Jonah 3:10
New International Version
When God saw what they did and how they turned from their evil ways, he relented and did not bring on them the destruction he had threatened.

New Living Translation
When God saw what they had done and how they had put a stop to their evil ways, he changed his mind and did not carry out the destruction he had threatened.

English Standard Version
When God saw what they did, how they turned from their evil way, God relented of the disaster that he had said he would do to them, and he did not do it.

Berean Study Bible
When God saw their actions—that they had turned from their evil ways—He relented from the disaster He had threatened to bring upon them.

New American Standard Bible
When God saw their deeds, that they turned from their wicked way, then God relented concerning the calamity which He had declared He would bring upon them. And He did not do it.

King James Bible
And God saw their works, that they turned from their evil way; and God repented of the evil, that he had said that he would do unto them; and he did it not.

Christian Standard Bible
God saw their actions--that they had turned from their evil ways--so God relented from the disaster he had threatened them with. And he did not do it.

Contemporary English Version
When God saw that the people had stopped doing evil things, he had pity and did not destroy them as he had planned.

Good News Translation
God saw what they did; he saw that they had given up their wicked behavior. So he changed his mind and did not punish them as he had said he would.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Then God saw their actions--that they had turned from their evil ways--so God relented from the disaster He had threatened to do to them. And He did not do it.

International Standard Version
God took note of what they did—that they turned from their evil ways. Because God relented concerning the trouble about which he had warned them, he did not carry it out.

NET Bible
When God saw their actions--they turned from their evil way of living!--God relented concerning the judgment he had threatened them with and he did not destroy them.

New Heart English Bible
God saw their works, that they turned from their evil way. God relented of the disaster which he said he would do to them, and he did not do it.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
God saw what they did. He saw that they turned from their wicked ways. So God reconsidered his threat to destroy them, and he didn't do it.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And God saw their works, that they turned from their evil way; and God repented of the evil, which He said He would do unto them; and He did it not.

New American Standard 1977
When God saw their deeds, that they turned from their wicked way, then God relented concerning the calamity which He had declared He would bring upon them. And He did not do it.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And God saw their works, because they turned from their evil way, and he repented of the evil that he had said that he would do unto them, and he did not do it.

King James 2000 Bible
And God saw their works, that they turned from their evil way; and God relented of the disaster, that he had said that he would bring upon them; and he did it not.

American King James Version
And God saw their works, that they turned from their evil way; and God repented of the evil, that he had said that he would do to them; and he did it not.

American Standard Version
And God saw their works, that they turned from their evil way; and God repented of the evil which he said he would do unto them; and he did it not.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And God saw their works, that they turned from their evil ways; and God repented of the evil which he had said he would do to them; and he did it not.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And God saw their works, that they were turned from their evil way: and God had mercy with regard to the evil which he had said that he would do to them, and he did it not.

Darby Bible Translation
And God saw their works, that they turned from their evil way; and God repented of the evil that he had said he would do unto them, and he did [it] not.

English Revised Version
And God saw their works, that they turned from their evil way; and God repented of the evil, which he said he would do unto them; and he did it not.

Webster's Bible Translation
And God saw their works, that they turned from their evil way; and God repented of the evil, that he had said that he would do to them; and he did it not.

World English Bible
God saw their works, that they turned from their evil way. God relented of the disaster which he said he would do to them, and he didn't do it.

Young's Literal Translation
And God seeth their works, that they have turned back from their evil way, and God repenteth of the evil that He spake of doing to them, and he hath not done it.
Study Bible
Nineveh Repents
9Who knows? God may turn and relent; He may turn from His fierce anger, so that we will not perish.” 10When God saw their actions— that they had turned from their evil ways— He relented from the disaster He had threatened to bring upon them.
Cross References
Exodus 32:14
So the LORD relented from the calamity He had threatened to bring on His people.

1 Kings 21:27
When Ahab heard these words, he tore his clothes, put on sackcloth, and fasted. He lay down in sackcloth and walked around meekly.

1 Chronicles 21:15
Then God sent an angel to destroy Jerusalem, but as the angel was doing so the LORD saw it and relented from the calamity, and He said to the angel who was destroying the people, "Enough, withdraw your hand now!" At that time the angel of the LORD was standing by the threshing floor of Ornan the Jebusite.

Isaiah 30:18
Therefore the LORD longs to be gracious to you; therefore He rises to show you compassion, for the LORD is a just God. Blessed are all who wait for Him.

Jeremiah 18:8
But if that nation I warned turns from its evil, then I will relent of the disaster I had planned to inflict.

Jeremiah 31:18
I have surely heard Ephraim's moaning: 'You disciplined me severely, like an untrained calf. Restore me, and I will return, for You are the LORD my God.

Jeremiah 36:3
Perhaps when the people of Judah hear about all the calamity I plan to bring upon them, each of them will turn from his wicked way. Then I will forgive their iniquity and their sin."

Jeremiah 42:10
If you will indeed stay in this land, then I will build you up and not tear you down; I will plant you and not uproot you, for I shall relent of the disaster I have brought upon you.

Amos 7:3
So the LORD relented from this plan. "It will not happen," He said.

Amos 7:6
So the LORD relented from this plan. "It will not happen either," said the Lord GOD.

Jonah 4:11
So should I not care about the great city of Nineveh, which has more than 120,000 people who cannot tell their right hand from their left, and many cattle as well?"

Treasury of Scripture

And God saw their works, that they turned from their evil way; and God repented of the evil, that he had said that he would do to them; and he did it not.

God saw.

1 Kings 21:27-29
And it came to pass, when Ahab heard those words, that he rent his clothes, and put sackcloth upon his flesh, and fasted, and lay in sackcloth, and went softly…

Job 33:27,28
He looketh upon men, and if any say, I have sinned, and perverted that which was right, and it profited me not; …

Jeremiah 31:18-20
I have surely heard Ephraim bemoaning himself thus; Thou hast chastised me, and I was chastised, as a bullock unaccustomed to the yoke: turn thou me, and I shall be turned; for thou art the LORD my God…

and God repented.

Jonah 4:2
And he prayed unto the LORD, and said, I pray thee, O LORD, was not this my saying, when I was yet in my country? Therefore I fled before unto Tarshish: for I knew that thou art a gracious God, and merciful, slow to anger, and of great kindness, and repentest thee of the evil.

Jeremiah 18:8
If that nation, against whom I have pronounced, turn from their evil, I will repent of the evil that I thought to do unto them.

Joel 2:13
And rend your heart, and not your garments, and turn unto the LORD your God: for he is gracious and merciful, slow to anger, and of great kindness, and repenteth him of the evil.







Lexicon
When God
הָֽאֱלֹהִים֙ (hā·’ĕ·lō·hîm)
Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 430: gods -- the supreme God, magistrates, a superlative

saw
וַיַּ֤רְא (way·yar)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7200: To see

their actions—
מַ֣עֲשֵׂיהֶ֔ם (ma·‘ă·śê·hem)
Noun - masculine plural construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 4639: An action, a transaction, activity, a product, property

that
כִּי־ (kî-)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3588: A relative conjunction

they had turned
שָׁ֖בוּ (šā·ḇū)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 7725: To turn back, in, to retreat, again

from their evil
הָרָעָ֑ה (hā·rā·‘āh)
Article | Adjective - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7451: Bad, evil

ways—
מִדַּרְכָּ֣ם (mid·dar·kām)
Preposition-m | Noun - common singular construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 1870: A road, a course of life, mode of action

[He]
הָאֱלֹהִ֗ים (hā·’ĕ·lō·hîm)
Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 430: gods -- the supreme God, magistrates, a superlative

relented
וַיִּנָּ֣חֶם (way·yin·nā·ḥem)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Nifal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5162: To sigh, breathe strongly, to be sorry, to pity, console, rue, to avenge

from
עַל־ (‘al-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

the disaster
הָרָעָ֛ה (hā·rā·‘āh)
Article | Adjective - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7451: Bad, evil

He had threatened
דִּבֶּ֥ר (dib·ber)
Verb - Piel - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1696: To arrange, to speak, to subdue

to bring
לַעֲשׂוֹת־ (la·‘ă·śō·wṯ-)
Preposition-l | Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct
Strong's Hebrew 6213: To do, make

upon them.
לָהֶ֖ם (lā·hem)
Preposition-l | Pronoun - third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 1992: They
(10) And God repented.--See Note, Genesis 6:6.

And he did it not.--As we are entirely ignorant of the nature of the threatened destruction, so are we also of the mode in which it was averted. Possibly some inscription throwing light on the book of Jonah may yet be discovered.

Verse 10. - § 4. God accepts this repentance, and the threatened destruction is averted. God saw their works. There is no notice in the inscriptions of this "repentance," or of any change in the polytheistic worship of the Ninevites. But the existing records of this period are singularly meagre, and show a state of calamity and depression, of internal commotions and famine. Nor is it usual in the monumental history to find mention of any events but wars and the execution of material works; moral reformations are not recorded. God repented of the evil (Exodus 32:14). This is an anthropopathical mode of speaking; God acted as if, taking man's view of the transaction, he repented. The sentence was conditional, as Jonah well knew (Jonah 4:2), in accordance with the great principle laid down in Jeremiah 18:7, etc., viz. that if a nation against which sentence is pronounced turn from its evil way, the sentence shall not be executed. God does not change, but he threatens that man may change (see note on Amos 7:3; and observe the same principle applied to individuals, Ezekiel 33:8, 13-16). He did it not. The evil day was postponed. This partial repentance, though it was not permanent and made little lasting impression on the national life, showed that there was some element of good in these Assyrians, and that they were not yet ripe for destruction. It has been considered to be a proof of the unhistorical character of the Book of Jonah that no mention of any of the incidents is made in the Books of Kings and Chronicles; but there is nothing strange in this. Those records never touch external politics except as closely connected with Israel's fortunes; and, derived as they were from national annals, it would have been unnatural for them to have narrated events happening so far away, and not likely to be introduced in the documents on which their history was founded.



3:5-10 There was a wonder of Divine grace in the repentance and reformation of Nineveh. It condemns the men of the gospel generation, Mt 12:41. A very small degree of light may convince men that humbling themselves before God, confessing their sins with prayer, and turning from sin, are means of escaping wrath and obtaining mercy. The people followed the example of the king. It became a national act, and it was necessary it should be so, when it was to prevent a national ruin. Let even the brute creatures' cries and moans for want of food remind their owners to cry to God. In prayer we must cry mightily, with fixedness of thought, firmness of faith, and devout affections. It concerns us in prayer to stir up all that is within us. It is not enough to fast for sin, but we must fast from sin; and, in order to the success of our prayers, we must no more regard iniquity in our hearts, Ps 66:18. The work of a fast-day is not done with the day. The Ninevites hoped that God would turn from his fierce anger; and that thus their ruin would be prevented. They could not be so confident of finding mercy upon their repentance, as we may be, who have the death and merits of Christ, to which we may trust for pardon upon repentance. They dared not presume, but they did not despair. Hope of mercy is the great encouragement to repentance and reformation. Let us boldly cast ourselves down at the footstool of free grace, and God will look upon us with compassion. God sees who turn from their evil ways, and who do not. Thus he spared Nineveh. We read of no sacrifices offered to God to make atonement for sin; but a broken and a contrite heart, such as the Ninevites then had, he will not despise.
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