Jonah 3:6
New International Version
When Jonah's warning reached the king of Nineveh, he rose from his throne, took off his royal robes, covered himself with sackcloth and sat down in the dust.

New Living Translation
When the king of Nineveh heard what Jonah was saying, he stepped down from his throne and took off his royal robes. He dressed himself in burlap and sat on a heap of ashes.

English Standard Version
The word reached the king of Nineveh, and he arose from his throne, removed his robe, covered himself with sackcloth, and sat in ashes.

Berean Study Bible
When word reached the king of Nineveh, he got up from his throne, took off his royal robe, covered himself with sackcloth, and sat in ashes.

New American Standard Bible
When the word reached the king of Nineveh, he arose from his throne, laid aside his robe from him, covered himself with sackcloth and sat on the ashes.

King James Bible
For word came unto the king of Nineveh, and he arose from his throne, and he laid his robe from him, and covered him with sackcloth, and sat in ashes.

Christian Standard Bible
When word reached the king of Nineveh, he got up from his throne, took off his royal robe, put on sackcloth, and sat in ashes.

Contemporary English Version
When the king of Nineveh heard what was happening, he also dressed in sackcloth; he left the royal palace and sat in dust.

Good News Translation
When the king of Nineveh heard about it, he got up from his throne, took off his robe, put on sackcloth, and sat down in ashes.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When word reached the king of Nineveh, he got up from his throne, took off his royal robe, put on sackcloth, and sat in ashes.

International Standard Version
When the message reached the king of Nineveh, he got up from his throne, removed his royal garments, covered himself with sackcloth, and sat down in ashes.

NET Bible
When the news reached the king of Nineveh, he got up from his throne, took off his royal robe, put on sackcloth, and sat on ashes.

New Heart English Bible
The news reached the king of Nineveh, and he arose from his throne, and took off his royal robe, covered himself with sackcloth, and sat in ashes.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
When the news reached the king of Nineveh, he got up from his throne, took off his robe, put on sackcloth, and sat in ashes.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And the tidings reached the king of Nineveh, and he arose from his throne, and laid his robe from him, and covered him with sackcloth, and sat in ashes.

New American Standard 1977
When the word reached the king of Nineveh, he arose from his throne, laid aside his robe from him, covered himself with sackcloth, and sat on the ashes.

Jubilee Bible 2000
For word came unto the king of Nineveh, and he arose from his throne, and he threw his robe from him and covered himself with sackcloth and sat in ashes.

King James 2000 Bible
For word came unto the king of Nineveh, and he arose from his throne, and he laid his robe from him, and covered himself with sackcloth, and sat in ashes.

American King James Version
For word came to the king of Nineveh, and he arose from his throne, and he laid his robe from him, and covered him with sackcloth, and sat in ashes.

American Standard Version
And the tidings reached the king of Nineveh, and he arose from his throne, and laid his robe from him, and covered him with sackcloth, and sat in ashes.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the word came to the king of Ninive; and he rose up out of his throne, and cast away his robe from him, and was clothed with sackcloth, and sat in ashes.

Darby Bible Translation
And the word reached the king of Nineveh, and he arose from his throne, and laid his robe from him, and covered himself with sackcloth, and sat in ashes.

English Revised Version
And the tidings reached the king of Nineveh, and he arose from his throne, and laid his robe from him, and covered him with sackcloth, and sat in ashes.

Webster's Bible Translation
For word came to the king of Nineveh, and he arose from his throne, and he laid his robe from him, and covered himself with sackcloth, and sat in ashes.

World English Bible
The news reached the king of Nineveh, and he arose from his throne, and took off his royal robe, covered himself with sackcloth, and sat in ashes.

Young's Literal Translation
seeing the word doth come unto the king of Nineveh, and he riseth from his throne, and removeth his honourable robe from off him, and spreadeth out sackcloth, and sitteth on the ashes,
Study Bible HEB ▾ 
Nineveh Repents
5And the Ninevites believed God. They proclaimed a fast and dressed in sackcloth, from the greatest of them to the least. 6When word reached the king of Nineveh, he got up from his throne, took off his royal robe, covered himself with sackcloth, and sat in ashes. 7Then he issued a proclamation in Nineveh: “By the decree of the king and his nobles: Let no man or beast, herd or flock, taste anything at all. They must not eat or drink.…
Cross References
Esther 4:1
When Mordecai learned of all that had happened, he tore his clothes, put on sackcloth and ashes, and went out into the middle of the city, wailing loudly and bitterly.

Job 2:8
And Job took a piece of broken pottery to scrape himself as he sat among the ashes.

Isaiah 15:3
In its streets they wear sackcloth; on the rooftops and in the public squares they all wail, falling down weeping.

Jeremiah 6:26
"O daughter of My people, dress yourselves in sackcloth and roll in ashes. Mourn with bitter wailing, as you would for an only son, for suddenly the destroyer will come upon us."

Jeremiah 36:24
Yet in hearing all these words, the king and his servants did not become frightened or tear their garments.

Lamentations 2:10
The elders of the Daughter of Zion sit on the ground in silence. They have thrown dust on their heads and put on sackcloth. The young women of Jerusalem have bowed their heads to the ground.

Ezekiel 26:16
All the princes of the sea will descend from their thrones, remove their robes, and strip off their embroidered garments. Clothed with terror, they will sit on the ground, trembling every moment, appalled over you.

Ezekiel 27:30
They will raise their voices for you and cry out bitterly. They will throw dust on their heads and roll in ashes.

Ezekiel 27:31
They will shave their heads for you and wrap themselves in sackcloth. They will weep over you with anguish of soul and bitter mourning.

Treasury of Scripture

For word came to the king of Nineveh, and he arose from his throne, and he laid his robe from him, and covered him with sackcloth, and sat in ashes.

word.

Jeremiah 13:18 Say to the king and to the queen, Humble yourselves, sit down: for …

and he arose.

Psalm 2:10-12 Be wise now therefore, O you kings: be instructed, you judges of the earth…

James 1:9,10 Let the brother of low degree rejoice in that he is exalted…

James 4:6-10 But he gives more grace. Why he said, God resists the proud, but …

and covered.

Esther 4:1-4 When Mordecai perceived all that was done, Mordecai rent his clothes, …

Job 2:8 And he took him a potsherd to scrape himself with; and he sat down …

Job 42:6 Why I abhor myself, and repent in dust and ashes.

Jeremiah 6:26 O daughter of my people, gird you with sackcloth, and wallow yourself …

Lamentations 3:29 He puts his mouth in the dust; if so be there may be hope.

Daniel 9:3 And I set my face to the Lord God, to seek by prayer and supplications, …

Micah 1:10 Declare you it not at Gath, weep you not at all: in the house of …

Matthew 11:21 Woe to you, Chorazin! woe to you, Bethsaida! for if the mighty works, …

Luke 10:13 Woe to you, Chorazin! woe to you, Bethsaida! for if the mighty works …







Lexicon
When word
הַדָּבָר֙ (had·dā·ḇār)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1697: A word, a matter, thing, a cause

reached
וַיִּגַּ֤ע (way·yig·ga‘)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5060: To touch, lay the hand upon, to reach, violently, to strike

the king
מֶ֣לֶך‪‬ (me·leḵ)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 4428: A king

of Nineveh,
נִֽינְוֵ֔ה (nî·nə·wêh)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5210: Nineveh -- capital of Assyr

he got up
וַיָּ֙קָם֙ (way·yā·qām)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6965: To arise, stand up, stand

from his throne,
מִכִּסְא֔וֹ (mik·kis·’ōw)
Preposition-m | Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3678: Seat of honor, throne

took off
וַיַּעֲבֵ֥ר (way·ya·‘ă·ḇêr)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Hifil - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5674: To pass over, through, or by, pass on

his royal robe,
אַדַּרְתּ֖וֹ (’ad·dar·tōw)
Noun - feminine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 155: Something ample

covered [himself]
וַיְכַ֣ס (way·ḵas)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Piel - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3680: To plump, fill up hollows, to cover

with sackcloth,
שַׂ֔ק (śaq)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8242: A mesh, coarse loose cloth, sacking, a bag

and sat
וַיֵּ֖שֶׁב (way·yê·šeḇ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3427: To sit down, to dwell, to remain, to settle, to marry

in
מֵֽעָלָ֑יו (mê·‘ā·lāw)
Preposition-m | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

ashes.
הָאֵֽפֶר׃ (hā·’ê·p̄er)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 665: Ashes
(6) For word came.--Rather, And the matter reached. The Authorised Version treats the royal edict that follows as the same with the proclamation in Jonah 3:5. This is possible, but it is more probable that the writer intended to describe the effect produced on each district of the vast city in succession, and on all grades of people. The piercing cry uttered from street to street, from square to square, reaches at last the king on his throne of state.

And he laid . . .--Stripping off the state mantle (the Hebrew word implies amplitude. See 1Kings 19:13.) It is interesting to find it used of the "Babylonish garment," found in Achan's tent. See Joshua 7:21), the monarch assumes a mourning dress. To form a conception of the change involved, the descriptions of Assyrian royal magnificence should be studied in Layard, or their representations in the Assyrian courts of the Crystal Palace. For the usual signs of Oriental mourning, comp. Genesis 37:34; 2Samuel 3:31; Job 2:8; Psalm 35:13; Ezekiel 26:16, &c.

Verse 6. - For word came; and the mater came; ἤγγισεν ὁ λόγος, "the word came near" (Septuagint). The tokens of penitence mentioned in ver. 5 were not exhibited in obedience to any royal command. Rather, as the impression made by the prophet spread among the people, and as they adopted these modes of showing their sorrow, the news of the movement reached the king, and he put himself at the head of it. The reigning monarch was probably either Shalmaneser III. or one of the two who succeeded him, Asshur-danil and Asshur-nirari, whose three reigns extended from B.C. 781 to 750. His robe (addereth); the word used for the "Babylonish garment" in Joshua 7:21. The magnificence of the Assyrian kings attire is attested by the monuments. Sat in ashes (comp. Job 2:8; Esther 4:3). 3:5-10 There was a wonder of Divine grace in the repentance and reformation of Nineveh. It condemns the men of the gospel generation, Mt 12:41. A very small degree of light may convince men that humbling themselves before God, confessing their sins with prayer, and turning from sin, are means of escaping wrath and obtaining mercy. The people followed the example of the king. It became a national act, and it was necessary it should be so, when it was to prevent a national ruin. Let even the brute creatures' cries and moans for want of food remind their owners to cry to God. In prayer we must cry mightily, with fixedness of thought, firmness of faith, and devout affections. It concerns us in prayer to stir up all that is within us. It is not enough to fast for sin, but we must fast from sin; and, in order to the success of our prayers, we must no more regard iniquity in our hearts, Ps 66:18. The work of a fast-day is not done with the day. The Ninevites hoped that God would turn from his fierce anger; and that thus their ruin would be prevented. They could not be so confident of finding mercy upon their repentance, as we may be, who have the death and merits of Christ, to which we may trust for pardon upon repentance. They dared not presume, but they did not despair. Hope of mercy is the great encouragement to repentance and reformation. Let us boldly cast ourselves down at the footstool of free grace, and God will look upon us with compassion. God sees who turn from their evil ways, and who do not. Thus he spared Nineveh. We read of no sacrifices offered to God to make atonement for sin; but a broken and a contrite heart, such as the Ninevites then had, he will not despise.
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OT Prophets: Jonah 3:6 The news reached the king of Nineveh (Jon. Jh) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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