Job 39:21
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
He paws in the valley and exults in his strength; he goes out to meet the weapons.

King James Bible
He paweth in the valley, and rejoiceth in his strength: he goeth on to meet the armed men.

American Standard Version
He paweth in the valley, and rejoiceth in his strength: He goeth out to meet the armed men.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He breaketh up the earth with his hoof, he pranceth boldly, he goeth forward to meet armed men.

English Revised Version
He paweth in the valley, and rejoiceth in his strength: he goeth out to meet the armed men.

Webster's Bible Translation
He paweth in the valley, and rejoiceth in his strength: he goeth on to meet the armed men.

Job 39:21 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

13 The wing of the ostrich vibrates joyously,

Is she pious, wing and feather?

14 No, she leaveth her eggs in the earth

And broodeth over the dust,

15 Forgetting that a foot may crush them,

And the beast of the field trample them.

16 She treateth her young ones harshly as if they were not hers;

In vain is her labour, without her being distressed.

17 For Eloah hath caused her to forget wisdom,

And gave her no share of understanding.

18 At the time when she lasheth herself aloft,

She derideth the horse and horseman.

As the wild ass and the ox-like oryx cannot be tamed by man, and employed in his service like the domestic ass and ox, so the ostrich, although resembling the stork in its stilt-like structure, the colour of its feathers, and its gregarious life, still has characteristics totally different from those one ought to look for according to this similarity. רננים, a wail, prop. a tremulous shrill sound (vid., Job 39:23), is a name of the female ostrich, whose peculiar cry is called in Arabic zimâr (זמר). נעלס (from עלס, which in comparison with עלץ, עלז, rarely occurs) signifies to make gestures of joy. אם, Job 39:13, is an interrogative an; חסידה, pia, is a play upon the name of the stork, which is so called: pia instar ciconiae (on this figure of speech, comp. Mehren's Rehtorik der Araber, S. 178). כּי, Job 39:14, establishes the negation implied in the question, as e.g., Isaiah 28:28. The idea is not that the hen-ostrich abandons the hatching of her eggs to the earth (עזב ל as Psalm 16:10), and makes them "glow over the dust" (Schlottm.), for the maturing energy compensating for the sitting of the parent bird proceeds from the sun's heat, which ought to have been mentioned; one would also expect a Hiph. instead of the Piel תּחמּם, which can be understood only of hatching by her own warmth. The hen-ostrich also really broods herself, although from time to time she abandons the חמּם to the sun.

(Note: It does, however, as it appears, actually occur, that the female leaves the work of hatching to the sun by day, and to the male at night, and does not sit at all herself; vid., Funke's Naturgeschichte, revised by Taschenberg (1864), S. 243f.)

continued...

Job 39:21 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

He paweth. or, His feet dig

Judges 5:22 Then were the horse hoofs broken by the means of the prancings, the prancings of their mighty ones.

and

1 Samuel 17:4-10,42 And there went out a champion out of the camp of the Philistines, named Goliath, of Gath, whose height was six cubits and a span...

Psalm 19:5 Which is as a bridegroom coming out of his chamber, and rejoices as a strong man to run a race.

Jeremiah 9:23 Thus said the LORD, Let not the wise man glory in his wisdom, neither let the mighty man glory in his might...

he goeth

Proverbs 21:31 The horse is prepared against the day of battle: but safety is of the LORD.

Jeremiah 8:6 I listened and heard, but they spoke not aright: no man repented him of his wickedness, saying, What have I done?...

armed men. Heb. armour

Cross References
Job 39:22
He laughs at fear and is not dismayed; he does not turn back from the sword.

Jeremiah 8:6
I have paid attention and listened, but they have not spoken rightly; no man relents of his evil, saying, 'What have I done?' Everyone turns to his own course, like a horse plunging headlong into battle.

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