Numbers 21:21
New International Version
Israel sent messengers to say to Sihon king of the Amorites:

New Living Translation
The Israelites sent ambassadors to King Sihon of the Amorites with this message:

English Standard Version
Then Israel sent messengers to Sihon king of the Amorites, saying,

Berean Study Bible
Then Israel sent messengers to Sihon king of the Amorites, saying,

King James Bible
And Israel sent messengers unto Sihon king of the Amorites, saying,

New King James Version
Then Israel sent messengers to Sihon king of the Amorites, saying,

New American Standard Bible
Then Israel sent messengers to Sihon, king of the Amorites, saying,

NASB 1995
Then Israel sent messengers to Sihon, king of the Amorites, saying,

NASB 1977
Then Israel sent messengers to Sihon, king of the Amorites, saying,

Amplified Bible
Then Israel sent messengers to Sihon, king of the Amorites, saying,

Christian Standard Bible
Israel sent messengers to say to King Sihon of the Amorites,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Israel sent messengers to say to Sihon king of the Amorites: "

American Standard Version
And Israel sent messengers unto Sihon king of the Amorites, saying,

Brenton Septuagint Translation
We will pass through thy land, we will go by the road; we will not turn aside to the field or to the vineyard.

Contemporary English Version
The Israelites sent this message to King Sihon of the Amorites:

Douay-Rheims Bible
And Israel sent messengers to Sehon king of the Amorrhites, saying:

English Revised Version
And Israel sent messengers unto Sihon king of the Amorites, saying,

Good News Translation
Then the people of Israel sent messengers to the Amorite king Sihon to say:

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Then Israel sent messengers to say to King Sihon of the Amorites,

International Standard Version
Later, Israel sent messengers to Sihon, king of the Amorites, who conveyed this request:

JPS Tanakh 1917
And Israel sent messengers unto Sihon king of the Amorites, saying:

Literal Standard Version
And Israel sends messengers to Sihon king of the Amorite, saying,

NET Bible
Then Israel sent messengers to King Sihon of the Amorites, saying,

New Heart English Bible
Israel sent messengers to Sihon king of the Amorites, saying,

World English Bible
Israel sent messengers to Sihon king of the Amorites, saying,

Young's Literal Translation
And Israel sendeth messengers unto Sihon king of the Amorite, saying,

Additional Translations ...
Study Bible
The Defeat of Sihon
21Then Israel sent messengers to Sihon king of the Amorites, saying, 22“Let us pass through your land. We will not cut through any field or vineyard, or drink water from any well. We will stay on the King’s Highway until we have passed through your territory.”…

Cross References
Numbers 21:20
and from Bamoth to the valley in Moab where the top of Pisgah overlooks the wasteland.

Deuteronomy 1:4
This was after he had defeated Sihon king of the Amorites, who lived in Heshbon, and then at Edrei had defeated Og king of Bashan, who lived in Ashtaroth.

Deuteronomy 2:26
So from the Wilderness of Kedemoth I sent messengers with an offer of peace to Sihon king of Heshbon, saying,

Deuteronomy 4:46
while they were in the valley across the Jordan facing Beth-peor in the land of Sihon king of the Amorites, who lived in Heshbon and was defeated by Moses and the Israelites after they had come out of Egypt.

Deuteronomy 29:7
When you reached this place, Sihon king of Heshbon and Og king of Bashan came out against us in battle, but we defeated them.

Joshua 2:10
For we have heard how the LORD dried up the waters of the Red Sea before you when you came out of Egypt, and what you did to Sihon and Og, the two kings of the Amorites across the Jordan, whom you devoted to destruction.

Joshua 24:8
Later, I brought you to the land of the Amorites who lived beyond the Jordan. They fought against you, but I delivered them into your hand, that you should possess their land when I destroyed them before you.

Judges 10:11
The LORD replied, "When the Egyptians, Amorites, Ammonites, Philistines,

Judges 11:19
And Israel sent messengers to Sihon king of the Amorites, who ruled in Heshbon, and said to him, 'Please let us pass through your land into our own place.'

Nehemiah 9:22
You gave them kingdoms and peoples and allotted to them every corner of the land. So they took the land of Sihon king of Heshbon and of Og king of Bashan.

Psalm 135:11
Sihon king of the Amorites, Og king of Bashan, and all the kings of Canaan.

Psalm 136:19
Sihon king of the Amorites His loving devotion endures forever.

Jeremiah 48:45
"Those who flee will stand helpless in Heshbon's shadow, because fire has gone forth from Heshbon and a flame from within Sihon. It devours the foreheads of Moab and the skulls of the sons of tumult.


Treasury of Scripture

And Israel sent messengers to Sihon king of the Amorites, saying,

Numbers 20:14-19
And Moses sent messengers from Kadesh unto the king of Edom, Thus saith thy brother Israel, Thou knowest all the travail that hath befallen us: …

Deuteronomy 2:26-28
And I sent messengers out of the wilderness of Kedemoth unto Sihon king of Heshbon with words of peace, saying, …

Judges 11:19-21
And Israel sent messengers unto Sihon king of the Amorites, the king of Heshbon; and Israel said unto him, Let us pass, we pray thee, through thy land into my place…









Verse 21. - And Israel sent messengers unto Sihon. The narrative here returns to the point of time when the Israelites first reached the Upper Arnon, the boundary stream of the kingdom of Sihon (see on verse 13, and cf. Deuteronomy 2:24-37). The list of stations in the preceding verses may probably have been copied out of some official record; it may be considered as marking the movements of the tabernacle with Eleazar and the Levites and the mass of the non-combatant population. In the mean time the armies of Israel were engaged in victorious enterprises which took them far afield. King of the Amorites. The Amorites were not akin to the Hebrews, as the Edomites, Moabites, and Ammonites were, who all claimed descent from Terah. They were of the Canaanitish stock (Genesis 10:16), and indeed the name Amorite often appears as synonymous with Canaanite in its larger sense (Deuteronomy 1:7, 19, 27, etc.). If at one time they are mentioned side by side with five or six other tribes of the same stock (Exodus 34:11), yet at another they seem to be so much the representative race that "the Ammorite" stands for the inhabitants of Canaan in general whom Israel was commissioned to oust on account of his iniquity (Genesis 15:16). It is not, therefore, possible to draw any certain distinction between the Amorites of Sihon's kingdom and the mass of the Canaanites on the other side Jordan. Both Sihon and his people appear as intruders in this region, having come down perhaps from the northern parts of Palestine, and having but recently (it would seem) wrested from the king of Moab all his territory north of Arnon. It was the fact of the Amorites being found here which led to the conquest and settlement of the trans-Jordanic territory. That territory was not apparently included in the original gift (compare Numbers 34:2-12 with Genesis 10:19 and Genesis 15:19-21), but since the Amorite had possessed himself of it, it must pass with all the rest of his habitation to the chosen people.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Lexicon
Then Israel
יִשְׂרָאֵל֙ (yiś·rā·’êl)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3478: Israel -- 'God strives', another name of Jacob and his desc

sent
וַיִּשְׁלַ֤ח (way·yiš·laḥ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7971: To send away, for, out

messengers
מַלְאָכִ֔ים (mal·’ā·ḵîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 4397: A messenger, of God, an angel

to
אֶל־ (’el-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 413: Near, with, among, to

Sihon
סִיחֹ֥ן (sî·ḥōn)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5511: Sihon -- a king of the Amorites

king
מֶֽלֶךְ־ (me·leḵ-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 4428: A king

of the Amorites,
הָאֱמֹרִ֖י (hā·’ĕ·mō·rî)
Article | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 567: Amorites -- perhaps 'mountain dwellers', a Canaanite tribe

saying,
לֵאמֹֽר׃ (lê·mōr)
Preposition-l | Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct
Strong's Hebrew 559: To utter, say


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OT Law: Numbers 21:21 Israel sent messengers to Sihon king (Nu Num.)
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