They will capture it and burn it down.’

9This is what the LORD says: Do not deceive yourselves by saying, ‘The Chaldeans will go away for good,’ for they will not! 10Indeed, if you were to strike down the entire army of the Chaldeans that is fighting against you and only wounded men remained in their tents, they would still get up and burn this city down.”

Jeremiah Imprisoned

11When the Chaldean army withdrew from Jerusalem for fear of Pharaoh’s army, 12Jeremiah started to leave Jerusalem to go to the land of Benjamin to claim his portion there among the people. 13But when he reached the Gate of Benjamin, the captain of the guard, whose name was Irijah son of Shelemiah, the son of Hananiah, seized him and said, “You are deserting to the Chaldeans!”

14“That is a lie,” Jeremiah replied. “I am not deserting to the Chaldeans!”

But Irijah would not listen to him; instead, he arrested Jeremiah and took him to the officials.

15The officials were angry with Jeremiah, and they beat him and placed him in jail in the house of Jonathan the scribe, for it had been made into a prison.

16So Jeremiah went into a cell in the dungeon and remained there a long time.

17Later, King Zedekiah sent for him and received him, and in his palace he privately asked, “Is there a word from the LORD?”

“There is,” Jeremiah replied. “You will be handed over to the king of Babylon.”

18Then Jeremiah asked King Zedekiah, “How have I sinned against you or your servants or these people, that you have put me in prison? 19Where are your prophets, who prophesied to you, claiming, ‘The king of Babylon will not come against you or this land’? 20But now please listen, O my lord the king. May my petition come before you. Do not send me back to the house of Jonathan the scribe, or I will die there.”

21So King Zedekiah gave orders, and Jeremiah was placed in the courtyard of the guard and given a loaf of bread daily from the baker’s street, until all the bread in the city was gone. So Jeremiah remained in the courtyard of the guard.

Footnotes:

1 a Coniah is a variant of Jehoiachin
5 b Or Babylonians; also in verses 8, 9, 13, and 14

Jeremiah 38
Jeremiah 38 Par ▾ 

Jeremiah Cast into the Cistern

1Now Shephatiah son of Mattan, Gedaliah son of Pashhur, Jucala son of Shelemiah, and Pashhur son of Malchijah heard the words Jeremiah was telling all the people: 2“This is what the LORD says: Whoever stays in this city will die by sword, famine, and plague, but whoever surrenders to the Chaldeansb will live. He will escape with his life as a reward and will live. 3This is what the LORD says: This city will surely be handed over to the army of the king of Babylon, and he will capture it.”

4Then the officials said to the king, “This man ought to die, for he is discouraging the warriors who remain in this city, as well as all the people, by speaking such words to them; this man is not seeking the well-being of these people, but their ruin.”

5“Here he is,” replied King Zedekiah. “He is in your hands, since the king can do nothing to stop you.”

6So they took Jeremiah and dropped him into the cistern of Malchiah, the king’s son, which was in the courtyard of the guard. They lowered Jeremiah with ropes into the cistern, which had no water but only mud, and Jeremiah sank down into the mud.

Jeremiah Rescued

7Now Ebed-melech the Cushite,c a court officiald in the royal palace, heard that Jeremiah had been put into the cistern. While the king was sitting at the Gate of Benjamin, 8Ebed-melech went out from the king’s palace and said to the king, 9“My lord the king, these men have acted wickedly in all that they have done to Jeremiah the prophet. They have dropped him into the cistern, where he will starve to death, for there is no more bread in the city.”

10So the king commanded Ebed-melech the Cushite, “Take thirty men from here with you and pull Jeremiah the prophet out of the cistern before he dies.”

11Then Ebed-melech took the men with him and went to the king’s palace, to a place below the storehouse. From there he took old rags and worn-out clothes and lowered them with ropes to Jeremiah in the cistern.

12Ebed-melech the Cushite cried out to Jeremiah, “Put these worn-out rags and clothes under your arms to pad the ropes.” Jeremiah did so, 13and they pulled him up with the ropes and lifted him out of the cistern. And Jeremiah remained in the courtyard of the guard.

14Then King Zedekiah sent for Jeremiah the prophet and received him at the third entrance that is in the house of the LORD. “I am going to ask you something,” said the king to Jeremiah. “Do not hide anything from me.”

15“If I tell you,” Jeremiah replied, “will you not surely put me to death? And even if I did give you advice, you would not listen to me.”

16But King Zedekiah swore to Jeremiah secretly, “As surely as the LORD lives, who has given us this life, I will not kill you or hand you over to these men who are seeking your life.”

17Then Jeremiah said to Zedekiah, “This is what the LORD, the God of Hosts, the God of Israel, says: ‘If you indeed surrender to the officers of the king of Babylon, then you will live, this city will not be burned down, and you and your household will survive. 18But if you do not surrender to the officers of the king of Babylon, then this city will be handed over to the Chaldeans. They will burn it down, and you yourself will not escape their grasp.’”

19But King Zedekiah said to Jeremiah, “I am afraid of the Jews who have deserted to the Chaldeans, for the Chaldeans may hand me over to them to abuse me.”

20“They will not hand you over,” Jeremiah replied. “Obey the voice of the LORD in what I am telling you, so it may go well with you and you may live. 21But if you refuse to surrender, this is the word that the LORD has shown me: 22All the women who remain in the palace of the king of Judah will be brought out to the officials of the king of Babylon, and those women will say:

‘They misled you and overcame you—

those trusted friends of yours.

Your feet sank into the mire,

and they deserted you.’”

23All your wives and children will be brought out to the Chaldeans. And you yourself will not escape their grasp, for you will be seized by the king of Babylon, and this city will be burned down.’

24Then Zedekiah warned Jeremiah, “Do not let anyone know about this conversation, or you will die. 25If the officials hear that I have spoken with you and come and demand of you, ‘Tell us what you said to the king and what he said to you; do not hide it from us, or we will kill you,’ 26then tell them, ‘I was presenting to the king my petition that he not return me to the house of Jonathan to die there.’”

27When all the officials came to Jeremiah and questioned him, he reported to them the exact words the king had commanded. So they said no more to him, for no one had overheard the conversation. 28And Jeremiah remained in the courtyard of the guard until the day Jerusalem was captured.

Footnotes:

1 a Jucal is a variant of Jehukal
2 b Or Babylonians; also in verses 18, 19, and 23
7 c Probably from the upper Nile region
7 d Or eunuch

Jeremiah 39
Jeremiah 39 Par ▾ 

The Fall of Jerusalem
(2 Kings 25:1-12)

1In the ninth year of Zedekiah king of Judah, in the tenth month, King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon advanced against Jerusalem with his entire army and laid siege to the city. 2And on the ninth day of the fourth month of Zedekiah’s eleventh year, the city was broken through.

3Then all the officials of the king of Babylon entered and sat in the Middle Gate: Nergal-sharezer, Samgar, Nebusarsechim the Rab-saris,a Nergal-sharezer the Rab-mag, and all the rest of the officials of the king of Babylon.

4When Zedekiah king of Judah and all the soldiers saw them, they fled. They left the city at night by way of the king’s garden, through the gate between the two walls, and they went out along the route to the Arabah.b 5But the army of the Chaldeansc pursued them and overtook Zedekiah in the plains of Jericho. They seized him and brought him up to Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon at Riblah in the land of Hamath, where he pronounced judgment on him.

6There at Riblah the king of Babylon slaughtered the sons of Zedekiah before his eyes, and he also killed all the nobles of Judah. 7Then he put out Zedekiah’s eyes and bound him with bronze chains to take him to Babylon.

8The Chaldeans set fire to the palace of the king and to the houses of the people, and they tore down the walls of Jerusalem.

9Then Nebuzaradan, the captain of the guard, carried away to Babylon the remnant who had remained in the city, along with the deserters who had defected to him and the rest of the people. 10But Nebuzaradan left behind in the land of Judah some of the poor people, who had no property, and at that time he gave them vineyards and fields.

Jeremiah Delivered

11Now Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon had given orders about Jeremiah through Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard, saying, 12“Take him, look after him, and do not let any harm come to him; do for him whatever he says.”

13So Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard, Nebushazban the Rab-saris, Nergal-sharezer the Rab-mag, and all the captains of the king of Babylon 14had Jeremiah brought from the courtyard of the guard, and they turned him over to Gedaliah son of Ahikam, the son of Shaphan, to take him home. So he remained among his own people.

15And while Jeremiah had been confined in the courtyard of the guard, the word of the LORD had come to him: 16“Go and tell Ebed-melech the Cushite that this is what the LORD of Hosts, the God of Israel, says: I am about to fulfill My words against this city for harm and not for good, and on that day they will be fulfilled before your eyes. 17But I will deliver you on that day, declares the LORD, and you will not be handed over to the men you fear. 18For I will surely rescue you so that you do not fall by the sword. Because you have trusted in Me, you will escape with your life like a spoil of war, declares the LORD.”

Footnotes:

3 a Hebrew Rab-saris is the title of the chief eunuch in the Assyrian military; also in verse 13
4 b Or the Jordan Valley
5 c Or Babylonians

Jeremiah 40
Jeremiah 40 Par ▾ 

Jeremiah Remains in Judah

1This is the word that came to Jeremiah from the LORD after Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard had released him at Ramah, having found him bound in chains among all the captives of Jerusalem and Judah who were being exiled to Babylon.

2The captain of the guard found Jeremiah and said to him, “The LORD your God decreed this disaster on this place, 3and now the LORD has fulfilled it; He has done just as He said. Because you people have sinned against the LORD and have not obeyed His voice, this thing has happened to you. 4But now, behold, I am freeing you today from the chains that were on your wrists. If it pleases you to come with me to Babylon, then come, and I will take care of you. But if it seems wrong to you to come with me to Babylon, go no farther. Look, the whole land is before you. Wherever it seems good and right for you to go, go there.”

5But before Jeremiah turned to go, Nebuzaradan told him, “Return to Gedaliah son of Ahikam, the son of Shaphan, whom the king of Babylon has appointed over the cities of Judah, and stay with him among the people, or go anywhere else that seems right.” Then the captain of the guard gave him a ration and a gift and released him.

6So Jeremiah went to Gedaliah son of Ahikam at Mizpah and stayed with him among the people who were left in the land.

Gedaliah Rules in Judah

7When all the commanders and men of the armies in the field heard that the king of Babylon had appointed Gedaliah son of Ahikam over the land and that he had put him in charge of the men, women, and children who were the poorest of the land and had not been exiled to Babylon, 8they came to Gedaliah at Mizpah—Ishmael son of Nethaniah, Johanan and Jonathan the sons of Kareah, Seraiah son of Tanhumeth, the sons of Ephai the Netophathite, and Jezaniaha son of the Maacathite: they and their men.

9Gedaliah son of Ahikam, the son of Shaphan, swore an oath to them and their men, assuring them, “Do not be afraid to serve the Chaldeans.b Live in the land and serve the king of Babylon, and it will go well for you. 10As for me, I will stay in Mizpah to represent you before the Chaldeans who come to us. As for you, gather in wine, summer fruit, and oil, place them in your storage jars, and live in the cities you have taken over.”

11When all the Jews in Moab, Ammon, Edom, and all the other lands heard that the king of Babylon had left a remnant in Judah and had appointed Gedaliah son of Ahikam, the son of Shaphan, over them, 12they all returned from all the places to which they had been banished and came to the land of Judah, to Gedaliah at Mizpah. And they gathered an abundance of wine and summer fruit.

The Plot Against Gedaliah

13Meanwhile, Johanan son of Kareah and all the commanders of the armies in the field came to Gedaliah at Mizpah 14and said to him, “Are you aware that Baalis king of the Ammonites has sent Ishmael son of Nethaniah to take your life?”

But Gedaliah son of Ahikam did not believe them.

15Then Johanan son of Kareah spoke privately to Gedaliah at Mizpah. “Let me go and kill Ishmael son of Nethaniah,” he said. “No one will know it. Why should he take your life and scatter all the Jews who have gathered to you, so that the remnant of Judah would perish?”

16But Gedaliah son of Ahikam said to Johanan son of Kareah, “Do not do such a thing! What you are saying about Ishmael is a lie.”

Footnotes:

8 a Jezaniah is a variant of Jaazaniah
9 b Or Babylonians; also in verse 10

Jeremiah 41
Jeremiah 41 Par ▾ 

The Assassination of Gedaliah

1In the seventh month, Ishmael son of Nethaniah, the son of Elishama, who was a member of the royal family and one of the king’s chief officers, came with ten men to Gedaliah son of Ahikam at Mizpah, and they ate a meal together there. 2Ishmael son of Nethaniah and the ten men who were with him got up and struck down Gedaliah son of Ahikam, the son of Shaphan, with the sword, killing the one whom the king of Babylon had appointed to govern the land. 3Ishmael also killed all the Jews who were with Gedaliah at Mizpah, as well as the Chaldeana soldiers who were there.

4On the second day after the murder of Gedaliah, when no one yet knew about it, 5eighty men who had shaved off their beards, torn their garments, and cut themselves came from Shechem, Shiloh, and Samaria, carrying grain offerings and incense to bring to the temple of the LORD. 6And Ishmael son of Nethaniah went out from Mizpah to meet them, weeping as he went.

When Ishmael encountered the men, he said, “Come to Gedaliah son of Ahikam.” 7And when they came into the city, Ishmael son of Nethaniah and the men with him slaughtered them and threw them into a cistern.

8But ten of the men among them said to Ishmael, “Do not kill us, for we have hidden treasure in the field—wheat, barley, oil, and honey!” So he refrained from killing them with the others.

9Now the cistern into which Ishmael had thrown all the bodies of the men he had struck down along with Gedaliah was a large one that King Asa had made for fear of Baasha king of Israel. Ishmael son of Nethaniah filled it with the slain.

10Then Ishmael took captive all the remnant of the people of Mizpah—the daughters of the king along with all the others who remained in Mizpah—over whom Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard had appointed Gedaliah son of Ahikam. Ishmael son of Nethaniah took them captive and set off to cross over to the Ammonites.

Johanan Rescues the Captives

11When Johanan son of Kareah and all the commanders of the armies with him heard of all the crimes that Ishmael son of Nethaniah had committed, 12they took all their men and went to fight Ishmael son of Nethaniah. And they found him near the great pool in Gibeon.

13When all the people with Ishmael saw Johanan son of Kareah and all the commanders of the army with him, they rejoiced, 14and all the people whom Ishmael had taken captive at Mizpah turned and went over to Johanan son of Kareah. 15But Ishmael son of Nethaniah and eight of his men escaped from Johanan and went to the Ammonites.

16Then Johanan son of Kareah and all the commanders of the armies with him took the whole remnant of the people from Mizpah whom he had recovered from Ishmael son of Nethaniah after Ishmael had killed Gedaliah son of Ahikam: the soldiers, women, children, and court officials he had brought back from Gibeon. 17And they went and stayed in Geruth Chimham, near Bethlehem, in order to proceed into Egypt 18to escape the Chaldeans.b For they were afraid of the Chaldeans because Ishmael son of Nethaniah had struck down Gedaliah son of Ahikam, whom the king of Babylon had appointed over the land.

Footnotes:

3 a Or Babylonian
18 b Or Babylonians

Jeremiah 42
Jeremiah 42 Par ▾ 

Warning Against Going to Egypt

1Then all the commanders of the forces, along with Johanan son of Kareah, Jezaniaha son of Hoshaiah, and all the people from the least to the greatest, approached 2Jeremiah the prophet and said, “May our petition come before you; pray to the LORD your God on behalf of this entire remnant. For few of us remain of the many, as you can see with your own eyes. 3Pray that the LORD your God may tell us the way we should walk and the thing we should do.”

4“I have heard you,” replied Jeremiah the prophet. “I will surely pray to the LORD your God as you request, and I will tell you everything that the LORD answers; I will not withhold a word from you.”

5Then they said to Jeremiah, “May the LORD be a true and faithful witness against us if we do not act upon every word that the LORD your God sends you to tell us. 6Whether it is pleasant or unpleasant, we will obey the voice of the LORD our God to whom we are sending you, so that it may go well with us, for we will obey the voice of the LORD our God!”

7After ten days, the word of the LORD came to Jeremiah, 8and he summoned Johanan son of Kareah, all the commanders of the forces who were with him, and all the people from the least to the greatest.

9Jeremiah told them, “Thus says the LORD, the God of Israel, to whom you sent me to present your petition: 10If you will indeed stay in this land, then I will build you up and not tear you down; I will plant you and not uproot you, for I shall relent of the disaster I have brought upon you.

11Do not be afraid of the king of Babylon, whom you now fear; do not be afraid of him, declares the LORD, for I am with you to save you and deliver you from him. 12And I will show you compassion, and he will have compassion on you and restore you to your own land.

13But if you say, ‘We will not stay in this land,’ and so disobey the voice of the LORD your God, 14and if you say, ‘No, but we will go to the land of Egypt and live there, where we will not see war, or hear the sound of the trumpet, or hunger for food,’ 15then hear the word of the LORD, O remnant of Judah! This is what the LORD of Hosts, the God of Israel, says: If you are determined to go to Egypt and reside there, 16then the sword you fear will overtake you there, and the famine you dread will follow on your heels into Egypt, and you will die there. 17So all who resolve to go to Egypt to reside there will die by the sword, famine, and plague. Not one of them will survive or escape the disaster I will bring upon them.

18For this is what the LORD of Hosts, the God of Israel, says: ‘Just as My anger and wrath were poured out on the residents of Jerusalem, so will My wrath be poured out on you if you go to Egypt. You will become an object of cursing and horror, of vilification and disgrace, and you will never see this place again.’

19The LORD has told you, O remnant of Judah, ‘Do not go to Egypt.’ Know for sure that I have warned you today! 20For you have deceived yourselves by sending me to the LORD your God, saying, ‘Pray to the LORD our God on our behalf, and as for all that the LORD our God says, tell it to us, and we will do it.’

21For I have told you today, but you have not obeyed the voice of the LORD your God in all He has sent me to tell you. 22Now therefore, know for sure that by the sword, famine, and plague you will die in the place where you desire to go to reside.”

Footnotes:

1 a Hebrew; LXX (see also 43:2) Azariah

Jeremiah 43
Jeremiah 43 Par ▾ 

Jeremiah Taken to Egypt

1When Jeremiah had finished telling all the people all the words of the LORD their God—everything that the LORD had sent him to say— 2then Azariah son of Hoshaiah, Johanan son of Kareah, and all the arrogant men said to Jeremiah, “You are lying! The LORD our God has not sent you to say, ‘You must not go to Egypt to reside there.’ 3Rather, Baruch son of Neriah is inciting you against us to hand us over to the Chaldeans,a so that they may put us to death or exile us to Babylon!”

4So Johanan son of Kareah and all the commanders of the forces disobeyed the command of the LORD to stay in the land of Judah. 5Instead, Johanan son of Kareah and all the commanders of the armies took the whole remnant of Judah, those who had returned to the land of Judah from all the nations to which they had been scattered, 6the men, the women, the children, the king’s daughters, and everyone whom Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard had allowed to remain with Gedaliah son of Ahikam, the son of Shaphan, as well as Jeremiah the prophet and Baruch son of Neriah.

7So they entered the land of Egypt because they did not obey the voice of the LORD, and they went as far as Tahpanhes.

8Then the word of the LORD came to Jeremiah at Tahpanhes: 9“In the sight of the Jews, pick up some large stones and bury them in the clay of the brick pavement at the entrance to Pharaoh’s palace at Tahpanhes.

10Then say to them, ‘This is what the LORD of Hosts, the God of Israel, says: I will send for My servant Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, and I will set his throne over these stones that I have embedded, and he will spread his royal pavilion over them. 11He will come and strike down the land of Egypt, bringing death to those destined for death, captivity to those destined for captivity, and the sword to those destined for the sword.

12I will kindle a fire in the temples of the gods of Egypt, and he will burn those temples and take their gods as captives. So he will wrap himself with the land of Egypt as a shepherd wraps himself in his garment, and he will depart from there unscathed.

13He will demolish the sacred pillars of the temple of the sunb in Egypt, and he will burn down the temples of the gods of Egypt.”

Footnotes:

3 a Or Babylonians
13 b Or in Heliopolis

Jeremiah 44
Jeremiah 44 Par ▾ 

Judgment on the Jews in Egypt

1This is the word that came to Jeremiah concerning all the Jews living in the land of Egypt—in Migdol, Tahpanhes, and Memphis—and in the land of Pathros: 2“This is what the LORD of Hosts, the God of Israel, says: You have seen all the disaster I brought against Jerusalem and all the cities of Judah; and behold, they lie today in ruins and desolation 3because of the evil they have done.

They provoked Me to anger by continuing to burn incense and to serve other gods that neither they nor you nor your fathers ever knew. 4Yet I sent you all My servants the prophets again and again, saying: ‘Do not do this detestable thing that I hate.’

5But they did not listen or incline their ears; they did not turn from their wickedness or stop burning incense to other gods. 6Therefore My wrath and anger poured out and burned in the cities of Judah and in the streets of Jerusalem, so they have become the desolate ruin they are today.

7So now, this is what the LORD God of Hosts, the God of Israel, says: Why are you doing such great harm to yourselves? You are cutting off from Judah man and woman, child and infant, leaving yourselves without a remnant, 8provoking Me to anger by the work of your hands, burning incense to other gods in the land of Egypt where you have gone to reside.

As a result, you will be cut off and become an object of cursing and reproach among all the nations of the earth. 9Have you forgotten the wickedness of your fathers and of the kings of Judah and their wives, as well as the wickedness that you and your wives committed in the land of Judah and the streets of Jerusalem? 10To this day they have not humbled themselves or shown reverence, nor have they followed My instruction or the statutes that I set before you and your fathers.

11Therefore, this is what the LORD of Hosts, the God of Israel, says: I will set My face to bring disaster and to cut off all Judah. 12And I will take away the remnant of Judah who have resolved to go to the land of Egypt to reside there; they will meet their end. They will all fall by the sword or by famine. From the least to the greatest, they will die by sword or famine. Then they will become an object of cursing and horror, of vilification and reproach.

13I will punish those who live in the land of Egypt, just as I punished Jerusalem, by sword, famine, and plague, 14so that none of the remnant of Judah who have gone to reside in Egypt will escape or survive to return to the land of Judah, where they long to return and dwell; for none will return except a few fugitives.”

The Stubbornness of the People

15Then all the men who knew that their wives were burning incense to other gods, all the women standing by—a great assembly—along with all the people who were living in the land of Egypt at Pathros, answered Jeremiah, 16“As for the word you spoke to us in the name of the LORD, we will not listen to you! 17Instead, we will do everything we said: We will burn incense to the queen of heaven and offer drink offerings to her, just as we, our fathers, our kings, and our officials did in the cities of Judah and in the streets of Jerusalem.

At that time we had plenty of food and good things, and we saw no disaster. 18But from the time we stopped burning incense to the queen of heaven and pouring out drink offerings to her, we have lacked everything and have been perishing by sword and famine.”

19“Moreover,” said the women, “when we burned incense to the queen of heaven and poured out drink offerings to her, was it without our husbands’ knowledge that we made sacrificial cakes in her image and poured out drink offerings to her?”

Calamity for the Jews

20Then Jeremiah said to all the people who were answering him, both men and women, 21“As for the incense you burned in the cities of Judah and the streets of Jerusalem—you, your fathers, your kings, your officials, and the people of the land—did the LORD not remember and bring this to mind? 22So the LORD could no longer endure the evil deeds and detestable acts you committed, and your land became a desolation, a horror, and an object of cursing, without inhabitant, as it is today. 23Because you burned incense and sinned against the LORD, and did not obey the voice of the LORD or walk in His instruction, His statutes, and His testimonies, this disaster has befallen you, as you see today.”

24Then Jeremiah said to all the people, including all the women, “Hear the word of the LORD, all those of Judah who are in the land of Egypt. 25This is what the LORD of Hosts, the God of Israel, says: ‘As for you and your wives, you have spoken with your mouths and fulfilled with your hands your words, “We will surely perform our vows that we have made to burn incense to the queen of heaven and to pour out drink offerings to her.” Go ahead, then, do what you have promised! Keep your vows!

26Nevertheless, hear the word of the LORD, all you Jews living in Egypt: Behold, I have sworn by My great name, says the LORD, that My name will never again be invoked by anyone of Judah in all the land of Egypt, saying, “As surely as the Lord GOD lives.”

27I am watching over them for harm and not for good, and every man of Judah who is in the land of Egypt will meet his end by sword or famine, until they are finished off.

28Those who escape the sword will return from Egypt to Judah, few in number, and the whole remnant of Judah who went to dwell in the land of Egypt will know whose word will stand, Mine or theirs!

29This will be a sign to you, declares the LORD, that I will punish you in this place, so you may know that My threats of harm against you will surely stand.

30This is what the LORD says: Behold, I am going to hand Pharaoh Hophra king of Egypt over to his enemies, to those who seek his life, just as I handed Zedekiah king of Judah over to Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, the enemy who was seeking his life.’”


Jeremiah 45
Jeremiah 45 Par ▾ 

Jeremiah's Message to Baruch

1This is the word that Jeremiah the prophet spoke to Baruch son of Neriah when he wrote these words on a scroll at the dictation of Jeremiah in the fourth year of Jehoiakim son of Josiah, king of Judah:

2“This is what the LORD, the God of Israel, says to you, Baruch: 3You have said, ‘Woe is me, because the LORD has added sorrow to my pain! I am worn out with groaning and have found no rest.’”

4Thus Jeremiah was to say to Baruch: “This is what the LORD says: I will demolish what I have built and uproot what I have planted, throughout the land! 5But as for you, do you seek great things for yourself? Stop seeking! For I will bring disaster on every living creature, declares the LORD, but wherever you go I will grant your life as plunder.”


Jeremiah 46
Jeremiah 46 Par ▾ 

The Judgment on Egypt

1This is the word of the LORD that came to Jeremiah the prophet concerning the nations.

2To Egypt, concerning the army of Pharaoh Neco king of Egypt, which was defeated at Carchemish on the Euphrates River by Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon in the fourth year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah king of Judah:

3“Deploy your shields, small and large,

and advance for battle!

4Harness the horses; mount the steeds;

take your positions with helmets on!

Polish your spears;

put on armor!

5Why am I seeing this?

They are terrified,

they are retreating,

their warriors are defeated,

they flee in haste,

they never look back,

terror is on every side!

declares the LORD.

6The swift cannot flee,

and the warrior cannot escape!

In the north by the River Euphrates

they stumble and fall.

7Who is this, rising like the Nile,

like rivers whose waters churn?

8Egypt rises like the Nile,

and its waters churn like rivers,

boasting, “I will rise and cover the earth;

I will destroy the cities and their people.”

9Advance, O horses! Race furiously, O chariots!

Let the warriors come forth—

Cusha and Put carrying their shields,

men of Lydia drawing the bow.

10That day belongs to the Lord,

the GOD of Hosts,

a day of vengeance

to avenge Himself against His foes.

The sword will devour until it is satisfied,

until it is quenched with their blood.

For it will be a sacrifice to the Lord, the GOD of Hosts,

in the land of the north by the River Euphrates.

11Go up to Gilead for balm,

O Virgin Daughter of Egypt!

In vain you multiply remedies;

there is no healing for you.

12The nations have heard of your shame,

and your outcry fills the earth,

because warrior stumbles over warrior

and both of them have fallen together.”

13This is the word that the LORD spoke to Jeremiah the prophet about the coming of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon to strike the land of Egypt:

14“Announce it in Egypt, and proclaim it in Migdol;

proclaim it in Memphis and Tahpanhes:

‘Take your positions and prepare yourself,

for the sword devours those around you.’

15Why have your warriors been laid low?

They cannot stand, for the LORD has thrust them down.

16They continue to stumble.

Indeed, they have fallen over one another.

They say, ‘Get up! Let us return to our people

and to the land of our birth,

away from the sword of the oppressor.’

17There they will proclaim, ‘Pharaoh king of Egypt was all noise;

he has let the appointed time pass him by.’

18As surely as I live, declares the King,

whose name is the LORD of Hosts,

will come one like Tabor among the mountains

and like Carmel by the sea.

19Pack your bags for exile,

O daughter dwelling in Egypt!

For Memphis will be laid waste,

destroyed and uninhabited.

20Egypt is a beautiful heifer,

but a gadfly from the north is coming against her.

21Even the mercenaries among her

are like fattened calves.

They too will turn back;

together they will flee; they will not stand their ground,

for the day of their calamity is coming upon them—

the time of their punishment.

22Egypt will hiss like a slithering snake,

for the enemy will advance in force;

with axes they will come against her

like woodsmen cutting down trees.

23They will chop down her forest, declares the LORD,

dense though it may be,

for they are more numerous than locusts;

they cannot be counted.

24The Daughter of Egypt will be put to shame,

handed over to the people of the north.”

25The LORD of Hosts, the God of Israel, says: “Behold, I am about to punish Amon god of Thebes, along with Pharaoh, Egypt and her gods and kings, and those who trust in Pharaoh. 26I will hand them over to those who seek their lives—to Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon and his officers. But after this, Egypt will be inhabited again as in ancient times, declares the LORD.

27But you, O Jacob My servant, do not be afraid,

and do not be dismayed, O Israel,

for surely I will save you from a distant place,

and your descendants from the land of their captivity!

Jacob will return and be undisturbed and secure,

with no one to make him afraid.

28And you, My servant Jacob, do not be afraid,

declares the LORD, for I will be with you.

I will bring destruction on all the nations to which I have banished you,

but I will not make a full end of you.

I will discipline you, but with justice;

I will by no means leave you unpunished.”

Footnotes:

9 a That is, the upper Nile region

Jeremiah 47
Jeremiah 47 Par ▾ 

The Judgment on the Philistines
(Zephaniah 2:4-7)

1This is the word of the LORD that came to Jeremiah the prophet about the Philistines before Pharaoh conquered Gaza. 2This is what the LORD says:

“See how the waters are rising from the north

and becoming an overflowing torrent.

They will overflow the land and its fullness,

the cities and their inhabitants.

The people will cry out,

and all who dwell in the land will wail

3at the sound of the galloping hooves of stallions,

the rumbling of chariots,

and the clatter of their wheels.

The fathers will not turn back for their sons;

their hands will hang limp.

4For the day has come

to destroy all the Philistines,

to cut off from Tyre and Sidon

every remaining ally.

Indeed, the LORD is about to destroy the Philistines,

the remnant from the coasts of Caphtor.a

5The people of Gaza will shave their heads in mourning;

Ashkelon will be silenced.

O remnant of their valley,

how long will you gash yourself?

6‘Alas, O sword of the LORD,

how long until you rest?

Return to your sheath;

cease and be still!’

7How can it rest

when the LORD has commanded it?

He has appointed it against Ashkelon

and the shore of its coastland.”

Footnotes:

4 a That is, Crete

Jeremiah 48
Jeremiah 48 Par ▾ 

The Judgment on Moab
(Isaiah 16:1-12; Zephaniah 2:8-11)

1Concerning Moab, this is what the LORD of Hosts, the God of Israel, says:

“Woe to Nebo,

for it will be devastated.

Kiriathaim will be captured and disgraced;

the fortress will be shattered and dismantled.

2There is no longer praise for Moab;

in Heshbona they devise evil against her:

‘Come, let us cut her off from nationhood.’

You too, O people of Madmen,b will be silenced;

the sword will pursue you.

3A voice cries out from Horonaim,

‘Devastation and great destruction!’

4Moab will be shattered;

her little ones will cry out.c

5For on the Ascent to Luhith

they weep bitterly as they go,

and on the descent to Horonaim

cries of distress resound over the destruction:

6‘Flee! Run for your lives!

Become like a juniper in the desert.d

7Because you trust in your works and treasures,

you too will be captured,

and Chemosh will go into exile

with his priests and officials.

8The destroyer will move against every city,

and not one town will escape.

The valley also will be ruined,

and the high plain will be destroyed,

as the LORD has said.

9Put salt on Moab,

for she will be laid waste;e

her cities will become desolate,

with no one to dwell in them.

10Cursed be the one who is negligent

in doing the work of the LORD,

and cursed is he who withholds

his sword from bloodshed.

11Moab has been at ease from youth,

settled like wine on its dregs;

he has not been poured from vessel to vessel

or gone into exile.

So his taste has remained the same,

and his aroma is unchanged.

12Therefore behold, the days are coming,

declares the LORD,

when I will send to him wanderers,

who will pour him out.

They will empty his vessels

and shatter his jars.

13Then Moab will be ashamed of Chemosh,

just as the house of Israel was ashamed

when they trusted in Bethel.

14How can you say, ‘We are warriors,

mighty men ready for battle’?

15Moab has been destroyed

and its towns invaded;

the best of its young men

have gone down in the slaughter,

declares the King

whose name is the LORD of Hosts.

16Moab’s calamity is at hand,

and his affliction is rushing swiftly.

17Mourn for him, all you who surround him,

everyone who knows his name;

tell how the mighty scepter is shattered—

the glorious staff!

18Come down from your glory; sit on parched ground,

O daughter dwelling in Dibon,

for the destroyer of Moab has come against you;

he has destroyed your fortresses.

19Stand by the road and watch,

O resident of Aroer!

Ask the man fleeing or the woman escaping,

‘What has happened?’

20Moab is put to shame, for it has been shattered.

Wail and cry out!

Declare by the Arnon

that Moab is destroyed.

21Judgment has come upon the high plain—

upon Holon, Jahzah, and Mephaath,

22upon Dibon, Nebo, and Beth-diblathaim,

23upon Kiriathaim, Beth-gamul, Beth-meon,

24upon Kerioth, Bozrah, and all the towns of Moab,

those far and near.

25The horn of Moab has been cut off;

and his arm is broken,

declares the LORD.

26Make him drunk,

because he has magnified himself against the LORD;

so Moab will wallow in his own vomit,

and he will also become a laughingstock.

27Was not Israel your object of ridicule?

Was he ever found among thieves?

For whenever you speak of him

you shake your head.”

28Abandon the towns and dwell among the rocks,

O residents of Moab!

Be like a dove

that nests at the mouth of a cave.

29We have heard of Moab’s pride,

his exceeding pride and conceit,

his proud arrogance and haughtiness of heart.

30I know his fury,

declares the LORD,

but it is futile.

His boasting is as empty as his deeds.

31Therefore I will wail for Moab; I will cry out for all of Moab;

I will moan for the men of Kir-heres.

32I will weep for you, O vine of Sibmah,

more than I weep for Jazer.

Your tendrils have extended to the sea;f

they reach even to Jazer.g

The destroyer has fallen

on your summer fruit and grape harvest.

33Joy and gladness are removed from the orchard

and from the fields of Moab.

I have stopped the flow of wine from the presses;

no one will tread with shouts of joy;

their shouts are not for joy.

34There is a cry from Heshbon to Elealeh;

they raise their voices to Jahaz,

from Zoar to Horonaim and Eglath-shelishiyah;

for even the waters of Nimrim have dried up.

35In Moab, declares the LORD,

I will bring an end

to those who make offerings on the high places

and burn incense to their gods.

36Therefore My heart laments for Moab like a flute;

it laments like a flute for the men of Kir-heres,

because the wealth they acquired has perished.

37For every head is shaved

and every beard is clipped;

on every hand is a gash

and around every waist is sackcloth.

38On all the rooftops of Moab

and in the public squares,

everyone is mourning;

for I have shattered Moab like an unwanted jar,

declares the LORD.

39How shattered it is! How they wail!

How Moab has turned his back in shame!

Moab will become an object of ridicule and horror

to all those around him.”

40For this is what the LORD says:

“Behold, an eagle swoops down

and spreads his wings against Moab.

41Kirioth has been taken,

and the strongholds seized.

In that day the heart of Moab’s warriors

will be like the heart of a woman in labor.

42Moab will be destroyed as a nation

because he vaunted himself against the LORD.

43Terror, pit, and snare await you, O resident of Moab,

declares the LORD. 44

He who flees the panic

will fall into the pit,

and he who climbs from the pit

will be caught in the snare,

for I will bring against Moab

the year of their punishment,

declares the LORD.

45Those who flee will stand helpless in Heshbon’s shadow,

because fire has gone forth from Heshbon

and a flame from within Sihon.

It will devour the foreheads of Moab

and the skulls of the noisemakers.

46Woe to you, O Moab!

The people of Chemosh have perished;

for your sons have been taken into exile

and your daughters have gone into captivity.

47Yet in the latter days I will restore Moab from captivity,h

declares the LORD.”

Here ends the judgment on Moab.

Footnotes:

2 a The Hebrew for Heshbon sounds like the Hebrew for plot
2 b The name of the Moabite town Madmen sounds like the Hebrew for silenced
4 c Hebrew; LXX Her cries are heard as far away as Zoar
6 d Or like a wild donkey, or like (the town of) Aroer
9 e Or Give wings to Moab, for she would fly away
32 f Probably the Dead Sea
32 g Two Hebrew manuscripts and LXX; most Hebrew manuscripts to the Sea of Jazer
47 h Or restore the fortunes of Moab

Jeremiah 49
Jeremiah 49 Par ▾ 

The Judgment on the Ammonites

1Concerning the Ammonites, this is what the LORD says:

“Has Israel no sons?

Is he without heir?

Why then has Molecha taken possession of Gad

and his people settled in their cities?

2Therefore, behold, the days are coming,

declares the LORD,

when I will sound the battle cry

against Rabbah of the Ammonites.

It will become a heap of ruins,

and its villages will be burned.

Then Israel will drive out their dispossessors,

says the LORD.

3Wail, O Heshbon, for Ai has been destroyed;

cry out, O daughters of Rabbah!

Put on sackcloth and mourn;

run back and forth within your walls,

for Molech will go into exile

together with his priests and officials.

4Why do you boast of your valleys,

your valleys so fruitful,b

O faithless daughter?

You trust in your riches and say,

‘Who can come against me?’

5Behold, I am about to bring terror upon you,

declares the Lord GOD of Hosts,

from all those around you.

You will each be driven headlong,

with no one to regather the fugitives.

6Yet afterward I will restore

the captivity of the Ammonites,

declares the LORD.

The Judgment on Edom

7Concerning Edom, this is what the LORD of Hosts says:

“Is there no longer wisdom in Teman?

Has counsel perished from the prudent?

Has their wisdom decayed?

8Turn and run!

Lie low, O residents of Dedan,

for I will bring disaster on Esau

at the time I punish him.

9If grape gatherers came to you,

would they not leave some gleanings?

Were thieves to come in the night,

would they not steal only what they wanted?

10But I will strip Esau bare;

I will uncover his hiding places,

and he will be unable to conceal himself.

His descendants will be destroyed

along with his relatives and neighbors,

and he will be no more.

11Abandon your orphans; I will preserve their lives.

Let your widows trust in Me.”

12For this is what the LORD says: “If those who do not deserve to drink the cup must drink it, can you possibly remain unpunished? You will not go unpunished, for you must drink it too. 13For by Myself I have sworn, declares the LORD, that Bozrah will become a desolation, a disgrace, a ruin, and a curse, and all her cities will be in ruins forever.”

14I have heard a message from the LORD;

an envoy has been sent among the nations

to say, “Assemble yourselves to come against her!

Rise up for battle!”

15“For behold, I will make you small among the nations,

despised among men.

16The terror you cause

and the pride of your heart

have deceived you,

O dwellers in the clefts of the rocks,c

O occupiers of the mountain summit.

Though you elevate your nest like the eagle,

even from there I will bring you down,”

declares the LORD.

17“Edom will become an object of horror.

Everyone who passes by

will be appalled and will scoff

because of all its wounds.

18As Sodom and Gomorrah were overthrown

along with their neighbors,”

says the LORD,

“no one will reside there;

no man will dwell there.

19Behold, one will come up like a lion

from the thickets of the Jordan to the watered pasture.

Indeed, I will chase Edom from its land in an instant.

Who is the chosen one I will appoint for this?

For who is like Me?

Who will summon Me?

And what shepherd can stand against Me?”

20Therefore hear the plans that the LORD has made against Edom and the strategies He has devised against the people of Teman: The little ones of the flock will surely be dragged away, and their pasture will be made desolate because of them. 21At the sound of their fall, the earth will quake; their cry will resound to the Red Sea.d

22Look! An eagle will soar, then swoop down and spread its wings over Bozrah. In that day the hearts of Edom’s warriors will be like the heart of a woman in labor.

The Judgment on Damascus

23Concerning Damascus:

“Hamath and Arpad are put to shame,

for they have heard a bad report;

they are agitated like the sea;e

their anxiety cannot be calmed.

24Damascus has become feeble;

she has turned to flee.

Panic has gripped her;

anguish and pain have seized her

like a woman in labor.

25How is the city of praise not forsaken,

the town that brings Me joy?

26For her young men will fall in her streets;

all the warriors will be silenced in that day.”

declares the LORD of Hosts.

27“I will set fire to the walls of Damascus;

it will consume the fortresses of Ben-hadad.”

The Judgment on Kedar and Hazor

28Concerning Kedar and the kingdoms of Hazor, which Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon defeated, this is what the LORD says:

“Rise up, advance against Kedar,

and destroy the people of the east!

29They will take their tents and flocks,

their tent curtains and all their goods.

They will take their camels for themselves.

They will shout to them: ‘Terror is on every side!’

30Run! Escape quickly!

Lie low, O residents of Hazor,

declares the LORD,

for Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon

has drawn up a plan against you;

he has devised a strategy against you.

31Rise up, advance against a nation at ease,

one that dwells securely,

declares the LORD.

They have no gates or bars;

they live alone.

32Their camels will become plunder,

and their large herds will be spoil.

I will scatter to the wind in every direction

those who shave their temples;

I will bring calamity on them from all sides,

declares the LORD.

33Hazor will become a haunt of jackals,

a desolation forever.

No one will reside there;

no man will dwell there.”

The Judgment on Elam

34This is the word of the LORD that came to Jeremiah the prophet concerning Elam at the beginning of the reign of Zedekiah king of Judah. 35This is what the LORD of Hosts says:

“Behold, I will shatter Elam’s bow,

the mainstay of their might.

36I will bring the four winds against Elam

from the four corners of the heavens,

and I will scatter them

to all these winds.

There will not be a nation

to which Elam’s exiles will not go.

37So I will shatter Elam before their foes,

before those who seek their lives.

I will bring disaster upon them,

even My fierce anger,

declares the LORD.

I will send out the sword after them

until I finish them off.

38I will set My throne in Elam,

and destroy its king and officials,

declares the LORD.

39Yet in the last days,

I will restore Elam from captivity,f

declares the LORD.

Footnotes:

1 a Or their king; also in verse 3
4 b Or your valleys flowing
16 c Or of Sela
21 d Or the Sea of Reeds
23 e Hebrew on the sea or by the sea
39 f Or restore the fortunes of Elam

Jeremiah 50
Jeremiah 50 Par ▾ 

Prophecies against Babylon

1This is the word that the LORD spoke through Jeremiah the prophet concerning Babylon and the land of the Chaldeans:a

2“Announce and declare to the nations;

lift up a banner and proclaim it;

hold nothing back when you say,

‘Babylon is captured;

Bel is put to shame;

Marduk is shattered,

her images are disgraced,

her idols are broken in pieces.’

3For a nation from the north will come against her;

it will make her land an object of horror.

No one will live in it;

both man and beast will flee.”

Hope for Israel and Judah

4“In those days and at that time,

declares the LORD,

the children of Israel and the children of Judah

will come together,

weeping as they come,

and will seek the LORD their God.

5They will ask the way to Zion

and turn their faces toward it.

They will come and join themselves to the LORD

in an everlasting covenant that will never be forgotten.

6My people are lost sheep;

their shepherds have led them astray,

causing them to roam the mountains.

They have wandered from mountain to hill;

they have forgotten their resting place.

7All who found them devoured them,

and their enemies said,

‘We are not guilty,

for they have sinned

against the LORD, the habitation of righteousness,

the LORD, the hope of their fathers.’

8Flee from the midst of Babylon;

depart from the land of the Chaldeans;

be like the he-goats that lead the flock.

9For behold, I stir up and bring against Babylon

an assembly of great nations from the land of the north.

They will line up against her;

from the north she will be captured.

Their arrows will be like skilled warriors

who do not return empty-handed.

10Chaldeab will be plundered;

all who plunder her will have their fill,”

declares the LORD.

Babylon's Fall is Certain

11“Because you rejoice,

because you sing in triumph—

you who plunder My inheritance—

because you frolic like a heifer treading grain

and neigh like stallions,

12your mother will be greatly ashamed;

she who bore you will be disgraced.

Behold, she will be the least of the nations,

a wilderness, a dry land, and a desert.

13Because of the wrath of the LORD,

she will not be inhabited;

she will become completely desolate.

All who pass through Babylon will be horrified

and scoff at all her wounds.

14Line up in formation around Babylon,

all you who draw the bow!

Shoot at her! Spare no arrows!

For she has sinned against the LORD.

15Raise a war cry against her on every side!

She has thrown up her hands in surrender;

her towers have fallen;

her walls are torn down.

Since this is the vengeance of the LORD,

take out your vengeance upon her;

as she has done,

do the same to her.

16Cut off the sower from Babylon,

and the one who wields the sickle at harvest time.

In the face of the oppressor’s sword,

each will turn to his own people,

each will flee to his own land.

Redemption for God's People

17Israel is a scattered flock,

chased away by lions.

The first to devour him

was the king of Assyria;

the last to crush his bones

was Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon.”

18Therefore, this is what the LORD of Hosts, the God of Israel, says:

“I will punish the king of Babylon and his land

as I punished the king of Assyria.

19I will return Israel to his pasture,

and he will graze on Carmel and Bashan;

his soul will be satisfied

on the hills of Ephraim and Gilead.

20In those days and at that time,

declares the LORD,

a search will transpire for Israel’s guilt,

but there will be none,

and for Judah’s sins,

but they will not be found;

for I will forgive the remnant I spare.”

The Destruction of Babylon

21“Go up against the land of Merathaim,

and against the residents of Pekod.

Put them to the sword

and completely destroyc them,”

declares the LORD.

“Do everything I have commanded you.

22The noise of battle is in the land—

the noise of great destruction.

23How the hammer of the whole earth

lies broken and shattered!

What a horror Babylon has become

among the nations!

24I laid a snare for you, O Babylon,

and you were caught before you knew it.

You were found and captured

because you challenged the LORD.

25The LORD has opened His armory

and brought out His weapons of wrath,

for it is the work of the Lord GOD of Hosts

in the land of the Chaldeans.

26Come against her

from the farthest border.

Break open her granaries;

pile her up like mounds of grain.

Completely destroy her;

leave her no survivors.

27Put all her young bulls to the sword;

let them go down to the slaughter.

Woe to them, for their day has come—

the time of their punishment.

28Listen to the fugitives and refugees

from the land of Babylon,

declaring in Zion the vengeance of the LORD our God,

the vengeance for His temple.

29Summon the archers against Babylon,

all who string the bow.

Encamp all around her;

let no one escape.

Repay her according to her deeds;

do to her as she has done.

For she has defied the LORD,

the Holy One of Israel.

30Therefore, her young men will fall in the streets;

all her soldiers will perish in that day,”

declares the LORD.

31“Behold, I am against you, O arrogant one,

declares the Lord GOD of Hosts,

because your day has come,

the time when I will punish you.

32The arrogant one will stumble and fall

with no one to pick him up.

And I will kindle a fire in his cities

to consume all those around him.”

33This is what the LORD of Hosts says:

“The sons of Israel are oppressed,

and the sons of Judah as well.

All their captors hold them fast,

refusing to release them.

34Their Redeemer is strong;

the LORD of Hosts is His name.

He will fervently plead their case

so that He may bring rest to the earth,

but turmoil to those who live in Babylon.

35A sword is against the Chaldeans,

declares the LORD,

against those who live in Babylon,

and against her officials and wise men.

36A sword is against her diviners,

and they will become fools.

A sword is against her warriors,

and they will be filled with terror.

37A sword is against her horses and chariots

and against all the foreigners in her midst,

and they will become like women.

A sword is against her treasuries,

and they will be plundered.

38A drought is upon her waters,

and they will be dried up.

For it is a land of graven images,

and the people go mad over idols.

39So the desert creatures and hyenas will live there

and ostriches will dwell there.

It will never again be inhabited

or settled from generation to generation.

40As God overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah

along with their neighboring towns,

declares the LORD,

no one will reside there;

no man will dwell there.

41Behold! A people comes from the north.

A great nation and many kings

will be stirred up

from the remote regions of the earth.

42They grasp the bow and javelin.

They are cruel and without mercy.

Their voice roars like the sea,

and they ride on horses,

lined up like men in battle formation

against you, O Daughter of Babylon.

43The king of Babylon has heard the report,

and his hands hang limp.

Distress has seized him,

pain like that of a woman in labor.

44Behold, one will come like a lion

from the thickets of the Jordan to the watered pasture.

For in an instant I will chase Babylon from her land.

Who is the chosen one I will appoint over her?

For who is like Me, and who can challenge Me?

What shepherd can stand against Me?”

45Therefore, hear the plans

that the LORD has drawn up against Babylon

and the strategies He has devised

against the land of the Chaldeans:

Surely the little ones of the flock will be dragged away;

certainly their pasture will be made desolate because of them.

46At the sound of Babylon’s capture the earth will quake;

a cry will be heard among the nations.

Footnotes:

1 a Or Babylonians; also in verses 8, 25, 35, and 45
10 b Or Babylonia
21 c The Hebrew term refers to giving over things or persons to the LORD, either by destroying them or by giving them as an offering; also in verse 26

Jeremiah 51
Jeremiah 51 Par ▾ 

The Judgment on Babylon

1This is what the LORD says:

“Behold, I will stir up against Babylon

and against the people of Leb-kamaia

the spirit of a destroyer.

2I will send strangers to Babylon

to winnow her and empty her land;

for they will come against her from every side

in the day of her disaster.

3Do not let the archer bend his bow

or put on his armor.

Do not spare her young men;

completely destroyb her army!

4And they will fall slain in the land of the Chaldeans,c

and pierced through in her streets.

5For Israel and Judah have not been abandoned

by their God, the LORD of Hosts,

though their land is full of guilt

before the Holy One of Israel.”

6Flee from Babylon; escape with your lives!

Do not be destroyed in her punishment.

For this is the time of the LORD’s vengeance;

He will pay her what she deserves.

7Babylon was a gold cup in the hand of the LORD,

making the whole earth drunk.

The nations drank her wine;

therefore the nations have gone mad.

8Suddenly Babylon has fallen and been shattered.

Wail for her; get her balm for her pain;

perhaps she can be healed.

9“We tried to heal Babylon,

but she could not be healed.

Abandon her!

Let each of us go to his own land,

for her judgment extends to the sky

and reaches to the clouds.”

10The LORD has brought forth our vindication;

come, let us tell in Zion

what the LORD our God has accomplished.

11Sharpen the arrows!

Take up the shields!

The LORD has aroused the spirit

of the kings of the Medes,

because His plan is aimed at Babylon

to destroy her,

for it is the vengeance of the LORD—

vengeance for His temple.

12Raise a banner against the walls of Babylon;

post the guard;

station the watchmen;

prepare the ambush.

For the LORD has both devised and accomplished

what He spoke against the people of Babylon.

13You who dwell by many waters,

rich in treasures,

your end has come,

the thread of your life is cut.

14The LORD of Hosts has sworn by Himself:

“Surely I will fill you up with men like locusts,

and they will shout in triumph over you.”

A Song of Praise

15He made the earth by His power;

He established the world by His wisdom

and stretched out the heavens by His understanding.

16When He thunders,

the waters in the heavens roar,

and He causes the clouds to rise

from the ends of the earth.

He makes lightning for the rain

and brings forth the wind from His storehouses.

17Every man is senseless and devoid of knowledge.

Every goldsmith is put to shame by his idols,

for his molten images are a lie,

and there is no breath in them.

18They are worthless, a work to be mocked.

In the time of their punishment they will perish.

19Jacob’s Portion is not like these,

for He is the Maker of all things,

and of the tribe of His inheritance—

the LORD of Hosts is His name.

Babylon's Punishment

20“You are My war club,

My weapon for battle.

With you I shatter nations;

with you I bring kingdoms to ruin.

21With you I shatter the horse and rider;

with you I shatter the chariot and driver.

22With you I shatter man and woman;

with you I shatter the old man and the youth;

with you I shatter the young man and the maiden.

23With you I shatter the shepherd and his flock;

with you I shatter the farmer and his oxen;

with you I shatter the governors and officials.

24Before your very eyes I will repay

Babylon and all the residents of Chaldea

for all the evil they have done in Zion,”

declares the LORD.

25“Behold, I am against you,

O destroying mountain,

you who devastate the whole earth,

declares the LORD.

I will stretch out My hand against you;

I will roll you over the cliffs,

and turn you into a charred mountain.

26No one shall retrieve from you a cornerstone

or a foundation stone,

because you will become desolate forever,”

declares the LORD.

27“Raise a banner in the land!

Blow the trumpet among the nations!

Prepare the nations against her.

Summon the kingdoms against her—

Ararat, Minni, and Ashkenaz.

Appoint a captain against her;

bring up horses like swarming locusts.

28Prepare the nations for battle against her—

the kings of the Medes,

their governors and all their officials,

and all the lands they rule.

29The earth quakes and writhes

because the LORD’s intentions against Babylon stand:

to make the land of Babylon a desolation,

without an inhabitant.

30The warriors of Babylon have stopped fighting;

they sit in their strongholds.

Their strength is exhausted;

they have become like women.

Babylon’s homes have been set ablaze,

the bars of her gates are broken.

31One courier races to meet another,

and messenger follows messenger,

to announce to the king of Babylon

that his city has been captured from end to end.

32The fords have been seized,

the marshes set on fire,

and the soldiers are terrified.”

33For this is what the LORD of Hosts, the God of Israel, says:

“The Daughter Babylon is like a threshing floor

at the time it is trampled.

In just a little while

her harvest time will come.” 34

“Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon has devoured me;

he has crushed me.

He has set me aside like an empty vessel;

he has swallowed me like a monster;

he filled his belly with my delicacies

and vomited me out.d

35May the violence done to me

and to my flesh

be upon Babylon,”

says the inhabitant of Zion.

“May my blood be on the inhabitants of Chaldea,”e

says Jerusalem.

36Therefore, this is what the LORD says:

“Behold, I will plead your case

and take vengeance on your behalf;

I will dry up her sea

and make her springs run dry.

37Babylon will become a heap of rubble,

a haunt of jackals,

an object of horror and scorn,

without inhabitant.

38They will roar together like young lions;

they will growl like lion cubs.

39While they are flushed with heat,

I will serve them a feast,

and I will make them drunk

so that they may revel;

then they will fall asleep forever and never wake up,

declares the LORD.

40I will bring them down like lambs to the slaughter,

like rams with male goats.”

41How Sheshachf has been captured!

The praise of the whole earth has been seized.

What a horror Babylon has become

among the nations!

42The sea has come up over Babylon;

she is covered in turbulent waves.

43Her cities have become a desolation,

a dry and arid land,

a land where no one lives,

where no son of man passes through.

44I will punish Bel in Babylon.

I will make him spew out what he swallowed.

The nations will no longer stream to him;

even the wall of Babylon will fall.

45Come out from among her, My people!

Save your lives, each of you,

from the fierce anger of the LORD.

46Do not let your heart grow faint, and do not be afraid

when the rumor is heard in the land;

for a rumor will come one year,

and then another the next year

of violence in the land

and ruler against ruler.

47Therefore, behold, the days are coming

when I will punish the idols of Babylon.

Her entire land will suffer shame,

and all her slain will lie fallen within her.

48Then heaven and earth and all that is in them

will shout for joy over Babylon

because the destroyers from the north

will come against her,”

declares the LORD.

49Babylon must fall

on account of the slain of Israel,

just as the slain of all the earth

have fallen because of Babylon.

50You who have escaped the sword,

depart and do not linger!

Remember the LORD from far away,

and let Jerusalem come to mind.

51“We are ashamed because we have heard reproach;

disgrace has covered our faces,

because foreigners have entered

the holy places of the LORD’s house.”

52“Therefore, behold, the days are coming,”

declares the LORD,

“when I will punish her idols,

and throughout her land the wounded will groan.

53Even if Babylon should ascend to the heavens

and fortify her lofty stronghold,

the destroyers I send will come against her,

declares the LORD.

54The sound of a cry

comes from Babylon,

the sound of great destruction

from the land of the Chaldeans!

55For the LORD will destroy Babylon;

He will silence her mighty voice.

The waves will roar like great waters;

the tumult of their voice will resound.

56For a destroyer is coming against her—

against Babylon.

Her warriors will be captured,

and their bows will be broken,

for the LORD is a God of retribution;

He will repay in full.

57I will make her princes and wise men drunk,

along with her governors, officials, and warriors.

Then they will fall asleep forever

and not wake up,”

declares the King,

whose name is the LORD of Hosts.

58This is what the LORD of Hosts says:

“Babylon’s thick walls will be leveled,

and her high gates consumed by fire.

So the labor of the people will be for nothing;

the nations will exhaust themselves to fuel the flames.”

Jeremiah's Prophecy to Seraiah

59This is the command that Jeremiah the prophet gave to the quartermaster Seraiah son of Neriah, the son of Mahseiah, when he went to Babylon with King Zedekiah of Judah in the fourth year of Zedekiah’s reign. 60Jeremiah had written on a single scroll about all the disaster that would come upon Babylon—all these words that had been written concerning Babylon.

61And Jeremiah said to Seraiah, “When you get to Babylon, see that you read all these words aloud, 62and say, ‘O LORD, You have promised to cut off this place so that no one will remain—neither man nor beast. Indeed, it will be desolate forever.’

63When you finish reading this scroll, tie a stone to it and cast it into the Euphrates. 64Then you are to say, ‘In the same way, Babylon will sink and never rise again, because of the disaster I will bring upon her. And her people will grow weary.’”

Here end the words of Jeremiah.

Footnotes:

1 a Leb-kamai is a code name for Chaldea, that is, Babylonia
3 b The Hebrew term refers to giving over things or persons to the LORD, either by destroying them or by giving them as an offering
4 c Or Babylonians
34 d Or expelled me
35 e That is, Babylonia
41 f Sheshach is a code name for Babylon

Jeremiah 52
Jeremiah 52 Par ▾ 

The Fall of Jerusalem Recounted
(Psalm 74:1-23; Psalm 79:1-13)

1Zedekiah was twenty-one years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem eleven years. His mother’s name was Hamutal daughter of Jeremiah; she was from Libnah.

2And Zedekiah did evil in the sight of the LORD, just as Jehoiakim had done. 3For because of the anger of the LORD, all this happened in Jerusalem and Judah, until He finally banished them from His presence.

And Zedekiah also rebelled against the king of Babylon.

4So in the ninth year of Zedekiah’s reign, on the tenth day of the tenth month, King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon marched against Jerusalem with his entire army. They encamped outside the city and built a siege wall all around it. 5And the city was kept under siege until King Zedekiah’s eleventh year.

6By the ninth day of the fourth month, the famine in the city was so severe that the people of the land had no food. 7Then the city was breached, and though the Chaldeansa had surrounded the city, all the men of war fled. the city by night by way of the gate between the two walls near the king’s garden.

They fled toward the Arabah,b 8but the army of the Chaldeans pursued the king and overtook Zedekiah in the plains of Jericho, and all his army was separated from him.

9The Chaldeans seized the king and brought him up to the king of Babylon at Riblah in the land of Hamath, where he pronounced judgment on Zedekiah.

10There at Riblah the king of Babylon slaughtered Zedekiah’s sons before his eyes, and he also killed all the officials of Judah. 11Then he put out Zedekiah’s eyes, bound him in bronze shackles and took him to Babylon, where he kept him in custody until his dying day.

The Temple Destroyed
(2 Kings 25:8-17; Nehemiah 1:1-11)

12On the tenth day of the fifth month, in the nineteenth year of Nebuchadnezzar's reign over Babylon, Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard, a servant of the king of Babylon, entered Jerusalem. 13He burned down the house of the LORD, the royal palace, and all the houses of Jerusalem—every significant building. 14And the whole army of the Chaldeans under the captain of the guard broke down all the walls around Jerusalem.

15Then Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard carried into exile some of the poorest people and those who remained in the city, along with the deserters who had defected to the king of Babylon and the rest of the craftsmen. 16But Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard left behind the rest of the poor of the land to be vinedressers and farmers.

17Moreover, the Chaldeans broke up the bronze pillars and the stands and the bronze sea in the house of the LORD, and they carried all the bronze to Babylon. 18They also took away the pots, shovels, wick trimmers, sprinkling basins, dishes, and all the articles of bronze used in the temple service. 19The captain of the guard also took away the bowls, censers, sprinkling basins, pots, lampstands, pans, and drink offering bowls—anything made of pure gold or fine silver.

20As for the two pillars, the sea, the twelve bronze bulls under it, and the movable stands that King Solomon had made for the house of the LORD, the weight of the bronze from all these articles was beyond measure. 21Each pillar was eighteen cubits tall and twelve cubits in circumference;c each was hollow, four fingers thick. 22The bronze capital atop one pillar was five cubitsd high, with a network of bronze pomegranates all around. The second pillar, with its pomegranates, was similar. 23Each capital had ninety-six pomegranates all around it. All the pomegranates around the latticework numbered a hundred.

Captives Carried to Babylon
(2 Kings 25:18-21)

24The captain of the guard also took away Seraiah the chief priest, Zephaniah the priest of the second rank, and the three doorkeepers. 25Of those still in the city, he took a court official who had been appointed over the men of war, seven trusted royal advisers, as well as the scribe of the captain of the army, who enlisted the people of the land, and sixty men who were found in the city.

26Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard took them and brought them to the king of Babylon at Riblah. 27There at Riblah in the land of Hamath, The king of Babylon struck them down and put them to death. So Judah was taken into exile, away from her land.

28These are the people Nebuchadnezzar carried away: in the seventh year, 3,023 Jews; 29in Nebuchadnezzar’s eighteenth year, 832 people from Jerusalem; 30in Nebuchadnezzar’s twenty-third year, Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard carried away 745 Jews. So altogether, 4,600 people were taken away.

Evil-merodach Releases Jehoiachin

31Now on the twenty-fifth day of the twelfth month of the thirty-seventh year of the exile of Jehoiachin king of Judah, in the first year of the reign of Evil-merodach king of Babylon, he pardonede Jehoiachin king of Judah and released him from prison. 32He spoke kindly to Jehoiachin and set his throne above the thrones of the other kings with him in Babylon.

33So Jehoiachin changed his prison clothes, and he dined regularly at the king’s table for the rest of his days. 34And the king of Babylon allotted to him a daily portion for the rest of his life, until the day of his death.

Footnotes:

7 a Or Babylonians; also in verse 17
7 b Or the Jordan Valley
21 c That is, about 27 feet high and 18 feet in circumference (8.2 meters high and 5.5 meters in circumference)
22 d That is, about 7.5 feet or 2.3 meters
31 e Hebrew he lifted up the head of


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