Job 20:18
New International Version
What he toiled for he must give back uneaten; he will not enjoy the profit from his trading.

New Living Translation
They will give back everything they worked for. Their wealth will bring them no joy.

English Standard Version
He will give back the fruit of his toil and will not swallow it down; from the profit of his trading he will get no enjoyment.

Berean Study Bible
He must return the fruit of his labor without consuming it; he cannot enjoy the profits of his trading.

New American Standard Bible
"He returns what he has attained And cannot swallow it; As to the riches of his trading, He cannot even enjoy them.

King James Bible
That which he laboured for shall he restore, and shall not swallow it down: according to his substance shall the restitution be, and he shall not rejoice therein.

Christian Standard Bible
He must return the fruit of his labor without consuming it; he doesn't enjoy the profits from his trading.

Contemporary English Version
Their hard work will result in nothing gained,

Good News Translation
They will have to give up all they have worked for; they will have no chance to enjoy their wealth,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
He must return the fruit of his labor without consuming it; he doesn't enjoy the profits from his trading.

International Standard Version
"He will restore what he has attained from his work and won't consume it; he won't enjoy the profits from his business transactions,

NET Bible
He gives back the ill-gotten gain without assimilating it; he will not enjoy the wealth from his commerce.

New Heart English Bible
That for which he labored he shall restore, and shall not swallow it down. According to the substance that he has gotten, he shall not rejoice.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
He will give back what he earned without enjoying it. He will get no joy from the profits of his business

JPS Tanakh 1917
That which he laboured for shall he give back, and shall not swallow it down; According to the substance that he hath gotten, he shall not rejoice.

New American Standard 1977
“He returns what he has attained And cannot swallow it; As to the riches of his trading, He cannot even enjoy them.

Jubilee Bible 2000
He shall restore the work that was not his; according to the substance that he took; neither shall he devour, nor rejoice.

King James 2000 Bible
That which he labored for shall he restore, and shall not swallow it down: from the proceeds of business he shall not rejoice.

American King James Version
That which he labored for shall he restore, and shall not swallow it down: according to his substance shall the restitution be, and he shall not rejoice therein.

American Standard Version
That which he labored for shall he restore, and shall not swallow it down; According to the substance that he hath gotten, he shall not rejoice.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
He has laboured unprofitably and in vain, for wealth of which he shall not taste: it is as a lean thing, unfit for food, which he cannot swallow.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He shall be punished for all that he did, and yet shall not be consumed: according to the multitude of his devices so also shall he suffer.

Darby Bible Translation
That which he laboured for shall he restore, and not swallow down; its restitution shall be according to the value, and he shall not rejoice [therein].

English Revised Version
That which he laboured for shall he restore, and shall not swallow it down; according to the substance that he hath gotten, he shall not rejoice.

Webster's Bible Translation
That which he labored for shall he restore, and shall not swallow it: according to his substance shall the restitution be, and he shall not rejoice in it.

World English Bible
That for which he labored he shall restore, and shall not swallow it down. According to the substance that he has gotten, he shall not rejoice.

Young's Literal Translation
He is giving back what he laboured for, And doth not consume it; As a bulwark is his exchange, and he exults not.
Study Bible
Zophar: Destruction Awaits the Wicked
17He will not enjoy the streams, the rivers flowing with honey and cream. 18He must return the fruit of his labor without consuming it; he cannot enjoy the profits of his trading. 19For he has oppressed and forsaken the poor; he has seized houses he did not build.…
Cross References
Job 20:10
His sons will seek the favor of the poor, for his own hands must return his wealth.

Job 20:15
He swallows wealth but vomits it out; God will force it from his stomach.

Job 27:17
what he lays up, the righteous will wear, and his silver will be divided by the innocent.

Job 31:8
then may another eat what I have sown, and my crops be uprooted.

Proverbs 21:20
Precious treasures and oil are in the dwelling of the wise, but a foolish man consumes them.

Treasury of Scripture

That which he labored for shall he restore, and shall not swallow it down: according to his substance shall the restitution be, and he shall not rejoice therein.

shall he restore.

Job 20:10,15
His children shall seek to please the poor, and his hands shall restore their goods…

swallow

Job 20:5
That the triumphing of the wicked is short, and the joy of the hypocrite but for a moment?

Proverbs 1:12
Let us swallow them up alive as the grave; and whole, as those that go down into the pit:

Jeremiah 51:34,44
Nebuchadrezzar the king of Babylon hath devoured me, he hath crushed me, he hath made me an empty vessel, he hath swallowed me up like a dragon, he hath filled his belly with my delicates, he hath cast me out…

his substance.

Job 31:25,29
If I rejoiced because my wealth was great, and because mine hand had gotten much; …

Isaiah 24:7-11
The new wine mourneth, the vine languisheth, all the merryhearted do sigh…

Jeremiah 11:15,16
What hath my beloved to do in mine house, seeing she hath wrought lewdness with many, and the holy flesh is passed from thee? when thou doest evil, then thou rejoicest…







Lexicon
He must return
מֵשִׁ֣יב (mê·šîḇ)
Verb - Hifil - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7725: To turn back, in, to retreat, again

the fruit of his labor
יָ֭גָע (yā·ḡā‘)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3022: Earnings

without
וְלֹ֣א (wə·lō)
Conjunctive waw | Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

consuming it;
יִבְלָ֑ע (yiḇ·lā‘)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1104: To swallow down, swallow up, engulf

he cannot
וְלֹ֣א (wə·lō)
Conjunctive waw | Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

enjoy
יַעֲלֹֽס׃ (ya·‘ă·lōs)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5965: To leap for, joy, exult, wave joyously

the profits
כְּחֵ֥יל (kə·ḥêl)
Preposition-k | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 2428: A force, an army, wealth, virtue, valor, strength

of his trading.
תְּ֝מוּרָת֗וֹ (tə·mū·rā·ṯōw)
Noun - feminine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8545: Barter, compensation
(18) That which he laboured for shall he restore . . .--The latter part of this verse is probably right; but it may be, "According to the substance that he hath gotten he shall not rejoice."

Verse 18. - That which he laboured for he shall restore. Even that which he gets by his own honest labour he shall have to part with and give up. He shall not swallow it down; i.e. "shall not absorb it, and make it his own." According to his substance shall the restitution be. So Schultens, Professor Lee, and Dr. Stanley Leathes, who understand Zophar as asserting that, in order to compensate those whom he has robbed, the wicked man will have to make over to them all the wealth that is honestly his Others translate, "According to the substance that he hath gotten, he shall not rejoice" (see the Revised Version, and the commentaries of Ewald, Delitzsch, and Dillmann). 20:10-22 The miserable condition of the wicked man in this world is fully set forth. The lusts of the flesh are here called the sins of his youth. His hiding it and keeping it under his tongue, denotes concealment of his beloved lust, and delight therein. But He who knows what is in the heart, knows what is under the tongue, and will discover it. The love of the world, and of the wealth of it, also is wickedness, and man sets his heart upon these. Also violence and injustice, these sins bring God's judgments upon nations and families. Observe the punishment of the wicked man for these things. Sin is turned into gall, than which nothing is more bitter; it will prove to him poison; so will all unlawful gains be. In his fulness he shall be in straits, through the anxieties of his own mind. To be led by the sanctifying grace of God to restore what was unjustly gotten, as Zaccheus was, is a great mercy. But to be forced to restore by the horrors of a despairing conscience, as Judas was, has no benefit and comfort attending it.
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Attained Bulwark Consume Enjoy Enjoyment Exchange Exults Food Forced Fruit Gotten Labored Profit Rejoice Restitution Restore Returns Riches Substance Swallow Therein Toil Toiled Trading Work
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Alphabetical: And As attained back cannot enjoy even for from give has he his it must not of profit returns riches swallow the them to toiled trading uneaten What will

OT Poetry: Job 20:18 That for which he labored he shall (Jb) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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