Isaiah 28:27
New International Version
Caraway is not threshed with a sledge, nor is the wheel of a cart rolled over cumin; caraway is beaten out with a rod, and cumin with a stick.

New Living Translation
A heavy sledge is never used to thresh black cumin; rather, it is beaten with a light stick. A threshing wheel is never rolled on cumin; instead, it is beaten lightly with a flail.

English Standard Version
Dill is not threshed with a threshing sledge, nor is a cart wheel rolled over cumin, but dill is beaten out with a stick, and cumin with a rod.

Berean Study Bible
Surely caraway is not threshed with a sledge, and the wheel of a cart is not rolled over the cumin. But caraway is beaten out with a stick, and cumin with a rod.

New American Standard Bible
For dill is not threshed with a threshing sledge, Nor is the cartwheel driven over cummin; But dill is beaten out with a rod, and cummin with a club.

King James Bible
For the fitches are not threshed with a threshing instrument, neither is a cart wheel turned about upon the cummin; but the fitches are beaten out with a staff, and the cummin with a rod.

Christian Standard Bible
Certainly black cumin is not threshed with a threshing board, and a cart wheel is not rolled over the cumin. But black cumin is beaten out with a stick, and cumin with a rod.

Contemporary English Version
After dill and cumin have been harvested, the stalks are pounded, not run over with a wagon.

Good News Translation
They never use a heavy club to beat out dill seeds or cumin seeds; instead they use light sticks of the proper size.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Certainly black cumin is not threshed with a threshing board, and a cart wheel is not rolled over the cumin. But black cumin is beaten out with a stick, and cumin with a rod.

International Standard Version
For caraway is not threshed with a sharp sledge, nor is a cart wheel rolled over cumin. Instead, caraway is winnowed with a stick, and cumin with a rod.

NET Bible
Certainly caraway seed is not threshed with a sledge, nor is the wheel of a cart rolled over cumin seed. Certainly caraway seed is beaten with a stick, and cumin seed with a flail.

New Heart English Bible
For the dill are not threshed with a sharp instrument, neither is a cart wheel turned over the cumin; but the dill is beaten out with a stick, and the cumin with a rod.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Black cumin isn't threshed with a sledge, and wagon wheels aren't rolled over cumin. Black cumin is beaten with a rod and cumin with a stick.

JPS Tanakh 1917
For the black cummin is not threshed with a threshing-sledge, Neither is a cart-wheel turned about upon the cummin; But the black cummin is beaten out with a staff, And the cummin with a rod.

New American Standard 1977
For dill is not threshed with a threshing sledge, Nor is the cartwheel driven over cummin; But dill is beaten out with a rod, and cummin with a club.

Jubilee Bible 2000
For the fitches are not threshed with a threshing instrument, neither is a cart wheel turned about upon the cummin; but the fitches are beaten out with a staff and the cummin with a rod.

King James 2000 Bible
For the dill is not threshed with a threshing sledge, neither is a cart wheel rolled over the cummin; but the dill is beaten out with a stick, and the cummin with a rod.

American King James Version
For the fitches are not threshed with a threshing instrument, neither is a cart wheel turned about on the cummin; but the fitches are beaten out with a staff, and the cummin with a rod.

American Standard Version
For the fitches are not threshed with a sharp threshing instrument, neither is a cart wheel turned about upon the cummin; but the fitches are beaten out with a staff, and the cummin with a rod.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
For the black poppy is not cleansed with harsh treatment, nor will a wagon-wheel pass over the cumin; but the black poppy is threshed with a rod, and the cumin shall be eaten with bread;

Douay-Rheims Bible
For gith shall not be thrashed with saws, neither shall the cart wheel turn about upon cummin: but gith shall be beaten out with a rod, and cummin with a staff.

Darby Bible Translation
For the dill is not threshed with a threshing instrument, neither is a cart-wheel turned about upon the cummin; but dill is beaten out with a staff, and cummin with a rod.

English Revised Version
For the fitches are not threshed with a sharp threshing instrument, neither is a cart wheel turned about upon the cummin; but the fitches are beaten out with a staff, and the cummin with a rod.

Webster's Bible Translation
For the vetches are not threshed with a threshing instrument, neither is a cart-wheel turned about upon the cummin; but the vetches are beaten out with a staff, and the cummin with a rod.

World English Bible
For the dill are not threshed with a sharp instrument, neither is a cart wheel turned over the cumin; but the dill is beaten out with a stick, and the cumin with a rod.

Young's Literal Translation
For not with a sharp-pointed thing threshed are fitches, And the wheel of a cart on cummin turned round, For with a staff beaten out are fitches, And cummin with a rod.
Study Bible
Listen and Hear
26For his God instructs and teaches him properly. 27Surely caraway is not threshed with a sledge, and the wheel of a cart is not rolled over the cumin. But caraway is beaten out with a stick, and cumin with a rod. 28Grain for bread must be ground, but it is not endlessly threshed. Though the wheels of the cart roll over it, the horses do not crush it.…
Cross References
Matthew 23:23
Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, you hypocrites! You pay tithes of mint, dill, and cumin, but you have disregarded the weightier matters of the Law: justice, mercy, and faithfulness. You should have practiced the latter, without neglecting the former.

Proverbs 20:26
A wise king separates out the wicked and drives the threshing wheel over them.

Isaiah 28:26
For his God instructs and teaches him properly.

Isaiah 28:28
Grain for bread must be ground, but it is not endlessly threshed. Though the wheels of the cart roll over it, the horses do not crush it.

Amos 1:3
This is what the LORD says: "For three transgressions of Damascus, even four, I will not revoke My judgment, because they threshed Gilead with sledges of iron.

Treasury of Scripture

For the fitches are not threshed with a threshing instrument, neither is a cart wheel turned about on the cummin; but the fitches are beaten out with a staff, and the cummin with a rod.

threshed

Isaiah 41:15
Behold, I will make thee a new sharp threshing instrument having teeth: thou shalt thresh the mountains, and beat them small, and shalt make the hills as chaff.

2 Kings 13:7
Neither did he leave of the people to Jehoahaz but fifty horsemen, and ten chariots, and ten thousand footmen; for the king of Syria had destroyed them, and had made them like the dust by threshing.

Amos 1:3
Thus saith the LORD; For three transgressions of Damascus, and for four, I will not turn away the punishment thereof; because they have threshed Gilead with threshing instruments of iron:

the fitches

Isaiah 27:7,8
Hath he smitten him, as he smote those that smote him? or is he slain according to the slaughter of them that are slain by him? …

Jeremiah 10:24
O LORD, correct me, but with judgment; not in thine anger, lest thou bring me to nothing.

Jeremiah 46:28
Fear thou not, O Jacob my servant, saith the LORD: for I am with thee; for I will make a full end of all the nations whither I have driven thee: but I will not make a full end of thee, but correct thee in measure; yet will I not leave thee wholly unpunished.







Lexicon
Surely
כִּ֣י (kî)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3588: A relative conjunction

caraway
קֶ֔צַח (qe·ṣaḥ)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7100: Fennelflower

is not
לֹ֤א (lō)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

threshed
י֣וּדַשׁ (yū·ḏaš)
Verb - Hofal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1758: To trample, thresh

with a sledge,
בֶֽחָרוּץ֙ (ḇe·ḥā·rūṣ)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2742: Incised, incisive, a trench, gold, a threshing-sledge, determination, eager

and the wheel
וְאוֹפַ֣ן (wə·’ō·w·p̄an)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 212: A wheel

of a cart
עֲגָלָ֔ה (‘ă·ḡā·lāh)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5699: Something revolving, a wheeled vehicle

is not rolled
יוּסָּ֑ב (yūs·sāḇ)
Verb - Hofal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5437: To turn about, go around, surround

over
עַל־ (‘al-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

the cumin.
כַּמֹּ֖ן (kam·mōn)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3646: Cummin (a plant grown as a condiment)

But
כִּ֧י (kî)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3588: A relative conjunction

caraway
קֶ֖צַח (qe·ṣaḥ)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7100: Fennelflower

is beaten out
יֵחָ֥בֶט (yê·ḥā·ḇeṭ)
Verb - Nifal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2251: To beat off, beat out

with a stick,
בַמַּטֶּ֛ה (ḇam·maṭ·ṭeh)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4294: A staff, rod, shaft, branch, a tribe

and cumin
וְכַמֹּ֥ן (wə·ḵam·mōn)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3646: Cummin (a plant grown as a condiment)

with a rod.
בַּשָּֽׁבֶט׃ (baš·šā·ḇeṭ)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7626: Rod, staff, club, scepter, tribe
(27) For the fitches are not threshed . . .--Better, fennel seed, as before. The eye of the prophet passes from the beginning to the end of the husbandman's work. He finds there also the varying methods of a like discrimination. A man would be thought mad who threshed his fennel seed and cummin with the same instrument that he uses for his barley and his wheat. It is enough to beat or tap them with the "rod," or "staff," which was, in fact, used in each case. Interpreting this parable, we may see in the fennel and the cummin the little ones of the earth, with whom God deals more gently than with the strong. "Tribulation," as the etymology of the word (tribulum, a threshing instrument) tells us, is a threshing process. The lesson of the parable is that it comes to nations and individuals in season and in measure. The main idea is familiar enough in the language of the prophets (Micah 4:13; Habakkuk 3:12). The novelty of Isaiah's treatment of it consists in his bringing in the minute details, and drawing this lesson from them.

Verse 27. - For the fitches are not threshed with a threshing-instrument. The Nigella sativa is too lender a plant to be subjected to the rude treatment of a threshing-instrument, or "threshing-sledge." Such instruments are of the coarsest and clumsiest character in the East, and quite inapplicable to plants of a delicate fabric. Karsten Niebuhr thus describes the Arabian and Syrian practices: "Quand le grain dolt etre battu, les Arabes de Yemen posent le bled par terre en deux tangles, epis center epis, apres quoi ils font trainer par-dessus une grosse pierre tiree par deux boeufs. La machine dent on se sert en Syrie consiste en quelques planches garnies par-dessous d'une quantite de pierres a fusil" ('Description de l'Arabie,' p. 140). Neither is a cart wheel turned about upon the cummin. The allusion is to aim the coarse mode of threshing practiced in Palestine and elsewhere, by driving a cart with broad wheels over the grain. But the fitches are beaten out with a staff, and the cummin with a rod. Canon Tristram says, "While the cummin can easily be separated from its case by a slender rod, the harder pod of the Nigella requires to be beaten by a stout staff" ('Natural History of the Bible,' p. 445). 28:23-29 The husbandman applies to his calling with pains and prudence, in all the works of it according to their nature. Thus the Lord, who has given men this wisdom, is wonderful in counsel, and excellent in his working. As the occasion requires, he threatens, corrects, spares, shows mercy, or executes vengeance. Afflictions are God's threshing instruments, to loosen us from the world, to part between us and our chaff, and to prepare us for use. God will proportion them to our strength; they shall be no heavier than there is need. When his end is answered, the trials and sufferings of his people shall cease; his wheat shall be gathered into the garner, but the chaff shall be burned with unquenchable fire.
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OT Prophets: Isaiah 28:27 For the dill are not threshed (Isa Isi Is) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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