Psalm 104:19
New International Version
He made the moon to mark the seasons, and the sun knows when to go down.

New Living Translation
You made the moon to mark the seasons, and the sun knows when to set.

English Standard Version
He made the moon to mark the seasons; the sun knows its time for setting.

Berean Study Bible
He made the moon to mark the seasons; the sun knows when to set.

King James Bible
He appointed the moon for seasons: the sun knoweth his going down.

New King James Version
He appointed the moon for seasons; The sun knows its going down.

New American Standard Bible
He made the moon for the seasons; The sun knows the place of its setting.

NASB 1995
He made the moon for the seasons; The sun knows the place of its setting.

NASB 1977
He made the moon for the seasons; The sun knows the place of its setting.

Amplified Bible
He made the moon for the seasons; The sun knows the [exact] place of its setting.

Christian Standard Bible
He made the moon to mark the festivals; the sun knows when to set.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
He made the moon to mark the festivals; the sun knows when to set.

American Standard Version
He appointed the moon for seasons: The sun knoweth his going down.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
He made the moon for times and the sun knows the time of its settings.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
He appointed the moon for seasons: the sun knows his going down.

Contemporary English Version
You created the moon to tell us the seasons. The sun knows when to set,

Douay-Rheims Bible
He hath made the moon for seasons: the sun knoweth his going down.

English Revised Version
He appointed the moon for seasons: the sun knoweth his going down.

Good News Translation
You created the moon to mark the months; the sun knows the time to set.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
He created the moon, which marks the seasons, and the sun, which knows when to set.

International Standard Version
He made the moon to mark time; the sun knows its setting time.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Who appointedst the moon for seasons; The sun knoweth his going down.

Literal Standard Version
He made the moon for seasons, The sun has known his place of entrance.

NET Bible
He made the moon to mark the months, and the sun sets according to a regular schedule.

New Heart English Bible
He appointed the moon for seasons. The sun knows when to set.

World English Bible
He appointed the moon for seasons. The sun knows when to set.

Young's Literal Translation
He made the moon for seasons, The sun hath known his place of entrance.

Additional Translations ...
Context
How Many Are Your Works, O LORD!
18The high mountains are for the wild goats, the cliffs a refuge for the rock badgers. 19He made the moon to mark the seasons; the sun knows when to set. 20You bring darkness, and it becomes night, when all the beasts of the forest prowl.…

Cross References
Genesis 1:14
And God said, "Let there be lights in the expanse of the sky to distinguish between the day and the night, and let them be signs to mark the seasons and days and years.

Psalm 19:6
it rises at one end of the heavens and runs its circuit to the other; nothing is deprived of its warmth.

Psalm 74:16
The day is Yours, and also the night; You established the moon and the sun.

Jeremiah 33:20
"This is what the LORD says: If you can break My covenant with the day and My covenant with the night, so that day and night cease to occupy their appointed time,


Treasury of Scripture

He appointed the moon for seasons: the sun knows his going down.

Psalm 8:3
When I consider thy heavens, the work of thy fingers, the moon and the stars, which thou hast ordained;

Psalm 136:7-9
To him that made great lights: for his mercy endureth for ever: …

Genesis 1:14-18
And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years: …









(19) The moon for seasons.--See Psalm 89:37, Note. The mention of the inferior luminary first is no doubt partly due to its importance in fixing the calendar, but partly also to the diurnal reckoning, "the evening and the morning" as making the day.

The sun knoweth.--So Job 38:12' of the dawn. The sun is no mere mechanical timepiece to the Israelite poet, but a conscious servant of God. How beautifully this mention of sunset prepares the way for the exquisite picture of the nocturnal landscape, as the sunrise in Psalm 104:22 does for the landscape of the day.

In Genesis the creation of the "heavenly bodies"--the fourth day's work--is related in, so to speak, a scientific manner. But the poet, as in the former part of his treatment of the subject, at once goes to the influence of these phenomena on animated being. In Genesis the lamps of heaven are, as it were, hung out at God's command; in the poem they seem to move to their office of guiding the seasons and illuminating the earth like living things who are conscious of the glorious function they have to perform.

Verse 19. - He appointed the moon for seasons (comp. Genesis 1:14). The Jewish festivals depended greatly on the moon, the Passover being celebrated at the time of the full moon of the first month (Exodus 12:6), and the other festivals depending mostly on the Passover. And the sun knoweth his going down. Observes the laws, that is to say, appointed for him.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
He made
עָשָׂ֣ה (‘ā·śāh)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 6213: To do, make

the moon
יָ֭רֵחַ (yā·rê·aḥ)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 3394: The moon

to mark the seasons;
לְמוֹעֲדִ֑ים (lə·mō·w·‘ă·ḏîm)
Preposition-l | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's 4150: Appointed time, place, or meeting

the sun
שֶׁ֝֗מֶשׁ (meš)
Noun - common singular
Strong's 8121: The sun, the east, a ray, a notched battlement

knows
יָדַ֥ע (yā·ḏa‘)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 3045: To know

when to set.
מְבוֹאֽוֹ׃ (mə·ḇō·w·’ōw)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 3996: An entrance, sunset, the west, towards


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OT Poetry: Psalm 104:19 He appointed the moon for seasons (Psalm Ps Psa.)
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