Jeremiah 51:20
New International Version
"You are my war club, my weapon for battle-- with you I shatter nations, with you I destroy kingdoms,

New Living Translation
“You are my battle-ax and sword,” says the LORD. “With you I will shatter nations and destroy many kingdoms.

English Standard Version
“You are my hammer and weapon of war: with you I break nations in pieces; with you I destroy kingdoms;

Berean Study Bible
“You are My war club, My weapon for battle. With you I shatter nations; with you I bring kingdoms to ruin.

New American Standard Bible
He says, "You are My war-club, My weapon of war; And with you I shatter nations, And with you I destroy kingdoms.

King James Bible
Thou art my battle axe and weapons of war: for with thee will I break in pieces the nations, and with thee will I destroy kingdoms;

Christian Standard Bible
You are my war club, my weapons of war. With you I will smash nations; with you I will bring kingdoms to ruin.

Contemporary English Version
Babylonia, you were my hammer; I used you to pound nations and break kingdoms,

Good News Translation
The LORD says, "Babylonia, you are my hammer, my weapon of war. I used you to crush nations and kingdoms,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
You are My battle club, My weapons of war. With you I will smash nations; with you I will bring kingdoms to ruin.

International Standard Version
"You are my war-club and weapons of war. I'll smash nations with you and destroy kingdoms with you.

NET Bible
"Babylon, you are my war club, my weapon for battle. I used you to smash nations. I used you to destroy kingdoms.

New Heart English Bible
"You are my battle axe and weapons of war: and with you will I break in pieces the nations; and with you will I destroy kingdoms;

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"You are my war club and my weapon for battle. I will use you to crush nations. I will use you to destroy kingdoms.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Thou art My maul and weapons of war, And with thee will I shatter the nations, And with thee will I destroy kingdoms;

New American Standard 1977
He says, “You are My war-club, My weapon of war; And with you I shatter nations, And with you I destroy kingdoms.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Thou art my hammer, O weapons of war: for with thee I will break in pieces the Gentiles, and with thee I will destroy kingdoms;

King James 2000 Bible
You are my battle-axe and weapons of war: for with you will I break in pieces the nations, and with you will I destroy kingdoms;

American King James Version
You are my battle ax and weapons of war: for with you will I break in pieces the nations, and with you will I destroy kingdoms;

American Standard Version
Thou art my battle-axe and weapons of war: and with thee will I break in pieces the nations; and with thee will I destroy kingdoms;

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Thou scatterest for me the weapons of war: and I will scatter nations by thee, and will destroy kings by means of thee.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Thou dashest together for me the weapons of war, and with thee I will dash nations together, and with thee I will destroy kingdoms:

Darby Bible Translation
Thou art my maul, [my] weapons of war: and with thee I will break in pieces the nations, and I will with thee destroy kingdoms;

English Revised Version
Thou art my battle axe and weapons of war: and with thee will I break in pieces the nations; and with thee will I destroy kingdoms;

Webster's Bible Translation
Thou art my battle-ax and weapons of war: for with thee will I break in pieces the nations, and with thee will I destroy kingdoms;

World English Bible
You are my battle axe and weapons of war: and with you will I break in pieces the nations; and with you will I destroy kingdoms;

Young's Literal Translation
An axe art thou to me -- weapons of war, And I have broken in pieces by thee nations, And I have destroyed by thee kingdoms,
Study Bible
Babylon's Punishment
20“You are My war club, My weapon for battle. With you I shatter nations; with you I bring kingdoms to ruin. 21With you I shatter the horse and rider; with you I shatter the chariot and driver.…
Cross References
Isaiah 8:9
Huddle together, O peoples, and be shattered; pay attention, all you distant lands; prepare for battle, and be broken; prepare for battle, and be dismayed.

Isaiah 10:5
Woe to Assyria, the rod of My anger; the staff in their hands is My wrath.

Isaiah 10:15
Does an ax raise itself above the one who swings it? Does a saw boast over him who saws with it? It would be like a staff waving the one who lifts it! It would be like a staff lifting him who is not wood!

Isaiah 41:15
Behold, I will make you into a threshing sledge, new and sharp, with many teeth. You will thresh the mountains and crush them, and reduce the hills to chaff.

Isaiah 41:16
You will winnow them, and a wind will carry them away; a gale will scatter them. But you will rejoice in the LORD; you will glory in the Holy One of Israel.

Isaiah 45:1
This is what the LORD says to Cyrus His anointed, whose right hand I have grasped to subdue nations before him, to disarm kings, to open the doors before him, so that the gates will not be shut:

Jeremiah 50:23
How the hammer of the whole earth lies broken and shattered! What a horror Babylon has become among the nations!

Ezekiel 21:31
I will pour out My anger upon you; I will breathe the fire of My fury against you; I will hand you over to brutal men, skilled in destruction.

Micah 4:12
But they do not know the thoughts of the LORD or understand His plan: that He has gathered them like sheaves to the threshing floor.

Micah 4:13
Rise and thresh, O Daughter of Zion, for I will give you horns of iron and hooves of bronze to break to pieces many peoples. Then you will devote their gain to the LORD, their wealth to the Lord of all the earth.

Nahum 2:1
One who scatters advances against you, O Nineveh. Guard the fortress! Watch the road! Brace yourself! Summon all your strength!

Zechariah 9:13
For I will bend Judah as My bow and fit it with Ephraim. I will rouse your sons, O Zion, against the sons of Greece. I will make you like the sword of a mighty man.

Zechariah 10:4
The cornerstone will come from Judah, the tent peg from him, as well as the battle bow and every ruler together.

Treasury of Scripture

You are my battle ax and weapons of war: for with you will I break in pieces the nations, and with you will I destroy kingdoms;

art

Jeremiah 50:23
How is the hammer of the whole earth cut asunder and broken! how is Babylon become a desolation among the nations!

Isaiah 10:5,15
O Assyrian, the rod of mine anger, and the staff in their hand is mine indignation…

Isaiah 13:5
They come from a far country, from the end of heaven, even the LORD, and the weapons of his indignation, to destroy the whole land.

with thee.

Jeremiah 25:9,11
Behold, I will send and take all the families of the north, saith the LORD, and Nebuchadrezzar the king of Babylon, my servant, and will bring them against this land, and against the inhabitants thereof, and against all these nations round about, and will utterly destroy them, and make them an astonishment, and an hissing, and perpetual desolations…

Jeremiah 27:5-7
I have made the earth, the man and the beast that are upon the ground, by my great power and by my outstretched arm, and have given it unto whom it seemed meet unto me…







Lexicon
“You
אַתָּ֣ה (’at·tāh)
Pronoun - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 859: Thou and thee, ye and you

are My war club,
מַפֵּץ־ (map·pêṣ-)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4661: A smiter, a war club

My weapon
כְּלֵ֖י (kə·lê)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 3627: Something prepared, any apparatus

for battle.
מִלְחָמָ֑ה (mil·ḥā·māh)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4421: A battle, war

With you I shatter
וְנִפַּצְתִּ֤י (wə·nip·paṣ·tî)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Piel - Conjunctive perfect - first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 5310: To dash to pieces, scatter

nations;
גּוֹיִ֔ם (gō·w·yim)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 1471: A foreign nation, a Gentile, a troop of animals, a flight of locusts

with you I bring kingdoms
מַמְלָכֽוֹת׃ (mam·lā·ḵō·wṯ)
Noun - feminine plural
Strong's Hebrew 4467: Kingdom, sovereignty, dominion, reign

to ruin.
וְהִשְׁחַתִּ֥י (wə·hiš·ḥat·tî)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Hifil - Conjunctive perfect - first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 7843: Perhaps to go to ruin
(20) Thou art my battle ax . . .--Better, my mace. The axe is not found on Assyrian monuments as a weapon of war till a comparatively late period. It is a question who is thus addressed--Babylon, or Cyrus as the destroyer of Babylon, or Israel. On the whole, the second seems the more probable answer. The "hammer of the whole earth" is broken by a mightier weapon than itself. (See Note on Jeremiah 50:23.)

With thee will I break in pieces . . .--The tense, in this and in the following, should be the present. The force of the verb is multiplied by the emphatic iteration. All obstacles are to be crushed in the victorious march of the conqueror.

Verses 20-26. - Israel is now to be Jehovah's hammer, striking down everything, even the Chaldean colossus. But though Babylon may be as great and as destructive as a volcanic mountain, it shall soon be quite burnt out. Verse 20. - My battle axe; or, my mace. The mace (for a picture of which, see Rawlinson, 'Ancient Monarchies,' 1:459) was a weapon constantly employed by the Assyrians and presumably by the Babylonian kings. The battle axe was much less frequently used. But who is addressed by this terrible title? The commentators are divided, some inclining to Babylon,

(1) because Babylon was the last person addressed (see ver. 14), and

(2) because a similar title was given to Babylon in Jeremiah 50:23: others to Israel, on the ground that the tenses are the same throughout the passage (vers. 20-24). The latter view is probably the best. How could Babylon be said to shatter her own "governors" and "viceroys" (for the prophet deliberately chooses the Babylonian official names)? The argument from the context is not very weighty; for it is clear that the connection of the parts of this prophecy is very loose. We may assume, then, that ver. 20 begins a fresh paragraph, standing quite apart from that which precedes. The objection of Graf and Keil, is that Israel could not himself be styled a "mace," it being Israel's destiny to be delivered by others. But is not a very similar statement made of Israel in Isaiah 41:15; Psalm 149:7-9? (Kuenen offers a third explanation - Cyrus.) The nations... kingdoms. First the great social organisms are mentioned; next comes the military power; next the population, according to sex, age, and class. 51:1-58 The particulars of this prophecy are dispersed and interwoven, and the same things left and returned to again. Babylon is abundant in treasures, yet neither her waters nor her wealth shall secure her. Destruction comes when they did not think of it. Wherever we are, in the greatest depths, at the greatest distances, we are to remember the Lord our God; and in the times of the greatest fears and hopes, it is most needful to remember the Lord. The feeling excited by Babylon's fall is the same with the New Testament Babylon, Re 18:9,19. The ruin of all who support idolatry, infidelity, and superstition, is needful for the revival of true godliness; and the threatening prophecies of Scripture yield comfort in this view. The great seat of antichristian tyranny, idolatry, and superstition, the persecutor of true Christians, is as certainly doomed to destruction as ancient Babylon. Then will vast multitudes mourn for sin, and seek the Lord. Then will the lost sheep of the house of Israel be brought back to the fold of the good Shepherd, and stray no more. And the exact fulfilment of these ancient prophecies encourages us to faith in all the promises and prophecies of the sacred Scriptures.
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