Micah 1:4
New International Version
The mountains melt beneath him and the valleys split apart, like wax before the fire, like water rushing down a slope.

New Living Translation
The mountains melt beneath his feet and flow into the valleys like wax in a fire, like water pouring down a hill.

English Standard Version
And the mountains will melt under him, and the valleys will split open, like wax before the fire, like waters poured down a steep place.

Berean Study Bible
The mountains will melt beneath Him, and the valleys will split apart, like wax before the fire, like water cascading down a slope.

New American Standard Bible
The mountains will melt under Him And the valleys will be split, Like wax before the fire, Like water poured down a steep place.

King James Bible
And the mountains shall be molten under him, and the valleys shall be cleft, as wax before the fire, and as the waters that are poured down a steep place.

Christian Standard Bible
The mountains will melt beneath him, and the valleys will split apart, like wax near a fire, like water cascading down a mountainside.

Contemporary English Version
Mountains will melt beneath his feet like wax beside a fire. Valleys will vanish like water rushing down a ravine.

Good News Translation
Then the mountains will melt under him like wax in a fire; they will pour down into the valleys like water pouring down a hill.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The mountains will melt beneath Him, and the valleys will split apart, like wax near a fire, like water cascading down a mountainside.

International Standard Version
The mountains will melt under him and the valleys will split apart, like wax in the presence of fire and like water gushing down a steep incline.

NET Bible
The mountains will disintegrate beneath him, and the valleys will be split in two. The mountains will melt like wax in a fire, the rocks will slide down like water cascading down a steep slope.

New Heart English Bible
The mountains melt under him, and the valleys split apart, like wax before the fire, like waters that are poured down a steep place.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Mountains will melt under him like wax near a fire. Valleys will split apart like water pouring down a steep hill.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And the mountains shall be molten under Him, And the valleys shall be cleft, As wax before the fire, As waters that are poured down a steep place.

New American Standard 1977
The mountains will melt under Him, And the valleys will be split, Like wax before the fire, Like water poured down a steep place.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And the mountains shall melt under him, and the valleys shall be split, as wax before the fire, and as the waters that run down a steep place.

King James 2000 Bible
And the mountains shall be melted under him, and the valleys shall be split, as wax before the fire, and as the waters that are poured down a steep place.

American King James Version
And the mountains shall be molten under him, and the valleys shall be cleft, as wax before the fire, and as the waters that are poured down a steep place.

American Standard Version
And the mountains shall be melted under him, and the valleys shall be cleft, as wax before the fire, as waters that are poured down a steep place.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And the mountains shall be shaken under him, and the valleys shall melt like wax before the fire, and as water rushing down a declivity.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the mountains shall be melted under him: and the valleys shall be cleft, as wax before the fire, and as waters that run down a steep place.

Darby Bible Translation
And the mountains shall be melted under him, and the valleys shall be cleft, as wax before the fire, as waters poured down a steep place.

English Revised Version
And the mountains shall be molten under him, and the valleys shall be cleft, as wax before the fire, as waters that are poured down a steep place.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the mountains shall be melted under him, and the valleys shall be cleft, as wax before the fire, and as the waters that are poured down a steep place.

World English Bible
The mountains melt under him, and the valleys split apart, like wax before the fire, like waters that are poured down a steep place.

Young's Literal Translation
Melted have been the mountains under Him, And the valleys do rend themselves, As wax from the presence of fire, As waters cast down by a slope.
Study Bible
Judgment Against Israel
3For behold, the LORD comes forth out of His dwelling place; He will come down and tread on the high places of the earth. 4The mountains will melt beneath Him, and the valleys will split apart, like wax before the fire, like water cascading down a slope. 5All this is for the transgression of Jacob and the sins of the house of Israel. What is the transgression of Jacob? Is it not Samaria? And what is the high place of Judah? Is it not Jerusalem?…
Cross References
2 Peter 3:10
But the day of the Lord will come like a thief. The heavens will disappear with a roar, the elements will be dissolved in the fire, and the earth and its works will not be found.

2 Peter 3:12
as you anticipate and hasten the coming of the day of God, when the heavens will be dissolved by fire and the elements will melt in the heat.

Psalm 46:6
Nations rage, kingdoms crumble; the earth melts when He lifts His voice.

Psalm 68:2
As smoke is blown away, You will drive them out; as wax melts before the fire, the wicked will perish in the presence of God.

Psalm 97:5
The mountains melt like wax at the presence of the LORD, before the Lord of all the earth.

Isaiah 64:1
If only You would rend the heavens and come down, so that mountains would quake at Your presence,

Isaiah 64:2
as fire kindles the brushwood and causes the water to boil, to make Your name known to Your enemies, so that nations will tremble at Your presence!

Amos 9:5
The Lord, the GOD of Hosts, He who touches the earth and melts it, and all its dwellers mourn--all the land rises like the Nile, then sinks like the river of Egypt--

Nahum 1:5
The mountains quake before Him, and the hills melt away; the earth trembles at His presence--the world and all its dwellers.

Zechariah 14:4
On that day His feet will stand on the Mount of Olives, east of Jerusalem, and the Mount of Olives will be split in two from east to west, forming a great valley, with half the mountain moving to the north and half to the south.

Treasury of Scripture

And the mountains shall be molten under him, and the valleys shall be cleft, as wax before the fire, and as the waters that are poured down a steep place.

the mountains.

Judges 5:4
LORD, when thou wentest out of Seir, when thou marchedst out of the field of Edom, the earth trembled, and the heavens dropped, the clouds also dropped water.

Psalm 97:5
The hills melted like wax at the presence of the LORD, at the presence of the Lord of the whole earth.

Isaiah 64:1-3
Oh that thou wouldest rend the heavens, that thou wouldest come down, that the mountains might flow down at thy presence, …

the valleys.

Zechariah 14:4
And his feet shall stand in that day upon the mount of Olives, which is before Jerusalem on the east, and the mount of Olives shall cleave in the midst thereof toward the east and toward the west, and there shall be a very great valley; and half of the mountain shall remove toward the north, and half of it toward the south.

as wax.

Psalm 68:2
As smoke is driven away, so drive them away: as wax melteth before the fire, so let the wicked perish at the presence of God.

a steep place.







Lexicon
The mountains
הֶֽהָרִים֙ (he·hā·rîm)
Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 2022: Mountain, hill, hill country

will melt
וְנָמַ֤סּוּ (wə·nā·mas·sū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Nifal - Conjunctive perfect - third person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 4549: To liquefy, to waste, to faint

beneath Him,
תַּחְתָּ֔יו (taḥ·tāw)
Preposition | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8478: The bottom, below, in lieu of

and the valleys
וְהָעֲמָקִ֖ים (wə·hā·‘ă·mā·qîm)
Conjunctive waw, Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 6010: A vale

will split apart,
יִתְבַּקָּ֑עוּ (yiṯ·baq·qā·‘ū)
Verb - Hitpael - Imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 1234: To cleave, to rend, break, rip, open

like wax
כַּדּוֹנַג֙ (kad·dō·w·naḡ)
Preposition-k, Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1749: Wax (as melting)

before
מִפְּנֵ֣י (mip·pə·nê)
Preposition-m | Noun - common plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 6440: The face

the fire,
הָאֵ֔שׁ (hā·’êš)
Article | Noun - common singular
Strong's Hebrew 784: A fire

like water
כְּמַ֖יִם (kə·ma·yim)
Preposition-k | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 4325: Water, juice, urine, semen

cascading down
מֻגָּרִ֥ים (mug·gā·rîm)
Verb - Hofal - Participle - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 5064: To flow, to stretch out, to pour out, down, to deliver over

a slope.
בְּמוֹרָֽד׃ (bə·mō·w·rāḏ)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4174: A descent, an ornamental appendage, a festoon
(4) The mountains shall be molten.--The manifestations of the presence of God are taken from the description of the giving of the Law, when "the hills melted like wax at the presence of the Lord, at the presence of the Lord of the whole earth" (Psalm 97:5). Dean Stanley refers the imagery to the memorable earthquake mentioned in Amos 1:1 :--"Mountains and valleys are cleft asunder, and melt as in a furnace; the earth heaving like the rising waters of the Nile; the sea bursting over the land; the ground shaking and sliding as, with a succession of shocks, its solid framework reels to and fro like a drunkard" (Jewish Church, Lect. 37).

Verse 4. - The description of God's advent to judgment is founded on the idea of a terrible storm and earthquake, perhaps accompanied with volcanic eruption, though evidence of such eruptions in the historical period is not forthcoming. The description recalls the awful revelation at Sinai (Exodus 19.). Shall be molten; either by the lightning or the showers of rain that descend from heaven. The mountains, the type of stability and strength, fall away at the presence of the Judge. Septuagint, σαλευθήσεται, "shall be shaken;" Vulgate, consumentur (Judges 5:4, 5; Psalm 18:7, etc.; Psalms 68:8; 97:4, 5; Amos 9:5). Be cleft; Septuagint, τακήσονται, "shall melt." The valleys shall be hollowed out into channels by the force of the water, which falls in torrents. As wax (Psalm 68:2; Psalm 97:5). This belongs to the first clause, "the mountains," etc. As waters. This belongs to the second clause. The cloven plains shall melt away as waters disappear down a precipice. The idea that underlies this description is that the inanimate creation shares in the effects of the judgment on man, and is used as an instrument in his punishment. 1:1-7 The earth is called upon, with all that are therein, to hear the prophet. God's holy temple will not protect false professors. Neither men of high degree, as the mountains, nor men of low degree, as the valleys, can secure themselves or the land from the judgments of God. If sin be found in God's people he will not spare them; and their sins are most provoking to him, for they are most reproaching. When we feel the smart of sin, it behoves us to seek what is the sin we smart for. Persons and places most exalted, are most exposed to spiritual diseases. The vices of leaders and rulers shall be surely and sorely punished. The punishment answers the sin. What they gave to idols, never shall prosper, nor do them any good. What is got by one lust, is wasted on another.
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