Joshua 10:13
New International Version
So the sun stood still, and the moon stopped, till the nation avenged itself on its enemies, as it is written in the Book of Jashar. The sun stopped in the middle of the sky and delayed going down about a full day.

New Living Translation
So the sun stood still and the moon stayed in place until the nation of Israel had defeated its enemies. Is this event not recorded in [The Book of Jashar]? The sun stayed in the middle of the sky, and it did not set as on a normal day.

English Standard Version
And the sun stood still, and the moon stopped, until the nation took vengeance on their enemies. Is this not written in the Book of Jashar? The sun stopped in the midst of heaven and did not hurry to set for about a whole day.

Berean Study Bible
So the sun stood still and the moon stopped until the nation took vengeance upon its enemies. Is this not written in the Book of Jashar? “So the sun stopped in the middle of the sky and delayed going down almost a full day.”

New American Standard Bible
So the sun stood still, and the moon stopped, Until the nation avenged themselves of their enemies. Is it not written in the book of Jashar? And the sun stopped in the middle of the sky and did not hasten to go down for about a whole day.

King James Bible
And the sun stood still, and the moon stayed, until the people had avenged themselves upon their enemies. Is not this written in the book of Jasher? So the sun stood still in the midst of heaven, and hasted not to go down about a whole day.

Christian Standard Bible
And the sun stood still and the moon stopped until the nation took vengeance on its enemies. Isn't this written in the Book of Jashar? So the sun stopped in the middle of the sky and delayed its setting almost a full day.

Good News Translation
The sun stood still and the moon did not move until the nation had conquered its enemies. This is written in The Book of Jashar. The sun stood still in the middle of the sky and did not go down for a whole day.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
And the sun stood still and the moon stopped until the nation took vengeance on its enemies. Isn't this written in the Book of Jashar? So the sun stopped in the middle of the sky and delayed its setting almost a full day.

International Standard Version
So the sun remained still and the moon stood in place until the nation settled their score with their enemies. This is recorded, is it not, in the book of Jashar? The sun stood in place in the middle of the sky and seemed not to be in a hurry to set for nearly an entire day.

NET Bible
The sun stood still and the moon stood motionless while the nation took vengeance on its enemies. The event is recorded in the Scroll of the Upright One. The sun stood motionless in the middle of the sky and did not set for about a full day.

New Heart English Bible
The sun stood still, and the moon stayed, until the nation had avenged themselves of their enemies. Isn't this written in the book of Jashar? The sun stayed in the midst of the sky, and did not hurry to go down about a whole day.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The sun stood still, and the moon stopped until a nation got revenge on its enemies. Isn't this recorded in the Book of Jashar? The sun stopped in the middle of the sky, and for nearly a day the sun was in no hurry to set.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And the sun stood still, and the moon stayed, Until the nation had avenged themselves of their enemies. Is not this written in the book of Jashar? And the sun stayed in the midst of heaven, and hasted not to go down about a whole day.

New American Standard 1977
So the sun stood still, and the moon stopped, Until the nation avenged themselves of their enemies.Is it not written in the book of Jashar? And the sun stopped in the middle of the sky, and did not hasten to go down for about a whole day.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And the sun stood still, and the moon stayed until the nation had avenged themselves upon their enemies. Is not this written in the book of righteousness? So the sun stood still in the midst of heaven and hastened not to go down about a whole day.

King James 2000 Bible
And the sun stood still, and the moon stayed, until the people had avenged themselves upon their enemies. Is not this written in the book of Jasher? So the sun stood still in the midst of heaven, and hastened not to go down about a whole day.

American King James Version
And the sun stood still, and the moon stayed, until the people had avenged themselves on their enemies. Is not this written in the book of Jasher? So the sun stood still in the middle of heaven, and hurried not to go down about a whole day.

American Standard Version
And the sun stood still, and the moon stayed, Until the nation had avenged themselves of their enemies. Is not this written in the book of Jashar? And the sun stayed in the midst of heaven, and hasted not to go down about a whole day.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the sun and the moon stood still, till the people revenged themselves of their enemies. Is not this written in the book of the just? So the sun stood still in the midst of heaven, and hasted not to go down the space of one day.

Darby Bible Translation
And the sun stood still, and the moon remained where it was, until the nation had avenged themselves upon their enemies. Is not this written in the book of Jasher? And the sun remained standing in the midst of heaven, and hasted not to go down about a full day.

English Revised Version
And the sun stood still, and the moon stayed, until the nation had avenged themselves of their enemies. Is not this written in the book of Jashar? And the sun stayed in the midst of heaven, and hasted not to go down about a whole day.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the sun stood still, and the moon stayed, until the people had avenged themselves upon their enemies. Is not this written in the book of Jasher? So the sun stood still in the midst of heaven, and hasted not to go down about a whole day.

World English Bible
The sun stood still, and the moon stayed, until the nation had avenged themselves of their enemies. Isn't this written in the book of Jashar? The sun stayed in the midst of the sky, and didn't hurry to go down about a whole day.

Young's Literal Translation
and the sun standeth still, and the moon hath stood -- till the nation taketh vengeance on its enemies; is it not written on the Book of the Upright, 'and the sun standeth in the midst of the heavens, and hath not hasted to go in -- as a perfect day?'
Study Bible HEB ▾ 
The Day the Sun Stood Still
12On the day the LORD gave the Amorites over to the Israelites, Joshua spoke to the LORD in the presence of Israel: “O sun, stand still over Gibeon, O moon, over the Valley of Aijalon.” 13So the sun stood still and the moon stopped until the nation took vengeance upon its enemies. Is this not written in the Book of Jashar? “So the sun stopped in the middle of the sky and delayed going down almost a full day.” 14There has been no day like it before or since, when the LORD listened to the voice of a man, because the LORD fought for Israel.…
Cross References
2 Samuel 1:18
and he ordered that the sons of Judah be taught the Song of the Bow. It is written in the Book of Jashar:

Isaiah 38:8
I will make the sun's shadow that falls on the stairway of Ahaz go ten steps backward." So the shadow cast by the sun went back the ten steps it had descended.

Habakkuk 3:11
Sun and moon stood still in their places at the flash of Your flying arrows, at the brightness of Your shining spear.

Treasury of Scripture

And the sun stood still, and the moon stayed, until the people had avenged themselves on their enemies. Is not this written in the book of Jasher? So the sun stood still in the middle of heaven, and hurried not to go down about a whole day.

until

Numbers 31:2 Avenge the children of Israel of the Midianites: afterward shall …

Judges 5:2 Praise you the LORD for the avenging of Israel, when the people willingly …

Judges 16:28 And Samson called to the LORD, and said, O Lord God, remember me, …

Esther 8:13 The copy of the writing for a commandment to be given in every province …

Luke 18:7 And shall not God avenge his own elect, which cry day and night to …

Revelation 6:10 And they cried with a loud voice, saying, How long, O Lord, holy and true…

Jasher. or, the upright

Numbers 21:14 Why it is said in the book of the wars of the LORD, What he did in …

2 Samuel 1:18 (Also he bade them teach the children of Judah the use of the bow: …

So the sun

Joshua 10:11,14 And it came to pass, as they fled from before Israel, and were in …

Psalm 19:4 Their line is gone out through all the earth, and their words to …

Psalm 74:16,17 The day is yours, the night also is yours: you have prepared the …

Psalm 136:7-9 To him that made great lights: for his mercy endures for ever…

Psalm 148:3 Praise you him, sun and moon: praise him, all you stars of light.

Isaiah 24:23 Then the moon shall be confounded, and the sun ashamed, when the …

Isaiah 38:8 Behold, I will bring again the shadow of the degrees, which is gone …

Joel 2:10,31 The earth shall quake before them; the heavens shall tremble: the …

Joel 3:15 The sun and the moon shall be darkened, and the stars shall withdraw …

Matthew 5:45 That you may be the children of your Father which is in heaven: for …

Matthew 24:29 Immediately after the tribulation of those days shall the sun be …

Acts 2:20 The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before …

Revelation 6:12 And I beheld when he had opened the sixth seal, and, see, there was …

Revelation 8:12 And the fourth angel sounded, and the third part of the sun was smitten, …

Revelation 16:8 And the fourth angel poured out his vial on the sun; and power was …

Revelation 21:23 And the city had no need of the sun, neither of the moon, to shine …







Lexicon
So the sun
הַשֶּׁ֜מֶשׁ (haš·še·meš)
Article | Noun - common singular
Strong's Hebrew 8121: The sun, the east, a ray, a notched battlement

stood still
וַיִּדֹּ֨ם (way·yid·dōm)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1826: To be dumb, to be astonished, to stop, to perish

and the moon
וְיָרֵ֣חַ (wə·yā·rê·aḥ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3394: The moon

stopped
עָמָ֗ד (‘ā·māḏ)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5975: To stand, in various relations

until
עַד־ (‘aḏ-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5704: As far as, even to, up to, until, while

the nation
גּוֹי֙ (gō·w)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1471: A foreign nation, a Gentile, a troop of animals, a flight of locusts

took vengeance
יִקֹּ֥ם (yiq·qōm)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5358: To grudge, avenge, punish

upon its enemies.
אֹֽיְבָ֔יו (’ō·yə·ḇāw)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine plural construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 341: Hating, an adversary

Is this
הִ֥יא (hî)
Pronoun - third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1931: He, self, the same, this, that, as, are

not
הֲלֹא־ (hă·lō-)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

written
כְתוּבָ֖ה (ḵə·ṯū·ḇāh)
Verb - Qal - QalPassParticiple - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3789: To grave, to write

in
עַל־ (‘al-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

the Book
סֵ֣פֶר (sê·p̄er)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 5612: A missive, document, writing, book

of Jashar?
הַיָּשָׁ֑ר (hay·yā·šār)
Article | Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3477: Straight, right

“So the sun
הַשֶּׁ֙מֶשׁ֙ (haš·še·meš)
Article | Noun - common singular
Strong's Hebrew 8121: The sun, the east, a ray, a notched battlement

stopped
וַיַּעֲמֹ֤ד (way·ya·‘ă·mōḏ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5975: To stand, in various relations

in the middle
בַּחֲצִ֣י (ba·ḥă·ṣî)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 2677: The half, middle

of the sky
הַשָּׁמַ֔יִם (haš·šā·ma·yim)
Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 8064: Heaven, sky

and delayed
וְלֹא־ (wə·lō-)
Conjunctive waw | Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

going down
לָב֖וֹא (lā·ḇō·w)
Preposition-l | Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct
Strong's Hebrew 935: To come in, come, go in, go

almost a full
תָּמִֽים׃ (tā·mîm)
Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8549: Entire, integrity, truth

day.�
כְּי֥וֹם (kə·yō·wm)
Preposition-k | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3117: A day
(13) And the sun stood still, and the moon stayed.--Literally, the sun was silent, and the moon stopped.

The sun stood still (i.e., stopped) in the midst of heaven.--Literally, in the half of the heavens--i.e., either "in the midst of heaven," or "in the same hemisphere" (in the one-half of the heavens).

And hasted not to go down (or to go in) about a whole day.--The word cannot mean to rise, or ascend, and thus these words absolutely exclude the view that what Joshua desired was to prevent the sun from rising, in order to complete a night attack upon the Amorites.

Verse 13. - The moon stayed. The word עמד, which does mean to stand still, is used here. See also Habakkuk 3:11. But if we are to apply it to the moon and not to the light of the moon, where would be the use of the moon's standing still in the valley of Ajalon, when she would be low down in the sky westward, and incapable of rendering Joshua any help? If we regard the light of the moon as meant, there is no phrase more common in poetry and poetic prose than to speak of moonbeams "resting" upon an object. The people. The word here is גוִי. See note on Joshua 5:6. The Book of Jasher. See Introduction, Note 6. And the sun stood still. Here the word עָמַד is used of the sun. But, as before, it refers naturally enough to the sun's light. The declining sun continued to shine upon Gibeon, and in the neighbourhood, upon the descent from Beth-heron the Upper, and on the whole region throughout which the fugitive Canaanites were scattered. We need not suppose that all the discomfited host fled in one direction, and possibly in the neighbourhood of Gibeon itself there remained quite enough of the scattered portions of the host to need urgently the sun's light to complete their destruction. The midst. The Hebrew here is not the usual word for midst. It signifies literally, the half. About a whole day. Literally, as a perfect day. The LXX. renders οὐ προσεπορεύετο εἰς ἱυσμάς εἰς τέλος ἡμέρας μιᾶς, and the Vulgate, "Non festinavit occumbere spatio unius dict." What is the precise meaning of this passage it is difficult to say. The language is very obscure. It has been usually interpreted to mean that the sun remained in the heavens twelve hours longer than usual. But this, though the most natural, is by no means the only interpretation of the passage. The words, "did not hasten to go down as a perfect day," cannot be proved to have this meaning. In fact, it is difficult to fix a precise meaning on them. They belong rather to the domain of poetry than history, and their language is that of hyperbole rather than of exact narration of facts. Consequently, we are not entitled to build conclusions upon them, or draw arguments from them. It seems tolerably clear that twelve additional hours could hardly have been required by the Israelites for the complete extermination of their enemies. 10:7-14 The meanest and most feeble, who have just begun to trust the Lord, are as much entitled to be protected as those who have long and faithfully been his servants. It is our duty to defend the afflicted, who, like the Gibeonites, are brought into trouble on our account, or for the sake of the gospel. Joshua would not forsake his new vassals. How much less shall our true Joshua fail those who trust in Him! We may be wanting in our trust, but our trust never can want success. Yet God's promises are not to slacken and do away, but to quicken and encourage our endeavours. Notice the great faith of Joshua, and the power of God answering it by the miraculous staying of the sun, that the day of Israel's victories might be made longer. Joshua acted on this occasion by impulse on his mind from the Spirit of God. It was not necessary that Joshua should speak, or the miracle be recorded, according to the modern terms of astronomy. The sun appeared to the Israelites over Gibeon, and the moon over the valley of Ajalon, and there they appeared to be stopped on their course for one whole day. Is any thing too hard for the Lord? forms a sufficient answer to ten thousand difficulties, which objectors have in every age started against the truth of God as revealed in his written word. Proclamation was hereby made to the neighbouring nations, Behold the works of the Lord, and say, What nation is there so great as Israel, who has God so nigh unto them?
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Alphabetical: a about and as avenged Book day delayed did down enemies for full go going hasten in is it its itself Jashar middle moon nation not of on sky So still stood stopped sun the their themselves till to Until whole written

OT History: Joshua 10:13 The sun stood still and the moon (Josh. Jos) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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