Psalm 22:16
New International Version
Dogs surround me, a pack of villains encircles me; they pierce my hands and my feet.

New Living Translation
My enemies surround me like a pack of dogs; an evil gang closes in on me. They have pierced my hands and feet.

English Standard Version
For dogs encompass me; a company of evildoers encircles me; they have pierced my hands and feet—

Berean Study Bible
For dogs surround me; a band of evil men encircles me; they have pierced my hands and feet.

New American Standard Bible
For dogs have surrounded me; A band of evildoers has encompassed me; They pierced my hands and my feet.

King James Bible
For dogs have compassed me: the assembly of the wicked have inclosed me: they pierced my hands and my feet.

Christian Standard Bible
For dogs have surrounded me; a gang of evildoers has closed in on me; they pierced my hands and my feet.

Contemporary English Version
Brutal enemies attack me like a pack of dogs, tearing at my hands and my feet.

Good News Translation
An evil gang is around me; like a pack of dogs they close in on me; they tear at my hands and feet.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
For dogs have surrounded me; a gang of evildoers has closed in on me; they pierced my hands and my feet.

International Standard Version
For dogs have surrounded me; a gang of those who practice of evil has encircled me. They gouged my hands and my feet.

NET Bible
Yes, wild dogs surround me--a gang of evil men crowd around me; like a lion they pin my hands and feet.

New Heart English Bible
For many dogs have surrounded me. A company of evildoers have enclosed me. They have pierced my hands and my feet.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Because dogs surround me and the assembly of the evil have surrounded me; they have pierced my hands and my feet!

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Dogs have surrounded me. A mob has encircled me. They have pierced my hands and feet.

JPS Tanakh 1917
For dogs have encompassed me; A company of evil-doers have inclosed me; Like a lion, they are at my hands and my feet.

New American Standard 1977
For dogs have surrounded me; A band of evildoers has encompassed me; They pierced my hands and my feet.

Jubilee Bible 2000
For dogs have compassed me: the assembly of the wicked have inclosed me: they pierced my hands and my feet.

King James 2000 Bible
For dogs have compassed me: the assembly of the wicked have enclosed me: they pierced my hands and my feet.

American King James Version
For dogs have compassed me: the assembly of the wicked have enclosed me: they pierced my hands and my feet.

American Standard Version
For dogs have compassed me: A company of evil-doers have inclosed me; They pierced my hands and my feet.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
For many dogs have compassed me: the assembly of the wicked doers has beset me round: they pierced my hands and my feet.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For many dogs have encompassed me: the council of the malignant hath besieged me. They have dug my hands and feet.

Darby Bible Translation
For dogs have encompassed me; an assembly of evil-doers have surrounded me: they pierced my hands and my feet.

English Revised Version
For dogs have compassed me: the assembly of evil-doers have enclosed me; they pierced my hands and my feet.

Webster's Bible Translation
For dogs have compassed me: the assembly of the wicked have inclosed me: they pierced my hands and my feet.

World English Bible
For dogs have surrounded me. A company of evildoers have enclosed me. They have pierced my hands and feet.

Young's Literal Translation
And to the dust of death thou appointest me, For surrounded me have dogs, A company of evil doers have compassed me, Piercing my hands and my feet.
Study Bible
The Psalm of the Cross
15My strength is dried up like a potsherd, and my tongue sticks to the roof of my mouth. You lay me in the dust of death. 16For dogs surround me; a band of evil men encircles me; they have pierced my hands and feet. 17I can count all my bones; they stare and gloat over me.…
Cross References
Matthew 27:35
When they had crucified Him, they divided up His garments by casting lots.

John 20:25
So the other disciples told him, "We have seen the Lord!" But he replied, "Unless I see the nail marks in His hands, and put my finger where the nails have been, and put my hand into His side, I will never believe."

Philippians 3:2
Watch out for those dogs, those workers of evil, those mutilators of the flesh!

Psalm 59:6
They return in the evening, snarling like dogs and prowling around the city.

Psalm 59:7
See what they spew from their mouths--sharp words from their lips: "For who can hear us?"

Psalm 88:17
All day long they engulf me like water; they enclose me on every side.

Treasury of Scripture

For dogs have compassed me: the assembly of the wicked have enclosed me: they pierced my hands and my feet.

dogs

Psalm 22:1,20
To the chief Musician upon Aijeleth Shahar, A Psalm of David. My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me? why art thou so far from helping me, and from the words of my roaring? …

Psalm 59:6,14
They return at evening: they make a noise like a dog, and go round about the city…

Matthew 7:6
Give not that which is holy unto the dogs, neither cast ye your pearls before swine, lest they trample them under their feet, and turn again and rend you.

compassed

Luke 11:53,54
And as he said these things unto them, the scribes and the Pharisees began to urge him vehemently, and to provoke him to speak of many things: …

assembly

Psalm 86:14
O God, the proud are risen against me, and the assemblies of violent men have sought after my soul; and have not set thee before them.

Jeremiah 12:6
For even thy brethren, and the house of thy father, even they have dealt treacherously with thee; yea, they have called a multitude after thee: believe them not, though they speak fair words unto thee.

Matthew 26:57
And they that had laid hold on Jesus led him away to Caiaphas the high priest, where the scribes and the elders were assembled.

Zechariah 12:10
And I will pour upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplications: and they shall look upon me whom they have pierced, and they shall mourn for him, as one mourneth for his only son, and shall be in bitterness for him, as one that is in bitterness for his firstborn.

Matthew 27:35
And they crucified him, and parted his garments, casting lots: that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, They parted my garments among them, and upon my vesture did they cast lots.

Mark 15:24
And when they had crucified him, they parted his garments, casting lots upon them, what every man should take.







Lexicon
For
כִּ֥י (kî)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3588: A relative conjunction

dogs
כְּלָ֫בִ֥ים (kə·lā·ḇîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 3611: A dog, a male prostitute

surround me;
סְבָב֗וּנִי (sə·ḇā·ḇū·nî)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person common plural | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 5437: To turn about, go around, surround

a band
עֲדַ֣ת (‘ă·ḏaṯ)
Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 5712: A stated assemblage

of evil men
מְ֭רֵעִים (mə·rê·‘îm)
Verb - Hifil - Participle - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 7489: To spoil, to make, good for, nothing, bad

encircles me;
הִקִּיפ֑וּנִי (hiq·qî·p̄ū·nî)
Verb - Hifil - Perfect - third person common plural | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 5362: To strike, to knock together, surround, circulate

they have pierced
כָּ֝אֲרִ֗י (kā·’ă·rî)
Preposition-k, Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3738: To dig, to plot, to bore, open

my hands
יָדַ֥י (yā·ḏay)
Noun - fdc | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 3027: A hand

and feet.
וְרַגְלָֽי׃ (wə·raḡ·lāy)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - fdc | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 7272: A foot, a step, the pudenda
(16) Dogs.--Literally, barkers. (For the wild scavenger dogs of the East, comp. 1Kings 12:19, &c) Symmachus and Theodotion render, "hunting dogs."

The assembly of the wicked denotes the factious nature of the attacks on the sufferer. His enemies have combined, as savage animals, to hunt in packs. Comp. Virgil, 'n. ii. 351:--

----"lupi ceu

Raptores atra in nebula."

They pierced.--The word thus rendered has formed a battle-ground for controversy. As the Hebrew text at present stands the word reads k?ari (like a lion). (Comp. Isaiah 38:13.) But no intelligible meaning can be got out of "like a lion my hands and my feet." Nor does the plan commend itself of dividing the verses differently, and reading, "The congregation of wicked men have gathered round me like a lion. On my hands and my feet I can tell all my bones." The punctuation of the text must therefore be given up, and a meaning sought by changing the reading. The necessity of a change is supported both by the ancient versions and by some MSS., and also by the Masora; though considerable difference exists as to what the word should be read. If the authority of the ancient versions alone were to decide, some verb in the past tense must be read, but the most reasonable course is to accept the present text, but with a different vowel, treating it as a participle, with suffix, of k�r, whose root-idea, according to Ewald, is "to bind;" but according to most other scholars is "to dig." It is, however, so doubtful whether it can mean to dig through--i.e., to pierce--that it is better to understand here a binding of the limbs so tightly as to dig into them, and wound them. Render: "The band of villains [literally, breakers] surrounded me, binding my hands and feet so as to cut them."

Verse 16. - For dogs have compassed me. "Dogs" now encompass the Sufferer, perhaps the subordinate agents in the cruelties - the rude Roman soldiery, who laid rough hands on the adorable Person (Matthew 27:27-35). Oriental dogs are savage and of unclean habits, whence the term "dog" in the East has always been, and still is, a term of reproach. The assembly of the wicked have enclosed me; or, a band of wicked ones have shut me in. The "band" of Roman soldiers (Mark 15:16) seems foreshadowed. They pierced my hands and my feet. There are no sufficient critical grounds for relinquishing (with Hengstenberg) this interpretation. It has the support of the Septuagint, the Syriac, the Arabic, and the Vulgate Versions, and is maintained by Ewald, Reinke, Bohl, Moll, Kay, the writer in the 'Speaker's Commentary,' and our Revisers. Whether the true reading be kaaru (כָאְרַוּ) or kaari (כָאֲרִי), the sense will be the same, kaarl being the apocopated participle of the verb, whereof kaaru is the 3rd pers. plu. indic. 22:11-21 In these verses we have Christ suffering, and Christ praying; by which we are directed to look for crosses, and to look up to God under them. The very manner of Christ's death is described, though not in use among the Jews. They pierced his hands and his feet, which were nailed to the accursed tree, and his whole body was left so to hang as to suffer the most severe pain and torture. His natural force failed, being wasted by the fire of Divine wrath preying upon his spirits. Who then can stand before God's anger? or who knows the power of it? The life of the sinner was forfeited, and the life of the Sacrifice must be the ransom for it. Our Lord Jesus was stripped, when he was crucified, that he might clothe us with the robe of his righteousness. Thus it was written, therefore thus it behoved Christ to suffer. Let all this confirm our faith in him as the true Messiah, and excite our love to him as the best of friends, who loved us, and suffered all this for us. Christ in his agony prayed, prayed earnestly, prayed that the cup might pass from him. When we cannot rejoice in God as our song, yet let us stay ourselves upon him as our strength; and take the comfort of spiritual supports, when we cannot have spiritual delights. He prays to be delivered from the Divine wrath. He that has delivered, doth deliver, and will do so. We should think upon the sufferings and resurrection of Christ, till we feel in our souls the power of his resurrection, and the fellowship of his sufferings.
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Alphabetical: a and band Dogs encircled encompassed evil evildoers feet For hands has have me men my of pierced surrounded they

OT Poetry: Psalm 22:16 For dogs have surrounded me (Psalm Ps Psa.) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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