Micah

Judgment Against Israel
(Isaiah 7:17-25)

1This is the word of the LORD that came to Micah the Moreshite in the days of Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah—what he saw regarding Samaria and Jerusalem:

2Hear, O peoples, all of you;

listen, O earth, and everyone in it!

The Lord GOD will witness against you,

the Lord from His holy temple.

3For behold, the LORD comes forth

out of His dwelling place;

He will come down and tread

on the high places of the earth.

4The mountains will melt beneath Him,

and the valleys will split apart,

like wax before the fire,

like water cascading down a slope.

5All this is for the transgression of Jacob

and the sins of the house of Israel.

What is the transgression of Jacob?

Is it not Samaria?

And what is the high place of Judah?

Is it not Jerusalem?

6Therefore I will make Samaria a heap of rubble in the open field,

a planting area for a vineyard.

I will pour her stones into the valley

and expose her foundations.

7All her carved images will be smashed to pieces;

all her wages will be burned in the fire,

and I will destroy all her idols.

Since she collected the wages of a prostitute,

they will be used again on a prostitute.

Weeping and Mourning

8Because of this I will lament and wail;

I will walk barefoot and naked.

I will howl like a jackal

and mourn like an ostrich.

9For her wound is incurable;

it has reached even Judah;

it has approached the gate of my people,

as far as Jerusalem itself.

10Do not tell it in Gath;a do not weep at all.

Roll in the dust in Beth-leaphrah.b

11Depart in shameful nakedness,

O residents of Shaphir.c

The inhabitants of Zaanand

will not come out.

Beth-ezel is in mourning;

its support is taken from you.

12For the residents of Marothe pined for good,

but calamity came down from the LORD,

even to the gate of Jerusalem.

13Harness the horses to the chariot,

O inhabitant of Lachish.

You were the beginning of sin to the daughter of Zion,

for the transgressions of Israel were found in you.

14Therefore, send farewell giftsf to Moresheth-gath;g

the houses of Achzibh will prove deceptive

to the kings of Israel.

15I will again bring a conqueror against you,

O inhabitant of Mareshah.i

The glory of Israel will come to Adullam.

16Shave yourselves bald and cut off your hair

in morning for your precious children;

make yourselves as bald as an eagle,

for they will go from you into exile.

Footnotes:

10 a Gath sounds like the Hebrew for tell
10 b Beth-Leaphrah means house of dust
11 c Shaphir means pleasant
11 d Zaanan sounds like the Hebrew for come out
12 e Maroth sounds like the Hebrew for bitter
14 f Or give dowry
14 g Moresheth sounds like the Hebrew for gift or dowry
14 h Achzib means deception
15 i Mareshah sounds like the Hebrew for conqueror

Micah 2

Woe to the Oppressors

1Woe to those who devise iniquity

and plot evil on their beds!

At morning's light they accomplish it

because the power is in their hands.

2They covet fields and seize them,

and they take away houses.

They deprive a man of his home,

a fellow man of his inheritance.

3Therefore, this is what the LORD says:

“I am planning against this nation a disaster

from which you cannot free your necks.

Then you will not walk so proudly,

for it will be a time of calamity.

4In that day they will take up a taunt against you

and wail this bitter lamentation:

‘We are utterly ruined;

He has changed the portion of my people!

How He has removed it from me;

He has allotted our fields to traitors!’”

5Therefore, you will have no one in the assembly of the LORD

to divide the land by lot.

The False Prophets

6“Do not preach,” they preach.

“Do not preach these things;

disgrace will not overtake us.”

7Should it be said, O house of Jacob,

“Is the Spirit of the LORD impatient?

Are these the things He does?”

Do not My words bring good

to him who walks uprightly?

8But of late My people have risen up

like an enemy:

You strip off the splendid robe

from unsuspecting passers-by

like men returning from battle.

9You drive the women of My people

from their pleasant homes.

You take away My blessing

from their children forever.

10Arise and depart,

for this is not your place of rest,

because its defilement brings destruction—

a grievous destruction!

11If a man of wind were to come

and say falsely,

“I will preach to you of wine and strong drink,”

he would be just the preacher for this people!

The Remnant of Israel

12I will surely gather all of you, O Jacob;

I will collect the remnant of Israel.

I will bring them together like sheep in a pen,

like a flock in the midst of its pasture—

a noisy throng.

13One who breaks open the way

will go up before them;

they will break through the gate,

and go out by it.

Their king will pass through before them,

the LORD as their leader.


Micah 3

Rulers and Prophets Condemned

1Then I said:

“Hear now, O leaders of Jacob,

you rulers of the house of Israel.

Should you not know justice?

2You hate good

and love evil.

You tear the skin from My people

and strip the flesh from their bones.

3You eat the flesh of my people

after stripping off their skin

and breaking their bones.

You chop them up like meat for the cooking pot,

like meat in a kettle.”

4Then they will cry out to the LORD,

but He will not answer them.

At that time He will hide His face from them

because of the evil they have done.

5This is what the LORD says:

“As for the prophets

who lead My people astray,

who proclaim peace

while they chew with their teeth,

but declare war against one

who puts nothing in their mouths:

6Therefore the night will come over you without visions,

and the darkness without divination.

The sun will set on these prophets,

and the daylight will turn black over them.

7Then the seers will be ashamed

and the diviners disgraced.

They will all cover their mouths

because there is no answer from God.

8As for me, however, I am filled with power

by the Spirit of the LORD,

with justice and courage,

to declare to Jacob his transgression

and to Israel his sin.

9Now hear this, O leaders of the house of Jacob

and rulers of the house of Israel,

who despise justice

and pervert all that is right,

10who build Zion with bloodshed

and Jerusalem with iniquity.

11Her leaders judge for a bribe,

her priests teach for a price,

and her prophets practice divination for money.

Yet they lean upon the LORD, saying,

“Is not the LORD among us?

No disaster can come upon us.”

12Therefore, because of you,

Zion will be plowed like a field,

Jerusalem will become a heap of rubble,

and the temple mount a wooded ridge.


Micah 4

The Mountain of the House of the LORD
(Micah 2:1-4)

1In the last days the mountain of the house of the LORD

will be established as the chief of the mountains;

it will be raised above the hills,

and the peoples will stream to it.

2And many nations will come and say,

“Come, let us go up to the mountain of the LORD,

to the house of the God of Jacob.

He will teach us His ways,

so that we may walk in His paths.”

For the law will go forth from Zion

and the word of the LORD from Jerusalem.

3Then He will judge between many peoples

and arbitrate for strong nations far and wide.

Then they will beat their swords into plowshares

and their spears into pruning hooks.

Nation will no longer take up the sword against nation,

nor will they train anymore for war.

4And each man will sit under his own vine

and under his own fig tree,

with no one to frighten him.

For the mouth of the LORD of Hosts has spoken.

5Though each of the peoples

may walk in the name of his god,

yet we will walk in the name of the LORD our God

forever and ever.

The Restoration of Zion

6“On that day,” declares the LORD,

“I will gather the lame;

I will assemble the outcast,

even those whom I have afflicted.

7And I will make the lame into a remnant,

and the outcast into a strong nation.

Then the LORD will rule over them in Mount Zion

from that day and forever.

8And you, O watchtower of the flock,

O Strongholda of the daughter of Zion—

the former dominion will be restored to you;

sovereignty will come to the Daughter of Jerusalem.

9Why do you now cry aloud?

Is there no king among you?

Has your counselor perished

so that anguish grips you like a woman in labor?

10Writhe in agony, O Daughter of Zion,

like a woman in labor.

For now you will leave the city

and camp in the open fields.

You will go to Babylon;

there you will be rescued;

there the LORD will redeem you

from the hand of your enemies!

11But now many nations

have assembled against you,

saying, “Let her be defiled,

and let us feast our eyes on Zion.”

12But they do not know the thoughts of the LORD

or understand His plan:

that He has gathered them

like sheaves to the threshing floor.

13Rise and thresh, O Daughter of Zion,

for I will give you horns of iron

and hooves of bronze

to break to pieces many peoples.

Then you will devote their gainb to the LORD,

their wealth to the Lord of all the earth.

Footnotes:

8 a Or hill
13 b Hebrew devote to destruction

Micah 5

A Ruler from Bethlehem
(Isaiah 7:10-16; Matthew 1:18-25; Luke 2:1-7)

1Now, O daughter of troops,

marshal your troops;

for a siege is laid against us!

With a rod they will strike on the cheek

the judge of Israel.

2But you, Bethlehem Ephrathah,

who are small among the clans of Judah,

out of you will come forth for Me

One to be ruler over Israel,

whose origins are of old,

from the days of eternity.

3Therefore Israel will be abandoned

until she who is in labor has given birth;

then the rest of His brothers will return

to the children of Israel.

4He will stand and shepherd His flock

in the strength of the LORD,

in the majestic name of the LORD His God.

And they will dwell securely,

for then His greatness will extend to the ends of the earth.

5And He will be their peace.

When Assyria invades our land

and tramples our citadels,

we will raise against it seven shepherds,

even eight leaders of men.

6And they will rule the land of Assyria with the sword,

and the land of Nimrod with the blade drawn.

So He will deliver us

when Assyria invades our land,

and tramples our citadels.

The Remnant of Jacob

7Then the remnant of Jacob will be

in the midst of many peoples

like dew from the LORD,

like showers on the grass,

which do not wait for man

or linger for mankind.

8Then the remnant of Jacob will be among the nations,

in the midst of many peoples,

like a lion among the beasts of the forest,

like a young lion among flocks of sheep,

which tramples and tears as it passes through,

with no one to rescue them.

9Your hand will be lifted over your foes,

and all your enemies will be cut off.

10“In that day,”

declares the LORD,

“I will remove your horses from among you

and wreck your chariots.

11I will remove the cities of your land

and tear down all your strongholds.

12I will cut the sorceries from your hand,

and you will have no fortune-tellers.

13I will also cut off the carved images

and sacred pillars from among you,

so that you will no longer bow down

to the work of your own hands.

14I will root out the Asherah poles from your midst

and demolish your cities.

15I will take vengeance in anger and wrath

upon the nations that have not obeyed Me.”


Micah 6

The Case Against Israel

1Hear now what the LORD says:

“Arise, plead your case before the mountains,

and let the hills hear your voice.

2Hear, O mountains, the LORD's indictment,

you enduring foundations of the earth.

For the LORD has a case against His people,

and He will argue it against Israel.

3My people, what have I done to you?

Testify against Me how I have wearied you!

4For I brought you up from the land of Egypt

and redeemed you from the house of bondage.

I sent Moses before you,

as well as Aaron and Miriam.

5My people, remember what Balak king of Moab counseled

and what Balaam son of Beor answered.

Remember your journey from Acacia Grovea to Gilgal,

so that you may acknowledge the righteousness of the LORD.”

6With what shall I come before the LORD

when I bow before the God on high?

Should I come to Him with burnt offerings,

with year-old calves?

7Would the LORD be pleased with thousands of rams,

with ten thousand rivers of oil?

Shall I present my firstborn for my transgression,

the fruit of my body for the sin of my soul?

8He has shown you, O mankind, what is good.

And what does the LORD require of you

but to act justly, to love mercy,

and to walk humbly with your God?

The Punishment of Israel

9The voice of the LORD calls out to the city—

and it is sound wisdom to fear Your name—

“Heed the rod

and the One who ordained it.

10Can I forget any longer,

O house of the wicked,

the treasures of wickedness

and the short ephah, which is accursed?

11Can I excuse dishonest scales

or bags of false weights?

12For the wealthy of the city

are full of violence,

and its residents speak lies;

their tongues are deceitful in their mouths.

13Therefore I will strike you severely,

to ruin you because of your sins.

14You will eat but not be satisfied,

and your hunger will remain with you.

What you acquire, you will not preserve;

and what you save, I will give over to the sword.

15You will sow but not reap;

you will press olives but not anoint yourselves with oil;

you will tread grapes but not drink the wine.

16You have observed the statutes of Omri

and all the practices of Ahab’s house;

you have followed their traditions.

Therefore I will make you a desolation,

and your inhabitants an object of contempt;

you will bear the scorn of the nations.b

Footnotes:

5 a Hebrew Shittim
16 b LXX; Hebrew scorn of my people

Micah 7

Israel's Great Misery

1Woe is me!

For I am like one gathering summer fruit

at the gleaning of the vineyard;

there is no cluster to eat,

no early fig that I crave.

2The godly man has perished from the earth;

there is no one upright among men.

They all lie in wait for blood;

they hunt each other with a net.

3Both hands are skilled at evil;

the prince and the judge demand a bribe;

when the powerful utters his evil desire,

they all conspire together.

4The best of them is like a brier;

the most upright is sharper then a hedge of thorns.

The day you post your watchmen, your punishment will come;

then their confusion will arise.

5Do not rely on a friend;

do not trust in a companion.

Seal the doors of your mouth

from her who lies in your arms.a

6For a son dishonors his father,

a daughter rises against her mother,

and a daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law;

a man’s enemies are the members of his own household.

Israel Looks to the LORD

7But as for me, I will look to the LORD;

I will wait for the God of my salvation.

My God will hear me.

8Do not gloat over me, my enemy!

Though I have fallen, I will arise;

though I sit in darkness,

the LORD will be my light.

9Because I have sinned against Him,

I must endure the rage of the LORD,

until He argues my case

and executes justice for me.

He will bring me into the light;

I will see His righteousness.

10Then my enemy will see

and will be covered with shame—

she who said to me,

“Where is the LORD your God?”

My eyes will see her;

at that time she will be trampled

like mud in the streets.

11The day for rebuilding your walls will come—

the day for extending your boundary.

12On that day they will come to you

from Assyria and the cities of Egypt,

even from Egypt to the Euphratesb

and from sea to sea and mountain to mountain.

13Then the earth will become desolate because of its inhabitants,

as the result of their deeds.

God's Compassion on Israel

14Shepherd with Your staff Your people,

the flock of Your inheritance.

They live alone in a woodland,

surrounded by pastures.c

Let them graze in Bashan and Gilead,

as in the days of old.

15As in the days when you came out of Egypt,

I will show My wonders.

16Nations will see and be ashamed,

deprived of all their might.

They will put their hands over their mouths,

and their ears will become deaf.

17They will lick the dust like a snake,

like reptiles slithering on the ground.

They will crawl from their holes

in the presence of the LORD our God;

they will tremble in fear of you.

18Who is a God like You,

who pardons iniquity

and passes over the transgression

of the remnant of His inheritance—

who does not retain His anger forever,

because He delights in loving devotion?

19He will again have compassion on us;

He will vanquish our iniquities.

You will cast out all our sins

into the depths of the sea.

20You will show loyalty to Jacob

and loving devotion to Abraham,

as You swore to our fathers

from days of old.

Footnotes:

5 a Hebrew bosom
12 b Hebrew the River
14 c Or in the middle of Carmel


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