Jeremiah 48:45
New International Version
"In the shadow of Heshbon the fugitives stand helpless, for a fire has gone out from Heshbon, a blaze from the midst of Sihon; it burns the foreheads of Moab, the skulls of the noisy boasters.

New Living Translation
"The people flee as far as Heshbon but are unable to go on. For a fire comes from Heshbon, King Sihon's ancient home, to devour the entire land with all its rebellious people.

English Standard Version
“In the shadow of Heshbon fugitives stop without strength, for fire came out from Heshbon, flame from the house of Sihon; it has destroyed the forehead of Moab, the crown of the sons of tumult.

Berean Study Bible
Those who flee will stand helpless in Heshbon’s shadow, because fire has gone forth from Heshbon and a flame from within Sihon. It will devour the foreheads of Moab and the skulls of the noisemakers.

New American Standard Bible
"In the shadow of Heshbon The fugitives stand without strength; For a fire has gone forth from Heshbon And a flame from the midst of Sihon, And it has devoured the forehead of Moab And the scalps of the riotous revelers.

King James Bible
They that fled stood under the shadow of Heshbon because of the force: but a fire shall come forth out of Heshbon, and a flame from the midst of Sihon, and shall devour the corner of Moab, and the crown of the head of the tumultuous ones.

Christian Standard Bible
Those who flee will stand exhausted in Heshbon's shadow because fire has come out from Heshbon and a flame from within Sihon. It will devour Moab's forehead and the skull of the noisemakers.

Contemporary English Version
Near the city of Heshbon, where Sihon once ruled, tired refugees stand in shadows cast by the flames of their burning city. Soon, the towns on other hilltops, where those warlike people live, will also go up in smoke.

Good News Translation
Helpless refugees try to find protection in Heshbon, the city that King Sihon once ruled, but it is in flames. Fire has burned up the frontiers and the mountain heights of the war-loving people of Moab.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Those who flee will stand exhausted in Heshbon's shadow because fire has come out from Heshbon and a flame from within Sihon. It will devour Moab's forehead and the skull of the noisemakers.

International Standard Version
"The fugitives will stand without strength in the shadow of Heshbon, for fire will go out from Heshbon and a flame from the middle of Sihon. It will devour the forehead of Moab and the heads of the rebellious people.

NET Bible
In the shadows of the walls of Heshbon those trying to escape will stand helpless. For a fire will burst forth from Heshbon. Flames will shoot out from the former territory of Sihon. They will burn the foreheads of the people of Moab, the skulls of those war-loving people.

New Heart English Bible
'Those who fled stand without strength under the shadow of Heshbon; for a fire is gone forth out of Heshbon, and a flame from the midst of Sihon, and has devoured the corner of Moab, and the crown of the head of the tumultuous ones.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"Those who flee will stand exhausted in the shadow of Heshbon. A fire will come out of Heshbon and a flame from Sihon. It will burn the foreheads of the people of Moab and the skulls of those noisy people.

JPS Tanakh 1917
In the shadow of Heshbon the fugitives Stand without strength; For a fire is gone forth out of Heshbon, And a flame from the midst of Sihon, And it devoureth the corner of Moab, And the crown of the head of the tumultuous ones.

New American Standard 1977
“In the shadow of Heshbon The fugitives stand without strength; For a fire has gone forth from Heshbon, And a flame from the midst of Sihon, And it has devoured the forehead of Moab And the scalps of the riotous revelers.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Those that fled from the force stood under the shadow of Heshbon; because fire came forth out of Heshbon and a flame from the midst of Sihon and burned the corner of Moab and the crown of the head of the rebellious sons.

King James 2000 Bible
They that fled stood under the shadow of Heshbon because of exhaustion: but a fire shall come forth out of Heshbon, and a flame from the midst of Sihon, and shall devour the brow of Moab, the crown of the head of the tumultuous ones.

American King James Version
They that fled stood under the shadow of Heshbon because of the force: but a fire shall come forth out of Heshbon, and a flame from the middle of Sihon, and shall devour the corner of Moab, and the crown of the head of the tumultuous ones.

American Standard Version
They that fled stand without strength under the shadow of Heshbon; for a fire is gone forth out of Heshbon, and a flame from the midst of Sihon, and hath devoured the corner of Moab, and the crown of the head of the tumultuous ones.

Douay-Rheims Bible
They that fled from the snare stood in the shadow of Hesebon: but there came a fire out of Kesebon, and a flame out of the midst of Seen, and it shall devour part of Moab. and the crown of the head of the children of tumult.

Darby Bible Translation
They that fled stood under the shadow of Heshbon powerless; for a fire hath come forth from Heshbon, and a flame from the midst of Sihon, and hath consumed the corner of Moab, and the crown of the head of the sons of tumult.

English Revised Version
They that fled stand without strength under the shadow of Heshbon: for a fire is gone forth out of Heshbon, and a flame from the midst of Sihon, and hath devoured the corner of Moab, and the crown of the head of the tumultuous ones.

Webster's Bible Translation
They that fled stood under the shade of Heshbon because of the force: but a fire shall come out of Heshbon, and a flame from the midst of Sihon, and shall devour the corner of Moab, and the crown of the head of the tumultuous ones.

World English Bible
Those who fled stand without strength under the shadow of Heshbon; for a fire is gone forth out of Heshbon, and a flame from the midst of Sihon, and has devoured the corner of Moab, and the crown of the head of the tumultuous ones.

Young's Literal Translation
In the shadow of Heshbon stood powerless have fugitives, For fire hath gone forth from Heshbon, And a flame from within Sihon, And it consumeth the corner of Moab, And the crown of the sons of Shaon.
Study Bible
The Judgment on Moab
44He who flees the panic will fall into the pit, and he who climbs from the pit will be caught in the snare, for I will bring against Moab the year of their punishment, declares the LORD. 45Those who flee will stand helpless in Heshbon’s shadow, because fire has gone forth from Heshbon and a flame from within Sihon. It will devour the foreheads of Moab and the skulls of the noisemakers. 46Woe to you, O Moab! The people of Chemosh have perished; for your sons have been taken into exile and your daughters have gone into captivity.…
Cross References
Numbers 21:21
Then Israel sent messengers to Sihon king of the Amorites, saying,

Numbers 21:26
Heshbon was the city of Sihon king of the Amorites, who had fought against the former king of Moab and taken all his land as far as the Arnon.

Numbers 21:28
For a fire went out from Heshbon, a blaze from the city of Sihon. It consumed Ar of Moab, the rulers of Arnon's heights.

Numbers 21:29
Woe to you, O Moab! You are destroyed, O people of Chemosh! He gave up his sons as refugees, and his daughters into captivity to Sihon king of the Amorites.

Numbers 24:17
I see him, but not now; I behold him, but not near. A star will come out of Jacob, and a scepter will arise from Israel. He will crush the skulls of Moab and strike down all the sons of Sheth.

Psalm 78:63
Fire consumed His young men, and their maidens were left without wedding songs.

Psalm 135:11
Sihon king of the Amorites, Og king of Bashan, and all the kings of Canaan.

Jeremiah 2:16
The men of Memphis and Tahpanhes have shaved the crown of your head.

Jeremiah 48:2
There is no longer praise for Moab; in Heshbon they devise evil against her: 'Come, let us cut her off from nationhood.' You too, O people of Madmen, will be silenced; the sword will pursue you.

Amos 2:2
So I will send fire against Moab to consume the citadels of Kerioth. Moab will die in tumult, amid war cries and the blast of the trumpet.

Treasury of Scripture

They that fled stood under the shadow of Heshbon because of the force: but a fire shall come forth out of Heshbon, and a flame from the middle of Sihon, and shall devour the corner of Moab, and the crown of the head of the tumultuous ones.

a fire

Numbers 21:28
For there is a fire gone out of Heshbon, a flame from the city of Sihon: it hath consumed Ar of Moab, and the lords of the high places of Arnon.

Amos 2:2
But I will send a fire upon Moab, and it shall devour the palaces of Kerioth: and Moab shall die with tumult, with shouting, and with the sound of the trumpet:

devour

Numbers 24:17
I shall see him, but not now: I shall behold him, but not nigh: there shall come a Star out of Jacob, and a Sceptre shall rise out of Israel, and shall smite the corners of Moab, and destroy all the children of Sheth.

Zechariah 10:4
Out of him came forth the corner, out of him the nail, out of him the battle bow, out of him every oppressor together.

Matthew 21:42
Jesus saith unto them, Did ye never read in the scriptures, The stone which the builders rejected, the same is become the head of the corner: this is the Lord's doing, and it is marvellous in our eyes?







Lexicon
Those who flee
נָסִ֑ים (nā·sîm)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 5127: To flit, vanish away

will stand
עָמְד֖וּ (‘ā·mə·ḏū)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 5975: To stand, in various relations

helpless
מִכֹּ֣חַ (mik·kō·aḥ)
Preposition-m | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3581: A small reptile (of unknown species)

in Heshbon’s
חֶשְׁבּ֛וֹן (ḥeš·bō·wn)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2809: Heshbon -- a place East of the Jordan

shadow,
בְּצֵ֥ל (bə·ṣêl)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 6738: A shadow

because
כִּֽי־ (kî-)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3588: A relative conjunction

fire
אֵ֞שׁ (’êš)
Noun - common singular
Strong's Hebrew 784: A fire

has gone forth
יָצָ֣א (yā·ṣā)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3318: To go, bring, out, direct and proxim

from Heshbon
מֵחֶשְׁבּ֗וֹן (mê·ḥeš·bō·wn)
Preposition-m | Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2809: Heshbon -- a place East of the Jordan

and a flame
וְלֶֽהָבָה֙ (wə·le·hā·ḇāh)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3852: A flash, a sharply polished blade, point of a, weapon

from within
מִבֵּ֣ין (mib·bên)
Preposition-m
Strong's Hebrew 996: An interval, space between

Sihon.
סִיח֔וֹן (sî·ḥō·wn)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5511: Sihon -- a king of the Amorites

It will devour
וַתֹּ֙אכַל֙ (wat·tō·ḵal)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 398: To eat

the foreheads
פְּאַ֣ת (pə·’aṯ)
Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 6285: Mouth, direction, region, extremity

of Moab
מוֹאָ֔ב (mō·w·’āḇ)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4124: Moab -- a son of Lot,also his descendants and the territory where they settled

and the skulls
וְקָדְקֹ֖ד (wə·qā·ḏə·qōḏ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 6936: Head, crown of the head

of the noisemakers.
בְּנֵ֥י (bə·nê)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 1121: A son
(45) Because of the force.--Better, without strength. What is meant is that the fugitives of Moab seek shelter in Heshbon, the capital of the Ammonites (Jeremiah 49:3), and find no protection there.

A fire shall come forth out of Heshbon . . .--The words are interesting as being a quotation from a fragment of an old poem, probably from the "Book of the Wars of the Lord," which is also to be found in Numbers 21:28. Heshbon, at the time of the Exodus the capital of the Amorites, is here identified with Sihon as their king. In the prophet's application of the words, the Moabites are represented as taking refuge under the walls of Heshbon, but, instead of finding shelter, fire bursts out from walls and gates. They have come to look on its conflagration. The flames spread far and near. They devour the "corner" as of the beard, the hair on the crown of the head. The symbolism of destruction is the same as in Isaiah 7:20. In the "tumultuous ones" (literally, children of tumult) we have the panic-stricken clamorous crowds of the Moabite fugitives. The phrase in the Hebrew is nearly the same as "the children of Seth" in Numbers 24:17.

Verse 45. - Apparently quoted from memory from Numbers 21:28; Numbers 24:17, except the first clause; the application, however, is peculiar to this passage. They that fled, etc.; rather, The fugitives stand without strength in the shadow of Heshbon. There is a difficulty here, for, according to ver. 2, the hostile raid into Moab started from Heshbon. Surely the fugitives would not think of escaping northwards, much less would they be able to elude the vigilance of the foe and reach Heshbon. But it is not surprising that the author of so long a poem should now and then make a slip; the author of the Book of Job is sometimes inconsistent with the Prologue, and ver. 2 is as far away from the passage before us as the Prologue of Job is from Job 19:18. Nor can we be absolutely certain that our prophecy is exactly as Jeremiah wrote it. Shall come forth; rather, hath come forth (or, cometh forth). From the midst of Sihon. Sihon being, perhaps, regarded as the leader and representative of his warriors. The corner of Moab; rather, the sides (literally, side, used collectively) of Moab. The tumultuous ones; literally, sons of tumult, a poetical phrase for warriors. The prophet has substituted the more common word shaon for its synonym sheth. 48:14-47. The destruction of Moab is further prophesied, to awaken them by national repentance and reformation to prevent the trouble, or by a personal repentance and reformation to prepare for it. In reading this long roll of threatenings, and mediating on the terror, it will be of more use to us to keep in view the power of God's anger and the terror of his judgments, and to have our hearts possessed with a holy awe of God and of his wrath, than to search into all the figures and expressions here used. Yet it is not perpetual destruction. The chapter ends with a promise of their return out of captivity in the latter days. Even with Moabites God will not contend for ever, nor be always wroth. The Jews refer it to the days of the Messiah; then the captives of the Gentiles, under the yoke of sin and Satan, shall be brought back by Divine grace, which shall make them free indeed.
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Alphabetical: a And blaze boasters burns devoured fire flame for forehead foreheads forth from fugitives gone has helpless Heshbon In it midst Moab noisy of out revelers riotous scalps shadow Sihon skulls stand strength the without

OT Prophets: Jeremiah 48:45 Those who fled stand without strength under (Jer.) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
Jeremiah 48:44
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