Ezra 7:12
New International Version
Artaxerxes, king of kings, To Ezra the priest, teacher of the Law of the God of heaven: Greetings.

New Living Translation
"From Artaxerxes, the king of kings, to Ezra the priest, the teacher of the law of the God of heaven. Greetings.

English Standard Version
“Artaxerxes, king of kings, to Ezra the priest, the scribe of the Law of the God of heaven. Peace. And now

Berean Study Bible
Artaxerxes, king of kings. To Ezra the priest, the scribe of the Law of the God of heaven: Greetings.

New American Standard Bible
"Artaxerxes, king of kings, to Ezra the priest, the scribe of the law of the God of heaven, perfect peace. And now

King James Bible
Artaxerxes, king of kings, unto Ezra the priest, a scribe of the law of the God of heaven, perfect peace, and at such a time.

Christian Standard Bible
Artaxerxes, king of kings, to Ezra the priest, an expert in the law of the God of the heavens: Greetings.

Contemporary English Version
Greetings from the great King Artaxerxes to Ezra the priest and expert in the teachings of the God of heaven.

Good News Translation
"From Emperor Artaxerxes to the priest Ezra, scholar in the Law of the God of Heaven.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Artaxerxes, king of kings, to Ezra the priest, an expert in the law of the God of heaven: Greetings.

International Standard Version
From: Artaxerxes, King of Kings To: Ezra, the Priest, a scholar in matters concerning the laws of the God of Heaven Greetings!

NET Bible
"Artaxerxes, king of kings, to Ezra the priest, a scribe of the perfect law of the God of heaven:

New Heart English Bible
Artaxerxes, king of kings, to Ezra the priest, the scribe of the law of the God of heaven, perfect and so forth.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
From: Artaxerxes, king of kings To: Ezra the priest, a scribe for the Teachings of the God of Heaven: I wish you peace and prosperity!

JPS Tanakh 1917
Artaxerxes, king of kings, unto Ezra the priest, the scribe of the Law of the God of heaven, and so forth. And now

New American Standard 1977
“Artaxerxes, king of kings, to Ezra the priest, the scribe of the law of the God of heaven, perfect peace. And now

Jubilee Bible 2000
Artaxerxes, king of kings, unto Ezra, the priest, perfect scribe of the law of the God of heaven, perfect peace, and to Cheenet.

King James 2000 Bible
Artaxerxes, king of kings, unto Ezra the priest, a scribe of the law of the God of heaven, perfect peace, and so forth.

American King James Version
Artaxerxes, king of kings, to Ezra the priest, a scribe of the law of the God of heaven, perfect peace, and at such a time.

American Standard Version
Artaxerxes, king of kings, unto Ezra the priest, the scribe of the law of the God of heaven, perfect and so forth.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Arthasastha, king of kings, to Esdras, the scribe of the law of the Lord God of heaven, Let the order and the answer be accomplished.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Artaxerxes king of kings to Esdras the priest, the most learned scribe of the law of the God of heaven, greeting.

Darby Bible Translation
Artaxerxes, king of kings, to Ezra the priest, an accomplished scribe of the law of the God of the heavens, and so forth.

English Revised Version
Artaxerxes, king of kings, unto Ezra the priest, the scribe of the law of the God of heaven, perfect and so forth,

Webster's Bible Translation
Artaxerxes, king of kings, To Ezra the priest, a scribe of the law of the God of heaven, perfect peace, and at such a time.

World English Bible
Artaxerxes, king of kings, to Ezra the priest, the scribe of the law of the God of heaven, perfect and so forth.

Young's Literal Translation
'Artaxerxes, king of kings, to Ezra the priest, a perfect scribe of the law of the God of heaven, and at such a time:
Study Bible
Artaxerxes' Letter for Ezra
11This is the text of the letter King Artaxerxes had given to Ezra the priest and scribe, a man learned in the commandments and statutes of the LORD to Israel: 12Artaxerxes, king of kings. To Ezra the priest, the scribe of the Law of the God of heaven: Greetings. 13I hereby decree that any volunteers among the Israelites in my kingdom, including the priests and Levites, may go up with you to Jerusalem.…
Cross References
Ezra 4:10
and the rest of the peoples whom the great and honorable Ashurbanipal relocated and settled in the cities of Samaria and elsewhere west of the Euphrates.

Ezra 7:1
Many years later, during the reign of King Artaxerxes of Persia, Ezra son of Seraiah, the son of Azariah, the son of Hilkiah,

Ezra 7:6
this Ezra came up from Babylon. He was a scribe skilled in the law of Moses, which the LORD, the God of Israel, had given. The king had granted Ezra all his requests, for the hand of the LORD his God was upon him.

Ezra 7:11
This is the text of the letter King Artaxerxes had given to Ezra the priest and scribe, a man learned in the commandments and statutes of the LORD to Israel:

Ezekiel 26:7
For this is what the Lord GOD says: 'Behold, I will bring against Tyre from the north King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon, king of kings, with horses and chariots, with cavalry and a great company of troops.

Daniel 2:37
You, O king, are the king of kings, to whom the God of heaven has given sovereignty, power, strength, and glory.

Treasury of Scripture

Artaxerxes, king of kings, to Ezra the priest, a scribe of the law of the God of heaven, perfect peace, and at such a time.

1 Kings 4:24
For he had dominion over all the region on this side the river, from Tiphsah even to Azzah, over all the kings on this side the river: and he had peace on all sides round about him.

1 Kings 20:1
And Benhadad the king of Syria gathered all his host together: and there were thirty and two kings with him, and horses, and chariots: and he went up and besieged Samaria, and warred against it.

Isaiah 10:8
For he saith, Are not my princes altogether kings?

unto Ezra, etc.

Ezra 4:10,11,17
And the rest of the nations whom the great and noble Asnappar brought over, and set in the cities of Samaria, and the rest that are on this side the river, and at such a time…







Lexicon
Artaxerxes,
אַ֨רְתַּחְשַׁ֔סְתְּא (’ar·taḥ·šast)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 783: Artaxerxes -- a son and successor of Xerxes, king of Persia

king
מֶ֖לֶךְ (me·leḵ)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 4430: A king

of kings.
מַלְכַיָּ֑א (mal·ḵay·yā)
Noun - masculine plural determinate
Strong's Hebrew 4430: A king

To Ezra
לְעֶזְרָ֣א (lə·‘ez·rā)
Preposition-l | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5831: Ezra -- an Israelite

the priest,
כָ֠הֲנָא (ḵā·hă·nā)
Noun - masculine singular determinate
Strong's Hebrew 3549: Priest

the scribe
סָפַ֨ר (sā·p̄ar)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 5613: A secretary, scribe

of the Law
דָּתָ֜א (dā·ṯā)
Noun - feminine singular determinate
Strong's Hebrew 1882: A royal edict, statute

of
דִּֽי־ (dî-)
Pronoun - relative
Strong's Hebrew 1768: Who, which, that, because

the God
אֱלָ֧הּ (’ĕ·lāh)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 426: God

of heaven:
שְׁמַיָּ֛א (šə·may·yā)
Noun - masculine plural determinate
Strong's Hebrew 8065: The sky

Greetings.
גְּמִ֖יר (gə·mîr)
Verb - Qal - QalPassParticiple - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1585: To complete
(12) Artaxerxes, king of kings.--Artachshatra in Persian, Artachshasta in Hebrew. The Persian monarchs inherited the title here given from the Babylonians (Daniel 2:37). It is not used by the historian, only by the king himself.

Perfect peace, and at such a time.--Literally, perfect, and so forth. The expression occurs only here, and is a difficult one. Our translation follows the apocryphal Esdras, and is on the whole to be accepted, a salutation being implied.

Verse 12. - Artaxerxes, king of kings. "King of kings, kkshayathiya khshaya-thiyanam," an equivalent of the modern shahinshah, was a recognised title of the Persian monarchs, and is found in every Persian inscription of any considerable length (Rawlinson, 'Cuneiform Inscriptions of Persis,' vol. 1 pp. 195, 271, 279, 287, 292, etc.). It was a title that had been used occasionally, though not at all frequently, by the Assyrian monarchs ('Records of the Past,' vol. 3. p. 41; vol. 5. p. 8), and naturally expressed the fact that those monarchs for the most part maintained the native princes on the thrones of the countries which they conquered (see Isaiah 10:8). It was less appropriate to the Persians, whose empire was in the main satrapial, but still had a basis of truth to rest upon, since the Persian monarch had always a certain number of tributary kings under him ( cf. 'Herod.,' 5:104, 118; 8:142; Xen., 'Anab.,' 1:2, §12; 'Hellen.,' 4:1,§§ 3,4,etc.). The Parthian kings took the title from the time of Mithridates I.; and from them it passed to the Sassanians, who style themselves malkan malka, from first to last, upon their coins. The God of heaven. On this favourite Persian expression see comment on Ezra 1:2. Perfect peace. There is nothing in the Chaldee original in any way corresponding to "peace;" and the participle passage being translated as in the margin of the A. V. - "to Ezra the priest, a perfect scribe of the law of the God of heaven." And at such a time. Rather, "and so forth," as in Ezra 4:10, 11, 17. 7:11-26 The liberality of heathen kings to support the worship of God, reproached the conduct of many kings of Judah, and will rise up in judgment against the covetousness of wealthy professed Christians, who will not promote the cause of God. But the weapons of Christian ministers are not carnal. Faithful preaching, holy lives, fervent prayers, and patient suffering when called to it, are the means to bring men into obedience to Christ.
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