Psalm 23:5
Parallel Verses
New International Version
You prepare a table before me in the presence of my enemies. You anoint my head with oil; my cup overflows.

King James Bible
Thou preparest a table before me in the presence of mine enemies: thou anointest my head with oil; my cup runneth over.

Darby Bible Translation
Thou preparest a table before me in the presence of mine enemies; thou hast anointed my head with oil; my cup runneth over.

World English Bible
You prepare a table before me in the presence of my enemies. You anoint my head with oil. My cup runs over.

Young's Literal Translation
Thou arrangest before me a table, Over-against my adversaries, Thou hast anointed with oil my head, My cup is full!

Psalm 23:5 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Thou preparest a table before me - Here the second allegory begins. A magnificent banquet is provided by a most liberal and benevolent host; who has not only the bounty to feed me, but power to protect me; and, though surrounded by enemies, I sit down to this table with confidence, knowing that I shall feast in perfect security. This may refer to the favor God gave the poor captive Israelites in the sight of the Chaldeans who had grievously treated them for seventy years; and whose king, Cyrus, had not only permitted them now to return to their own land, but had also furnished them with every thing requisite for their passage, and for repairing the walls of Jerusalem, and rebuilding the temple of the Lord, where the sacrifices were offered as usual, and the people of God feasted on them.

Thou anointest my head with oil - Perfumed oil was poured on the heads of distinguished guests, when at the feasts of great personages. The woman in the Gospel, who poured the box of ointment of spikenard on the head of our Lord (see Matthew 26:6, Matthew 26:7; Mark 14:8; Luke 7:46), only acted according to the custom of her own country, which the host, who invited our Lord, had shamefully neglected.

My cup runneth over - Thou hast not only given me abundance of food, but hast filled my cup with the best wine.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

preparest

Psalm 22:26,29 The meek shall eat and be satisfied: they shall praise the LORD that seek him: your heart shall live for ever...

Psalm 31:19,20 Oh how great is your goodness, which you have laid up for them that fear you...

Psalm 104:15 And wine that makes glad the heart of man, and oil to make his face to shine, and bread which strengthens man's heart.

Job 36:16 Even so would he have removed you out of the strait into a broad place, where there is no narrow place...

Isaiah 25:6 And in this mountain shall the LORD of hosts make to all people a feast of fat things, a feast of wines on the lees...

John 6:53-56 Then Jesus said to them, Truly, truly, I say to you, Except you eat the flesh of the Son of man, and drink his blood...

John 10:9,10 I am the door: by me if any man enter in, he shall be saved, and shall go in and out, and find pasture...

John 16:22 And you now therefore have sorrow: but I will see you again, and your heart shall rejoice, and your joy no man takes from you.

thou anointest [heb.] makest fat

Psalm 45:7 You love righteousness, and hate wickedness: therefore God, your God, has anointed you with the oil of gladness above your fellows.

Psalm 92:10 But my horn shall you exalt like the horn of an unicorn: I shall be anointed with fresh oil.

Amos 6:6 That drink wine in bowls, and anoint themselves with the chief ointments: but they are not grieved for the affliction of Joseph.

Matthew 6:17 But you, when you fast, anoint your head, and wash your face;

2 Corinthians 1:21 Now he which establishes us with you in Christ, and has anointed us, is God;

1 John 2:20,27 But you have an unction from the Holy One, and you know all things...

my cup

Psalm 16:5 The LORD is the portion of my inheritance and of my cup: you maintain my lot.

Psalm 116:13 I will take the cup of salvation, and call on the name of the LORD.

1 Corinthians 10:16 The cup of blessing which we bless, is it not the communion of the blood of Christ? The bread which we break...

Ephesians 3:20 Now to him that is able to do exceeding abundantly above all that we ask or think, according to the power that works in us,

Library
The Shepherd King of Israel
'The Lord is my shepherd: I shall not want. 2. He maketh me to lie down in green pastures: He leadeth me beside the still waters. 3. He restoreth my soul: He leadeth me in the paths of righteousness for His name's sake. 4. Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil: for Thou art with me; Thy rod and Thy staff, they comfort me. 5. Thou preparest a table before me in the presence of mine enemies: Thou anointest my head with oil; my cup runneth over. 6. Surely
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

God's Providence
In facts from Christian and philosophical standpoints it has been demonstrated that the infallible Supreme Ruler of all human spirits has made His final provision for the safety of each and every individual soul for its temporal and eternal welfare. Now I must prove to my readers' perfect satisfaction that to discard all the dignities and privileges of a high priest and become a lowly worker for Christ, it is not a mere accident nor is it an act of necessity as far as temporal necessities are concerned;
Meletios Golden—Conversion of a High Priest into a Christian Worker

The King of Love My Shepherd Is
[1242]Dominus Regit Me: John Bacchus Dykes, 1868 Psalm 23 Henry W. Baker, 1868 The King of love my Shepherd is, Whose goodness faileth never; I nothing lack if I am his, And he is mine for ever. Where streams of living water flow My ransomed soul he leadeth, And, where the verdant pastures grow, With food celestial feedeth. Perverse and foolish oft I strayed, But yet in love he sought me, And on his shoulder gently laid, And home, rejoicing, brought me. In death's dark vale I fear no ill With
Various—The Hymnal of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the USA

The Shepherd and the Fold
... Thou hast guided them in Thy strength unto Thy holy habitation.' EXODUS XV. 13. What a grand triumphal ode! The picture of Moses and the children of Israel singing, and Miriam and the women answering: a gush of national pride and of worship! We belong to a better time, but still we can feel its grandeur. The deliverance has made the singer look forward to the end, and his confidence in the issue is confirmed. I. The guiding God: or the picture of the leading. The original is 'lead gently.' Cf.
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

Cross References
Luke 7:46
You did not put oil on my head, but she has poured perfume on my feet.

Psalm 16:5
LORD, you alone are my portion and my cup; you make my lot secure.

Psalm 31:19
How abundant are the good things that you have stored up for those who fear you, that you bestow in the sight of all, on those who take refuge in you.

Psalm 73:10
Therefore their people turn to them and drink up waters in abundance.

Psalm 78:19
They spoke against God; they said, "Can God really spread a table in the wilderness?

Psalm 92:10
You have exalted my horn like that of a wild ox; fine oils have been poured on me.

Psalm 104:15
wine that gladdens human hearts, oil to make their faces shine, and bread that sustains their hearts.

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