Psalm 104:15
New International Version
wine that gladdens human hearts, oil to make their faces shine, and bread that sustains their hearts.

New Living Translation
wine to make them glad, olive oil to soothe their skin, and bread to give them strength.

English Standard Version
and wine to gladden the heart of man, oil to make his face shine and bread to strengthen man’s heart.

Berean Study Bible
wine that gladdens the heart of man, oil that makes his face to shine, and bread that sustains his heart.

New American Standard Bible
And wine which makes man's heart glad, So that he may make his face glisten with oil, And food which sustains man's heart.

King James Bible
And wine that maketh glad the heart of man, and oil to make his face to shine, and bread which strengtheneth man's heart.

Christian Standard Bible
wine that makes human hearts glad--making his face shine with oil--and bread that sustains human hearts.

Contemporary English Version
wine to cheer us up, olive oil for our skin, and grain for our health.

Good News Translation
and produce wine to make us happy, olive oil to make us cheerful, and bread to give us strength.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
wine that makes man's heart glad-- making his face shine with oil-- and bread that sustains man's heart.

International Standard Version
like wine that makes the heart of people happy, oil that makes the face glow, and food that sustains people.

NET Bible
as well as wine that makes people feel so good, and so they can have oil to make their faces shine, as well as food that sustains people's lives.

New Heart English Bible
wine that makes glad the heart of man, oil to make his face to shine, and bread that strengthens man's heart.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Wine gladdens the heart of the son of man and brightens his face with oil; bread sustains the heart of the son of man.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
You make wine to cheer human hearts, olive oil to make faces shine, and bread to strengthen human hearts.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And wine that maketh glad the heart of man, Making the face brighter than oil, And bread that stayeth man's heart.

New American Standard 1977
And wine which makes man’s heart glad, So that he may make his face glisten with oil, And food which sustains man’s heart.

Jubilee Bible 2000
and wine that makes glad the heart of man, making his face to shine with oil and bread which sustains man's heart.

King James 2000 Bible
And wine that makes glad the heart of man, and oil to make his face to shine, and bread which strengthens man's heart.

American King James Version
And wine that makes glad the heart of man, and oil to make his face to shine, and bread which strengthens man's heart.

American Standard Version
And wine that maketh glad the heart of man, And oil to make his face to shine, And bread that strengtheneth man's heart.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
and wine makes glad the heart of man, to make his face cheerful with oil: and bread strengthens man's heart.

Douay-Rheims Bible
and that wine may cheer the heart of man. That he may make the face cheerful with oil: and that bread may strengthen man's heart.

Darby Bible Translation
And wine which gladdeneth the heart of man; making [his] face shine with oil; and with bread he strengtheneth man's heart.

English Revised Version
And wine that maketh glad the heart of man, and oil to make his face to shine, and bread that strengtheneth man's heart.

Webster's Bible Translation
And wine that maketh glad the heart of man, and oil to make his face to shine, and bread which strengtheneth man's heart.

World English Bible
wine that makes glad the heart of man, oil to make his face to shine, and bread that strengthens man's heart.

Young's Literal Translation
And wine -- it rejoiceth the heart of man, To cause the face to shine from oil, And bread -- the heart of man it supporteth.
Study Bible
How Many Are Your Works, O LORD!
14He makes the grass grow for the livestock and provides crops for man to cultivate, bringing forth food from the earth: 15wine that gladdens the heart of man, oil that makes his face to shine and bread that sustains his heart. 16The trees of the LORD have their fill, the cedars of Lebanon that He planted,…
Cross References
Luke 7:46
You did not anoint My head with oil, but she has anointed My feet with perfume.

Genesis 14:18
Then Melchizedek king of Salem brought out bread and wine--since he was priest of God Most High--

Genesis 18:5
And I will bring a bit of bread so that you may refresh yourselves. This is why you have passed your servant's way. After that, you may continue on your way." "Yes," they replied, "you may do as you have said."

Judges 9:13
But the grapevine replied, 'Should I stop giving my wine that cheers both God and man, to hold sway over the trees?'

Judges 19:5
On the fourth day, they got up early in the morning and prepared to go, but the girl's father said to his son-in-law, "Refresh your heart with a morsel of bread, and then you can go."

Judges 19:8
On the fifth day, he got up early in the morning to leave, but the girl's father said, "Please refresh your heart." So they waited until late afternoon and the two of them ate.

Psalm 23:5
You prepare a table before me in the presence of my enemies. You anoint my head with oil; my cup overflows.

Psalm 36:6
Your righteousness is like the highest mountains, Your judgments like the deepest sea. O LORD, You preserve man and beast.

Psalm 92:10
But You have exalted my horn like that of a wild ox; with fine oil I have been anointed.

Psalm 104:16
The trees of the LORD have their fill, the cedars of Lebanon that He planted,

Psalm 141:5
Let the righteous man strike me; let his rebuke be an act of loving devotion. It is oil for my head; let me not refuse it. For my prayer is ever against the deeds of the wicked.

Proverbs 31:6
Give strong drink to one who is perishing, and wine to the bitter in soul.

Ecclesiastes 2:3
My mind, all the while guiding me with wisdom, sought to cheer my body with wine and embrace folly, until I could see what was worthwhile for men to do under heaven during the few days of their lives.

Ecclesiastes 10:19
A feast is prepared for laughter, and wine makes life merry, but money is the answer for everything.

Isaiah 61:3
to provide for those who grieve in Zion--to give them a crown of beauty for ashes, the oil of joy for mourning, and a garment of praise in place of a spirit of despair. So they will be called oaks of righteousness, the planting of the LORD, that He may be glorified.

Treasury of Scripture

And wine that makes glad the heart of man, and oil to make his face to shine, and bread which strengthens man's heart.

wine

Psalm 23:5
Thou preparest a table before me in the presence of mine enemies: thou anointest my head with oil; my cup runneth over.

Judges 9:13
And the vine said unto them, Should I leave my wine, which cheereth God and man, and go to be promoted over the trees?

Proverbs 31:6
Give strong drink unto him that is ready to perish, and wine unto those that be of heavy hearts.

oil to make his, etc.

Psalm 92:10
But my horn shalt thou exalt like the horn of an unicorn: I shall be anointed with fresh oil.

Deuteronomy 28:40
Thou shalt have olive trees throughout all thy coasts, but thou shalt not anoint thyself with the oil; for thine olive shall cast his fruit.

Judges 9:9
But the olive tree said unto them, Should I leave my fatness, wherewith by me they honour God and man, and go to be promoted over the trees?

bread

Psalm 105:16
Moreover he called for a famine upon the land: he brake the whole staff of bread.

Leviticus 26:26
And when I have broken the staff of your bread, ten women shall bake your bread in one oven, and they shall deliver you your bread again by weight: and ye shall eat, and not be satisfied.

Deuteronomy 8:3
And he humbled thee, and suffered thee to hunger, and fed thee with manna, which thou knewest not, neither did thy fathers know; that he might make thee know that man doth not live by bread only, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of the LORD doth man live.







Lexicon
wine
וְיַ֤יִן ׀ (wə·ya·yin)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3196: Wine, intoxication

that gladdens
יְשַׂמַּ֬ח (yə·śam·maḥ)
Verb - Piel - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8055: To brighten up, be, blithe, gleesome

the heart
לְֽבַב־ (lə·ḇaḇ-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3824: Inner man, mind, will, heart

of man,
אֱנ֗וֹשׁ (’ĕ·nō·wōš)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 582: Man, mankind

oil
מִשָּׁ֑מֶן (miš·šā·men)
Preposition-m | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8081: Grease, liquid, richness

that makes his face
פָּנִ֣ים (pā·nîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 6440: The face

to shine
לְהַצְהִ֣יל (lə·haṣ·hîl)
Preposition-l | Verb - Hifil - Infinitive construct
Strong's Hebrew 6670: To gleam, be cheerful, to sound clear

and bread
וְ֝לֶ֗חֶם (wə·le·ḥem)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3899: Food, bread, grain

that sustains
יִסְעָֽד׃ (yis·‘āḏ)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5582: To support, sustain, stay

[his]
אֱנ֥וֹשׁ (’ĕ·nō·wōš)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 582: Man, mankind

heart.
לְֽבַב־ (lə·ḇaḇ-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3824: Inner man, mind, will, heart
(15) And wine that . . .--Better, and wine gladdens man's heart, making his face shine more than oil (see-margin. The alternative follows the LXX. and Vulg., and suggests the anointing with oil at a banquet), and bread man's heart sustains.

Oil.--For oil and its uses see Psalm 133:2; Psalm 141:5.

Strengtheneth.--Properly, props or supports. (Comp. "the staff of bread," Psalm 105:16), and our "staff of life," and for the same phrase Genesis 18:5; Judges 19:5).

Verse 15. - And wine that maketh glad the heart of man. The food suitable to man consists, first, of wine, which gladdens his heart (comp. Judges 9:13); secondly, of oil to make his face to shine, or give him a cheerful countenance; and thirdly, of bread, which strengtheneth man's heart, which is "the staff of life," and the main sustenance of the entire body. It was the glory of the promised land to produce in abundance these three essentials (Deuteronomy 8:8; Deuteronomy 11:14; 2 Kings 18:32). 104:10-18 When we reflect upon the provision made for all creatures, we should also notice the natural worship they render to God. Yet man, forgetful ungrateful man, enjoys the largest measure of his Creator's kindness. the earth, varying in different lands. Nor let us forget spiritual blessings; the fruitfulness of the church through grace, the bread of everlasting life, the cup of salvation, and the oil of gladness. Does God provide for the inferior creatures, and will he not be a refuge to his people?
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