Jonah 3:8
New International Version
But let people and animals be covered with sackcloth. Let everyone call urgently on God. Let them give up their evil ways and their violence.

New Living Translation
People and animals alike must wear garments of mourning, and everyone must pray earnestly to God. They must turn from their evil ways and stop all their violence.

English Standard Version
but let man and beast be covered with sackcloth, and let them call out mightily to God. Let everyone turn from his evil way and from the violence that is in his hands.

Berean Study Bible
Furthermore, let both man and beast be covered with sackcloth, and have everyone call out earnestly to God. Let each one turn from his evil ways and from the violence in his hands.

New American Standard Bible
"But both man and beast must be covered with sackcloth; and let men call on God earnestly that each may turn from his wicked way and from the violence which is in his hands.

King James Bible
But let man and beast be covered with sackcloth, and cry mightily unto God: yea, let them turn every one from his evil way, and from the violence that is in their hands.

Christian Standard Bible
Furthermore, both people and animals must be covered with sackcloth, and everyone must call out earnestly to God. Each must turn from his evil ways and from his wrongdoing.

Good News Translation
All persons and animals must wear sackcloth. Everyone must pray earnestly to God and must give up their wicked behavior and their evil actions.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Furthermore, both man and beast must be covered with sackcloth, and everyone must call out earnestly to God. Each must turn from his evil ways and from the violence he is doing.

International Standard Version
Instead, let both man and animal clothe themselves with sackcloth and cry out to God forcefully. Let every person turn from his evil ways and from his tendency to do violence.

NET Bible
Every person and animal must put on sackcloth and must cry earnestly to God, and everyone must turn from their evil way of living and from the violence that they do.

New Heart English Bible
but let them be covered with sackcloth, both man and animal, and let them cry mightily to God. Yes, let them turn everyone from his evil way, and from the violence that is in his hands.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Every person and animal must put on sackcloth. Cry loudly to God for help. Turn from your wicked ways and your acts of violence.

JPS Tanakh 1917
but let them be covered with sackcloth, both man and beast, and let them cry mightily unto God; yea, let them turn every one from his evil way, and from the violence that is in their hands.

New American Standard 1977
“But both man and beast must be covered with sackcloth; and let men call on God earnestly that each may turn from his wicked way and from the violence which is in his hands.

Jubilee Bible 2000
but let man and beast be covered with sackcloth and cry mightily unto God; and let each one turn from his evil way and from the violence that is in his hands.

King James 2000 Bible
But let man and beast be covered with sackcloth, and cry mightily unto God: yea, let them turn every one from his evil way, and from the violence that is in their hands.

American King James Version
But let man and beast be covered with sackcloth, and cry mightily to God: yes, let them turn every one from his evil way, and from the violence that is in their hands.

American Standard Version
but let them be covered with sackcloth, both man and beast, and let them cry mightily unto God: yea, let them turn every one from his evil way, and from the violence that is in his hands.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
So men and cattle were clothed with sackcloths, and cried earnestly to God; and they turned every one from their evil way, and from the iniquity that was in their hands, saying,

Douay-Rheims Bible
And let men and beasts be covered with sackcloth, and cry to the Lord with all their strength, and let them turn every one from his evil way, and from the iniquity that is in their hands.

Darby Bible Translation
and let man and beast be covered with sackcloth, and cry mightily unto God; and let them turn every one from his evil way, and from the violence that is in their hands.

English Revised Version
but let them be covered with sackcloth, both man and beast, and let them cry mightily unto God: yea, let them turn every one from his evil way, and from the violence that is in their hands.

Webster's Bible Translation
But let man and beast be covered with sackcloth, and cry mightily to God: yes, let them turn every one from his evil way, and from the violence that is in their hands.

World English Bible
but let them be covered with sackcloth, both man and animal, and let them cry mightily to God. Yes, let them turn everyone from his evil way, and from the violence that is in his hands.

Young's Literal Translation
and cover themselves with sackcloth let man and beast, and let them call unto God mightily, and let them turn back each from his evil way, and from the violence that is in their hands.
Study Bible
Nineveh Repents
7Then he issued a proclamation in Nineveh: “By the decree of the king and his nobles: Let no man or beast, herd or flock, taste anything at all. They must not eat or drink. 8Furthermore, let both man and beast be covered with sackcloth, and have everyone call out earnestly to God. Let each one turn from his evil ways and from the violence in his hands. 9Who knows? God may turn and relent; He may turn from His fierce anger, so that we will not perish.”…
Cross References
Revelation 11:3
And I will empower my two witnesses, and they will prophesy for 1,260 days, clothed in sackcloth."

Job 16:17
yet my hands are free of violence and my prayer is pure.

Job 36:10
He opens their ears to correction and commands that they turn from iniquity.

Psalm 130:1
Out of the depths I cry to You, O LORD!

Isaiah 1:16
Wash and cleanse yourselves. Remove your evil deeds from My sight. Stop doing evil!

Isaiah 55:6
Seek the LORD while He may be found; call on Him while He is near.

Isaiah 55:7
Let the wicked man forsake his own way and the unrighteous man his own thoughts; let him return to the LORD, that He may have compassion, and to our God, for He will freely pardon.

Jeremiah 18:11
Now therefore, tell the men of Judah and residents of Jerusalem that this is what the LORD says: 'Behold, I am planning a disaster for you and devising a plan against you. Turn now, each of you, from your evil ways, and correct your ways and deeds.'

Jeremiah 25:5
The prophets told you, 'Turn now, each of you, from your evil ways and evil deeds, and you can dwell in the land that the LORD has given to you and to your fathers forever and ever.

Jeremiah 26:3
Perhaps they will listen and turn--each from his evil way of life--so that I may relent of the disaster that I am planning to do to them because of the evil of their deeds.

Jeremiah 36:3
Perhaps when the people of Judah hear about all the calamity I plan to bring upon them, each of them will turn from his wicked way. Then I will forgive their iniquity and their sin."

Joel 1:14
Consecrate a fast; proclaim a solemn assembly! Gather the elders and all the residents of the land to the house of the LORD your God, and cry out to the LORD.

Jonah 1:6
The captain approached him and said, "How can you sleep? Get up and call upon your God. Perhaps this God will consider us, so that we may not perish."

Jonah 1:14
So they cried out to the LORD: "Please, O LORD, do not let us perish on account of this man's life! Do not charge us with innocent blood! For You, O LORD, have done as You pleased."

Treasury of Scripture

But let man and beast be covered with sackcloth, and cry mightily to God: yes, let them turn every one from his evil way, and from the violence that is in their hands.

cry.

Jonah 1:6,14
So the shipmaster came to him, and said unto him, What meanest thou, O sleeper? arise, call upon thy God, if so be that God will think upon us, that we perish not…

Psalm 130:1,2
A Song of degrees. Out of the depths have I cried unto thee, O LORD…

let.

Isaiah 1:16-19
Wash you, make you clean; put away the evil of your doings from before mine eyes; cease to do evil; …

Isaiah 55:6,7
Seek ye the LORD while he may be found, call ye upon him while he is near: …

Isaiah 58:6
Is not this the fast that I have chosen? to loose the bands of wickedness, to undo the heavy burdens, and to let the oppressed go free, and that ye break every yoke?

the violence.

Isaiah 59:6
Their webs shall not become garments, neither shall they cover themselves with their works: their works are works of iniquity, and the act of violence is in their hands.







Lexicon
Furthermore, let both man
הָֽאָדָם֙ (hā·’ā·ḏām)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 120: Ruddy, a human being

and beast
וְהַבְּהֵמָ֔ה (wə·hab·bə·hê·māh)
Conjunctive waw, Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 929: A dumb beast, any large quadruped, animal

be covered
וְיִתְכַּסּ֣וּ (wə·yiṯ·kas·sū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Hitpael - Conjunctive imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 3680: To plump, fill up hollows, to cover

with sackcloth,
שַׂקִּ֗ים (śaq·qîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 8242: A mesh, coarse loose cloth, sacking, a bag

and have everyone call out
וְיִקְרְא֥וּ (wə·yiq·rə·’ū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 7121: To call, proclaim, read

earnestly
בְּחָזְקָ֑ה (bə·ḥā·zə·qāh)
Preposition-b | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2394: Strength, force, violence

to
אֶל־ (’el-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 413: Near, with, among, to

God.
אֱלֹהִ֖ים (’ĕ·lō·hîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 430: gods -- the supreme God, magistrates, a superlative

Let each one
אִ֚ישׁ (’îš)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 376: A man as an individual, a male person

turn
וְיָשֻׁ֗בוּ (wə·yā·šu·ḇū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 7725: To turn back, in, to retreat, again

from
וּמִן־ (ū·min-)
Conjunctive waw | Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 4480: A part of, from, out of

his evil
הָֽרָעָ֔ה (hā·rā·‘āh)
Article | Adjective - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7451: Bad, evil

ways
מִדַּרְכּ֣וֹ (mid·dar·kōw)
Preposition-m | Noun - common singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1870: A road, a course of life, mode of action

and from the violence
הֶחָמָ֖ס (he·ḥā·mās)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2555: Violence, wrong, by meton, unjust gain

in his hands.
בְּכַפֵּיהֶֽם׃ (bə·ḵap·pê·hem)
Preposition-b | Noun - fdc | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 3709: Hollow or flat of the hand, palm, sole (of the foot), a pan
Verse 8. - Let man and beast be covered with sackcloth. As we put trappings on horses in funerals. The LXX. wrongly makes this verse give an account of the execution of the edict instead of being part of the edict itself; thus: "And men and beasts were clothed with sackcloth," etc. Cry mightily; i.e. let man cry mightily; Septuagint, ἐκτενῶς, "with intensity;" Vulgate, in fortitudine. Let them turn every one from his evil way (Jeremiah 25:5; Jeremiah 36:3, 7). The edict recognizes the truth that outward acts of penitence are worthless without moral reformation - a truth which the Jews themselves had been very loth to admit (see Isaiah 58.). And from the violence that is in their hands. The acts of violence that their hands have committed (Job 16:17; Psalm 7:3). This is the special sin of the Assyrians, always grasping after empire, oppressing other nations, and guilty of rapine and avarice at home (see Isaiah 10:13, 14; Isaiah 37:24, etc.; Nahum 2:11, 12; Nahum 3:1). 3:5-10 There was a wonder of Divine grace in the repentance and reformation of Nineveh. It condemns the men of the gospel generation, Mt 12:41. A very small degree of light may convince men that humbling themselves before God, confessing their sins with prayer, and turning from sin, are means of escaping wrath and obtaining mercy. The people followed the example of the king. It became a national act, and it was necessary it should be so, when it was to prevent a national ruin. Let even the brute creatures' cries and moans for want of food remind their owners to cry to God. In prayer we must cry mightily, with fixedness of thought, firmness of faith, and devout affections. It concerns us in prayer to stir up all that is within us. It is not enough to fast for sin, but we must fast from sin; and, in order to the success of our prayers, we must no more regard iniquity in our hearts, Ps 66:18. The work of a fast-day is not done with the day. The Ninevites hoped that God would turn from his fierce anger; and that thus their ruin would be prevented. They could not be so confident of finding mercy upon their repentance, as we may be, who have the death and merits of Christ, to which we may trust for pardon upon repentance. They dared not presume, but they did not despair. Hope of mercy is the great encouragement to repentance and reformation. Let us boldly cast ourselves down at the footstool of free grace, and God will look upon us with compassion. God sees who turn from their evil ways, and who do not. Thus he spared Nineveh. We read of no sacrifices offered to God to make atonement for sin; but a broken and a contrite heart, such as the Ninevites then had, he will not despise.
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OT Prophets: Jonah 3:8 But let them be covered with sackcloth (Jon. Jh) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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