Micah 4:12
New International Version
But they do not know the thoughts of the LORD; they do not understand his plan, that he has gathered them like sheaves to the threshing floor.

New Living Translation
But they do not know the LORD's thoughts or understand his plan. These nations don't know that he is gathering them together to be beaten and trampled like sheaves of grain on a threshing floor.

English Standard Version
But they do not know the thoughts of the LORD; they do not understand his plan, that he has gathered them as sheaves to the threshing floor.

Berean Study Bible
But they do not know the thoughts of the LORD or understand His plan: that He has gathered them like sheaves to the threshing floor.

New American Standard Bible
"But they do not know the thoughts of the LORD, And they do not understand His purpose; For He has gathered them like sheaves to the threshing floor.

King James Bible
But they know not the thoughts of the LORD, neither understand they his counsel: for he shall gather them as the sheaves into the floor.

Christian Standard Bible
But they do not know the LORD's intentions or understand his plan, that he has gathered them like sheaves to the threshing floor.

Contemporary English Version
But they don't know that I, the LORD, have gathered them here to grind them like grain.

Good News Translation
But these nations do not know what is in the LORD's mind. They do not realize that they have been gathered together to be punished in the same way that grain is brought in to be threshed.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
But they do not know the LORD's intentions or understand His plan, that He has gathered them like sheaves to the threshing floor.

International Standard Version
But they don't know the thoughts of the LORD, and they don't understand his tactics, for he will gather them like harvested grain to his threshing floor.

NET Bible
But they do not know what the LORD is planning; they do not understand his strategy. He has gathered them like stalks of grain to be threshed at the threshing floor.

New Heart English Bible
But they do not know the thoughts of the LORD, neither do they understand his counsel; for he has gathered them like the sheaves to the threshing floor.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
They don't know the thoughts of the LORD or understand his plan. He will bring them together like cut grain on the threshing floor.

JPS Tanakh 1917
But they know not the thoughts of the LORD, Neither understand they His counsel; For He hath gathered them as the sheaves to the threshing-floor.

New American Standard 1977
“But they do not know the thoughts of the LORD, And they do not understand His purpose; For He has gathered them like sheaves to the threshing floor.

Jubilee Bible 2000
But they did not know the thoughts of the LORD, neither did they understand his counsel by which he gathered them as sheaves onto the threshing floor.

King James 2000 Bible
But they know not the thoughts of the LORD, neither understand they his counsel: for he shall gather them as the sheaves into the floor.

American King James Version
But they know not the thoughts of the LORD, neither understand they his counsel: for he shall gather them as the sheaves into the floor.

American Standard Version
But they know not the thoughts of Jehovah, neither understand they his counsel; for he hath gathered them as the sheaves to the threshing-floor.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
But they know not the thought of the Lord, and have not understood his counsel: for he has gathered them as sheaves of the floor.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But they have not known the thoughts of the Lord, and have not understood his counsel: because he hath gathered them together as the hay of the floor.

Darby Bible Translation
But they know not the thoughts of Jehovah, neither understand they his counsel; for he hath gathered them together as the sheaves into the threshing-floor.

English Revised Version
But they know not the thoughts of the LORD, neither understand they his counsel: for he hath gathered them as the sheaves to the threshingfloor.

Webster's Bible Translation
But they know not the thoughts of the LORD, neither understand they his counsel: for he will gather them as sheaves into the floor.

World English Bible
But they don't know the thoughts of Yahweh, neither do they understand his counsel; for he has gathered them like the sheaves to the threshing floor.

Young's Literal Translation
They have not known the thoughts of Jehovah, Nor have they understood His counsel, For He hath gathered them as a sheaf into a threshing-floor.
Study Bible
The Restoration of Zion
11But now many nations have assembled against you, saying, “Let her be defiled, and let us feast our eyes on Zion.” 12But they do not know the thoughts of the LORD or understand His plan: that He has gathered them like sheaves to the threshing floor. 13Rise and thresh, O Daughter of Zion, for I will give you horns of iron and hooves of bronze to break to pieces many peoples. Then you will devote their gain to the LORD, their wealth to the Lord of all the earth.…
Cross References
Psalm 147:19
He declares His word to Jacob, His statutes and judgments to Israel.

Psalm 147:20
He has done this for no other nation; they do not know His judgments. Hallelujah!

Isaiah 10:7
But this is not what he intends; this is not what he plans. His purpose is to destroy and cut off many nations.

Isaiah 29:7
All the many nations going out to battle against Ariel--even all who war against her, laying siege and attacking her--will be like a dream, like a vision in the night,

Jeremiah 51:20
"You are My war club, My weapon for battle. With you I shatter nations; with you I bring kingdoms to ruin.

Joel 3:2
I will gather all the nations and bring them down to the Valley of Jehoshaphat. There I will enter into judgment against them concerning My people, My inheritance, Israel, whom they have scattered among the nations as they divided up My land.

Treasury of Scripture

But they know not the thoughts of the LORD, neither understand they his counsel: for he shall gather them as the sheaves into the floor.

they know.

Isaiah 55:8
For my thoughts are not your thoughts, neither are your ways my ways, saith the LORD.

Jeremiah 29:11
For I know the thoughts that I think toward you, saith the LORD, thoughts of peace, and not of evil, to give you an expected end.

Romans 11:33,34
O the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God! how unsearchable are his judgments, and his ways past finding out! …

for he shall.

Isaiah 21:10
O my threshing, and the corn of my floor: that which I have heard of the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, have I declared unto you.

Joel 3:12,13
Let the heathen be wakened, and come up to the valley of Jehoshaphat: for there will I sit to judge all the heathen round about…

Zechariah 14:1-3
Behold, the day of the LORD cometh, and thy spoil shall be divided in the midst of thee…







Lexicon
But they
וְהֵ֗מָּה (wə·hêm·māh)
Conjunctive waw | Pronoun - third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 1992: They

do not
לֹ֤א (lō)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

know
יָֽדְעוּ֙ (yā·ḏə·‘ū)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 3045: To know

the thoughts
מַחְשְׁב֣וֹת (maḥ·šə·ḇō·wṯ)
Noun - feminine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 4284: A contrivance, a texture, machine, intention, plan

of the LORD
יְהוָ֔ה (Yah·weh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3068: LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel

or
וְלֹ֥א (wə·lō)
Conjunctive waw | Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

understand
הֵבִ֖ינוּ (hê·ḇî·nū)
Verb - Hifil - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 995: To separate mentally, understand

His plan:
עֲצָת֑וֹ (‘ă·ṣā·ṯōw)
Noun - feminine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6098: Advice, plan, prudence

that
כִּ֥י (kî)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3588: A relative conjunction

He has gathered them
קִבְּצָ֖ם (qib·bə·ṣām)
Verb - Piel - Perfect - third person masculine singular | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 6908: To gather, collect

like sheaves
כֶּעָמִ֥יר (ke·‘ā·mîr)
Preposition-k, Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5995: A swath, row of fallen grain

to the threshing floor.
גֹּֽרְנָה׃ (gō·rə·nāh)
Noun - feminine singular | third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1637: A threshing-floor, open area
(12) They know not the thoughts of the Lord.--As a commentary upon this passage, we may compare the message of God with reference to the haughty thoughts of Sennacherib. Then the Lord declared that the Assyrian king was but His instrument in all he had done; so that when he presumed to arrogate to himself the glory of his victories, the Lord revoked his commission: "I will put my hook in thy nose, and my bridle in thy lips, and I will turn thee back by the way by which thou carnest." And so it came to pass.

Verse 12. - But the enemies who came to exult over Zion do not know God's design while blindly working it out. God's people are not to be destroyed, but their adversaries. They know not the thoughts of the Lord. The heathen, who were the instruments of God's wrath against his people, knew nothing of his purpose in thus afflicting them, nor perceived that they themselves were drawn together for punishment. He shall gather (hath gathered) them as the sheaves into the floor. Their blindness is proved by their not perceiving till too late that God has brought them together before Jerusalem, as sheaves are brought into the threshing floor, in order to be broken up and destroyed (comp. Isaiah 21:10; Jeremiah 51:23). The metaphor is carried on in the next verse. Various are the explanations of the prophet's reference in this prophecy. Many commentators see in it a reference to the destruction of the army of Sennacherib (2 Kings 19:35); others discern a defeat of the Scythians after the return from captivity; others, again, place it in the times of the Maccabees; and others interpret it of the defeat of the mystical adversaries of God's Church adumbrated in Ezekiel 38; Zechariah 12; and Revelation 20. But the prophet has not one definite event in view, but looks forward to the general conflict between the powers of the world and the Church, of which the historical events and material enemies were the types. Certain historical circumstances may exactly suit the prediction, but they do not exhaust it. And indeed we do wrong to seek for minute and definite fulfilment of particular predictions. Such utterances are often conditional and are modified by subsequent circumstances. The prophets are concerned with great moral truths and the righteous government of the world, and are not always to be interpreted with literal exactness. 4:9-13 Many nations would assemble against Zion to rejoice in her calamities. They would not understand that the Lord had collected them as sheaves are gathered to be threshed; and that Zion would be strengthened to beat them to pieces. Nothing has yet taken place in the history of the Jewish church agreeing with this prediction. When God has conquering work for his people to do, he will furnish them with strength and ability for it. Believers should cry aloud under distresses, with the prayer of faith, not with despondency.
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