Daniel 2:21
New International Version
He changes times and seasons; he deposes kings and raises up others. He gives wisdom to the wise and knowledge to the discerning.

New Living Translation
He controls the course of world events; he removes kings and sets up other kings. He gives wisdom to the wise and knowledge to the scholars.

English Standard Version
He changes times and seasons; he removes kings and sets up kings; he gives wisdom to the wise and knowledge to those who have understanding;

Berean Study Bible
He changes the times and seasons; He removes kings and establishes them. He gives wisdom to the wise and knowledge to the discerning.

King James Bible
And he changeth the times and the seasons: he removeth kings, and setteth up kings: he giveth wisdom unto the wise, and knowledge to them that know understanding:

New King James Version
And He changes the times and the seasons; He removes kings and raises up kings; He gives wisdom to the wise And knowledge to those who have understanding.

New American Standard Bible
“It is He who changes the times and the periods; He removes kings and appoints kings; He gives wisdom to wise men, And knowledge to people of understanding.

NASB 1995
"It is He who changes the times and the epochs; He removes kings and establishes kings; He gives wisdom to wise men And knowledge to men of understanding.

NASB 1977
“And it is He who changes the times and the epochs; He removes kings and establishes kings; He gives wisdom to wise men, And knowledge to men of understanding.

Amplified Bible
“It is He who changes the times and the seasons; He removes kings and establishes kings. He gives wisdom to the wise And [greater] knowledge to those who have understanding!

Christian Standard Bible
He changes the times and seasons; he removes kings and establishes kings. He gives wisdom to the wise and knowledge to those who have understanding.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
He changes the times and seasons; He removes kings and establishes kings. He gives wisdom to the wise and knowledge to those who have understanding.

American Standard Version
And he changeth the times and the seasons; he removeth kings, and setteth up kings; he giveth wisdom unto the wise, and knowledge to them that have understanding;

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And he changes times and the seasons. He removes Kings and raises up Kings. He gives wisdom to the wise and knowledge to those knowing understanding

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And he changes times and seasons: he appoints kings, and removes them, giving wisdom to the wise, and prudence to them that have understanding:

Contemporary English Version
You control human events--you give rulers their power and take it away, and you are the source of wisdom and knowledge.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he changeth times and ages: taketh away kingdoms and establisheth them, giveth wisdom to the wise, and knowledge to them that have understanding.

English Revised Version
And he changeth the times and the seasons: he removeth kings, and setteth up kings: he giveth wisdom unto the wise, and knowledge to them that know understanding:

Good News Translation
He controls the times and the seasons; he makes and unmakes kings; it is he who gives wisdom and understanding.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
He changes times and periods of history. He removes kings and establishes them. He gives wisdom to those who are wise and knowledge to those who have insight.

International Standard Version
It is God who alters the times and seasons, and he removes kings and promotes kings. He gives wisdom to the wise and knowledge to the discerning.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And He changeth the times and the seasons; He removeth kings, and setteth up kings; He giveth wisdom unto the wise, And knowledge to them that know understanding;

Literal Standard Version
And He is changing times and seasons, He is causing kings to pass away, and He is raising up kings; He is giving wisdom to the wise, and knowledge to those possessing understanding.

NET Bible
He changes times and seasons, deposing some kings and establishing others. He gives wisdom to the wise; he imparts knowledge to those with understanding;

New Heart English Bible
He changes the times and the seasons; he removes kings, and sets up kings; he gives wisdom to the wise, and knowledge to those who have understanding;

World English Bible
He changes the times and the seasons; he removes kings, and sets up kings; he gives wisdom to the wise, and knowledge to those who have understanding;

Young's Literal Translation
And He is changing times and seasons, He is causing kings to pass away, and He is raising up kings; He is giving wisdom to the wise, and knowledge to those possessing understanding.

Additional Translations ...
Context
The Dream Revealed to Daniel
20and declared: “Blessed be the name of God forever and ever, for wisdom and power belong to Him. 21He changes the times and seasons; He removes kings and establishes them. He gives wisdom to the wise and knowledge to the discerning. 22He reveals the deep and hidden things; He knows what lies in darkness, and light dwells with Him.…

Cross References
Romans 13:1
Everyone must submit himself to the governing authorities, for there is no authority except that which is from God. The authorities that exist have been appointed by God.

James 1:5
Now if any of you lacks wisdom, he should ask God, who gives generously to all without finding fault, and it will be given to him.

1 Kings 3:9
Therefore give Your servant an understanding heart to judge Your people and to discern between good and evil. For who is able to govern this great people of Yours?"

1 Kings 3:10
Now it pleased the Lord that Solomon had made this request.

1 Kings 4:29
And God gave Solomon wisdom, exceedingly deep insight, and understanding beyond measure, like the sand on the seashore.

Job 12:18
He loosens the bonds placed by kings and fastens a belt around their waists.

Psalm 31:15
My times are in Your hands; deliver me from my enemies and from those who pursue me.

Psalm 75:6
For exaltation comes neither from east nor west, nor out of the desert,

Psalm 75:7
but it is God who judges; He brings down one and exalts another.

Proverbs 8:15
By me kings reign, and rulers enact just laws;

Daniel 1:17
To these four young men God gave knowledge and understanding in every kind of literature and wisdom. And Daniel had insight into all kinds of visions and dreams.

Daniel 2:9
If you do not tell me the dream, there is only one decree for you. You have conspired to speak before me false and fraudulent words, hoping the situation will change. Therefore tell me the dream, and I will know that you can give me its interpretation."

Daniel 2:20
and declared: "Blessed be the name of God forever and ever, for wisdom and power belong to Him.

Daniel 2:23
To You, O God of my fathers, I give thanks and praise, because You have given me wisdom and power. And now You have made known to me what we have requested, for You have made known to us the dream of the king."

Daniel 4:17
This decision is the decree of the watchers, the verdict declared by the holy ones, so that the living will know that the Most High rules over the kingdom of mankind and gives it to whom He wishes, setting over it the lowliest of men.'

Daniel 4:32
You will be driven away from mankind to live with the beasts of the field, and you will feed on grass like an ox. And seven times will pass you by, until you acknowledge that the Most High rules over the kingdom of mankind and gives it to whom He wishes."

Daniel 7:25
He will speak out against the Most High and oppress the saints of the Most High, intending to change the appointed times and laws; and the saints will be given into his hand for a time, and times, and half a time.

Daniel 10:1
In the third year of Cyrus king of Persia, a message was revealed to Daniel, who was called Belteshazzar. The message was true, and it concerned a great conflict. And the understanding of the message was given to him in a vision.


Treasury of Scripture

And he changes the times and the seasons: he removes kings, and sets up kings: he gives wisdom to the wise, and knowledge to them that know understanding:

he changeth.

Daniel 2:9
But if ye will not make known unto me the dream, there is but one decree for you: for ye have prepared lying and corrupt words to speak before me, till the time be changed: therefore tell me the dream, and I shall know that ye can shew me the interpretation thereof.

Daniel 7:25
And he shall speak great words against the most High, and shall wear out the saints of the most High, and think to change times and laws: and they shall be given into his hand until a time and times and the dividing of time.

Daniel 11:6
And in the end of years they shall join themselves together; for the king's daughter of the south shall come to the king of the north to make an agreement: but she shall not retain the power of the arm; neither shall he stand, nor his arm: but she shall be given up, and they that brought her, and he that begat her, and he that strengthened her in these times.

he removeth.

Daniel 4:17,32
This matter is by the decree of the watchers, and the demand by the word of the holy ones: to the intent that the living may know that the most High ruleth in the kingdom of men, and giveth it to whomsoever he will, and setteth up over it the basest of men…

1 Samuel 2:7,8
The LORD maketh poor, and maketh rich: he bringeth low, and lifteth up…

Job 12:18
He looseth the bond of kings, and girdeth their loins with a girdle.

he giveth.

Exodus 31:3,6
And I have filled him with the spirit of God, in wisdom, and in understanding, and in knowledge, and in all manner of workmanship, …

1 Kings 3:8-12,28
And thy servant is in the midst of thy people which thou hast chosen, a great people, that cannot be numbered nor counted for multitude…

1 Kings 4:29
And God gave Solomon wisdom and understanding exceeding much, and largeness of heart, even as the sand that is on the sea shore.









(21) Changeth times--i.e., He orders the events which occur at different times and seasons. Daniel refers to the dream which had been recently revealed to him, in which the changes of future times and seasons were depicted in so marvellous a way. "Times" are opposed to "seasons," as circumstances of time may be contrasted with epochs of time. (Comp. Daniel 7:12.)

He removeth.--Comp. 1Samuel 2:8.

Wisdom . . .--Comp. Jeremiah 32:19.

The wise--i.e., wise men generally. Wise men become what they are, not through their own study and natural ability, but by the grace and mercy of God.

Verse 21. - And he changeth the times and the seasons: he removeth kings, and setteth up kings: he giveth wisdom unto the wise, and knowledge to them that know understanding. In regard to this verse, Theodotion and the Septuagint only differ in this from the Massoretic text, that they omit the repetition of the word "kings." The Peshitta has a different sense in the middle clause. "He maketh (Peshitta, ma'bed) kings and confirmeth (Peshitta, maqeem) kings" The Syriac translators have evidently read מְחֲעְדֵה (meh 'deh), "to remove," as מְהַעְבֵד (meha'bed), "to make" The utter want of contrast in this reading condemns it. In regard to the Aramaic of this passage, the carrying on of the preformative ה, the sign of the haphel conjugation, is a proof of the early date of the Aramaic. In later Aramaic, ה gives place to א, and א disappears after the other preformative as יַקְטֵל, not יִאֲקְטֵל. Changeth times and seasons. Nebuchadnezzar was anxious lest the time in which he might make advantageous use of the information conveyed by the dream should pass away, and a new "time" be established. Not improbably Nebuchadnezzar, like most heathens, imagined that his gods were limited by some unseen power like the Greek Fate, and, however wishful they might be to be propitious to their worshippers only in certain collocations of the heavenly bodies could they carry out their wish. God, the God of heaven, the God of the despised Hebrews, he it was who arranged the times and the seasons, he made the sun to rise, he makes summer and winter, he leads out the host of the stars, alike the star of Nebo and the star of Marduk. The two words "time" and "season" are nearly synonymous. Perhaps the first is more indefinite than the other. Our own opinion is that the first has more the idea of space of time, and the latter more of point of time; but really they are almost synonymous. He removeth kings, and setteth up kings. In this there seems to be a special reference to the contents of the vision, which showed that in the time to come, not only kings but dynasties were to be set up and overthrown. The former clause regarded God as the God of nature. This looks u pen him as the God of providence, by whom "kings reign, and princes decree justice." He giveth wisdom unto the wise, and knowledge to them that know understand-lag. This address to God goes further. Daniel sees in the faculties and mental acquirements of men the manifestation of God. It is the inspiration of the Almighty that giveth understanding. All the power man has of acquiring knowledge, all the faculty he has for using that knowledge aright, all come from God.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
He
וְ֠הוּא (wə·hū)
Conjunctive waw | Pronoun - third person masculine singular
Strong's 1932: He, self, the same, this, that, as, are

changes
מְהַשְׁנֵ֤א (mə·haš·nê)
Verb - Hifil - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's 8133: To change

the times
עִדָּנַיָּא֙ (‘id·dā·nay·yā)
Noun - masculine plural determinate
Strong's 5732: A set time, technically, a year

and seasons;
וְזִמְנַיָּ֔א (wə·zim·nay·yā)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine plural determinate
Strong's 2166: An appointed occasion

He removes
מְהַעְדֵּ֥ה (mə·ha‘·dêh)
Verb - Hifil - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's 5709: To advance, pass on, continue, to remove, to bedeck

kings
מַלְכִ֖ין (mal·ḵîn)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's 4430: A king

and establishes
וּמְהָקֵ֣ים (ū·mə·hā·qêm)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Hifil - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's 6966: To arise, stand

[them].
מַלְכִ֑ין (mal·ḵîn)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's 4430: A king

He gives
יָהֵ֤ב (yā·hêḇ)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's 3052: To give, to put, imperatively, come

wisdom
חָכְמְתָא֙ (ḥā·ḵə·mə·ṯā)
Noun - feminine singular determinate
Strong's 2452: Wisdom

to the wise
לְחַכִּימִ֔ין (lə·ḥak·kî·mîn)
Preposition-l | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's 2445: Wise, a Magian

and knowledge
וּמַנְדְּעָ֖א (ū·man·də·‘ā)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular determinate
Strong's 4486: Knowledge, the power of knowing

to the discerning.
לְיָדְעֵ֥י (lə·yā·ḏə·‘ê)
Preposition-l | Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine plural construct
Strong's 3046: To know


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OT Prophets: Daniel 2:21 He changes the times and the seasons (Dan. Da Dn)
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