Isaiah 28:9
New International Version
"Who is it he is trying to teach? To whom is he explaining his message? To children weaned from their milk, to those just taken from the breast?

New Living Translation
“Who does the LORD think we are?” they ask. “Why does he speak to us like this? Are we little children, just recently weaned?

English Standard Version
“To whom will he teach knowledge, and to whom will he explain the message? Those who are weaned from the milk, those taken from the breast?

Berean Study Bible
Whom is He trying to teach? To whom is He explaining His message? To infants just weaned from milk? To babies removed from the breast?

New American Standard Bible
"To whom would He teach knowledge, And to whom would He interpret the message? Those just weaned from milk? Those just taken from the breast?

New King James Version
“Whom will he teach knowledge? And whom will he make to understand the message? Those just weaned from milk? Those just drawn from the breasts?

King James Bible
Whom shall he teach knowledge? and whom shall he make to understand doctrine? them that are weaned from the milk, and drawn from the breasts.

Christian Standard Bible
Who is he trying to teach? Who is he trying to instruct? Infants just weaned from milk? Babies removed from the breast?

Contemporary English Version
You drunken leaders are like babies! How can you possibly understand or teach the LORD's message?

Good News Translation
They complain about me. They say, "Who does that man think he's teaching? Who needs his message? It's only good for babies that have just stopped nursing!

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Who is he trying to teach? Who is he trying to instruct? Infants just weaned from milk? Babies removed from the breast?

International Standard Version
To whom will he teach knowledge, and to whom will he explain the message? To children just weaned from milk? To those just taken from the breast?

NET Bible
Who is the LORD trying to teach? To whom is he explaining a message? Those just weaned from milk! Those just taken from their mother's breast!

New Heart English Bible
Whom will he teach knowledge? To whom will he explain the message? Those who are weaned from the milk, and drawn from the breasts?

GOD'S WORD® Translation
To whom will they make the message understood? To whom will they explain this message? To children just weaned from milk? To those just taken from their [mother's] breasts?

JPS Tanakh 1917
Whom shall one teach knowledge? And whom shall one make to understand the message? Them that are weaned from the milk, Them that are drawn from the breasts?

New American Standard 1977
“To whom would He teach knowledge? And to whom would He interpret the message? Those just weaned from milk? Those just taken from the breast?

Jubilee Bible 2000
Whom shall he teach knowledge? and whom shall he make to understand doctrine? Those that are weaned from the milk and drawn from the breasts.

King James 2000 Bible
Whom shall he teach knowledge? and whom shall he make to understand doctrine? them that are weaned from the milk, and taken from the breasts.

American King James Version
Whom shall he teach knowledge? and whom shall he make to understand doctrine? them that are weaned from the milk, and drawn from the breasts.

American Standard Version
Whom will he teach knowledge? and whom will he make to understand the message? them that are weaned from the milk, and drawn from the breasts?

Brenton Septuagint Translation
To whom have we reported evils? and to whom have we reported a message? even to those that are weaned from the milk, who are drawn from the breast.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Whom shall he teach knowledge? and whom shall he make to understand the hearing? them that are weaned from the milk, that are drawn away from the breasts.

Darby Bible Translation
Whom shall he teach knowledge? and whom shall he make to understand the report? Them that are weaned from the milk, withdrawn from the breasts?

English Revised Version
Whom will he teach knowledge? and whom will he make to understand the message? them that are weaned from the milk, and drawn from the breasts?

Webster's Bible Translation
Whom shall he teach knowledge? and whom shall he make to understand doctrine? them that are weaned from the milk, and drawn from the breasts.

World English Bible
Whom will he teach knowledge? To whom will he explain the message? Those who are weaned from the milk, and drawn from the breasts?

Young's Literal Translation
By whom doth He teach knowledge? And by whom doth He cause to understand the report? The weaned from milk, the removed from breasts,
Study Bible
Judgment on Ephraim
8For all their tables are covered with vomit; there is not a place without filth. 9Who is it He is trying to teach? To whom is He explaining His message? To infants just weaned from milk? To babies removed from the breast? 10For He says, “Order on order, order on order, line on line, line on line; a little here, a little there.”…
Cross References
Psalm 131:2
Surely I have stilled and quieted my soul; like a weaned child with his mother, like a weaned child is my soul within me.

Isaiah 2:3
And many peoples will come and say, "Come, let us go up to the mountain of the LORD, to the house of the God of Jacob. He will teach us His ways so that we may walk in His paths." For the law will go forth from Zion, and the word of the LORD from Jerusalem.

Isaiah 28:26
For his God instructs and teaches him properly.

Isaiah 30:20
The Lord will give you the bread of adversity and the water of affliction, but your Teacher will no longer hide Himself--with your own eyes you will see Him.

Isaiah 48:17
Thus says the LORD, your Redeemer, the Holy One of Israel: "I am the LORD your God, who teaches you for your benefit, who directs you in the way you should go.

Isaiah 50:4
The Lord GOD has given Me the tongue of discipleship, to sustain the weary with a word. He awakens Me morning by morning; He awakens My ear to listen as a disciple.

Isaiah 54:13
Then all your sons will be taught by the LORD, and great will be their prosperity.

Jeremiah 35:13
"This is what the LORD of Hosts, the God of Israel, says: Go and tell the men of Judah and residents of Jerusalem: 'Will you not accept discipline and obey My words?' declares the LORD.

Treasury of Scripture

Whom shall he teach knowledge? and whom shall he make to understand doctrine? them that are weaned from the milk, and drawn from the breasts.

shall he teach

Isaiah 30:10-12
Which say to the seers, See not; and to the prophets, Prophesy not unto us right things, speak unto us smooth things, prophesy deceits: …

Psalm 50:17
Seeing thou hatest instruction, and castest my words behind thee.

Proverbs 1:29
For that they hated knowledge, and did not choose the fear of the LORD:

doctrine.

Isaiah 53:1
Who hath believed our report? and to whom is the arm of the LORD revealed?

weaned

Psalm 131:2
Surely I have behaved and quieted myself, as a child that is weaned of his mother: my soul is even as a weaned child.

Matthew 11:25
At that time Jesus answered and said, I thank thee, O Father, Lord of heaven and earth, because thou hast hid these things from the wise and prudent, and hast revealed them unto babes.

Matthew 21:15,16
And when the chief priests and scribes saw the wonderful things that he did, and the children crying in the temple, and saying, Hosanna to the Son of David; they were sore displeased, …







Lexicon
Who is it
מִי֙ (mî)
Interrogative
Strong's Hebrew 4310: Who?, whoever, in oblique construction with prefix, suffix

He is trying to teach?
יוֹרֶ֣ה (yō·w·reh)
Verb - Hifil - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3384: To flow as water, to lay, throw, to point out, to teach

To whom
מִ֖י (mî)
Interrogative
Strong's Hebrew 4310: Who?, whoever, in oblique construction with prefix, suffix

is He explaining
יָבִ֣ין (yā·ḇîn)
Verb - Hifil - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 995: To separate mentally, understand

His message?
שְׁמוּעָ֑ה (šə·mū·‘āh)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8052: Something heard, an announcement

To infants just weaned
גְּמוּלֵי֙ (gə·mū·lê)
Verb - Qal - QalPassParticiple - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 1580: To deal fully or adequately with, deal out to, wean, ripen

from milk?
מֵֽחָלָ֔ב (mê·ḥā·lāḇ)
Preposition-m | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2461: Milk

To babies removed
עַתִּיקֵ֖י (‘at·tî·qê)
Adjective - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 6267: Removed, weaned, antique

from the breast?
מִשָּׁדָֽיִם׃ (miš·šā·ḏā·yim)
Preposition-m | Noun - md
Strong's Hebrew 7699: The breast of a, woman, animal
(9) Whom shall he teach knowledge?--The two verses that follow reproduce the language of the drunkards as they talk scornfully of the prophet. "To whom does he come with what he calls his 'knowledge' and his 'doctrine?' (better, message, as in Isaiah 28:19). Does he think that they are boys just weaned, who are to be taught the first elements of the religion of the infant school?" Then in their mockery they describe (Isaiah 28:10) his teaching, with what was to them its wearisome iteration, "Always precept upon precept, line upon line . . ."--petty rebukes and puerile harping upon the same note, semper eandem canens cantilenam. We can scarcely doubt that Isaiah was indignantly reproducing, as St. Paul does in 2Corinthians 10:10; 2Corinthians 11:16-17; the very words, almost the drunken accents, in which the priests and false prophets had spoken of him.

Verse 9. - Whom shall he teach? A sudden and abrupt transition. The best explanation seems to be that suggested by Jerome, and followed by Bishop Lowth and most commentators, viz. that the prophet dramatically introduces his adversaries as replying to him with taunting speeches. "Whom does he think he is teaching?" they ask. "Mere children, just weaned from their mother's milk, and taken away from the breast? Does he forget that we are grown men - nay, priests and prophets? And what poor teaching it is! What 'endless petty feazing'! (Delitzsch) - precept upon precept," etc. The intention is to throw ridicule upon the smallness and vexatious character of the prophet's interminable and uninterrupted chidings (Delitzsch). Knowledge... doctrine. Technical terms in Isaiah's teaching, which his adversaries seem to have ridiculed as "catch-words." The term translated "doctrine" means properly "tidings," and involves the idea that the prophet obtained the teaching so designated by direct revelation from God. 28:5-15 The prophet next turns to Judah, whom he calls the residue of his people. Happy are those alone, who glory in the Lord of hosts himself. Hence his people get wisdom and strength for every service and every conflict. But it is only in Christ Jesus that the holy God communicates with sinful man. And whether those that teach are drunk with wine, or intoxicated with false doctrines and notions concerning the kingdom and salvation of the Messiah, they not only err themselves, but lead multitudes astray. All places where such persons have taught are filled with errors. For our instruction in the things of God, it is needful that the same precept and the same line should be often repeated to us, that we may the better understand them. God, by his word, calls us to what is really for our advantage; the service of God is the only true rest for those weary of the service of sin, and there is no refreshment but under the easy yoke of the Lord Jesus. All this had little effect upon the people. Those who will not understand what is plain, but scorn and despise it as mean and trifling, are justly punished. If we are at peace with God, we have, in effect, made a covenant with death; whenever it comes, it cannot do us any real damage, if we are Christ's. But to think of making death our friend, while by sin we are making God our enemy, is absurd. And do not they make lies their refuge who trust in their own righteousness, or to a death-bed repentance? which is a resolution to sin no more, when it is no longer in their power to do so.
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OT Prophets: Isaiah 28:9 Whom will he teach knowledge? To whom (Isa Isi Is) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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