Psalm 23:4
New International Version
Even though I walk through the darkest valley, I will fear no evil, for you are with me; your rod and your staff, they comfort me.

New Living Translation
Even when I walk through the darkest valley, I will not be afraid, for you are close beside me. Your rod and your staff protect and comfort me.

English Standard Version
Even though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil, for you are with me; your rod and your staff, they comfort me.

Berean Study Bible
Even though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil, for You are with me; Your rod and Your staff, they comfort me.

New American Standard Bible
Even though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I fear no evil, for You are with me; Your rod and Your staff, they comfort me.

King James Bible
Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil: for thou art with me; thy rod and thy staff they comfort me.

Christian Standard Bible
Even when I go through the darkest valley, I fear no danger, for you are with me; your rod and your staff--they comfort me.

Contemporary English Version
I may walk through valleys as dark as death, but I won't be afraid. You are with me, and your shepherd's rod makes me feel safe.

Good News Translation
Even if I go through the deepest darkness, I will not be afraid, LORD, for you are with me. Your shepherd's rod and staff protect me.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Even when I go through the darkest valley, I fear no danger, for You are with me; Your rod and Your staff--they comfort me.

International Standard Version
Even when I walk through a valley of deep darkness, I will not be afraid because you are with me. Your rod and your staff—they comfort me.

NET Bible
Even when I must walk through the darkest valley, I fear no danger, for you are with me; your rod and your staff reassure me.

New Heart English Bible
Even though I walk through a very dark valley, I will fear no evil, for you are with me. Your rod and your staff, they comfort me.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Even if I shall walk in the valleys of the shadows of death, I will not be afraid of evil, because you are with me; your rod and your staff, they comfort me,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Even though I walk through the dark valley of death, because you are with me, I fear no harm. Your rod and your staff give me courage.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil, for Thou art with me; Thy rod and Thy staff, they comfort me.

New American Standard 1977
Even though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I fear no evil; for Thou art with me; Thy rod and Thy staff, they comfort me.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil: for thou art with me; thy rod and thy staff shall comfort me.

King James 2000 Bible
Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil: for you are with me; your rod and your staff they comfort me.

American King James Version
Yes, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil: for you are with me; your rod and your staff they comfort me.

American Standard Version
Yea, thou I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil; for thou art with me; Thy rod and thy staff, they comfort me.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Yea, even if I should walk in the midst of the shadow of death, I will not be afraid of evils: for thou art with me; thy rod and thy staff, these have comforted me.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For though I should walk in the midst of the shadow of death, I will fear no evils, for thou art with me. Thy rod and thy staff, they have comforted me.

Darby Bible Translation
Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil: for thou art with me; thy rod and thy staff, they comfort me.

English Revised Version
Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil; for thou art with me: thy rod and thy staff, they comfort me.

Webster's Bible Translation
Yes, though I walk through the valley of the shades of death, I will fear no evil: for thou art with me; thy rod and thy staff they comfort me.

World English Bible
Even though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil, for you are with me. Your rod and your staff, they comfort me.

Young's Literal Translation
Also -- when I walk in a valley of death-shade, I fear no evil, for Thou art with me, Thy rod and Thy staff -- they comfort me.
Study Bible
The LORD is My Shepherd
3He restores my soul; He guides me in the paths of righteousness for the sake of His name. 4Even though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil, for You are with me; Your rod and Your staff, they comfort me. 5You prepare a table before me in the presence of my enemies. You anoint my head with oil; my cup overflows.…
Cross References
Deuteronomy 20:1
When you go out to war against your enemies and see horses, chariots, and an army larger than yours, do not be afraid of them; for the LORD your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, is with you.

2 Samuel 22:19
They confronted me in my day of calamity, but the LORD was my support.

Job 10:21
before I go--never to return--to a land of darkness and gloom,

Job 10:22
to a land of utter darkness, of deep shadow and disorder, where even the light is like darkness."

Psalm 3:6
I will not fear the myriads set against me on every side.

Psalm 16:8
I have set the LORD always before me. Because He is at my right hand, I will not be shaken.

Psalm 27:1
The LORD is my light and my salvation--whom shall I fear? The LORD is the stronghold of my life--whom shall I dread?

Psalm 44:19
But You have crushed us in the lair of jackals; You have covered us with deepest darkness.

Psalm 46:2
Therefore we will not fear, though the earth is transformed and the mountains are toppled into the depths of the seas,

Psalm 48:14
For this God is our God forever and ever; He will be our guide even until death.

Psalm 49:5
Why should I fear in times of trouble, when wicked usurpers surround me?

Psalm 71:21
You will increase my honor and comfort me once again.

Psalm 91:5
You will not fear the terror of the night, or the arrow that flies by day,

Psalm 107:14
He brought them out of darkness and the shadow of death and broke away their chains.

Psalm 118:6
The LORD is with me; I will not be afraid. What can man do to me?

Psalm 138:7
If I walk in the midst of trouble, You preserve me from the anger of my foes; You will extend Your hand, and Your right hand will save me.

Proverbs 10:9
He who walks in integrity walks securely, but he who perverts his ways will be found out.

Isaiah 43:2
When you pass through the waters, I will be with you; and when you go through the rivers, they will not overwhelm you. When you walk through the fire, you will not be scorched, and the flames will not set you ablaze.

Jeremiah 38:28
And Jeremiah remained in the courtyard of the guard until the day Jerusalem was captured.

Micah 7:14
Shepherd with Your staff Your people, the flock of Your inheritance. They live alone in a woodland, surrounded by pastures. Let them graze in Bashan and Gilead, as in the days of old.

Treasury of Scripture

Yes, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil: for you are with me; your rod and your staff they comfort me.

through

Psalm 44:19
Though thou hast sore broken us in the place of dragons, and covered us with the shadow of death.

Job 3:5
Let darkness and the shadow of death stain it; let a cloud dwell upon it; let the blackness of the day terrify it.

Job 10:21,22
Before I go whence I shall not return, even to the land of darkness and the shadow of death; …

I will

Psalm 3:6
I will not be afraid of ten thousands of people, that have set themselves against me round about.

Psalm 27:1-4
A Psalm of David. The LORD is my light and my salvation; whom shall I fear? the LORD is the strength of my life; of whom shall I be afraid? …

Psalm 46:1-3
To the chief Musician for the sons of Korah, A Song upon Alamoth. God is our refuge and strength, a very present help in trouble…

for thou

Psalm 14:5
There were they in great fear: for God is in the generation of the righteous.

Psalm 46:11
The LORD of hosts is with us; the God of Jacob is our refuge. Selah.

Isaiah 8:9,10
Associate yourselves, O ye people, and ye shall be broken in pieces; and give ear, all ye of far countries: gird yourselves, and ye shall be broken in pieces; gird yourselves, and ye shall be broken in pieces…

thy rod

Psalm 110:2
The LORD shall send the rod of thy strength out of Zion: rule thou in the midst of thine enemies.

Micah 7:14
Feed thy people with thy rod, the flock of thine heritage, which dwell solitarily in the wood, in the midst of Carmel: let them feed in Bashan and Gilead, as in the days of old.

Zechariah 11:10,14
And I took my staff, even Beauty, and cut it asunder, that I might break my covenant which I had made with all the people…







Lexicon
Even
גַּ֤ם (gam)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 1571: Assemblage, also, even, yea, though, both, and

though
כִּֽי־ (kî-)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3588: A relative conjunction

I walk
אֵלֵ֨ךְ (’ê·lêḵ)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 1980: To go, come, walk

through the valley
בְּגֵ֪יא (bə·ḡê)
Preposition-b | Noun - common singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 1516: A valley

of the shadow of death,
צַלְמָ֡וֶת (ṣal·mā·weṯ)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6757: Death-like shadow, deep shadow

I will fear
אִ֘ירָ֤א (’î·rā)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 3372: To fear, to revere, caus, to frighten

no
לֹא־ (lō-)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

evil,
רָ֗ע (rā‘)
Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7451: Bad, evil

for
כִּי־ (kî-)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3588: A relative conjunction

You
אַתָּ֥ה (’at·tāh)
Pronoun - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 859: Thou and thee, ye and you

are with me;
עִמָּדִ֑י (‘im·mā·ḏî)
Preposition | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 5978: Against, by, from, me, mine, of, that I take, unto,

Your rod
שִׁבְטְךָ֥ (šiḇ·ṭə·ḵā)
Noun - masculine singular construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7626: Rod, staff, club, scepter, tribe

and Your staff,
וּ֝מִשְׁעַנְתֶּ֗ךָ (ū·miš·‘an·te·ḵā)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - feminine singular construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4938: Support, sustenance, a walking-stick

they
הֵ֣מָּה (hêm·māh)
Pronoun - third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 1992: They

comfort me.
יְנַֽחֲמֻֽנִי׃ (yə·na·ḥă·mu·nî)
Verb - Piel - Imperfect - third person masculine plural | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 5162: To sigh, breathe strongly, to be sorry, to pity, console, rue, to avenge
(4) The valley of the shadow of death . . .--This striking expression, to which the genius of Bunyan has given such reality, was probably on Hebrew lips nothing more than a forcible synonym for a dark, gloomy place. Indeed, the probability is that instead of tsal-maveth (shadow of death), should be read, tsalm-th (shadow, darkness), the general signification being all that is required in any one of the fifteen places where it occurs. It is true it is used of the "grave" or "underworld" (Job 10:21-22). But it is also used of the "darkness of a dungeon" (Psalm 107:10), of "the pathless desert" (Jeremiah 2:6); or, possibly, since it is there parallel with drought, of "the blinding darkness of a sandstorm," and metaphorically of "affliction" (Isaiah 9:2), and of the "dull heavy look" that grief wears (Job 16:16).

By valley we must understand a deep ravine. Palestine abounds in wild and gloomy valleys, and shepherd life experiences the actual peril of them. Addison's paraphrase catches the true feeling of the original--

"Though in the path of death I tread,

With gloomy horrors overhead."

Thy rod and thy staff.--Used both for guiding and defending the flock.

Verse 4. - Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death. A sudden transition and contrast, such as David loved. The quiet paths of righteousness and peace remind the poet of the exact opposite - the dark and dismal way through the valley of the shadow of death. Even when so situated, he does not, he will not, fear. I will fear no evil, he says. And why? For thou art with me. The same Protector, the same gracious and merciful God, will be still with him - leading him, guiding his steps, shepherding him, keeping him from evil. Thou art with me, thy rod and thy staff - i.e. thy shepherd's crook, and thy staff of defence - they comfort me. They make me feel that, however long and however dreary the way through the dark vale, I shall still have thy guidance and thy protection. 23:1-6 Confidence in God's grace and care. - "The Lord is my shepherd." In these words, the believer is taught to express his satisfaction in the care of the great Pastor of the universe, the Redeemer and Preserver of men. With joy he reflects that he has a shepherd, and that shepherd is Jehovah. A flock of sheep, gentle and harmless, feeding in verdant pastures, under the care of a skilful, watchful, and tender shepherd, forms an emblem of believers brought back to the Shepherd of their souls. The greatest abundance is but a dry pasture to a wicked man, who relishes in it only what pleases the senses; but to a godly man, who by faith tastes the goodness of God in all his enjoyments, though he has but little of the world, it is a green pasture. The Lord gives quiet and contentment in the mind, whatever the lot is. Are we blessed with the green pastures of the ordinances, let us not think it enough to pass through them, but let us abide in them. The consolations of the Holy Spirit are the still waters by which the saints are led; the streams which flow from the Fountain of living waters. Those only are led by the still waters of comfort, who walk in the paths of righteousness. The way of duty is the truly pleasant way. The work of righteousness in peace. In these paths we cannot walk, unless. God lead us into them, and lead us on in them. Discontent and distrust proceed from unbelief; an unsteady walk is the consequence: let us then simply trust our Shepherd's care, and hearken to his voice. The valley of the shadow of death may denote the most severe and terrible affliction, or dark dispensation of providence, that the psalmist ever could come under. Between the part of the flock on earth and that which is gone to heaven, death lies like a dark valley that must be passed in going from one to the other. But even in this there are words which lessen the terror. It is but the shadow of death: the shadow of a serpent will not sting, nor the shadow of a sword kill. It is a valley, deep indeed, and dark, and miry; but valleys are often fruitful, and so is death itself fruitful of comforts to God's people. It is a walk through it: they shall not be lost in this valley, but get safe to the mountain on the other side. Death is a king of terrors, but not to the sheep of Christ. When they come to die, God will rebuke the enemy; he will guide them with his rod, and sustain them with his staff. There is enough in the gospel to comfort the saints when dying, and underneath them are the everlasting arms. The Lord's people feast at his table, upon the provisions of his love. Satan and wicked men are not able to destroy their comforts, while they are anointed with the Holy Spirit, and drink of the cup of salvation which is ever full. Past experience teaches believers to trust that the goodness and mercy of God will follow them all the days of their lives, and it is their desire and determination, to seek their happiness in the service of God here, and they hope to enjoy his love for ever in heaven. While here, the Lord can make any situation pleasant, by the anointing of his Spirit and the joys of his salvation. But those that would be satisfied with the blessings of his house, must keep close to the duties of it.
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