Psalm 104:29
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
When you hide your face, they are dismayed; when you take away their breath, they die and return to their dust.

King James Bible
Thou hidest thy face, they are troubled: thou takest away their breath, they die, and return to their dust.

American Standard Version
Thou hidest thy face, they are troubled; Thou takest away their breath, they die, And return to their dust.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But if thou turnest away thy face, they shall be troubled: thou shalt take away their breath, and they shall fail, and shall return to their dust.

English Revised Version
Thou hidest thy face, they are troubled; thou takest away their breath they die, and return to their dust.

Webster's Bible Translation
Thou hidest thy face, they are troubled: thou takest away their breath, they die, and return to their dust.

Psalm 104:29 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The fifth decastich, in which the poet passes over from the third to the fourth day, shows that he has the order of the days of creation before his mind. The moon is mentioned first of all, because the poet wishes to make the picture of the day follow that of the night. He describes it in Psalm 104:19 as the calendarial principal star. מועדים are points and divisions of time (epochs), and the principal measurer of these for civil and ecclesiastical life is the moon (cf. Sir. 43:7, ἀπὸ σελήνης σημεῖον ἑορτῆς), just as the sun, knowing when he is to set, is the infallible measurer of the day. In Psalm 104:20 the description, which throughout is drawn in the presence of God in His honour, passes over into direct address: jussives (תּשׁת, ויהי) stand in the hypothetical protasis and in its apodosis (EW. 357, b). It depends upon God's willing only, and it is night, and the wakeful life of the wild beasts begins to be astir. The young lions then roar after their prey, and flagitaturi sunt a Deo cibum suum. The infinitive with Lamed is an elliptical expression of a conjugatio periphrastica (vid., on Habakkuk 1:17), and becomes a varying expression of the future in general in the later language in approximation to the Aramaic. The roar of the lions and their going forth in quest of prey is an asking of God which He Himself has implanted in their nature. With the rising of the sun the aspect of things becomes very different. שׁמשׁ is feminine here, where the poet drops the personification (cf. Psalm 19:1-14). The day which dawns with sunrise is the time for man. Both as to matter and style, Psalm 104:21 call to mind Job 24:5; Job 37:8; Job 38:40.

Psalm 104:29 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

hidest

Psalm 30:7 LORD, by your favor you have made my mountain to stand strong: you did hide your face, and I was troubled.

Job 13:24 Why hide you your face, and hold me for your enemy?

Job 34:29 When he gives quietness, who then can make trouble? and when he hides his face, who then can behold him?...

Romans 8:20-22 For the creature was made subject to vanity, not willingly, but by reason of him who has subjected the same in hope...

thou takes

Psalm 146:4 His breath goes forth, he returns to his earth; in that very day his thoughts perish.

Job 34:14,15 If he set his heart on man, if he gather to himself his spirit and his breath...

Ecclesiastes 12:7 Then shall the dust return to the earth as it was: and the spirit shall return to God who gave it.

Acts 17:25 Neither is worshipped with men's hands, as though he needed any thing, seeing he gives to all life, and breath, and all things;

return

Psalm 90:3 You turn man to destruction; and say, Return, you children of men.

Genesis 3:19 In the sweat of your face shall you eat bread, till you return to the ground; for out of it were you taken: for dust you are...

Cross References
Genesis 3:19
By the sweat of your face you shall eat bread, till you return to the ground, for out of it you were taken; for you are dust, and to dust you shall return."

Deuteronomy 31:17
Then my anger will be kindled against them in that day, and I will forsake them and hide my face from them, and they will be devoured. And many evils and troubles will come upon them, so that they will say in that day, 'Have not these evils come upon us because our God is not among us?'

1 Samuel 25:38
And about ten days later the LORD struck Nabal, and he died.

Job 10:9
Remember that you have made me like clay; and will you return me to the dust?

Job 34:14
If he should set his heart to it and gather to himself his spirit and his breath,

Job 34:15
all flesh would perish together, and man would return to dust.

Psalm 22:15
my strength is dried up like a potsherd, and my tongue sticks to my jaws; you lay me in the dust of death.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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