Psalm 2:2
New International Version
The kings of the earth rise up and the rulers band together against the LORD and against his anointed, saying,

New Living Translation
The kings of the earth prepare for battle; the rulers plot together against the LORD and against his anointed one.

English Standard Version
The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together, against the LORD and against his Anointed, saying,

Berean Study Bible
The kings of the earth take their stand and the rulers gather together, against the LORD and against His Anointed One:

New American Standard Bible
The kings of the earth take their stand And the rulers take counsel together Against the LORD and against His Anointed, saying,

King James Bible
The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together, against the LORD, and against his anointed, saying,

Christian Standard Bible
The kings of the earth take their stand, and the rulers conspire together against the LORD and his Anointed One:

Contemporary English Version
The kings of this earth have all joined together to turn against the LORD and his chosen king.

Good News Translation
Their kings revolt, their rulers plot together against the LORD and against the king he chose.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The kings of the earth take their stand, and the rulers conspire together against the LORD and His Anointed One:"

International Standard Version
As the kings of the earth take their stand and the rulers conspire together against the LORD and his anointed one, they say,

NET Bible
The kings of the earth form a united front; the rulers collaborate against the LORD and his anointed king.

New Heart English Bible
The kings of the earth take a stand, and the rulers take counsel together, against the LORD, and against his Anointed:

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
The kings and rulers of the Earth stood up and counseled together against Lord Jehovah and against his Messiah:

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Kings take their stands. Rulers make plans together against the LORD and against his Messiah by saying,

JPS Tanakh 1917
The kings of the earth stand up, And the rulers take counsel together, Against the LORD, and against His anointed:

New American Standard 1977
The kings of the earth take their stand, And the rulers take counsel together Against the LORD and against His Anointed:

Jubilee Bible 2000
The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together, against the LORD and against his anointed, saying,

King James 2000 Bible
The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together, against the LORD, and against his anointed, saying,

American King James Version
The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together, against the LORD, and against his anointed, saying,

American Standard Version
The kings of the earth set themselves, And the rulers take counsel together, Against Jehovah, and against his anointed,'saying ,

Brenton Septuagint Translation
The kings of the earth stood up, and the rulers gathered themselves together, against the Lord, and against his Christ;

Douay-Rheims Bible
The kings of the earth stood up, and the princes met together, against the Lord and against his Christ.

Darby Bible Translation
The kings of the earth set themselves, and the princes plot together, against Jehovah and against his anointed:

English Revised Version
The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together, against the LORD, and against his anointed, saying,

Webster's Bible Translation
The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together, against the LORD, and against his anointed, saying,

World English Bible
The kings of the earth take a stand, and the rulers take counsel together, against Yahweh, and against his Anointed, saying,

Young's Literal Translation
Station themselves do kings of the earth, And princes have been united together, Against Jehovah, and against His Messiah:
Study Bible
The Triumphant Messiah
1Why do the nations rage and the peoples plot in vain? 2The kings of the earth take their stand and the rulers gather together, against the LORD and against His Anointed One: 3“Let us break Their chains and cast away Their cords.”…
Cross References
John 1:41
He first found his brother Simon and told him, "We have found the Messiah" (which is translated as Christ).

Acts 4:26
The kings of the earth take their stand and the rulers gather together against the Lord and against His Anointed One.'

Revelation 11:15
Then the seventh angel sounded his trumpet, and loud voices called out in heaven: "The kingdom of the world has become the kingdom of our Lord and of His Christ, and He will reign forever and ever."

Psalm 45:7
You have loved righteousness and hated wickedness; therefore God, your God, has placed you above your companions by anointing you with the oil of joy.

Psalm 46:6
Nations rage, kingdoms crumble; the earth melts when He lifts His voice.

Psalm 48:4
For behold, the kings assembled; they all advanced together.

Psalm 74:18
Remember how the enemy has mocked You, O LORD, how a foolish people has spurned Your name.

Psalm 74:23
Do not disregard the clamor of Your adversaries, the uproar of Your enemies that ascends continually.

Psalm 83:5
For with one mind they plot together, they form an alliance against You--

Psalm 84:9
Behold our shield, O God, and look with favor on the face of Your anointed.

Psalm 132:10
For the sake of Your servant David, do not reject Your anointed one.

Isaiah 45:9
Woe to him who quarrels with his Maker--one clay pot among many. Does the clay ask the potter, 'What are you making?' Does your work say, 'He has no hands'?

Ezekiel 11:2
And the LORD said to me, "Son of man, these are the men who plot evil and give wicked counsel in this city.

Amos 6:13
you who rejoice over Lo-debar and say, 'Did we not take Karnaim by our own strength?'

Zechariah 13:7
Awake, O sword, against My shepherd, against the man who is My Companion," declares the LORD of Hosts. "Strike the shepherd, and the sheep will be scattered, and I will turn My hand against the little ones.

Treasury of Scripture

The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together, against the LORD, and against his anointed, saying,

kings

Psalm 2:10
Be wise now therefore, O ye kings: be instructed, ye judges of the earth.

Psalm 48:4
For, lo, the kings were assembled, they passed by together.

Psalm 110:5
The Lord at thy right hand shall strike through kings in the day of his wrath.

rulers

Matthew 26:3,59
Then assembled together the chief priests, and the scribes, and the elders of the people, unto the palace of the high priest, who was called Caiaphas, …

Matthew 27:1
When the morning was come, all the chief priests and elders of the people took counsel against Jesus to put him to death:

Acts 4:5-8
And it came to pass on the morrow, that their rulers, and elders, and scribes, …

Lord

Exodus 16:7
And in the morning, then ye shall see the glory of the LORD; for that he heareth your murmurings against the LORD: and what are we, that ye murmur against us?

Proverbs 21:30
There is no wisdom nor understanding nor counsel against the LORD.

John 15:23
He that hateth me hateth my Father also.

anointed

Psalm 45:7
Thou lovest righteousness, and hatest wickedness: therefore God, thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows.

Psalm 89:20
I have found David my servant; with my holy oil have I anointed him:

Isaiah 61:1
The Spirit of the Lord GOD is upon me; because the LORD hath anointed me to preach good tidings unto the meek; he hath sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to them that are bound;







Lexicon
The kings
מַלְכֵי־ (mal·ḵê-)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 4428: A king

of the earth
אֶ֗רֶץ (’e·reṣ)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 776: Earth, land

take their stand
יִ֥תְיַצְּב֨וּ ׀ (yiṯ·yaṣ·ṣə·ḇū)
Verb - Hitpael - Imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 3320: To set or station oneself, take one's stand

and the rulers
וְרוֹזְנִ֥ים (wə·rō·wz·nîm)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 7336: To be weighty, judicious or commanding

gather
נֽוֹסְדוּ־ (nō·ws·ḏū-)
Verb - Nifal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 3245: To set, to found, to sit down together, settle, consult

together,
יָ֑חַד (yā·ḥaḏ)
Adverb
Strong's Hebrew 3162: A unit, unitedly

against
עַל־ (‘al-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

the LORD
יְ֝הוָה (Yah·weh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3068: LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel

and against
וְעַל־ (wə·‘al-)
Conjunctive waw | Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

His Anointed One:
מְשִׁיחֽוֹ׃ (mə·šî·ḥōw)
Adjective - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4899: Anointed, a consecrated person, the Messiah
(2) Set themselves--i.e., with hostile intent, as in Jeremiah 46:4, where the same word is used of warriors: "Stand forth with your helmets."

Rulers.--Properly, grave dignitaries.

Take counsel.--Better, have taken their pians, and are now mustering to carry them into effect. Notice the change of tense: in the first clause, the poet sees, as it were, the array; in the second, he goes back to its origin.

Against the Lord.--Notice the majestic simplicity of this line. The word Messiah is applicable in its first sense to any one anointed for a holy office or with holy oil (Leviticus 4:3; Leviticus 4:5; Leviticus 4:16). Its distinctive reference to an expected prince of the chosen people, who was to redeem them from their enemies, and fulfil completely all the Divine promises for them, probably dates from this psalm, or more distinctly from this psalm than from any one passage. At least, that the traditional Jewish interpretation had fastened upon it as of this importance is shown by the frequent and emphatic quotation of this psalm in the New Testament. (See New Testament use of these verses in Acts 4:25, and Note in New Testament Commentary.)

Verse 2. - The kings of the earth set themselves; or, draw themselves up in array (comp. Jeremiah 46:4). Such kings as Herod the Great, Herod Agrippa, Nero, Galerius, Diocletian, Julian the Apostate, etc. There is always a warfare between the world and the Church, in which kings are apt to take a part, most often on the worldly side. And the rulers take counsel together. "Rulers" are persons having authority, but below the rank of kings Such were the ethnarchs and tetrarchs of the first century, the governors of provinces under the Roman emperor, the members of the Jewish Sanhedrin, and the like. These last frequently "took counsel against the Lord" (see Matthew 26:3 - 5; Matthew 27:1; Acts 4:5, 6; Acts 5:21-41). Against the Lord, and against his Anointed, saying. In David's time the recognized "anointed of the Lord" was the divinely appointed King of Israel (1 Samuel 2:10; 1 Samuel 12:3, 5; 1 Samuel 16:6; 1 Samuel 24:6, 10; 1 Samuel 26:7, 16; 2 Samuel 1:14, 16: 19:21; 22:51; Psalm 17:50; 20:6; 28:8) - first Saul, and then David; but David here seems to designate by the term a Greater than himself - the true theocratic King, whom he typified. 2:1-6 We are here told who would appear as adversaries to Christ. As this world is the kingdom of Satan, unconverted men, of every rank, party, and character, are stirred up by him to oppose the cause of God. But the rulers of the earth generally have been most active. The truths and precepts of Christianity are against ambitious projects and worldly lusts. We are told what they aim at in this opposition. They would break asunder the bands of conscience, and the cords of God's commandments; they will not receive, but cast them away as far as they can. These enemies can show no good cause for opposing so just and holy a government, which, if received by all, would bring a heaven upon earth. They can hope for no success in so opposing so powerful a kingdom. The Lord Jesus has all power both in heaven and in earth, and is Head over all things to the church, notwithstanding the restless endeavours of his enemies. Christ's throne is set up in his church, that is, in the hearts of all believers.
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