The Bible Book by Book
The Author. (1) His name means "Exalted of Jehovah," and he is ranked second among the great Old Testament writers. (2) He lived the last of the sixth and the first of the fifth centuries before Christ. His ministry began in 626 B. C., the thirteenth year of Josiah (1:2), and lasted about forty years. He probably died in Babylon during the early years of the captivity. (3) He was of a sensitive nature, mild, timid, and inclined to melancholy. He was devoutly religious and naturally shrank from giving pain to others. (4) He was uncommonly bold and courageous in declaring the message of God, it was unpopular and subjected him to hatred and even to suffering wrong. He was unsparing in the denunciations and rebukes administered to his nation, not even sparing the prince. (5) He is called the weeping prophet. He was distressed both by the disobedience and apostasy of Israel and by the evil which he foresaw. Being very devoutly religious, he was pained by the impiety of his time.

Condition of the Nations. (1) Israel, the northern kingdom, had been carried into captivity and Judah stood alone against her enemies. (2) Judah had fallen into a bad state, but Josiah, who reigned when Jeremiah began his ministry, attempted to bring about reforms and restore the old order. After his death, however, wickedness grew more and more until, in the later part of the life of Jeremiah, Jerusalem and the temple were destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar and Judah was led away in captivity. (3) The world powers of the time of Jeremiah's birth were Assyria and Egypt. They were contending for supremacy. But Jeremiah lived to see both of them subdued and Babylon mistress of the world. He foresaw also how Babylon would fall and how a kingdom greater than all would rise wherein there would be righteousness and peace.


The book of Jeremiah is composed principally of sketches of biography, history and prophecy, but the events and chapters are not in chronological order. It closes the period of the monarchy and marks the destruction of the holy city and of the sanctuary and tells of the death agony of the nation of Israel, God's chosen people. But he saw far beyond the judgments of the near future to a brighter day when the eternal purpose of divine grace would be realized. The book, therefore, emphasizes the future glory of the kingdom of God which must endure though Israel does perish. He made two special contributions to the truth as understood in his time. (1) The spirituality of religion. He saw the coming overthrow of their national and formal religion and realized that, to survive that crisis, religion must not be national, but individual and spiritual. (2) Personal responsibility (31:29-30). If religion was to be a spiritual condition of the individual, the doctrine of personal responsibility was a logical necessity. These two teachings constitute a great step forward.


I. The Prophet's Call and Assurance, Ch. 1.

II. Judah Called to Repentance, Chs. 2-22.

1. Her sins set forth, Chs. 2-6

2. The call to repentance, Chs. 7-10.

3. The appeal to the covenant, Chs. 11-13.

4. Rejection and captivity foretold, Chs. 14-22.

III. The Book of Consolation, Chs. 23-33.

1. The restoration of the remnant, Chs. 22-29.

2. The complete restoration, Chs. 30-33.

IV. The Doom of Jerusalem Due to the People's Wickedness, Chs. 34-36.

V. The History of Jeremiah and His Times, Chs. 37-45.

VI. Prophecies Against Foreign Nations, Chs, 46-51.

VII. Historical Appendix, Ch. 52.

For the Outline Study of the Bible by Books by J.B. TIDELL, A.M., D.D. Professor of Biblical Literature in Baylor University, Waco, Texas

1. The Call of Jeremiah; Almond Rod and Boiling Pot

2. Judah Forsakes God

3. Judah as the Polluted Land; God's Great Mercy

4. Judah's Devastation

5. Jerusalem's Godlessness and Judgment

6. Enemies Sent against Jerusalem

7. Jeremiah's Message at the Temple Gate; Valley of Slaughter

8. The Calamity of the Jews

9. Jeremiah Laments over Zion

10. The Lord Speaks on Idolatry and Coming Destruction; Jeremiah Prays

11. Jeremiah Proclaims God's Covenant Is Broken; The Plot against Jeremiah

12. Jeremiah's Complaint and God's Answer

13. The Linen Belt and Wineskins; The Threat of Captivity

14. Drought, Famine, False Prophets, Prayer for Mercy

15. Rejection and Judgments to Come; Jeremiah's Prayer

16. Disaster and Restoration Foretold

17. The Sin of Judah; Keeping the Sabbath

18. As the clay in the potter's hand, so are you in my hand

19. The Broken Jar

20. Pashhur Persecutes Jeremiah; Jeremiah Complains

21. God Rejects Zedekiah's Request

22. God Will Judge the Evil Kings of Judah

23. I will restore to David a righteous Branch; False Prophets

24. Two Baskets of Figs; Captives Will Return

25. Jeremiah Prophesies Seventy Years of Captivity and Judgment on Babylon

26. Jeremiah Threatened and Spared

27. Judah Will Submit to Nebuchadnezzar

28. Hananiah Falsely Prophesies the Return of the Vessels

29. Jeremiah's Letter to the Exiles; Message to Shemaiah

30. God Promises Deliverance from Captivity

31. The Restoration of Israel; New Covenant

32. Jeremiah Imprisoned by Zedekiah, Buys Hanamel's Field, Prays

33. God Promises to the Captive a Gracious Return and David's Branch

34. Jeremiah Prophesies the Captivity of Zedekiah; Freedom for Slaves

35. By the Obedience of the Recabites, Jeremiah Rebukes Judah

36. Jeremiah's Scroll Read in the Temple, Burned, and Replaced

37. Jeremiah Warns against Trust in Pharaoh

38. Jeremiah Thrown into the Dungeon of Malkijah

39. Jerusalem Is Taken; Zedekiah and the People Captivated

40. Jeremiah Set Free by Nebuzaradan, Remains in Judah

41. Ishmael kills Gedaliah; Johanan Rescues the People

42. Jeremiah Assures of Safety in Judea and Destruction in Egypt

43. Johanan Disregards Prophecy, Takes People to Egypt; Jeremiah Warns

44. Jeremiah Predicts Conquest of Egypt, Disaster in Judah

45. Jeremiah Instructs and Comforts Baruch

46. Jeremiah Prophesies the Overthrow of Pharaoh's Army at Euphrates

47. Prophecy against the Philistines

48. Prophecy against Moab

49. Prophecies against Ammon, Edom, Damascus, Kedar and Hazor

50. Prophecy against Babylon

51. The Judgment of God against Babylon for Sins Against Israel

52. The Fall of Jerusalem and Release or Jehoiachin

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