Psalm 104:4
New International Version
He makes winds his messengers, flames of fire his servants.

New Living Translation
The winds are your messengers; flames of fire are your servants.

English Standard Version
he makes his messengers winds, his ministers a flaming fire.

Berean Study Bible
He makes the winds His messengers, flames of fire His servants.

New American Standard Bible
He makes the winds His messengers, Flaming fire His ministers.

King James Bible
Who maketh his angels spirits; his ministers a flaming fire:

Christian Standard Bible
and making the winds his messengers, flames of fire his servants.

Contemporary English Version
The winds are your messengers, and flames of fire are your servants.

Good News Translation
You use the winds as your messengers and flashes of lightning as your servants.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
and making the winds His messengers, flames of fire His servants.

International Standard Version
He makes the winds his messengers, blazing fires his servants.

NET Bible
He makes the winds his messengers, and the flaming fire his attendant.

New Heart English Bible
He makes his angels winds, and his servants a flame of fire.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
He makes his Angels the wind and his ministers burning fire.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
You make your angels winds and your servants flames of fire.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Who makest winds Thy messengers, The flaming fire Thy ministers.

New American Standard 1977
He makes the winds His messengers, Flaming fire His ministers.

Jubilee Bible 2000
who makes his angels spirits, his ministers a flaming fire,

King James 2000 Bible
Who makes his angels spirits; his ministers a flaming fire:

American King James Version
Who makes his angels spirits; his ministers a flaming fire:

American Standard Version
Who maketh winds his messengers; Flames of fire his ministers;

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Who makes his angels spirits, and his ministers a flaming fire.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Who makest thy angels spirits: and thy ministers a burning fire.

Darby Bible Translation
Who maketh his angels spirits; his ministers a flame of fire.

English Revised Version
Who maketh winds his messengers; his ministers a flaming fire:

Webster's Bible Translation
Who maketh his angels spirits; his ministers a flaming fire:

World English Bible
He makes his messengers winds; his servants flames of fire.

Young's Literal Translation
Making His messengers -- the winds, His ministers -- the flaming fire.
Study Bible
How Many Are Your Works, O LORD!
3laying the beams of his chambers on the waters above, making the clouds His chariot, walking on the wings of the wind. 4He makes the winds His messengers, flames of fire His servants. 5He set the earth on its foundations, never to be moved.…
Cross References
Hebrews 1:7
Now about the angels He says: "He makes His angels winds, His servants flames of fire."

Genesis 3:24
So He drove out the man and stationed cherubim to the east of the Garden of Eden, with a whirling sword of flame to guard the way to the tree of life.

2 Kings 2:11
As they were walking along and talking together, suddenly a chariot of fire with horses of fire appeared and separated the two of them, and Elijah went up into heaven in a whirlwind.

2 Kings 6:17
Then Elisha prayed, "O LORD, please open his eyes that he may see." And the LORD opened the eyes of the young man, and he saw that the hills were full of horses and chariots of fire all around Elisha.

Psalm 103:21
Bless the LORD, all His hosts, you servants who do His will.

Psalm 147:15
He sends forth His command to the earth; His word runs swiftly.

Psalm 148:8
lightning and hail, snow and clouds, powerful wind fulfilling His word,

Ezekiel 1:13
In the midst of the living creatures was the appearance of glowing coals of fire, or of torches. Fire moved back and forth between the living creatures; it was bright, and lightning flashed out of it.

Treasury of Scripture

Who makes his angels spirits; his ministers a flaming fire:

who maketh

Acts 23:8
For the Sadducees say that there is no resurrection, neither angel, nor spirit: but the Pharisees confess both.

Hebrews 1:7,14
And of the angels he saith, Who maketh his angels spirits, and his ministers a flame of fire…

ministers

2 Kings 2:11
And it came to pass, as they still went on, and talked, that, behold, there appeared a chariot of fire, and horses of fire, and parted them both asunder; and Elijah went up by a whirlwind into heaven.

2 Kings 6:17
And Elisha prayed, and said, LORD, I pray thee, open his eyes, that he may see. And the LORD opened the eyes of the young man; and he saw: and, behold, the mountain was full of horses and chariots of fire round about Elisha.

Ezekiel 1:13
As for the likeness of the living creatures, their appearance was like burning coals of fire, and like the appearance of lamps: it went up and down among the living creatures; and the fire was bright, and out of the fire went forth lightning.







Lexicon
He makes
עֹשֶׂ֣ה (‘ō·śeh)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6213: To do, make

the winds
רוּח֑וֹת (rū·ḥō·wṯ)
Noun - common plural
Strong's Hebrew 7307: Wind, breath, exhalation, life, anger, unsubstantiality, a region of the sky, spirit

His messengers,
מַלְאָכָ֣יו (mal·’ā·ḵāw)
Noun - masculine plural construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4397: A messenger, of God, an angel

flames
לֹהֵֽט׃ (lō·hêṭ)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3857: To blaze up, flame

of fire
אֵ֣שׁ (’êš)
Noun - common singular
Strong's Hebrew 784: A fire

His servants.
מְ֝שָׁרְתָ֗יו (mə·šā·rə·ṯāw)
Verb - Piel - Participle - masculine plural construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8334: To attend as a, menial, worshipper, to contribute to
(4) Who maketh . . .--Rather,

Who maketh winds His messenger

A flaming fire His ministers.

Or, keeping the order of the Hebrew,

Who maketh His messengers of winds,

And His ministers of flaming fire.

This is plainly the meaning required by the context, which deals with the use made by the Divine King of the various forms and forces of Nature. Just as He makes the clouds serve as a chariot and the sky as a tent, so he employs the winds as messengers and the lightnings as servants.

Taken quite alone, the construction and arrangement of the verse favours the interpretation of the author of the Epistle to the Hebrews (Hebrews 1:7, Note, New Testament Commentary). This was the traditional Jewish interpretation, and on it were founded various theories of angelic agency.

But not only do the exigencies of the context set aside this interpretation, but Hebrew literature offers enough instances to show that the order in which a poet arranged his words was comparatively immaterial. Indeed, Dean Perowne has adduced two instances (Isaiah 37:26; Isaiah 60:18) of precisely similar inversion of the natural order of immediate object and predicate. (See Expositor, December, 1878.) And no difficulty need be made about the change of number in flame of fire and ministers, since even if the former were not synonymous with lightnings, its predicate might be plural. (See Proverbs 16:14, "The wrath of a king is messengers of death.")

Verse 4. - Who maketh his angels spirits. Professor Cheyne renders, "Who maketh his messengers of winds;" and so (in substance) Jarchi, Aben. Ezra, Rosenmuller, Professor Alexander, and even Hengstenberg. The difficulty in adopting this rendering is that furnished by the application of the passage in Hebrews 1:7; but the arguments of Hengstenberg go far to meet that difficulty. It is to be noted that our Revisers, while admitting either rendering, have preferred that of Professor Cheyne. And his ministers a flaming fire; or, "his ministers of flame and fire." 104:1-9 Every object we behold calls on us to bless and praise the Lord, who is great. His eternal power and Godhead are clearly shown by the things which he hath made. God is light, and in him is no darkness at all. The Lord Jesus, the Son of his love, is the Light of the world.
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Alphabetical: fire flames Flaming He his makes messengers ministers of servants the winds

OT Poetry: Psalm 104:4 He makes his messengers winds (Psalm Ps Psa.) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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