New International Version
wine that gladdens human hearts, oil to make their faces shine, and bread that sustains their hearts.
King James Bible
And wine that maketh glad the heart of man, and oil to make his face to shine, and bread which strengtheneth man's heart.
Darby Bible Translation
And wine which gladdeneth the heart of man; making [his] face shine with oil; and with bread he strengtheneth man's heart.
World English Bible
wine that makes glad the heart of man, oil to make his face to shine, and bread that strengthens man's heart.
Young's Literal Translation
And wine -- it rejoiceth the heart of man, To cause the face to shine from oil, And bread -- the heart of man it supporteth.
Psalm 104:15 Parallel
CommentaryClarke's Commentary on the Bible
And wine - Wine, in moderate quantity, has a wondrous tendency to revive and invigorate the human being. Ardent spirits exhilarate, but they exhaust the strength; and every dose leaves man the worse. Unadulterated wine, on the contrary, exhilarates and invigorates: it makes him cheerful, and provides for the continuance of that cheerfulness by strengthening the muscles, and bracing the nerves. This is its use. Those who continue drinking till wine inflames them, abase this mercy of God.
Oil to make his face to shine - That is, to anoint the body; and particularly those parts most exposed to the sun and weather. This is of high importance in all arid lands and sultry climates. By it the pores are kept open, and perspiration maintained.
Bread which strengtheneth man's heart - In hunger not only the strength is prostrated, but the natural courage is also abated. Hunger has no enterprise, emulation, nor courage. But when, in such circumstances, a little bread is received into the stomach, even before concoction can have time to prepare it for nutriment, the strength is restored, and the spirits revived. This is a surprising effect; and it has not yet been satisfactorily accounted for.
Three of the choicest and most important articles of life are here mentioned: Wine, for the support of the vital and intellectual spirits; Bread, for the support of the nervous and muscular system; and Oil, as a seasoner of food, and for those unctions so necessary for the maintenance of health. Where wine, oil, and bread can be had in sufficient quantities, there animal food, ardent spirits, and all high-seasoned aliments, may be well dispensed with. Heavy taxes on these necessaries of life are taxes on life, itself; and infallibly lead to adulteration of the articles themselves; especially wine and oil, which, in countries where they are highly taxed, are no longer to be found pure.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
oil to make his, etc. Heb. to make his face shine with oil, or, more than oil.
LibraryThe Glory of the Trinity
Eversley, 1868. St Mary's Chester, 1871. Trinity Sunday. Psalm civ. 31, 33. "The glory of the Lord shall endure for ever: The Lord shall rejoice in his works. I will sing unto the Lord as long as I live: I will sing praise to my God while I have my being." This is Trinity Sunday, on which we think especially of the name of God. A day which, to a wise man, may well be one of the most solemn, and the most humiliating days of the whole year. For is it not humiliating to look stedfastly, …
Charles Kingsley—All Saints' Day and Other Sermons
Lessons from Nature
The Creaturely Man.
You did not put oil on my head, but she has poured perfume on my feet.
Then Melchizedek king of Salem brought out bread and wine. He was priest of God Most High,
Let me get you something to eat, so you can be refreshed and then go on your way--now that you have come to your servant." "Very well," they answered, "do as you say."
"But the vine answered, 'Should I give up my wine, which cheers both gods and humans, to hold sway over the trees?'
On the fourth day they got up early and he prepared to leave, but the woman's father said to his son-in-law, "Refresh yourself with something to eat; then you can go."
On the morning of the fifth day, when he rose to go, the woman's father said, "Refresh yourself. Wait till afternoon!" So the two of them ate together.
You prepare a table before me in the presence of my enemies. You anoint my head with oil; my cup overflows.
Jump to PreviousBread Brighter Cause Face Food Glad Gladden Gladdens Heart Makes Maketh Making Oil Rejoiceth Shine Shining Stayeth Strength Strengthen Strengtheneth Strengthens Supporteth Sustains Wine
Jump to NextBread Brighter Cause Face Food Glad Gladden Gladdens Heart Makes Maketh Making Oil Rejoiceth Shine Shining Stayeth Strength Strengthen Strengtheneth Strengthens Supporteth Sustains Wine
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