Psalm 22:29
New International Version
All the rich of the earth will feast and worship; all who go down to the dust will kneel before him-- those who cannot keep themselves alive.

New Living Translation
Let the rich of the earth feast and worship. Bow before him, all who are mortal, all whose lives will end as dust.

English Standard Version
All the prosperous of the earth eat and worship; before him shall bow all who go down to the dust, even the one who could not keep himself alive.

Berean Study Bible
All the rich of the earth will feast and worship; all who go down to the dust will kneel before Him—even those unable to preserve their lives.

New American Standard Bible
All the prosperous of the earth will eat and worship, All those who go down to the dust will bow before Him, Even he who cannot keep his soul alive.

King James Bible
All they that be fat upon earth shall eat and worship: all they that go down to the dust shall bow before him: and none can keep alive his own soul.

Christian Standard Bible
All who prosper on earth will eat and bow down; all those who go down to the dust will kneel before him--even the one who cannot preserve his life.

Contemporary English Version
All who are rich and have more than enough will bow down to you, Lord. Even those who are dying and almost in the grave will come and bow down.

Good News Translation
All proud people will bow down to him; all mortals will bow down before him.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
All who prosper on earth will eat and bow down; all those who go down to the dust will kneel before Him-- even the one who cannot preserve his life.

International Standard Version
All the prosperous people will eat and bow down in submission. All those who are about to go down to the grave will bow down in submission, along with the one who can no longer keep himself alive.

NET Bible
All of the thriving people of the earth will join the celebration and worship; all those who are descending into the grave will bow before him, including those who cannot preserve their lives.

New Heart English Bible
All the prosperous of the earth shall eat and worship. All those who go down to the dust shall bow before him; and my soul shall live for him.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
All the hungry of the Earth will eat and will worship before Lord Jehovah, and all who go down to the dust will kneel before him; my soul lives for him.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
All prosperous people on earth will eat and worship. All those who go down to the dust will kneel in front of him, even those who are barely alive.

JPS Tanakh 1917
All the fat ones of the earth shall eat and worship; All they that go down to the dust shall kneel before Him, Even he that cannot keep his soul alive.

New American Standard 1977
All the prosperous of the earth will eat and worship, All those who go down to the dust will bow before Him, Even he who cannot keep his soul alive.

Jubilee Bible 2000
All those that are fat upon earth shall eat and worship; all those that go down to the dust shall bow before him; and no one can keep his own soul alive.

King James 2000 Bible
All the prosperous of earth shall eat and worship: all they that go down to the dust shall bow before him: and none can keep alive his own soul.

American King James Version
All they that be fat on earth shall eat and worship: all they that go down to the dust shall bow before him: and none can keep alive his own soul.

American Standard Version
All the fat ones of the earth shall eat and worship: All they that go down to the dust shall bow before him, Even he that cannot keep his soul alive.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
All the fat ones of the earth have eaten and worshipped: all that go down to the earth shall fall down before him: my soul also lives to him.

Douay-Rheims Bible
All the fat ones of the earth have eaten and have adored: all they that go down to the earth shall fall before him.

Darby Bible Translation
All the fat ones of the earth shall eat and worship; all they that go down to the dust shall bow before him, and he that cannot keep alive his own soul.

English Revised Version
All the fat ones of the earth shall eat and worship: all they that go down to the dust shall bow before him, even he that cannot keep his soul alive.

Webster's Bible Translation
All they that are fat upon earth shall eat and worship: all they that go down to the dust shall bow before him: and none can keep alive his own soul.

World English Bible
All the rich ones of the earth shall eat and worship. All those who go down to the dust shall bow before him, even he who can't keep his soul alive.

Young's Literal Translation
And the fat ones of earth have eaten, And they bow themselves, Before Him bow do all going down to dust, And he who hath not revived his soul.
Study Bible
The Psalm of the Cross
28For dominion belongs to the LORD and He rules over the nations. 29All the rich of the earth will feast and worship; all who go down to the dust will kneel before Him— even those unable to preserve their lives. 30Posterity will serve Him; they will declare the Lord to a new generation.…
Cross References
Psalm 17:10
They have closed their callous hearts; their mouths speak with arrogance.

Psalm 28:1
To you, O LORD, I call; be not deaf to me, O my rock. For if You remain silent, I will be like those descending to the Pit.

Psalm 45:12
The daughter of Tyre will come with a gift; men of wealth will seek your favor.

Psalm 49:9
that he should live on forever and not see decay.

Psalm 72:9
May the nomads bow before him, and his enemies lick the dust.

Psalm 89:48
What man can live and never see death? Can he deliver his soul from the power of Sheol? Selah

Isaiah 26:19
Your dead will live; their bodies will rise. Awake and sing, you who dwell in the dust! For your dew is like the dew of the morning, and the earth will bring forth her dead.

Habakkuk 1:16
Therefore they sacrifice to their dragnet and burn incense to their fishing net, for by these things their portion is sumptuous and their food is rich.

Treasury of Scripture

All they that be fat on earth shall eat and worship: all they that go down to the dust shall bow before him: and none can keep alive his own soul.

that be

Psalm 73:7
Their eyes stand out with fatness: they have more than heart could wish.

Psalm 78:31
The wrath of God came upon them, and slew the fattest of them, and smote down the chosen men of Israel.

Isaiah 10:16
Therefore shall the Lord, the Lord of hosts, send among his fat ones leanness; and under his glory he shall kindle a burning like the burning of a fire.

shall

Psalm 45:12
And the daughter of Tyre shall be there with a gift; even the rich among the people shall intreat thy favour.

Psalm 72:10,11
The kings of Tarshish and of the isles shall bring presents: the kings of Sheba and Seba shall offer gifts…

Isaiah 60:3-5,16
And the Gentiles shall come to thy light, and kings to the brightness of thy rising…

all they that

Psalm 113:7
He raiseth up the poor out of the dust, and lifteth the needy out of the dunghill;

Isaiah 26:19
Thy dead men shall live, together with my dead body shall they arise. Awake and sing, ye that dwell in dust: for thy dew is as the dew of herbs, and the earth shall cast out the dead.

Isaiah 29:4
And thou shalt be brought down, and shalt speak out of the ground, and thy speech shall be low out of the dust, and thy voice shall be, as of one that hath a familiar spirit, out of the ground, and thy speech shall whisper out of the dust.

bow

Isaiah 45:23
I have sworn by myself, the word is gone out of my mouth in righteousness, and shall not return, That unto me every knee shall bow, every tongue shall swear.

Romans 14:10-12
But why dost thou judge thy brother? or why dost thou set at nought thy brother? for we shall all stand before the judgment seat of Christ…

and none

Psalm 49:6-9
They that trust in their wealth, and boast themselves in the multitude of their riches; …

Hosea 13:9
O Israel, thou hast destroyed thyself; but in me is thine help.

John 3:36
He that believeth on the Son hath everlasting life: and he that believeth not the Son shall not see life; but the wrath of God abideth on him.







Lexicon
All
כָּֽל־ (kāl-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3605: The whole, all, any, every

the rich
דִּשְׁנֵי־ (diš·nê-)
Adjective - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 1879: Fat, rich, fertile

of the earth
אֶ֗רֶץ (’e·reṣ)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 776: Earth, land

will feast
אָכְל֬וּ (’ā·ḵə·lū)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 398: To eat

and worship;
וַיִּֽשְׁתַּחֲוּ֨וּ ׀‪‬ (way·yiš·ta·ḥăw·wū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Hitpael - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 7812: To depress, prostrate

all
כָּל־ (kāl-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3605: The whole, all, any, every

who go down
יוֹרְדֵ֣י (yō·wr·ḏê)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 3381: To come or go down, descend

to the dust
עָפָ֑ר (‘ā·p̄ār)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6083: Dust, clay, earth, mud

will kneel
יִ֭כְרְעוּ (yiḵ·rə·‘ū)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 3766: To bend the knee, to sink, to prostrate

before Him—
לְפָנָ֣יו (lə·p̄ā·nāw)
Preposition-l | Noun - common plural construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6440: The face

even those unable
לֹ֣א (lō)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

to preserve
חִיָּֽה׃ (ḥî·yāh)
Verb - Piel - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2421: To live, to revive

their lives.
וְ֝נַפְשׁ֗וֹ (wə·nap̄·šōw)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - feminine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5315: A soul, living being, life, self, person, desire, passion, appetite, emotion
(29) Shall eat.--The figure of the banquet is resumed from Psalm 22:26, and extended. The mention of the "fat upon earth," as included in this feast, seems certainly out of place, and injures the parallelism. We must change the text to either (1) "Shall eat and do homage all earth's mourners," or (2) "Ah! to him shall be bowed all the fat ones of earth."

They that go down to the dust--i.e., those on the point to die through their sufferings.

And none can keep.--Better, And he who cannot keep his soul alive. Literally, has not kept. But the parallelism shows that this is not spoken of those actually dead, but of those not able from poverty to keep body and soul together.

Verse 29. - All they that be fat upon earth shall eat and worship. The Christian feast is not for the poor and needy only, like Jewish sacrificial feasts, but for the "fat ones" of the earth as well - the rich and prosperous. As Hengstenberg observes, "This great spiritual feast is not unworthy of the presence even of those who live in the greatest abundance: it contains a costly viand, which all their plenty cannot give - a viand for which even the satisfied are hungry; and, on the other hand, the most needy and most miserable are not excluded" ('Commentary on the Psalms,' vol. 1. p. 396). All they that go down to the dust shall bow before him; i.e. all mortal men what-soever - all that are on their way to the tomb - shall bow before Christ, either willingly as his worshippers, or unwillingly as his conquered enemies, made to lick the dust at his feet. And none can keep alive his own soul. Life is Christ's gift; the soul cannot be kept alive except through him, by his quickening Spirit (John 6:53, 63). 22:22-31 The Saviour now speaks as risen from the dead. The first words of the complaint were used by Christ himself upon the cross; the first words of the triumph are expressly applied to him, Heb 2:12. All our praises must refer to the work of redemption. The suffering of the Redeemer was graciously accepted as a full satisfaction for sin. Though it was offered for sinful men, the Father did not despise or abhor it for our sakes. This ought to be the matter of our thanksgiving. All humble, gracious souls should have a full satisfaction and happiness in him. Those that hunger and thirst after righteousness in Christ, shall not labour for that which satisfies not. Those that are much in praying, will be much in thanksgiving. Those that turn to God, will make conscience of worshipping before him. Let every tongue confess that he is Lord. High and low, rich and poor, bond and free, meet in Christ. Seeing we cannot keep alive our own souls, it is our wisdom, by obedient faith, to commit our souls to Christ, who is able to save and keep them alive for ever. A seed shall serve him. God will have a church in the world to the end of time. They shall be accounted to him for a generation; he will be the same to them that he was to those who went before them. His righteousness, and not any of their own, they shall declare to be the foundation of all their hopes, and the fountain of all their joys. Redemption by Christ is the Lord's own doing. Here we see the free love and compassion of God the Father, and of our Lord Jesus Christ, for us wretched sinners, as the source of all grace and consolation; the example we are to follow, the treatment as Christians we are to expect, and the conduct under it we are to adopt. Every lesson may here be learned that can profit the humbled soul. Let those who go about to establish their own righteousness inquire, why the beloved Son of God should thus suffer, if their own doings could atone for sin? Let the ungodly professor consider whether the Saviour thus honoured the Divine law, to purchase him the privilege of despising it. Let the careless take warning to flee from the wrath to come, and the trembling rest their hopes upon this merciful Redeemer. Let the tempted and distressed believer cheerfully expect a happy end of every trial.
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