Isaiah 48:21
New International Version
They did not thirst when he led them through the deserts; he made water flow for them from the rock; he split the rock and water gushed out.

New Living Translation
They were not thirsty when he led them through the desert. He divided the rock, and water gushed out for them to drink.

English Standard Version
They did not thirst when he led them through the deserts; he made water flow for them from the rock; he split the rock and the water gushed out.

Berean Study Bible
They did not thirst when He led them through the deserts; He made water flow for them from the rock; He split the rock, and water gushed out.

New American Standard Bible
They did not thirst when He led them through the deserts. He made the water flow out of the rock for them; He split the rock and the water gushed forth.

King James Bible
And they thirsted not when he led them through the deserts: he caused the waters to flow out of the rock for them: he clave the rock also, and the waters gushed out.

Christian Standard Bible
They did not thirst when he led them through the deserts; he made water flow from the rock for them; he split the rock, and water gushed out.

Contemporary English Version
He led us through the desert and made water flow from a rock to satisfy our thirst.

Good News Translation
When the LORD led his people through a hot, dry desert, they did not suffer from thirst. He made water come from a rock for them; he split the rock open, and water flowed out.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
They did not thirst when He led them through the deserts; He made water flow for them from the rock; He split the rock, and water gushed out."

International Standard Version
They didn't thirst when he led him through the desolate places. He made water gush from a rock for them; he split open the rock, and water gushed out.

NET Bible
They do not thirst as he leads them through dry regions; he makes water flow out of a rock for them; he splits open a rock and water flows out.'

New Heart English Bible
They did not thirst when he led them through the deserts; he caused the waters to flow out of the rock for them; he split the rock also, and the waters gushed out.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
They weren't thirsty when he led them through the deserts. He made water flow from a rock for them. He split a rock, and water gushed out.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And they thirsted not When He led them through the deserts; He caused the waters to flow out of the rock for them; He cleaved the rock also, and the waters gushed out.'

New American Standard 1977
And they did not thirst when He led them through the deserts. He made the water flow out of the rock for them; He split the rock, and the water gushed forth.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And they did not thirst when he led them through the deserts; he caused water to flow out of the rock for them; he clave the rock, and the waters gushed out.

King James 2000 Bible
And they thirsted not when he led them through the deserts: he caused the waters to flow out of the rock for them: he split the rock also, and the waters gushed out.

American King James Version
And they thirsted not when he led them through the deserts: he caused the waters to flow out of the rock for them: he split the rock also, and the waters gushed out.

American Standard Version
And they thirsted not when he led them through the deserts; he caused the waters to flow out of the rock for them; he clave the rock also, and the waters gushed out.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And if they shall thirst, he shall lead them through the desert; he shall bring forth water to them out of the rock: the rock shall be cloven, and the water shall flow forth, and my people shall drink.

Douay-Rheims Bible
They thirsted not in the desert, when he led them out: he brought forth water out of the rock for them, and he clove the rock, and the waters gushed out.

Darby Bible Translation
And they thirsted not when he led them through the deserts; he caused the waters to flow out of the rock for them; yea, he clave the rock, and the waters gushed out.

English Revised Version
And they thirsted not when he led them through the deserts: he caused the waters to flow out of the rock for them: he clave the rock also, and the waters gushed out.

Webster's Bible Translation
And they thirsted not, when he led them through the deserts: he caused the waters to flow out of the rock for them: he cleaved the rock also, and the waters gushed out.

World English Bible
They didn't thirst when he led them through the deserts; he caused the waters to flow out of the rock for them; he split the rock also, and the waters gushed out.

Young's Literal Translation
And they have not thirsted in waste places, He hath caused them to go on, Waters from a rock he hath caused to flow to them, Yea, he cleaveth a rock, and flow do waters.
Study Bible
Deliverance Promised to Israel
20Leave Babylon, flee from the Chaldeans! Declare it with a shout of joy, proclaim it, let it go out to the ends of the earth, saying, “The LORD has redeemed His servant Jacob!” 21They did not thirst when He led them through the deserts; He made water flow for them from the rock; He split the rock, and water gushed out. 22“There is no peace,” says the LORD, “for the wicked.”…
Cross References
Exodus 17:6
Behold, I will stand there before you by the rock at Horeb; when you strike the rock, water will come out of it for the people to drink." So Moses did this in the sight of the elders of Israel.

Numbers 20:11
Then Moses raised his hand and struck the rock twice with his staff, so that a great amount of water gushed out, and the congregation and their livestock were able to drink.

Psalm 74:15
You broke open the fountain and the flood; You dried up the ever-flowing rivers.

Psalm 78:15
He split the rocks in the wilderness and gave them drink as abundant as the seas.

Psalm 78:16
He brought streams from the stone and made water flow down like rivers.

Psalm 78:20
When He struck the rock, water gushed out and torrents overflowed. But can He also give bread or supply His people with meat?"

Psalm 105:41
He opened a rock, and water gushed out; it flowed like a river in the desert.

Isaiah 30:25
And from every high mountain and every raised hill, streams of water will flow in the day of great slaughter, when the towers fall.

Isaiah 35:6
Then the lame will leap like a deer and the mute tongue will shout for joy. For waters will gush forth in the wilderness, and streams in the desert.

Isaiah 35:7
The parched ground will become a pool, the thirsty land springs of water. In the haunt where jackals once lay, there will be grass and reeds and papyrus.

Isaiah 41:17
The poor and needy seek water, but there is none; their tongues are parched with thirst. I, the LORD, will answer them; I, the God of Israel, will not forsake them.

Isaiah 41:18
I will open rivers on the barren heights, and fountains in the middle of the valleys. I will turn the desert into a pool of water, and the dry land into flowing springs.

Isaiah 43:19
Behold, I am about to do something new; even now it is coming. Do you not see it? Indeed, I will make a way in the wilderness and streams in the desert.

Isaiah 43:20
The animals of the field will honor Me, the jackals and the owls, because I provide water in the wilderness, and rivers in the desert, to give drink to My chosen people.

Isaiah 49:10
They will not hunger or thirst, nor will the scorching heat or sun strike them. For He who has compassion on them will guide them and lead them beside springs of water.

Treasury of Scripture

And they thirsted not when he led them through the deserts: he caused the waters to flow out of the rock for them: he split the rock also, and the waters gushed out.

they thirsted

Isaiah 30:25
And there shall be upon every high mountain, and upon every high hill, rivers and streams of waters in the day of the great slaughter, when the towers fall.

Isaiah 35:6,7
Then shall the lame man leap as an hart, and the tongue of the dumb sing: for in the wilderness shall waters break out, and streams in the desert…

Isaiah 41:17,18
When the poor and needy seek water, and there is none, and their tongue faileth for thirst, I the LORD will hear them, I the God of Israel will not forsake them…

he caused

Exodus 17:6
Behold, I will stand before thee there upon the rock in Horeb; and thou shalt smite the rock, and there shall come water out of it, that the people may drink. And Moses did so in the sight of the elders of Israel.

Numbers 20:11
And Moses lifted up his hand, and with his rod he smote the rock twice: and the water came out abundantly, and the congregation drank, and their beasts also.

Nehemiah 9:15
And gavest them bread from heaven for their hunger, and broughtest forth water for them out of the rock for their thirst, and promisedst them that they should go in to possess the land which thou hadst sworn to give them.







Lexicon
They did not
וְלֹ֣א (wə·lō)
Conjunctive waw | Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

thirst
צָמְא֗וּ (ṣā·mə·’ū)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 6770: To be thirsty

when He led
הֽוֹלִיכָ֔ם (hō·w·lî·ḵām)
Verb - Hifil - Perfect - third person masculine singular | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 1980: To go, come, walk

them through the deserts;
בָּחֳרָבוֹת֙ (bā·ḥo·rā·ḇō·wṯ)
Preposition-b | Noun - feminine plural
Strong's Hebrew 2723: Waste, desolation, ruin

He made water
מַ֥יִם (ma·yim)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 4325: Water, juice, urine, semen

flow
הִזִּ֣יל (hiz·zîl)
Verb - Hifil - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5140: To flow, trickle, drop, distill

for them
לָ֑מוֹ (lā·mōw)
Preposition | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew

from the rock;
מִצּ֖וּר (miṣ·ṣūr)
Preposition-m | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6697: A cliff, a rock, boulder, a refuge, an edge

He split
וַיִּ֨בְקַע־ (way·yiḇ·qa‘-)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1234: To cleave, to rend, break, rip, open

the rock,
צ֔וּר (ṣūr)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6697: A cliff, a rock, boulder, a refuge, an edge

and water
מָֽיִם׃ (mā·yim)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 4325: Water, juice, urine, semen

gushed out.
וַיָּזֻ֖בוּ (way·yā·zu·ḇū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 2100: To flow freely, to have a, flux, to waste away, to overflow
(21) He caused the waters to flow . . .--A dead prosaic literalism makes men wonder that there is no record of such wonders on the return from Babylon. A truer insight recognises that the "water out of the rock" is, as ever, the symbol of spiritual refreshment (Isaiah 41:17-19; Isaiah 43:19-20; John 4:10).

Verse 21. - They thirsted not (comp. Isaiah 43:19, and the comment ad loc). The literal meaning is not to be altogether excluded. We have no historical account of the journey made by the bulk of the exiles who returned with Zerubbabel; but they must almost certainly have experienced difficulties with respect to water; and it is quite possible that a miraculous supply was vouchsafed to them. Most commentators, however, are content to explain both this and the earlier passage as merely "symbolical." The Israelites - they say - had spiritual refreshment on their homeward journey, by God's goodness, constantly. 48:16-22 The Holy Spirit qualifies for service; and those may speak boldly, whom God and his Spirit send. This is to be applied to Christ. He was sent, and he had the Spirit without measure. Whom God redeems, he teaches; he teaches to profit by affliction, and then makes them partakers of his holiness. Also, by his grace he leads them in the way of duty; and by his providence he leads in the way of deliverance. God did not afflict them willingly. If their sins had not turned them away, their peace should have been always flowing and abundant. Spiritual enjoyments are ever joined with holiness of life and regard to God's will. It will make the misery of the disobedient the more painful, to think how happy they might have been. And here is assurance given of salvation out of captivity. Those whom God designs to bring home to himself, he will take care of, that they want not for their journey. This is applicable to the grace laid up for us in Jesus Christ, from whom all good flows to us, as the water to Israel out of the rock, for that Rock was Christ. The spiritual blessings of redemption, and the rescue of the church from antichristian tyranny, are here pointed to. But whatever changes take place, the Lord warned impenitent sinners that no good would come to them; that inward anguish and outward trouble, which spring from guilt and from the Divine wrath, must be their portion for ever.
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OT Prophets: Isaiah 48:21 They didn't thirst when he led them (Isa Isi Is) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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