Psalm 23:5
New International Version
You prepare a table before me in the presence of my enemies. You anoint my head with oil; my cup overflows.

New Living Translation
You prepare a feast for me in the presence of my enemies. You honor me by anointing my head with oil. My cup overflows with blessings.

English Standard Version
You prepare a table before me in the presence of my enemies; you anoint my head with oil; my cup overflows.

Berean Study Bible
You prepare a table before me in the presence of my enemies. You anoint my head with oil; my cup overflows.

New American Standard Bible
You prepare a table before me in the presence of my enemies; You have anointed my head with oil; My cup overflows.

King James Bible
Thou preparest a table before me in the presence of mine enemies: thou anointest my head with oil; my cup runneth over.

Christian Standard Bible
You prepare a table before me in the presence of my enemies; you anoint my head with oil; my cup overflows.

Contemporary English Version
You treat me to a feast, while my enemies watch. You honor me as your guest, and you fill my cup until it overflows.

Good News Translation
You prepare a banquet for me, where all my enemies can see me; you welcome me as an honored guest and fill my cup to the brim.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
You prepare a table before me in the presence of my enemies; You anoint my head with oil; my cup overflows.

International Standard Version
You prepare a table before me, even in the presence of my enemies. You anoint my head with oil; my cup overflows.

NET Bible
You prepare a feast before me in plain sight of my enemies. You refresh my head with oil; my cup is completely full.

New Heart English Bible
You prepare a table before me in the presence of my enemies. You anoint my head with oil. My cup runs over.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
You have prepared tables in front of me opposite my enemies; you have anointed my head with oil and my cup overflows as if it were alive.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
You prepare a banquet for me while my enemies watch. You anoint my head with oil. My cup overflows.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Thou preparest a table before me in the presence of mine enemies; Thou hast anointed my head with oil; my cup runneth over.

New American Standard 1977
Thou dost prepare a table before me in the presence of my enemies; Thou hast anointed my head with oil; My cup overflows.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Thou shalt prepare a table before me in the presence of my enemies; thou hast anointed my head with oil; my cup is running over.

King James 2000 Bible
You prepare a table before me in the presence of my enemies: you anoint my head with oil; my cup runs over.

American King James Version
You prepare a table before me in the presence of my enemies: you anoint my head with oil; my cup runs over.

American Standard Version
Thou preparest a table before me in the presence of mine enemies: Thou hast anointed my head with oil; My cup runneth over.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Thou has prepared a table before me in presence of them that afflict me: thou hast thoroughly anointed my head with oil; and thy cup cheers me like the best wine.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Thou hast prepared a table before me against them that afflict me. Thou hast anointed my head with oil; and my chalice which inebriateth me, how goodly is it!

Darby Bible Translation
Thou preparest a table before me in the presence of mine enemies; thou hast anointed my head with oil; my cup runneth over.

English Revised Version
Thou preparest a table before me in the presence of mine enemies: thou hast anointed my head with oil; my cup runneth over.

Webster's Bible Translation
Thou preparest a table before me in the presence of my enemies: thou anointest my head with oil; my cup runneth over.

World English Bible
You prepare a table before me in the presence of my enemies. You anoint my head with oil. My cup runs over.

Young's Literal Translation
Thou arrangest before me a table, Over-against my adversaries, Thou hast anointed with oil my head, My cup is full!
Study Bible
The LORD is My Shepherd
4Even though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil, for You are with me; Your rod and Your staff, they comfort me. 5You prepare a table before me in the presence of my enemies. You anoint my head with oil; my cup overflows. 6Surely goodness and mercy will follow me all the days of my life, and I will dwell in the house of the LORD forever.…
Cross References
Luke 7:46
You did not anoint My head with oil, but she has anointed My feet with perfume.

Psalm 16:5
The LORD is my chosen portion and my cup; You have made my lot secure.

Psalm 31:19
How great is Your goodness which You have laid up for those who fear You, and bestowed on those who take refuge in You in the sight of the sons of men.

Psalm 73:10
So His people return to this place and drink up waters in abundance.

Psalm 78:19
They spoke against God, saying, "Can God really prepare a table in the wilderness?

Psalm 92:10
But You have exalted my horn like that of a wild ox; with fine oil I have been anointed.

Psalm 104:15
wine that gladdens the heart of man, oil that makes his face to shine and bread that sustains his heart.

Psalm 141:5
Let the righteous man strike me; let his rebuke be an act of loving devotion. It is oil for my head; let me not refuse it. For my prayer is ever against the deeds of the wicked.

Proverbs 27:9
Oil and incense bring joy to the heart, and the sweetness of a friend is counsel to the soul.

Ecclesiastes 9:8
"Let your clothes always be white, and never spare the oil for your head."

Isaiah 61:3
to provide for those who grieve in Zion--to give them a crown of beauty for ashes, the oil of joy for mourning, and a garment of praise in place of a spirit of despair. So they will be called oaks of righteousness, the planting of the LORD, that He may be glorified.

Treasury of Scripture

You prepare a table before me in the presence of my enemies: you anoint my head with oil; my cup runs over.

preparest

Psalm 22:26,29
The meek shall eat and be satisfied: they shall praise the LORD that seek him: your heart shall live for ever…

Psalm 31:19,20
Oh how great is thy goodness, which thou hast laid up for them that fear thee; which thou hast wrought for them that trust in thee before the sons of men! …

Psalm 104:15
And wine that maketh glad the heart of man, and oil to make his face to shine, and bread which strengtheneth man's heart.

thou anointest [heb.

Psalm 45:7
Thou lovest righteousness, and hatest wickedness: therefore God, thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows.

Psalm 92:10
But my horn shalt thou exalt like the horn of an unicorn: I shall be anointed with fresh oil.

Amos 6:6
That drink wine in bowls, and anoint themselves with the chief ointments: but they are not grieved for the affliction of Joseph.

my cup

Psalm 16:5
The LORD is the portion of mine inheritance and of my cup: thou maintainest my lot.

Psalm 116:13
I will take the cup of salvation, and call upon the name of the LORD.

1 Corinthians 10:16
The cup of blessing which we bless, is it not the communion of the blood of Christ? The bread which we break, is it not the communion of the body of Christ?







Lexicon
You prepare
תַּעֲרֹ֬ךְ (ta·‘ă·rōḵ)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6186: To set in a, row, arrange, put in order

a table
שֻׁלְחָ֗ן (šul·ḥān)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7979: A table, a meal

before me
לְפָנַ֨י ׀ (lə·p̄ā·nay)
Preposition-l | Noun - masculine plural construct | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 6440: The face

in the presence of
נֶ֥גֶד (ne·ḡeḏ)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5048: A front, part opposite, a counterpart, mate, over against, before

my enemies.
צֹרְרָ֑י (ṣō·rə·rāy)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine plural construct | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 6887: To bind, tie up, be restricted, narrow, scant, or cramped

You anoint
דִּשַּׁ֖נְתָּ (diš·šan·tā)
Verb - Piel - Perfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1878: To be fat, to fatten, to anoint, to satisfy, to remove, ashes

my head
רֹ֝אשִׁ֗י (rō·šî)
Noun - masculine singular construct | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 7218: The head

with oil;
בַשֶּׁ֥מֶן (ḇaš·še·men)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8081: Grease, liquid, richness

my cup
כּוֹסִ֥י (kō·w·sî)
Noun - feminine singular construct | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 3563: A cup, a lot, some unclean bird, an owl

overflows.
רְוָיָֽה׃ (rə·wā·yāh)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7310: Satisfaction
(5) Such a sudden transition from the figure of the flock to that of a banquet is characteristic of Hebrew poetry.

Preparest--i.e., spreadest or furnishest, the usual phrase (Proverbs 9:2; Isaiah 21:5). (For the same figure of the hospitable host applied to God, see Job 36:16; Isaiah 25:6; and the well-known parables in the New Testament.)

In the presence of mine enemies.--We must imagine the banquet spread on some secure mountain height, in sight of the baffled foe, who look on in harmless spite.

My cup runneth over.--Literally, My cup is abundant drink. Cup, in the sense of portion, has already occurred (Psalm 11:6; Psalm 16:5). The LXX. has, "Thine intoxicating cup, how excellent it is;" Vulg. the same, but with "my" instead of "thy."

Verse 5. - Thou preparest a table before me in the presence of mine enemies. Another transition. The danger of death is past. David reverts to the thought of the tranquil, happy, joyous time which God has vouchsafed to grant him. He has "adversaries," indeed, but they are powerless to effect anything against hint They have to look on with ill-concealed annoyance at his prosperity, to see his table amply spread; his condition such as men generally envy; his wealth typified by abundant oil - thou anointest (or, makest fat, marginal rendering) my head with oil - great, his whole life full to overflowing with blessedness. My cup runneth over, he declares - is not only full to the brim, but runs over the brim - an expressive metaphor, indicative of a state of bliss rarely experienced in this life. 23:1-6 Confidence in God's grace and care. - "The Lord is my shepherd." In these words, the believer is taught to express his satisfaction in the care of the great Pastor of the universe, the Redeemer and Preserver of men. With joy he reflects that he has a shepherd, and that shepherd is Jehovah. A flock of sheep, gentle and harmless, feeding in verdant pastures, under the care of a skilful, watchful, and tender shepherd, forms an emblem of believers brought back to the Shepherd of their souls. The greatest abundance is but a dry pasture to a wicked man, who relishes in it only what pleases the senses; but to a godly man, who by faith tastes the goodness of God in all his enjoyments, though he has but little of the world, it is a green pasture. The Lord gives quiet and contentment in the mind, whatever the lot is. Are we blessed with the green pastures of the ordinances, let us not think it enough to pass through them, but let us abide in them. The consolations of the Holy Spirit are the still waters by which the saints are led; the streams which flow from the Fountain of living waters. Those only are led by the still waters of comfort, who walk in the paths of righteousness. The way of duty is the truly pleasant way. The work of righteousness in peace. In these paths we cannot walk, unless. God lead us into them, and lead us on in them. Discontent and distrust proceed from unbelief; an unsteady walk is the consequence: let us then simply trust our Shepherd's care, and hearken to his voice. The valley of the shadow of death may denote the most severe and terrible affliction, or dark dispensation of providence, that the psalmist ever could come under. Between the part of the flock on earth and that which is gone to heaven, death lies like a dark valley that must be passed in going from one to the other. But even in this there are words which lessen the terror. It is but the shadow of death: the shadow of a serpent will not sting, nor the shadow of a sword kill. It is a valley, deep indeed, and dark, and miry; but valleys are often fruitful, and so is death itself fruitful of comforts to God's people. It is a walk through it: they shall not be lost in this valley, but get safe to the mountain on the other side. Death is a king of terrors, but not to the sheep of Christ. When they come to die, God will rebuke the enemy; he will guide them with his rod, and sustain them with his staff. There is enough in the gospel to comfort the saints when dying, and underneath them are the everlasting arms. The Lord's people feast at his table, upon the provisions of his love. Satan and wicked men are not able to destroy their comforts, while they are anointed with the Holy Spirit, and drink of the cup of salvation which is ever full. Past experience teaches believers to trust that the goodness and mercy of God will follow them all the days of their lives, and it is their desire and determination, to seek their happiness in the service of God here, and they hope to enjoy his love for ever in heaven. While here, the Lord can make any situation pleasant, by the anointing of his Spirit and the joys of his salvation. But those that would be satisfied with the blessings of his house, must keep close to the duties of it.
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OT Poetry: Psalm 23:5 You prepare a table before me (Psalm Ps Psa.) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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