Daniel 5:19
New International Version
Because of the high position he gave him, all the nations and peoples of every language dreaded and feared him. Those the king wanted to put to death, he put to death; those he wanted to spare, he spared; those he wanted to promote, he promoted; and those he wanted to humble, he humbled.

New Living Translation
He made him so great that people of all races and nations and languages trembled before him in fear. He killed those he wanted to kill and spared those he wanted to spare. He honored those he wanted to honor and disgraced those he wanted to disgrace.

English Standard Version
And because of the greatness that he gave him, all peoples, nations, and languages trembled and feared before him. Whom he would, he killed, and whom he would, he kept alive; whom he would, he raised up, and whom he would, he humbled.

Berean Study Bible
Because of the greatness that He bestowed on him, all peoples, nations, and men of every language trembled in fear before him. He killed whom he wished and kept alive whom he wished; he exalted whom he wished and humbled whom he wished.

New American Standard Bible
"Because of the grandeur which He bestowed on him, all the peoples, nations and men of every language feared and trembled before him; whomever he wished he killed and whomever he wished he spared alive; and whomever he wished he elevated and whomever he wished he humbled.

King James Bible
And for the majesty that he gave him, all people, nations, and languages, trembled and feared before him: whom he would he slew; and whom he would he kept alive; and whom he would he set up; and whom he would he put down.

Christian Standard Bible
Because of the greatness he gave him, all peoples, nations, and languages were terrified and fearful of him. He killed anyone he wanted and kept alive anyone he wanted; he exalted anyone he wanted and humbled anyone he wanted.

Contemporary English Version
God did such great things for him that people of all nations and races shook with fear. Your father had the power of life or death over everyone, and he could honor or ruin anyone he chose.

Good News Translation
He was so great that people of all nations, races, and languages were afraid of him and trembled. If he wanted to kill someone, he did; if he wanted to keep someone alive, he did. He honored or disgraced anyone he wanted to.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Because of the greatness He gave him, all peoples, nations, and languages were terrified and fearful of him. He killed anyone he wanted and kept alive anyone he wanted; he exalted anyone he wanted and humbled anyone he wanted.

International Standard Version
And because of the greatness that he gave him, all peoples, nations, and languages revered and feared him. He executed those whom he desired to execute, he spared those whom he wished to spare, he promoted those whom he desired to promote, and he humbled those whom he wished to humble.

NET Bible
Due to the greatness that he bestowed on him, all peoples, nations, and language groups were trembling with fear before him. He killed whom he wished, he spared whom he wished, he exalted whom he wished, and he brought low whom he wished.

New Heart English Bible
And because of the greatness that he gave him, all the peoples, nations, and languages trembled and feared before him. Whom he would he killed, and whom he would he kept alive; and whom he would he raised up, and whom he would he put down.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
People from every province, nation, and language trembled and were terrified by him, because God gave him power. Nebuchadnezzar killed whomever he wanted to kill, and he kept alive whomever he wanted to keep alive. He promoted whomever he wanted to promote, and he demoted whomever he wanted to demote.

JPS Tanakh 1917
and because of the greatness that He gave him, all the peoples, nations, and languages trembled and feared before him: whom he would he slew, and whom he would he kept alive; and whom he would he raised up, and whom he would he put down.

New American Standard 1977
“And because of the grandeur which He bestowed on him, all the peoples, nations, and men of every language feared and trembled before him; whomever he wished he killed, and whomever he wished he spared alive; and whomever he wished he elevated, and whomever he wished he humbled.

Jubilee Bible 2000
and by the greatness that he gave him, all the peoples, nations, and languages, trembled and feared before him; whom he would he slew; and whom he would he kept alive; and whom he would he set up; and whom he would he humbled.

King James 2000 Bible
And for the majesty that he gave him, all people, nations, and languages, trembled and feared before him: whom he would he slew; and whom he would he kept alive; and whom he would he set up; and whom he would he put down.

American King James Version
And for the majesty that he gave him, all people, nations, and languages, trembled and feared before him: whom he would he slew; and whom he would he kept alive; and whom he would he set up; and whom he would he put down.

American Standard Version
and because of the greatness that he gave him, all the peoples, nations, and languages trembled and feared before him: whom he would he slew, and whom he would he kept alive; and whom he would he raised up, and whom he would he put down.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
and by reason of the majesty which he gave to him, all nations, tribes, and languages trembled and feared before him: whom he would he slew; and whom he would he smote; and whom he would he exalted; and whom he would he abased.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And for the greatness that he gave to him, all people, tribes, and languages trembled, and were afraid of him: whom he would, he slew: and whom he would, he destroyed: and whom he would, he set up: and whom he would, he brought down.

Darby Bible Translation
and for the greatness that he gave him, all peoples, nations, and languages, trembled and feared before him: whom he would he slew, and whom he would he kept alive; and whom he would he exalted, and whom he would he humbled.

English Revised Version
and because of the greatness that he gave him, all the peoples, nations, and languages trembled and feared before him: whom he would he slew, and whom he would he kept alive; and whom he would he raised up, and whom he would he put down.

Webster's Bible Translation
And for the majesty that he gave him, all people, nations, and languages, trembled and feared before him: whom he would he slew; and whom he would he kept alive; and whom he would he set up; and whom he would he put down.

World English Bible
and because of the greatness that he gave him, all the peoples, nations, and languages trembled and feared before him: whom he would he killed, and whom he would he kept alive; and whom he would he raised up, and whom he would he put down.

Young's Literal Translation
and because of the greatness that He gave to him, all peoples, nations, and languages were trembling and fearing before him: whom he willed he was slaying, and whom he willed he was keeping alive, and whom he willed he was raising up, and whom he willed he was making low;
Study Bible
Daniel Interprets the Handwriting
18As for you, O king, the Most High God gave your father Nebuchadnezzar sovereignty and greatness, glory and honor. 19Because of the greatness that He bestowed on him, all peoples, nations, and men of every language trembled in fear before him. He killed whom he wished and kept alive whom he wished; he exalted whom he wished and humbled whom he wished. 20But when his heart was exalted and his spirit hardened in pride, he was deposed from his royal throne, and his glory was taken from him.…
Cross References
Revelation 5:9
And they sang a new song: "Worthy are You to take the scroll and open its seals, because You were slain, and by Your blood You purchased for God those from every tribe and tongue and people and nation.

2 Kings 25:28
And he spoke kindly to Jehoiachin and set his throne over the thrones of the kings who were with him in Babylon.

Ezekiel 31:11
I handed it over to the ruler of the nations, for him to deal with it according to its wickedness. I have banished it.

Daniel 2:12
This response made the king so angry and furious that he gave orders to destroy all the wise men of Babylon.

Daniel 2:13
So the decree went out that the wise men were to be executed, and men went to look for Daniel and his friends to execute them.

Daniel 3:6
And whoever does not fall down and worship will immediately be thrown into the burning fiery furnace."

Daniel 4:17
This decision is the decree of the watchers, the verdict declared by the holy ones, so that the living will know that the Most High is ruler over the kingdom of mankind, and gives it to whom He wishes, setting over it the lowliest of men.'

Daniel 11:3
Then a mighty king will arise, who will rule with great authority and do as he pleases.

Daniel 11:16
The invader will do as he pleases, and no one will stand against him. He will establish himself in the Beautiful Land, with destruction in his hand.

Daniel 11:36
Then the king will do as he pleases and will exalt and magnify himself above every god, and he will speak monstrous things against the God of gods. He will be successful until the time of wrath is completed, for what has been decreed must be accomplished.

Treasury of Scripture

And for the majesty that he gave him, all people, nations, and languages, trembled and feared before him: whom he would he slew; and whom he would he kept alive; and whom he would he set up; and whom he would he put down.

that he.

Daniel 3:4
Then an herald cried aloud, To you it is commanded, O people, nations, and languages,

Daniel 4:22
It is thou, O king, that art grown and become strong: for thy greatness is grown, and reacheth unto heaven, and thy dominion to the end of the earth.

Jeremiah 25:9
Behold, I will send and take all the families of the north, saith the LORD, and Nebuchadrezzar the king of Babylon, my servant, and will bring them against this land, and against the inhabitants thereof, and against all these nations round about, and will utterly destroy them, and make them an astonishment, and an hissing, and perpetual desolations.

whom he would he slew.

Daniel 2:12,13
For this cause the king was angry and very furious, and commanded to destroy all the wise men of Babylon…

Daniel 3:6,20,29
And whoso falleth not down and worshippeth shall the same hour be cast into the midst of a burning fiery furnace…

Proverbs 16:14
The wrath of a king is as messengers of death: but a wise man will pacify it.







Lexicon
Because of
וּמִן־ (ū·min-)
Conjunctive waw | Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 4481: From, out of, by, by reason of, at, more than

the greatness
רְבוּתָא֙ (rə·ḇū·ṯā)
Noun - feminine singular determinate
Strong's Hebrew 7238: Greatness

that
דִּ֣י (dî)
Pronoun - relative
Strong's Hebrew 1768: Who, which, that, because

He bestowed
יְהַב־ (yə·haḇ-)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3052: To give, to put, imperatively, come

on him,
לֵ֔הּ (lêh)
Preposition | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew

all
כֹּ֣ל (kōl)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3606: The whole, all, any, every

peoples,
עַֽמְמַיָּ֗א (‘am·may·yā)
Noun - masculine plural determinate
Strong's Hebrew 5972: A people, a tribe, troops, attendants, a flock

nations,
אֻמַיָּא֙ (’u·may·yā)
Noun - feminine plural determinate
Strong's Hebrew 524: A collection, community of persons

and [men of every] language
וְלִשָּׁ֣נַיָּ֔א (wə·liš·šā·nay·yā)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine plural determinate
Strong's Hebrew 3961: Speech, a nation

trembled
הֲו֛וֹ (hă·wōw)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 1934: To become, come to pass, be

in fear
וְדָחֲלִ֖ין (wə·ḏā·ḥă·lîn)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 1763: To slink, to fear, be formidable

before him.
קֳדָמ֑וֹהִי (qo·ḏā·mō·w·hî)
Preposition | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6925: Before

He killed
קָטֵ֗ל (qā·ṭêl)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6992: To kill

whom he wished
צָבֵ֜א (ṣā·ḇê)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6634: To be inclined, desire, be pleased

and kept alive
מַחֵ֔א (ma·ḥê)
Verb - Hifil - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2418: To live

whom
דִּֽי־ (dî-)
Pronoun - relative
Strong's Hebrew 1768: Who, which, that, because

he wished;
צָבֵא֙ (ṣā·ḇê)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6634: To be inclined, desire, be pleased

he exalted
מָרִ֔ים (mā·rîm)
Verb - Hifil - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7313: To be high, to rise, raise

whom
וְדִֽי־ (wə·ḏî-)
Conjunctive waw | Pronoun - relative
Strong's Hebrew 1768: Who, which, that, because

he wished
צָבֵא֙ (ṣā·ḇê)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6634: To be inclined, desire, be pleased

and humbled
מַשְׁפִּֽיל׃ (maš·pîl)
Verb - Hifil - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8214: To depress, sink

whom
וְדִֽי־ (wə·ḏî-)
Conjunctive waw | Pronoun - relative
Strong's Hebrew 1768: Who, which, that, because

he wished.
צָבֵ֖א (ṣā·ḇê)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6634: To be inclined, desire, be pleased
5:18-31 Daniel reads Belshazzar's doom. He had not taken warning by the judgments upon Nebuchadnezzar. And he had insulted God. Sinners are pleased with gods that neither see, nor hear, nor know; but they will be judged by One to whom all things are open. Daniel reads the sentence written on the wall. All this may well be applied to the doom of every sinner. At death, the sinner's days are numbered and finished; after death is the judgment, when he will be weighed in the balance, and found wanting; and after judgment the sinner will be cut asunder, and given as a prey to the devil and his angels. While these things were passing in the palace, it is considered that the army of Cyrus entered the city; and when Belshazzar was slain, a general submission followed. Soon will every impenitent sinner find the writing of God's word brought to pass upon him, whether he is weighed in the balance of the law as a self-righteous Pharisee, or in that of the gospel as a painted hypocrite.
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Alphabetical: alive all and Because before bestowed death dreaded elevated every feared gave grandeur he high him humble humbled killed king language men nations of on peoples position promote promoted put spare spared the Those to trembled wanted which whomever wished

OT Prophets: Daniel 5:19 And because of the greatness that he (Dan. Da Dn) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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