Job 39:21
New International Version
It paws fiercely, rejoicing in its strength, and charges into the fray.

New Living Translation
It paws the earth and rejoices in its strength when it charges out to battle.

English Standard Version
He paws in the valley and exults in his strength; he goes out to meet the weapons.

Berean Study Bible
He paws in the valley and rejoices in his strength; he charges into battle.

King James Bible
He paweth in the valley, and rejoiceth in his strength: he goeth on to meet the armed men.

New King James Version
He paws in the valley, and rejoices in his strength; He gallops into the clash of arms.

New American Standard Bible
“He paws in the valley, and rejoices in his strength; He goes out to meet the battle.

NASB 1995
“He paws in the valley, and rejoices in his strength; He goes out to meet the weapons.

NASB 1977
“He paws in the valley, and rejoices in his strength; He goes out to meet the weapons.

Amplified Bible
“He paws in the valley and rejoices in his strength; He goes out to meet the weapons [of armed men].

Christian Standard Bible
He paws in the valley and rejoices in his strength; he charges into battle.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
He paws in the valley and rejoices in his strength; He charges into battle.

American Standard Version
He paweth in the valley, and rejoiceth in his strength: He goeth out to meet the armed men.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
He paws in the depths and prances in the valley and goes out in armor for the attack

Brenton Septuagint Translation
He paws exulting in the plain, and goes forth in strength into the plain.

Contemporary English Version
Before horses are ridden into battle, they paw at the ground, proud of their strength.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He breaketh up the earth with his hoof, he pranceth boldly, he goeth forward to meet armed men.

English Revised Version
He paweth in the valley, and rejoiceth in his strength: he goeth out to meet the armed men.

Good News Translation
They eagerly paw the ground in the valley; they rush into battle with all their strength.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
It paws in strength and finds joy in its power. It charges into battle.

International Standard Version
He paws the ground in the valley and rejoices in his strength; he goes out to face weapons.

JPS Tanakh 1917
He paweth in the valley, and rejoiceth in his strength; He goeth out to meet the clash of arms.

Literal Standard Version
They dig in a valley, and he rejoices in power, He goes forth to meet the armor.

NET Bible
It paws the ground in the valley, exulting mightily, it goes out to meet the weapons.

New Heart English Bible
He paws in the valley, and rejoices in his strength. He goes out to meet the armed men.

World English Bible
He paws in the valley, and rejoices in his strength. He goes out to meet the armed men.

Young's Literal Translation
They dig in a valley, and he rejoiceth in power, He goeth forth to meet the armour.

Additional Translations ...
Context
God Speaks of His Creation
20Do you make him leap like a locust, striking terror with his proud snorting? 21He paws in the valley and rejoices in his strength; he charges into battle. 22He laughs at fear, frightened of nothing; he does not turn back from the sword.…

Cross References
Job 39:22
He laughs at fear, frightened of nothing; he does not turn back from the sword.

Jeremiah 8:6
I have listened and heard; they do not speak what is right. No one repents of his wickedness, asking, 'What have I done?' Everyone has pursued his own course like a horse charging into battle.


Treasury of Scripture

He paws in the valley, and rejoices in his strength: he goes on to meet the armed men.

He paweth.

Judges 5:22
Then were the horsehoofs broken by the means of the pransings, the pransings of their mighty ones.

and

1 Samuel 17:4-10,42
And there went out a champion out of the camp of the Philistines, named Goliath, of Gath, whose height was six cubits and a span…

Psalm 19:5
Which is as a bridegroom coming out of his chamber, and rejoiceth as a strong man to run a race.

Jeremiah 9:23
Thus saith the LORD, Let not the wise man glory in his wisdom, neither let the mighty man glory in his might, let not the rich man glory in his riches:

he goeth

Proverbs 21:31
The horse is prepared against the day of battle: but safety is of the LORD.

Jeremiah 8:6
I hearkened and heard, but they spake not aright: no man repented him of his wickedness, saying, What have I done? every one turned to his course, as the horse rusheth into the battle.

armed men.









(21) He paweth . . . he rejoiceth.--The first verb is plural, and the second singular. "They paw" (literally, dig), and "he rejoiceth."

Verse 21. - He paweth in the valley. Canon Cook appositely compares Virgil's "carat tellurem" ('Georg.,' 3:87, 88), and Professor Lee Pope's expression, that "ere they start a thousand steps are lost." The verb is in the plural, because a line of cavalry, all pawing and eager to be off, is intended to be represented. And rejoiceth in his strength. Nothing is more remarkable than the eagerness and joy which war-horses show when the battle approaches. They are generally more excited than their riders. He goeth on to meet the armed men; literally, he rusheth upon the weapons. Equally true in ancient and in modern warfare. The main use of cavalry is in the charge (see Denison's 'Hist. of Cavalry,' pp. 507-512).

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
He paws
יַחְפְּר֣וּ (yaḥ·pə·rū)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's 2658: To pry into, to delve, to explore

in the valley
בָ֭עֵמֶק (ḇā·‘ê·meq)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 6010: A vale

and rejoices
וְיָשִׂ֣ישׂ (wə·yā·śîś)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 7797: To be bright, cheerful

in his strength;
בְּכֹ֑חַ (bə·ḵō·aḥ)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 3581: A small reptile (of unknown species)

he charges
יֵ֝צֵ֗א (yê·ṣê)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 3318: To go, bring, out, direct and proxim

into battle.
נָֽשֶׁק׃ (nā·šeq)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 5402: Military equipment, arms, an arsenal


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OT Poetry: Job 39:21 He paws in the valley and rejoices (Jb)
Job 39:20
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