Joshua 10:16
New International Version
Now the five kings had fled and hidden in the cave at Makkedah.

New Living Translation
During the battle the five kings escaped and hid in a cave at Makkedah.

English Standard Version
These five kings fled and hid themselves in the cave at Makkedah.

Berean Study Bible
Now the five kings had fled and hidden in the cave at Makkedah.

King James Bible
But these five kings fled, and hid themselves in a cave at Makkedah.

New King James Version
But these five kings had fled and hidden themselves in a cave at Makkedah.

New American Standard Bible
Now these five kings had fled and hidden themselves in the cave at Makkedah.

NASB 1995
Now these five kings had fled and hidden themselves in the cave at Makkedah.

NASB 1977
Now these five kings had fled and hidden themselves in the cave at Makkedah.

Amplified Bible
Now these five [Amorite] kings fled and hid themselves in the cave at Makkedah.

Christian Standard Bible
Now the five defeated kings had fled and hidden in the cave at Makkedah.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Now the five defeated kings had fled and hidden themselves in the cave at Makkedah.

American Standard Version
And these five kings fled, and hid themselves in the cave at Makkedah.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And these five Kings fled and they hid themselves in the cave of Maqar

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And these five kings fled, and hid themselves in a cave that is in Makeda.

Contemporary English Version
While the enemy soldiers were running from the Israelites, the five enemy kings ran away and hid in a cave near Makkedah.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For the five kings were fled, and had hidden themselves in a cave of the city of Maceda.

English Revised Version
And these five kings fled, and hid themselves in the cave at Makkedah.

Good News Translation
The five Amorite kings, however, had escaped and were hiding in the cave at Makkedah.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The five kings ran away and hid in the cave at Makkedah.

International Standard Version
Meanwhile, the five kings had fled and hidden themselves inside a cave at Makkedah.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And these five kings fled, and hid themselves in the cave at Makkedah.

Literal Standard Version
And these five kings flee, and are hidden in a cave at Makkedah,

NET Bible
The five Amorite kings ran away and hid in the cave at Makkedah.

New Heart English Bible
These five kings fled, and hid themselves in the cave at Makkedah.

World English Bible
These five kings fled, and hid themselves in the cave at Makkedah.

Young's Literal Translation
And these five kings flee, and are hidden in a cave at Makkedah,

Additional Translations ...
Context
The Victory at Makkedah
16Now the five kings had fled and hidden in the cave at Makkedah. 17And Joshua was informed: “The five kings have been found; they are hiding in the cave at Makkedah.”…

Cross References
Joshua 10:5
So the five kings of the Amorites--the kings of Jerusalem, Hebron, Jarmuth, Lachish, and Eglon--joined forces and advanced with all their armies. They camped before Gibeon and made war against it.

Joshua 10:15
Then Joshua returned with all Israel to the camp at Gilgal.

Joshua 10:17
And Joshua was informed: "The five kings have been found; they are hiding in the cave at Makkedah."

Psalm 68:12
"Kings and their armies flee in haste; she who waits at home divides the plunder.


Treasury of Scripture

But these five kings fled, and hid themselves in a cave at Makkedah.

and hid

Psalm 48:4-6
For, lo, the kings were assembled, they passed by together…

Psalm 139:7-10
Whither shall I go from thy spirit? or whither shall I flee from thy presence? …

Isaiah 2:10-12
Enter into the rock, and hide thee in the dust, for fear of the LORD, and for the glory of his majesty…

in a cave

Judges 6:2
And the hand of Midian prevailed against Israel: and because of the Midianites the children of Israel made them the dens which are in the mountains, and caves, and strong holds.

1 Samuel 13:6
When the men of Israel saw that they were in a strait, (for the people were distressed,) then the people did hide themselves in caves, and in thickets, and in rocks, and in high places, and in pits.

1 Samuel 24:3,8
And he came to the sheepcotes by the way, where was a cave; and Saul went in to cover his feet: and David and his men remained in the sides of the cave…









(16) In a cave.--Literally, in the cave in Makkedah, and so Joshua 10:17.

Verse 16. - In a cave. "In the cave" according to the Masoretic pointing. So the LXX., τὸ σπήλαιον. Dr. Maclear remarks on the number of caves in Palestine (see Genesis 19:30; Judges 20:47), as well as the well-known caves of Adullam and Engedi (1 Samuel 22:1, 24:3), and the cave in which a hundred prophets were concealed by Obadiah (1 Kings 18:4). Also see note on Joshua 2:22. But Lieut. Conder believes that in this particular neighbourhood there were few caves. See note on Makkedah above, ver. 10. For "these five kings" the original has simply "five kings." The order of the narrative is somewhat interrupted by the introduction of Joshua's adjuration, and the account of the flight of the five kings. Compare ver. 11 with ver. 20.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
Now the
הָאֵ֑לֶּה (hā·’êl·leh)
Article | Pronoun - common plural
Strong's 428: These, those

five
חֲמֵ֖שֶׁת (ḥă·mê·šeṯ)
Number - masculine singular construct
Strong's 2568: Five

kings
הַמְּלָכִ֣ים (ham·mə·lā·ḵîm)
Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's 4428: A king

had fled
וַיָּנֻ֕סוּ (way·yā·nu·sū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's 5127: To flit, vanish away

and hidden
וַיֵּחָבְא֥וּ (way·yê·ḥā·ḇə·’ū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Nifal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's 2244: To withdraw, hide

in the cave
בַמְּעָרָ֖ה (ḇam·mə·‘ā·rāh)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 4631: A cavern

at Makkedah.
בְּמַקֵּדָֽה׃ (bə·maq·qê·ḏāh)
Preposition-b | Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's 4719: Makkedah -- a place in Judah


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OT History: Joshua 10:16 These five kings fled and hid themselves (Josh. Jos)
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