Psalm 104:29
New International Version
When you hide your face, they are terrified; when you take away their breath, they die and return to the dust.

New Living Translation
But if you turn away from them, they panic. When you take away their breath, they die and turn again to dust.

English Standard Version
When you hide your face, they are dismayed; when you take away their breath, they die and return to their dust.

Berean Study Bible
When You hide Your face, they panic; when You take away their breath, they die and return to dust.

New American Standard Bible
You hide Your face, they are dismayed; You take away their spirit, they expire And return to their dust.

King James Bible
Thou hidest thy face, they are troubled: thou takest away their breath, they die, and return to their dust.

Christian Standard Bible
When you hide your face, they are terrified; when you take away their breath, they die and return to the dust.

Contemporary English Version
But when you turn away, they are terrified; when you end their life, they die and rot.

Good News Translation
When you turn away, they are afraid; when you take away your breath, they die and go back to the dust from which they came.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When You hide Your face, they are terrified; when You take away their breath, they die and return to the dust.

International Standard Version
When you withdraw your favor, they are disappointed; Take away their breath, and they die and return to dust.

NET Bible
When you ignore them, they panic. When you take away their life's breath, they die and return to dust.

New Heart English Bible
You hide your face: they are troubled; you take away their breath: they die, and return to the dust.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
You turn your face and they are disturbed; you take their spirit and they die and return to their dust.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
You hide your face, and they are terrified. You take away their breath, and they die and return to dust.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Thou hidest Thy face, they vanish; Thou withdrawest their breath, they perish, And return to their dust.

New American Standard 1977
Thou dost hide Thy face, they are dismayed; Thou dost take away their spirit, they expire, And return to their dust.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Thou hidest thy face, they are troubled; thou takest away their spirit, they cease to exist and return to their dust.

King James 2000 Bible
You hide your face, they are troubled: you take away their breath, they die, and return to their dust.

American King James Version
You hide your face, they are troubled: you take away their breath, they die, and return to their dust.

American Standard Version
Thou hidest thy face, they are troubled; Thou takest away their breath, they die, And return to their dust.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
But when thou hast turned away thy face, they shall be troubled: thou wilt take away their breath, and they shall fail, and return to their dust.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But if thou turnest away thy face, they shall be troubled: thou shalt take away their breath, and they shall fail, and shall return to their dust.

Darby Bible Translation
Thou hidest thy face, they are troubled; thou takest away their breath, they expire and return to their dust.

English Revised Version
Thou hidest thy face, they are troubled; thou takest away their breath they die, and return to their dust.

Webster's Bible Translation
Thou hidest thy face, they are troubled: thou takest away their breath, they die, and return to their dust.

World English Bible
You hide your face: they are troubled; you take away their breath: they die, and return to the dust.

Young's Literal Translation
Thou hidest Thy face -- they are troubled, Thou gatherest their spirit -- they expire, And unto their dust they turn back.
Study Bible
How Many Are Your Works, O LORD!
28When You give it to them, they gather it up; when You open Your hand, they are satisfied with good things. 29When You hide Your face, they panic; when You take away their breath, they die and return to dust. 30When You send Your Spirit, they are created, and You renew the face of the earth.…
Cross References
Genesis 3:19
By the sweat of your brow you will eat your bread, until you return to the ground--because out of it were you taken. For dust you are, and to dust you shall return."

Deuteronomy 31:17
On that day My anger will burn against them, and I will abandon them and hide My face from them, so that they will be consumed, and many troubles and afflictions will befall them. On that day they will say, 'Have not these disasters come upon us because our God is no longer with us?'

1 Samuel 25:38
About ten days later, the LORD struck Nabal dead.

Job 10:9
Please remember that You molded me like clay. Will You now return me to dust?

Job 34:14
If He were to set His heart to it and withdraw His Spirit and breath,

Job 34:15
all flesh would perish together and mankind would return to the dust.

Psalm 22:15
My strength is dried up like a potsherd, and my tongue sticks to the roof of my mouth. You lay me in the dust of death.

Psalm 30:7
O LORD, You favored me; You made my mountain stand strong. When You hid Your face, I was dismayed.

Psalm 90:3
You return man to dust and say, "Return, O sons of mortals."

Psalm 146:4
When his spirit departs, he returns to the ground; on that very day his plans perish.

Ecclesiastes 12:7
before the dust returns to the ground from which it came, and the spirit returns to God who gave it.

Ezekiel 37:5
This is what the Lord GOD says to these bones: I will cause breath to enter you, and you will live.

Treasury of Scripture

You hide your face, they are troubled: you take away their breath, they die, and return to their dust.

hidest

Psalm 30:7
LORD, by thy favour thou hast made my mountain to stand strong: thou didst hide thy face, and I was troubled.

Job 13:24
Wherefore hidest thou thy face, and holdest me for thine enemy?

Job 34:29
When he giveth quietness, who then can make trouble? and when he hideth his face, who then can behold him? whether it be done against a nation, or against a man only:

thou takes

Psalm 146:4
His breath goeth forth, he returneth to his earth; in that very day his thoughts perish.

Job 34:14,15
If he set his heart upon man, if he gather unto himself his spirit and his breath; …

Ecclesiastes 12:7
Then shall the dust return to the earth as it was: and the spirit shall return unto God who gave it.

return

Psalm 90:3
Thou turnest man to destruction; and sayest, Return, ye children of men.

Genesis 3:19
In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread, till thou return unto the ground; for out of it wast thou taken: for dust thou art, and unto dust shalt thou return.







Lexicon
When You hide
תַּסְתִּ֥יר (tas·tîr)
Verb - Hifil - Imperfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5641: To hide, conceal

Your face,
פָּנֶיךָ֮ (pā·ne·ḵā)
Noun - common plural construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6440: The face

they panic;
יִֽבָּהֵ֫ל֥וּן (yib·bā·hê·lūn)
Verb - Nifal - Imperfect - third person masculine plural | Paragogic nun
Strong's Hebrew 926: To tremble inwardly, be, alarmed, agitated, to hasten anxiously

when You take away
תֹּסֵ֣ף (tō·sêp̄)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 622: To gather for, any purpose, to receive, take away, remove

their breath,
ר֭וּחָם (rū·ḥām)
Noun - common singular construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 7307: Wind, breath, exhalation, life, anger, unsubstantiality, a region of the sky, spirit

they die
יִגְוָע֑וּן (yiḡ·wā·‘ūn)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine plural | Paragogic nun
Strong's Hebrew 1478: To breathe out, expire

and return
יְשׁוּבֽוּן׃ (yə·šū·ḇūn)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine plural | Paragogic nun
Strong's Hebrew 7725: To turn back, in, to retreat, again

to
וְֽאֶל־ (wə·’el-)
Conjunctive waw | Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 413: Near, with, among, to

dust.
עֲפָרָ֥ם (‘ă·p̄ā·rām)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 6083: Dust, clay, earth, mud
(29) Thou hidest Thy face.--Elsewhere an image of displeasure, here only of withdrawal of providential care. (See Psalm 30:7, where the expression "troubled" also occurs.)

Thou takest away their breath.--Not only is the food which sustains animal life dependent on the ceaseless providence of God, but even the very breath of life is His, to be sent forth or withdrawn at His will. But to this thought, derived of course from Genesis (comp. Psalm 90:3, Note), the poet adds another. The existence of death is not a sorrow to him any more than it is a mystery. To the psalmist it is only the individual that dies; the race lives. One generation fades as God's breath is withdrawn, but another succeeds as it is sent forth.

Verse 29. - Thou hidest thy face, they are troubled. If God withdraws the light of his countenance from any living thing, instantly it feels the loss. It is "troubled," cast down, confounded (comp. Psalm 30:7). Thou takest away their breath, they die. As the living things have life from God, so they have death from him. Not one of them perishes but he knows it, and causes it or allows it (see Matthew 10:29). And return to their dust. Return, i.e., to the dead matter out of which they were created. 104:19-30 We are to praise and magnify God for the constant succession of day and night. And see how those are like to the wild beasts, who wait for the twilight, and have fellowship with the unfruitful works of darkness. Does God listen to the language of mere nature, even in ravenous creatures, and shall he not much more interpret favourably the language of grace in his own people, though weak and broken groanings which cannot be uttered? There is the work of every day, which is to be done in its day, which man must apply to every morning, and which he must continue in till evening; it will be time enough to rest when the night comes, in which no man can work. The psalmist wonders at the works of God. The works of art, the more closely they are looked upon, the more rough they appear; the works of nature appear more fine and exact. They are all made in wisdom, for they all answer the end they were designed to serve. Every spring is an emblem of the resurrection, when a new world rises, as it were, out of the ruins of the old one. But man alone lives beyond death. When the Lord takes away his breath, his soul enters on another state, and his body will be raised, either to glory or to misery. May the Lord send forth his Spirit, and new-create our souls to holiness.
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