Nehemiah 9:20
New International Version
You gave your good Spirit to instruct them. You did not withhold your manna from their mouths, and you gave them water for their thirst.

New Living Translation
You sent your good Spirit to instruct them, and you did not stop giving them manna from heaven or water for their thirst.

English Standard Version
You gave your good Spirit to instruct them and did not withhold your manna from their mouth and gave them water for their thirst.

Berean Study Bible
You gave Your good Spirit to instruct them. You did not withhold Your manna from their mouths, and You gave them water for their thirst.

New American Standard Bible
"You gave Your good Spirit to instruct them, Your manna You did not withhold from their mouth, And You gave them water for their thirst.

King James Bible
Thou gavest also thy good spirit to instruct them, and withheldest not thy manna from their mouth, and gavest them water for their thirst.

Christian Standard Bible
You sent your good Spirit to instruct them. You did not withhold your manna from their mouths, and you gave them water for their thirst.

Contemporary English Version
Your gentle Spirit instructed them, and you gave them manna to eat and water to drink.

Good News Translation
In your goodness you told them what they should do; you fed them manna and gave them water to drink.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
You sent Your good Spirit to instruct them. You did not withhold Your manna from their mouths, and You gave them water for their thirst.

International Standard Version
"You gave your good Spirit to instruct them, not withholding manna from them, and providing water to quench their thirst.

NET Bible
You imparted your good Spirit to instruct them. You did not withhold your manna from their mouths; you provided water for their thirst.

New Heart English Bible
You gave also your good Spirit to instruct them, and did not withhold your manna from their mouth, and gave them water for their thirst.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
You gave them your good Spirit to teach them. You didn't keep your manna to yourself. You gave them water to quench their thirst.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Thou gavest also Thy good spirit to instruct them, and withheldest not Thy manna from their mouth, and gavest them water for their thirst.

New American Standard 1977
“And Thou didst give Thy good Spirit to instruct them, Thy manna Thou didst not withhold from their mouth, And Thou didst give them water for their thirst.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Thou didst give thy good spirit to teach them and didst not withhold thy manna from their mouth and didst give them water for their thirst.

King James 2000 Bible
You gave also your good spirit to instruct them, and withheld not your manna from their mouth, and gave them water for their thirst.

American King James Version
You gave also your good spirit to instruct them, and withheld not your manna from their mouth, and gave them water for their thirst.

American Standard Version
Thou gavest also thy good Spirit to instruct them, and withheldest not thy manna from their mouth, and gavest them water for their thirst.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And thou gavest thy good Spirit to instruct them, and thou didst not withhold thy manna from their mouth, and gavest them water in their thirst.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And thou gavest them thy good Spirit to teach them, and thy manna thou didst not withhold from their mouth, and thou gavest them water for their thirst.

Darby Bible Translation
Thou gavest also thy good Spirit to instruct them, and withheldest not thy manna from their mouth, and gavest them water for their thirst.

English Revised Version
Thou gavest also thy good spirit to instruct them, and withheldest not thy manna from their mouth, and gavest them water for their thirst.

Webster's Bible Translation
Thou gavest also thy good spirit to instruct them, and withheldest not thy manna from their mouth, and gavest them water for their thirst.

World English Bible
You gave also your good Spirit to instruct them, and didn't withhold your manna from their mouth, and gave them water for their thirst.

Young's Literal Translation
'And Thy good Spirit Thou hast given, to cause them to act wisely; and Thy manna Thou hast not withheld from their mouth, and water Thou hast given to them for their thirst,
Study Bible
The People Confess Their Sins
19You, because of Your great compassion, did not forsake them in the wilderness. By day the pillar of cloud never turned away from guiding them on their path; and by the night the pillar of fire illuminated the way they should go. 20You gave Your good Spirit to instruct them. You did not withhold Your manna from their mouths, and You gave them water for their thirst. 21For forty years You sustained them in the wilderness, so that they lacked nothing. Their clothes did not wear out, and their feet did not swell.…
Cross References
1 Corinthians 10:3
They all ate the same spiritual food

Exodus 16:35
The Israelites ate manna forty years, until they came to a land where they could settle; they ate manna until they reached the border of Canaan.

Numbers 11:17
And I will come down and speak with you there, and I will take some of the Spirit who is on you and put that Spirit upon them. They will help you bear the burden of the people, so that you do not have to bear it by yourself.

Nehemiah 9:30
Yet You were patient with them for many years, and Your Spirit admonished them through Your prophets, but they would not listen; so You gave them into the hands of the people of the land.

Psalm 143:10
Teach me to do Your will, for You are my God. May Your good Spirit lead me on level ground.

Isaiah 63:11
Then His people remembered the days of old, the days of Moses. Where is He who brought them through the sea with the shepherds of His flock? Where is the One who set His Holy Spirit among them,

Haggai 2:5
This is the promise I made to you when you came out of Egypt. And My Spirit remains among you; do not be afraid."

Treasury of Scripture

You gave also your good spirit to instruct them, and withheld not your manna from their mouth, and gave them water for their thirst.

gavest

Nehemiah 9:30
Yet many years didst thou forbear them, and testifiedst against them by thy spirit in thy prophets: yet would they not give ear: therefore gavest thou them into the hand of the people of the lands.

Numbers 11:17,25-29
And I will come down and talk with thee there: and I will take of the spirit which is upon thee, and will put it upon them; and they shall bear the burden of the people with thee, that thou bear it not thyself alone…

Isaiah 63:11-14
Then he remembered the days of old, Moses, and his people, saying, Where is he that brought them up out of the sea with the shepherd of his flock? where is he that put his holy Spirit within him? …

good

Psalm 143:10
Teach me to do thy will; for thou art my God: thy spirit is good; lead me into the land of uprightness.

Romans 15:30
Now I beseech you, brethren, for the Lord Jesus Christ's sake, and for the love of the Spirit, that ye strive together with me in your prayers to God for me;

Galatians 5:22,23
But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith, …

withheldest

Exodus 16:15,35
And when the children of Israel saw it, they said one to another, It is manna: for they wist not what it was. And Moses said unto them, This is the bread which the LORD hath given you to eat…

Joshua 5:12
And the manna ceased on the morrow after they had eaten of the old corn of the land; neither had the children of Israel manna any more; but they did eat of the fruit of the land of Canaan that year.

gavest

Exodus 17:6
Behold, I will stand before thee there upon the rock in Horeb; and thou shalt smite the rock, and there shall come water out of it, that the people may drink. And Moses did so in the sight of the elders of Israel.

Psalm 105:41
He opened the rock, and the waters gushed out; they ran in the dry places like a river.

Isaiah 41:17,18
When the poor and needy seek water, and there is none, and their tongue faileth for thirst, I the LORD will hear them, I the God of Israel will not forsake them…







Lexicon
You gave
נָתַ֖תָּ (nā·ṯa·tā)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5414: To give, put, set

Your good
הַטּוֹבָ֔ה (haṭ·ṭō·w·ḇāh)
Article | Adjective - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2896: Pleasant, agreeable, good

Spirit
וְרוּחֲךָ֨ (wə·rū·ḥă·ḵā)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - common singular construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7307: Wind, breath, exhalation, life, anger, unsubstantiality, a region of the sky, spirit

to instruct them.
לְהַשְׂכִּילָ֑ם (lə·haś·kî·lām)
Preposition-l | Verb - Hifil - Infinitive construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 7919: To be, circumspect, intelligent

You did not
לֹא־ (lō-)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

withhold
מָנַ֣עְתָּ (mā·na‘·tā)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4513: To debar, from benefit, injury

Your manna
וּמַנְךָ֙ (ū·man·ḵā)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4478: Manna (a kind of bread)

from their mouths,
מִפִּיהֶ֔ם (mip·pî·hem)
Preposition-m | Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 6310: The mouth, edge, portion, side, according to

and You gave
נָתַ֥תָּה (nā·ṯat·tāh)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5414: To give, put, set

them water
וּמַ֛יִם (ū·ma·yim)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 4325: Water, juice, urine, semen

for their thirst.
לִצְמָאָֽם׃ (liṣ·mā·’ām)
Preposition-l | Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 6772: Thirst
(20) Thy good spirit.--Probably a reference to Numbers 11:17; Numbers 11:25. The epithet given to the Spirit is in Psalm 143:10. But His teaching function occurs here only, and is a remarkable anticipation of the New Testament.

Verse 20. - Thou gavest them also thy good Spirit to instruct them. The "good Spirit" of God is mentioned in Psalm 143:10; and the fact of God's "instructing and teaching" men in Psalm 32:8. But instruction by God's Spirit is nowhere else distinctly mentioned in the Old Testament. 9:4-38 The summary of their prayers we have here upon record. Much more, no doubt, was said. Whatever ability we have to do any thing in the way of duty, we are to serve and glorify God according to the utmost of it. When confessing our sins, it is good to notice the mercies of God, that we may be the more humbled and ashamed. The dealings of the Lord showed his goodness and long-suffering, and the hardness of their hearts. The testimony of the prophets was the testimony of the Spirit in the prophets, and it was the Spirit of Christ in them. They spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost, and what they said is to be received accordingly. The result was, wonder at the Lord's mercies, and the feeling that sin had brought them to their present state, from which nothing but unmerited love could rescue them. And is not their conduct a specimen of human nature? Let us study the history of our land, and our own history. Let us recollect our advantages from childhood, and ask what were our first returns? Let us frequently do so, that we may be kept humble, thankful, and watchful. Let all remember that pride and obstinacy are sins which ruin the soul. But it is often as hard to persuade the broken-hearted to hope, as formerly it was to bring them to fear. Is this thy case? Behold this sweet promise, A God ready to pardon! Instead of keeping away from God under a sense of unworthiness, let us come boldly to the throne of grace, that we may obtain mercy, and find grace to help in time of need. He is a God ready to pardon.
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