Jonah 3:8
New International Version
But let people and animals be covered with sackcloth. Let everyone call urgently on God. Let them give up their evil ways and their violence.

New Living Translation
People and animals alike must wear garments of mourning, and everyone must pray earnestly to God. They must turn from their evil ways and stop all their violence.

English Standard Version
but let man and beast be covered with sackcloth, and let them call out mightily to God. Let everyone turn from his evil way and from the violence that is in his hands.

Berean Study Bible
Furthermore, let both man and beast be covered with sackcloth, and have everyone call out earnestly to God. Let each one turn from his evil ways and from the violence in his hands.

King James Bible
But let man and beast be covered with sackcloth, and cry mightily unto God: yea, let them turn every one from his evil way, and from the violence that is in their hands.

New King James Version
But let man and beast be covered with sackcloth, and cry mightily to God; yes, let every one turn from his evil way and from the violence that is in his hands.

New American Standard Bible
But every person and animal must be covered with sackcloth; and people are to call on God vehemently, and they are to turn, each one from his evil way, and from the violence which is in their hands.

NASB 1995
“But both man and beast must be covered with sackcloth; and let men call on God earnestly that each may turn from his wicked way and from the violence which is in his hands.

NASB 1977
“But both man and beast must be covered with sackcloth; and let men call on God earnestly that each may turn from his wicked way and from the violence which is in his hands.

Amplified Bible
But both man and animal must be covered with sackcloth; and every one is to call on God earnestly and forcefully that each may turn from his wicked way and from the violence that is in his hands.

Christian Standard Bible
Furthermore, both people and animals must be covered with sackcloth, and everyone must call out earnestly to God. Each must turn from his evil ways and from his wrongdoing.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Furthermore, both man and beast must be covered with sackcloth, and everyone must call out earnestly to God. Each must turn from his evil ways and from the violence he is doing.

American Standard Version
but let them be covered with sackcloth, both man and beast, and let them cry mightily unto God: yea, let them turn every one from his evil way, and from the violence that is in his hands.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
But they shall be covered in sackcloth, children of man and beast, and they shall call God in groaning and a man shall turn from his way of evil and from the plunder that is in his hands

Brenton Septuagint Translation
So men and cattle were clothed with sackcloths, and cried earnestly to God; and they turned every one from their evil way, and from the iniquity that was in their hands, saying,

Douay-Rheims Bible
And let men and beasts be covered with sackcloth, and cry to the Lord with all their strength, and let them turn every one from his evil way, and from the iniquity that is in their hands.

English Revised Version
but let them be covered with sackcloth, both man and beast, and let them cry mightily unto God: yea, let them turn every one from his evil way, and from the violence that is in their hands.

Good News Translation
All persons and animals must wear sackcloth. Everyone must pray earnestly to God and must give up their wicked behavior and their evil actions.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Every person and animal must put on sackcloth. Cry loudly to God for help. Turn from your wicked ways and your acts of violence.

International Standard Version
Instead, let both man and animal clothe themselves with sackcloth and cry out to God forcefully. Let every person turn from his evil ways and from his tendency to do violence.

JPS Tanakh 1917
but let them be covered with sackcloth, both man and beast, and let them cry mightily unto God; yea, let them turn every one from his evil way, and from the violence that is in their hands.

Literal Standard Version
and let man and beast cover themselves [with] sackcloth, and let them call to God mightily, and let them each turn back from his evil way, and from the violence that [is] in their hands.

NET Bible
Every person and animal must put on sackcloth and must cry earnestly to God, and everyone must turn from their evil way of living and from the violence that they do.

New Heart English Bible
but let them be covered with sackcloth, both man and animal, and let them cry mightily to God. Yes, let them turn everyone from his evil way, and from the violence that is in his hands.

World English Bible
but let them be covered with sackcloth, both man and animal, and let them cry mightily to God. Yes, let them turn everyone from his evil way, and from the violence that is in his hands.

Young's Literal Translation
and cover themselves with sackcloth let man and beast, and let them call unto God mightily, and let them turn back each from his evil way, and from the violence that is in their hands.

Additional Translations ...
Context
Nineveh Repents
7Then he issued a proclamation in Nineveh: “By the decree of the king and his nobles: Let no man or beast, herd or flock, taste anything at all. They must not eat or drink. 8Furthermore, let both man and beast be covered with sackcloth, and have everyone call out earnestly to God. Let each one turn from his evil ways and from the violence in his hands. 9Who knows? God may turn and relent; He may turn from His fierce anger, so that we will not perish.”…

Cross References
Revelation 11:3
And I will empower my two witnesses, and they will prophesy for 1,260 days, clothed in sackcloth."

Job 16:17
yet my hands are free of violence and my prayer is pure.

Job 36:10
He opens their ears to correction and commands that they turn from iniquity.

Psalm 130:1
Out of the depths I cry to You, O LORD!

Isaiah 1:16
Wash and cleanse yourselves. Remove your evil deeds from My sight. Stop doing evil!

Isaiah 55:6
Seek the LORD while He may be found; call on Him while He is near.

Isaiah 55:7
Let the wicked man forsake his own way and the unrighteous man his own thoughts; let him return to the LORD, that He may have compassion, and to our God, for He will freely pardon.


Treasury of Scripture

But let man and beast be covered with sackcloth, and cry mightily to God: yes, let them turn every one from his evil way, and from the violence that is in their hands.

cry.

Jonah 1:6,14
So the shipmaster came to him, and said unto him, What meanest thou, O sleeper? arise, call upon thy God, if so be that God will think upon us, that we perish not…

Psalm 130:1,2
A Song of degrees. Out of the depths have I cried unto thee, O LORD…

let.

Isaiah 1:16-19
Wash you, make you clean; put away the evil of your doings from before mine eyes; cease to do evil; …

Isaiah 55:6,7
Seek ye the LORD while he may be found, call ye upon him while he is near: …

Isaiah 58:6
Is not this the fast that I have chosen? to loose the bands of wickedness, to undo the heavy burdens, and to let the oppressed go free, and that ye break every yoke?

the violence.

Isaiah 59:6
Their webs shall not become garments, neither shall they cover themselves with their works: their works are works of iniquity, and the act of violence is in their hands.









Verse 8. - Let man and beast be covered with sackcloth. As we put trappings on horses in funerals. The LXX. wrongly makes this verse give an account of the execution of the edict instead of being part of the edict itself; thus: "And men and beasts were clothed with sackcloth," etc. Cry mightily; i.e. let man cry mightily; Septuagint, ἐκτενῶς, "with intensity;" Vulgate, in fortitudine. Let them turn every one from his evil way (Jeremiah 25:5; Jeremiah 36:3, 7). The edict recognizes the truth that outward acts of penitence are worthless without moral reformation - a truth which the Jews themselves had been very loth to admit (see Isaiah 58.). And from the violence that is in their hands. The acts of violence that their hands have committed (Job 16:17; Psalm 7:3). This is the special sin of the Assyrians, always grasping after empire, oppressing other nations, and guilty of rapine and avarice at home (see Isaiah 10:13, 14; Isaiah 37:24, etc.; Nahum 2:11, 12; Nahum 3:1).

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
Furthermore, let both man
הָֽאָדָם֙ (hā·’ā·ḏām)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 120: Ruddy, a human being

and beast
וְהַבְּהֵמָ֔ה (wə·hab·bə·hê·māh)
Conjunctive waw, Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 929: A dumb beast, any large quadruped, animal

be covered
וְיִתְכַּסּ֣וּ (wə·yiṯ·kas·sū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Hitpael - Conjunctive imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's 3680: To plump, fill up hollows, to cover

with sackcloth,
שַׂקִּ֗ים (śaq·qîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's 8242: A mesh, coarse loose cloth, sacking, a bag

and have everyone call out
וְיִקְרְא֥וּ (wə·yiq·rə·’ū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's 7121: To call, proclaim, read

earnestly
בְּחָזְקָ֑ה (bə·ḥā·zə·qāh)
Preposition-b | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 2394: Strength, force, violence

to
אֶל־ (’el-)
Preposition
Strong's 413: Near, with, among, to

God.
אֱלֹהִ֖ים (’ĕ·lō·hîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's 430: gods -- the supreme God, magistrates, a superlative

Let each one
אִ֚ישׁ (’îš)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 376: A man as an individual, a male person

turn
וְיָשֻׁ֗בוּ (wə·yā·šu·ḇū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's 7725: To turn back, in, to retreat, again

from
וּמִן־ (ū·min-)
Conjunctive waw | Preposition
Strong's 4480: A part of, from, out of

his evil
הָֽרָעָ֔ה (hā·rā·‘āh)
Article | Adjective - feminine singular
Strong's 7451: Bad, evil

ways
מִדַּרְכּ֣וֹ (mid·dar·kōw)
Preposition-m | Noun - common singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 1870: A road, a course of life, mode of action

and from the violence
הֶחָמָ֖ס (he·ḥā·mās)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 2555: Violence, wrong, by meton, unjust gain

in his hands.
בְּכַפֵּיהֶֽם׃ (bə·ḵap·pê·hem)
Preposition-b | Noun - fdc | third person masculine plural
Strong's 3709: Hollow or flat of the hand, palm, sole (of the foot), a pan


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OT Prophets: Jonah 3:8 But let them be covered with sackcloth (Jon. Jh)
Jonah 3:7
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