Daniel 2:37
New International Version
Your Majesty, you are the king of kings. The God of heaven has given you dominion and power and might and glory;

New Living Translation
Your Majesty, you are the greatest of kings. The God of heaven has given you sovereignty, power, strength, and honor.

English Standard Version
You, O king, the king of kings, to whom the God of heaven has given the kingdom, the power, and the might, and the glory,

Berean Study Bible
You, O king, are the king of kings, to whom the God of heaven has given sovereignty, power, strength, and glory.

New American Standard Bible
"You, O king, are the king of kings, to whom the God of heaven has given the kingdom, the power, the strength and the glory;

King James Bible
Thou, O king, art a king of kings: for the God of heaven hath given thee a kingdom, power, and strength, and glory.

Christian Standard Bible
Your Majesty, you are king of kings. The God of the heavens has given you sovereignty, power, strength, and glory.

Contemporary English Version
Your Majesty, you are the greatest of kings, and God has highly honored you with power

Good News Translation
Your Majesty, you are the greatest of all kings. The God of heaven has made you emperor and given you power, might, and honor.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Your Majesty, you are king of kings. The God of heaven has given you sovereignty, power, strength, and glory.

International Standard Version
You, your majesty, king of kings—to whom the God of heaven has given the kingdom, the power, the strength, and the glory,

NET Bible
"You, O king, are the king of kings. The God of heaven has granted you sovereignty, power, strength, and honor.

New Heart English Bible
You, O king, are king of kings, to whom the God of heaven has given the kingdom, the power, and the strength, and the glory;

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"Your Majesty, you are the greatest king. The God of heaven has given you a kingdom. He has given you power, strength, and honor.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Thou, O king, king of kings, unto whom the God of heaven hath given the kingdom, the power, and the strength, and the glory;

New American Standard 1977
“You, O king, are the king of kings, to whom the God of heaven has given the kingdom, the power, the strength, and the glory;

Jubilee Bible 2000
Thou, O king, art king of kings, for the God of heaven has given thee the kingdom, the power, and the strength, and the majesty.

King James 2000 Bible
You, O king, are a king of kings: for the God of heaven has given you a kingdom, power, and strength, and glory.

American King James Version
You, O king, are a king of kings: for the God of heaven has given you a kingdom, power, and strength, and glory.

American Standard Version
Thou, O king, art king of kings, unto whom the God of heaven hath given the kingdom, the power, and the strength, and the glory;

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Thou, O king, art a king of kings, to whom the God of heaven has given a powerful and strong and honourable kingdom,

Douay-Rheims Bible
Thou art a king of kings: and the God of heaven hath given thee a kingdom, and strength, and power, and glory:

Darby Bible Translation
Thou, O king, art a king of kings, unto whom the God of the heavens hath given the kingdom, the power, and the strength, and the glory;

English Revised Version
Thou, O king, art king of kings, unto whom the God of heaven hath given the kingdom, the power, and the strength, and the glory;

Webster's Bible Translation
Thou, O king, art a king of kings: for the God of heaven hath given thee a kingdom, power, and strength, and glory.

World English Bible
You, O king, are king of kings, to whom the God of heaven has given the kingdom, the power, and the strength, and the glory;

Young's Literal Translation
'Thou, O king, art a king of kings, for the God of the heavens a kingdom, strength, and might, and glory, hath given to thee;
Study Bible
Daniel Interprets the Dream
36This was the dream; now we will tell the king its interpretation. 37You, O king, are the king of kings, to whom the God of heaven has given sovereignty, power, strength, and glory. 38Wherever the sons of men or beasts of the field or birds of the air dwell, He has given them into your hand and has made you ruler over them all. You are that head of gold.…
Cross References
2 Kings 25:28
And he spoke kindly to Jehoiachin and set his throne over the thrones of the kings who were with him in Babylon.

Ezra 7:12
Artaxerxes, king of kings. To Ezra the priest, the scribe of the Law of the God of heaven: Greetings.

Psalm 62:11
God has spoken once; I have heard this twice: that power belongs to God,

Isaiah 47:5
Sit in silence and go into darkness, O Daughter of Chaldea. For you will no longer be called the queen of kingdoms.

Jeremiah 27:6
So now I have placed all these lands under the authority of My servant Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon. I have even made the beasts of the field subject to him.

Jeremiah 27:7
All nations will serve him and his son and grandson, until the time of his own land comes; then many nations and great kings will enslave him.

Jeremiah 34:1
This is the word that came to Jeremiah from the LORD when Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, all his army, all the earthly kingdoms under his control, and all the other nations were fighting against Jerusalem and all its surrounding cities:

Ezekiel 26:7
For this is what the Lord GOD says: 'Behold, I will bring against Tyre from the north King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon, king of kings, with horses and chariots, with cavalry and a great company of troops.

Daniel 1:2
And the Lord delivered into his hand Jehoiakim king of Judah, along with some of the articles from the house of God. He carried these off to the land of Shinar, to the house of his god, where he put them into the treasury of his god.

Daniel 2:44
In the days of those kings, the God of heaven will set up a kingdom that will never be destroyed, and this kingdom will not be left to another people. It will shatter all these kingdoms and bring them to an end, but will itself stand forever.

Daniel 4:22
you, O king, are that tree! For you have become great and strong; your greatness has grown to reach the sky, and your dominion extends to the ends of the earth.

Daniel 4:25
You will be driven away from mankind, and your dwelling will be with the beasts of the field. You will feed on grass like cattle and be drenched with the dew of heaven, and seven times shall pass you by, until you acknowledge that the Most High is ruler over the kingdom of mankind, and He gives it to anyone He wishes.

Daniel 5:18
As for you, O king, the Most High God gave your father Nebuchadnezzar sovereignty and greatness, glory and honor.

Daniel 7:14
And He was given dominion, glory, and kingship, so that every people, nation, and language should serve Him. His dominion is an everlasting dominion that will not pass away, and His kingdom is one that will never be destroyed.

Treasury of Scripture

You, O king, are a king of kings: for the God of heaven has given you a kingdom, power, and strength, and glory.

a king.

1 Kings 4:24
For he had dominion over all the region on this side the river, from Tiphsah even to Azzah, over all the kings on this side the river: and he had peace on all sides round about him.

Ezra 7:12
Artaxerxes, king of kings, unto Ezra the priest, a scribe of the law of the God of heaven, perfect peace, and at such a time.

Isaiah 10:8
For he saith, Are not my princes altogether kings?

the God.

Daniel 4:25,32
That they shall drive thee from men, and thy dwelling shall be with the beasts of the field, and they shall make thee to eat grass as oxen, and they shall wet thee with the dew of heaven, and seven times shall pass over thee, till thou know that the most High ruleth in the kingdom of men, and giveth it to whomsoever he will…

Daniel 5:18
O thou king, the most high God gave Nebuchadnezzar thy father a kingdom, and majesty, and glory, and honour:

2 Chronicles 36:23
Thus saith Cyrus king of Persia, All the kingdoms of the earth hath the LORD God of heaven given me; and he hath charged me to build him an house in Jerusalem, which is in Judah. Who is there among you of all his people? The LORD his God be with him, and let him go up.

power.

Daniel 4:3,34
How great are his signs! and how mighty are his wonders! his kingdom is an everlasting kingdom, and his dominion is from generation to generation…

Psalm 62:11
God hath spoken once; twice have I heard this; that power belongeth unto God.

Matthew 6:13
And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil: For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, for ever. Amen.







Lexicon
You,
תתן־ (’ant)
Pronoun - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 607: You

O king,
מַלְכָּ֔א (mal·kā)
Noun - masculine singular determinate
Strong's Hebrew 4430: A king

are the king
מֶ֖לֶךְ (me·leḵ)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 4430: A king

of kings,
מַלְכַיָּ֑א (mal·ḵay·yā)
Noun - masculine plural determinate
Strong's Hebrew 4430: A king

to whom
דִּ֚י (dî)
Pronoun - relative
Strong's Hebrew 1768: Who, which, that, because

the God
אֱלָ֣הּ (’ĕ·lāh)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 426: God

of heaven
שְׁמַיָּ֔א (šə·may·yā)
Noun - mdd
Strong's Hebrew 8065: The sky

has given
יְהַב־ (yə·haḇ-)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3052: To give, to put, imperatively, come

sovereignty,
מַלְכוּתָ֥א (mal·ḵū·ṯā)
Noun - feminine singular determinate
Strong's Hebrew 4437: Royalty, reign, kingdom

power,
חִסְנָ֛א (ḥis·nā)
Noun - masculine singular determinate
Strong's Hebrew 2632: (royal) power

strength,
וְתָקְפָּ֥א (wə·ṯā·qə·pā)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular determinate
Strong's Hebrew 8632: Power

and glory.
וִֽיקָרָ֖א (wî·qā·rā)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular determinate
Strong's Hebrew 3367: Value, wealth, costliness, dignity
(37, 38) Interpretation of the vision. Nebuchadnezzar is the head; or, in other words, he is the first of the four kingdoms which are denoted by the image. His kingdom was the largest that the world had till then known; in fact, a writer cited by Josephus (Ap. i. 20), compares him to Hercules. We find a similar allusion to the beasts of the field as Nebuchadnezzar's servants Jeremiah 27:6; Jeremiah 28:14. The title of "king of kings" is also ascribed to Nebuchadnezzar by Ezekiel (Ezekiel 26:7). We are therefore left in no doubt as to what is meant by the first of the four empires. It is the Babylonian Empire, of which Nebuchadnezzar was in every sense the head, being the actual founder of it, and its mainstay during his long reign of forty-three years.

Verse 37. - Thou, O king, art a king of kings: for the God of heaven hath given thee a kingdom, power, and strength, and glory. The Septuagint renders the latter clause, "To thee the Lord of heaven gave the dominion, and the kingdom, and the might, and the honor, and the glory in all the earth (ἐν πάσῃ τῇ οἰκουμένῃ)." There appears here to be two cases of doublet; ἀρχὴ and βασιλεία are probably originally alternative renderings of malcutha, and τιμὴ and δόξα double renderings of yiqara. On this hypothesis there is only one Greek word for two Aramaic. We shall consider this later. Paulus Tellensis, in his translation of the Septuagint Version, draws the beginning of the next verse into connection with the final words of this verse as given here. The words, "in the whole earth," is a transference from the next verse. The rendering of Theodotion is, "Thou, O king, art a king of kings, to whom the God of heaven gave a strong and mighty and honourable kingdom," making thus hisna, toqpa, and yiqara adjectives of malcut a. But malcutha is feminine, and, if adjectives. hisna, etc., are masculine. The Peshitta differs from the Massoretic in leaving out one of the terms, "Thou, O king, art a king of kings; God most high (merima) a strong kingdom and glory has given to thee." Of course, the same objection holds to some extent against this version as against that of Theodotion, but it is to be noted that there are not two words conveying the same idea of strength. As there was only one in the Septuagint, we are inclined to think that toqpi must have been an addition. Jerome's rendering is, "Thou art a king of kings, and the God of heaven has given to thee the kingdom, and might, and dominion, and glory." There seems to be a transposition here. The general scope of this verse and the next is given in Jeremiah 27:5, 6. There is certainly high honour given to Nebuchadnezzar in this address, but, at the same time, he is warned that all his glory is bestowed upon him by the God of heaven. It is possible that Nebuchadnezzar interpreted the words as referring to Merodach, the god whom he specially worshipped, or regarded the God of heaven as only another of the gods many and lords many which, as a polytheist, he acknowledged. The title of the Babylonian king was shar-sharani," king of kings," and sharru-rabbu, "great king." Thus in this address the technical title is given him. The Babylonian monarchs assumed this from their Assyrian predecessors, as e.g. Asshurbanipal (Smith, 'History,' pp. 26, 73, 196). From the Babylonians it was passed on to the Persian monarchs. In Ezekiel 26:7 the prophet gives Nebuchadnezzar this title. As we find by the succeeding verse, the kingdom here is not mere royalty or kingship, but the special royalty of practically universal empire; that is to say, universal so far as the knowledge of the times went. Our rendering in the Authorized Version fails in accuracy, in not inserting the definite article, which is really implied in the sign of the status emphaticus. Luther makes the same mistake. Happily the Revisers have altered matters, and inserted "the," as does Behrmann. The Greek Version and Peshitta are accurate in this. The word translated "power," חִסְנָא (his'na), is consonantly present in both dialects of more recent Aramaic. 2:31-45 This image represented the kingdoms of the earth, that should successively rule the nations, and influence the affairs of the Jewish church. 1. The head of gold signified the Chaldean empire, then in being. 2. The breast and arms of silver signified the empire of the Medes and Persians. 3. The belly and thighs of brass signified the Grecian empire, founded by Alexander. 4. The legs and feet of iron signified the Roman empire. The Roman empire branched into ten kingdoms, as the toes of these feet. Some were weak as clay, others strong as iron. Endeavours have often been used to unite them, for strengthening the empire, but in vain. The stone cut out without hands, represented the kingdom of our Lord Jesus Christ, which should be set up in the kingdoms of the world, upon the ruins of Satan's kingdom in them. This was the Stone which the builders refused, because it was not cut out by their hands, but it is become the head stone of the corner. Of the increase of Christ's government and peace there shall be no end. The Lord shall reign, not only to the end of time, but when time and days shall be no more. As far as events have gone, the fulfilling this prophetic vision has been most exact and undeniable; future ages shall witness this Stone destroying the image, and filling the whole earth.
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