Psalm 104:19
New International Version
He made the moon to mark the seasons, and the sun knows when to go down.

New Living Translation
You made the moon to mark the seasons, and the sun knows when to set.

English Standard Version
He made the moon to mark the seasons; the sun knows its time for setting.

Berean Study Bible
He made the moon to mark the seasons; the sun knows when to set.

New American Standard Bible
He made the moon for the seasons; The sun knows the place of its setting.

King James Bible
He appointed the moon for seasons: the sun knoweth his going down.

Christian Standard Bible
He made the moon to mark the festivals; the sun knows when to set.

Contemporary English Version
You created the moon to tell us the seasons. The sun knows when to set,

Good News Translation
You created the moon to mark the months; the sun knows the time to set.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
He made the moon to mark the festivals; the sun knows when to set.

International Standard Version
He made the moon to mark time; the sun knows its setting time.

NET Bible
He made the moon to mark the months, and the sun sets according to a regular schedule.

New Heart English Bible
He appointed the moon for seasons. The sun knows when to set.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
He made the moon for times and the sun knows the time of its settings.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
He created the moon, which marks the seasons, and the sun, which knows when to set.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Who appointedst the moon for seasons; The sun knoweth his going down.

New American Standard 1977
He made the moon for the seasons; The sun knows the place of its setting.

Jubilee Bible 2000
He appointed the moon for times and seasons; the sun knows his going down.

King James 2000 Bible
He appointed the moon for seasons: the sun knows its going down.

American King James Version
He appointed the moon for seasons: the sun knows his going down.

American Standard Version
He appointed the moon for seasons: The sun knoweth his going down.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
He appointed the moon for seasons: the sun knows his going down.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He hath made the moon for seasons: the sun knoweth his going down.

Darby Bible Translation
He made the moon for seasons: the sun knoweth its going down.

English Revised Version
He appointed the moon for seasons: the sun knoweth his going down.

Webster's Bible Translation
He appointeth the moon for seasons: the sun knoweth his going down.

World English Bible
He appointed the moon for seasons. The sun knows when to set.

Young's Literal Translation
He made the moon for seasons, The sun hath known his place of entrance.
Study Bible
How Many Are Your Works, O LORD!
18The high mountains are for the wild goats, the cliffs a refuge for the coneys. 19He made the moon to mark the seasons; the sun knows when to set. 20You bring darkness, and it becomes night, when all the beasts of the forest prowl.…
Cross References
Genesis 1:14
And God said, "Let there be lights in the expanse of the sky to distinguish between day and night and to mark the seasons and days and years,

Psalm 19:6
It rises at one end of the heavens and runs its circuit to the other; nothing is deprived of its warmth.

Psalm 74:16
The day is Yours, and also the night; You established the moon and the sun.

Jeremiah 33:20
"This is what the LORD says: If you can break My covenant with the day and My covenant with the night, so that day and night cease to occupy their appointed time,

Treasury of Scripture

He appointed the moon for seasons: the sun knows his going down.

Psalm 8:3
When I consider thy heavens, the work of thy fingers, the moon and the stars, which thou hast ordained;

Psalm 136:7-9
To him that made great lights: for his mercy endureth for ever: …

Genesis 1:14-18
And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years: …







Lexicon
He made
עָשָׂ֣ה (‘ā·śāh)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6213: To do, make

the moon
יָ֭רֵחַ (yā·rê·aḥ)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3394: The moon

to mark the seasons;
לְמוֹעֲדִ֑ים (lə·mō·w·‘ă·ḏîm)
Preposition-l | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 4150: Appointed time, place, or meeting

the sun
שֶׁ֝֗מֶשׁ (meš)
Noun - common singular
Strong's Hebrew 8121: The sun, the east, a ray, a notched battlement

knows
יָדַ֥ע (yā·ḏa‘)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3045: To know

when to set.
מְבוֹאֽוֹ׃ (mə·ḇō·w·’ōw)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3996: An entrance, sunset, the west, towards
(19) The moon for seasons.--See Psalm 89:37, Note. The mention of the inferior luminary first is no doubt partly due to its importance in fixing the calendar, but partly also to the diurnal reckoning, "the evening and the morning" as making the day.

The sun knoweth.--So Job 38:12' of the dawn. The sun is no mere mechanical timepiece to the Israelite poet, but a conscious servant of God. How beautifully this mention of sunset prepares the way for the exquisite picture of the nocturnal landscape, as the sunrise in Psalm 104:22 does for the landscape of the day.

In Genesis the creation of the "heavenly bodies"--the fourth day's work--is related in, so to speak, a scientific manner. But the poet, as in the former part of his treatment of the subject, at once goes to the influence of these phenomena on animated being. In Genesis the lamps of heaven are, as it were, hung out at God's command; in the poem they seem to move to their office of guiding the seasons and illuminating the earth like living things who are conscious of the glorious function they have to perform.

Verse 19. - He appointed the moon for seasons (comp. Genesis 1:14). The Jewish festivals depended greatly on the moon, the Passover being celebrated at the time of the full moon of the first month (Exodus 12:6), and the other festivals depending mostly on the Passover. And the sun knoweth his going down. Observes the laws, that is to say, appointed for him. 104:19-30 We are to praise and magnify God for the constant succession of day and night. And see how those are like to the wild beasts, who wait for the twilight, and have fellowship with the unfruitful works of darkness. Does God listen to the language of mere nature, even in ravenous creatures, and shall he not much more interpret favourably the language of grace in his own people, though weak and broken groanings which cannot be uttered? There is the work of every day, which is to be done in its day, which man must apply to every morning, and which he must continue in till evening; it will be time enough to rest when the night comes, in which no man can work. The psalmist wonders at the works of God. The works of art, the more closely they are looked upon, the more rough they appear; the works of nature appear more fine and exact. They are all made in wisdom, for they all answer the end they were designed to serve. Every spring is an emblem of the resurrection, when a new world rises, as it were, out of the ruins of the old one. But man alone lives beyond death. When the Lord takes away his breath, his soul enters on another state, and his body will be raised, either to glory or to misery. May the Lord send forth his Spirit, and new-create our souls to holiness.
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OT Poetry: Psalm 104:19 He appointed the moon for seasons (Psalm Ps Psa.) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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