Psalm 105:39
New International Version
He spread out a cloud as a covering, and a fire to give light at night.

New Living Translation
The LORD spread a cloud above them as a covering and gave them a great fire to light the darkness.

English Standard Version
He spread a cloud for a covering, and fire to give light by night.

Berean Study Bible
He spread a cloud as a covering and a fire to light up the night.

New American Standard Bible
He spread a cloud for a covering, And fire to illumine by night.

King James Bible
He spread a cloud for a covering; and fire to give light in the night.

Christian Standard Bible
He spread a cloud as a covering and gave a fire to light up the night.

Contemporary English Version
God hid them under a cloud and guided them by fire during the night.

Good News Translation
God put a cloud over his people and a fire at night to give them light.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
He spread a cloud as a covering and gave a fire to light up the night.

International Standard Version
He spread out a cloud for a cover, and fire for light at night.

NET Bible
He spread out a cloud for a cover, and provided a fire to light up the night.

New Heart English Bible
He spread a cloud for a covering, fire to give light in the night.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
He spread a cloud before them and it shaded them, and fire to give light in the night.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
He spread out a cloud as a protective covering and a fire to light up the night.

JPS Tanakh 1917
He spread a cloud for a screen; And fire to give light in the night.

New American Standard 1977
He spread a cloud for a covering, And fire to illumine by night.

Jubilee Bible 2000
He spread a cloud for a covering and fire to give light in the night.

King James 2000 Bible
He spread a cloud for a covering; and fire to give light in the night.

American King James Version
He spread a cloud for a covering; and fire to give light in the night.

American Standard Version
He spread a cloud for a covering, And fire to give light in the night.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
He spread out a cloud for a covering to them, and fire to give them light by night.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He spread a cloud for their protection, and fire to give them light in the night.

Darby Bible Translation
He spread a cloud for a covering, and fire to give light in the night.

English Revised Version
He spread a cloud for a covering; and fire to give light in the night.

Webster's Bible Translation
He spread a cloud for a covering; and fire to give light in the night.

World English Bible
He spread a cloud for a covering, fire to give light in the night.

Young's Literal Translation
He hath spread a cloud for a covering, And fire to enlighten the night.
Study Bible
Tell of His Wonders
38Egypt was glad when they departed, for the dread of Israel had fallen on them. 39He spread a cloud as a covering and a fire to light up the night. 40They asked, and He brought quail and satisfied them with the bread of heaven.…
Cross References
1 Corinthians 10:1
I do not want you to be unaware, brothers, that our forefathers were all under the cloud, and that they all passed through the sea.

Exodus 13:21
And the LORD went before them in a pillar of cloud to guide their way by day, and in a pillar of fire to give them light at night, so that they could travel by day or night.

Exodus 40:38
For the cloud of the LORD was over the tabernacle by day, and fire was in the cloud by night, in the sight of all the house of Israel through all their journeys.

Nehemiah 9:12
You led them with a pillar of cloud by day, and a pillar of fire by night, to light for them the way which they should travel.

Job 26:9
He covers the face of the full moon, spreading His cloud over it.

Psalm 78:14
He led them with a cloud by day and with a light of fire all night.

Isaiah 4:5
Then the LORD will create over all of Mount Zion and over her assemblies a cloud of smoke by day and a glowing flame of fire by night. For over all the glory there will be a canopy,

Treasury of Scripture

He spread a cloud for a covering; and fire to give light in the night.

spread

Psalm 78:14
In the daytime also he led them with a cloud, and all the night with a light of fire.

Exodus 13:21,22
And the LORD went before them by day in a pillar of a cloud, to lead them the way; and by night in a pillar of fire, to give them light; to go by day and night: …

Exodus 14:24
And it came to pass, that in the morning watch the LORD looked unto the host of the Egyptians through the pillar of fire and of the cloud, and troubled the host of the Egyptians,







Lexicon
He spread
פָּרַ֣שׂ (pā·raś)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6566: To break apart, disperse

a cloud
עָנָ֣ן (‘ā·nān)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6051: A cloud, the nimbus, thunder-cloud

as a covering
לְמָסָ֑ךְ (lə·mā·sāḵ)
Preposition-l | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4539: A covering, screen

and a fire
וְ֝אֵ֗שׁ (wə·’êš)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - common singular
Strong's Hebrew 784: A fire

to light up
לְהָאִ֥יר (lə·hā·’îr)
Preposition-l | Verb - Hifil - Infinitive construct
Strong's Hebrew 215: To be or become light

the night.
לָֽיְלָה׃ (lā·yə·lāh)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3915: A twist, night, adversity
(39) Cloud.--As in Isaiah 4:5. The reason assigned for the cloud in the historical books is lost sight of. Instead of a pillar marking the line of march, or as a protection against the pursuing foe, it is a canopy for protection from the sun. Sir Walter Scott expresses the same idea in Rebecca's hymn.

Verse 39. - He spread a cloud for a covering. The "pillar of the cloud" is intended. It was a "covering" to the Israelites on the night of the passage of the Red Sea (Exodus 14:19, 20), and perhaps also to some extent in the wilderness, when it may have sheltered them from the sun's rays (Hengstenberg); but its main purpose was to direct them on their way (Exodus 14:21), to tell them when to move and when to step, and how long to stop (Exodus 40:36-38). And fire to give light in the night. By night the "pillar of the cloud" became a "pillar of fire," shedding a certain radiance around, and giving the people under all circumstances sufficient light (Exodus 13:21; Exodus 40:38). 105:24-45 As the believer commonly thrives best in his soul when under the cross; so the church also flourishes most in true holiness, and increases in number, while under persecution. Yet instruments shall be raised up for their deliverance, and plagues may be expected by persecutors. And see the special care God took of his people in the wilderness. All the benefits bestowed on Israel as a nation, were shadows of spiritual blessings with which we are blessed in Christ Jesus. Having redeemed us with his blood, restored our souls to holiness, and set us at liberty from Satan's bondage, he guides and guards us all the way. He satisfies our souls with the bread of heaven, and the water of life from the Rock of salvation, and will bring us safely to heaven. He redeems his servants from all iniquity, and purifies them unto himself, to be a peculiar people, zealous of good works.
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OT Poetry: Psalm 105:39 He spread a cloud for a covering (Psalm Ps Psa.) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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