James 4:9
New International Version
Grieve, mourn and wail. Change your laughter to mourning and your joy to gloom.

New Living Translation
Let there be tears for what you have done. Let there be sorrow and deep grief. Let there be sadness instead of laughter, and gloom instead of joy.

English Standard Version
Be wretched and mourn and weep. Let your laughter be turned to mourning and your joy to gloom.

Berean Study Bible
Grieve, mourn, and weep. Turn your laughter to mourning, and your joy to gloom.

Berean Literal Bible
Be grieved and mourn and weep. Let your laughter be turned to mourning, and the joy to gloom.

New American Standard Bible
Be miserable and mourn and weep; let your laughter be turned into mourning and your joy to gloom.

King James Bible
Be afflicted, and mourn, and weep: let your laughter be turned to mourning, and your joy to heaviness.

Christian Standard Bible
Be miserable and mourn and weep. Let your laughter be turned to mourning and your joy to gloom.

Contemporary English Version
Be sad and sorry and weep. Stop laughing and start crying. Be gloomy instead of glad.

Good News Translation
Be sorrowful, cry, and weep; change your laughter into crying, your joy into gloom!

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Be miserable and mourn and weep. Your laughter must change to mourning and your joy to sorrow.

International Standard Version
Be miserable, mourn, and cry. Let your laughter be turned into mourning, and your joy into gloom.

NET Bible
Grieve, mourn, and weep. Turn your laughter into mourning and your joy into despair.

New Heart English Bible
Lament, mourn, and weep. Let your laughter be turned to mourning, and your joy to gloom.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Be humble and make lamentation and let your laughter be turned to mourning, and your joy to grief.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Be miserable, mourn, and cry. Turn your laughter into mourning and your joy into gloom.

New American Standard 1977
Be miserable and mourn and weep; let your laughter be turned into mourning, and your joy to gloom.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Be afflicted and mourn and weep; let your laughter be turned to mourning and your joy to heaviness.

King James 2000 Bible
Be afflicted, and mourn, and weep: let your laughter be turned to mourning, and your joy to heaviness.

American King James Version
Be afflicted, and mourn, and weep: let your laughter be turned to mourning, and your joy to heaviness.

American Standard Version
Be afflicted, and mourn, and weep: let your laughter be turned to mourning, and your joy to heaviness.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Be afflicted, and mourn, and weep: let your laughter be turned into mourning, and your joy into sorrow.

Darby Bible Translation
Be wretched, and mourn, and weep: let your laughter be turned to mourning, and [your] joy to heaviness.

English Revised Version
Be afflicted, and mourn, and weep: let your laughter be turned to mourning, and your joy to heaviness.

Webster's Bible Translation
Be afflicted, and mourn, and weep: let your laughter be turned to mourning, and your joy to heaviness.

Weymouth New Testament
Afflict yourselves and mourn and weep aloud; let your laughter be turned into grief, and your gladness into shame.

World English Bible
Lament, mourn, and weep. Let your laughter be turned to mourning, and your joy to gloom.

Young's Literal Translation
be exceeding afflicted, and mourn, and weep, let your laughter to mourning be turned, and the joy to heaviness;
Study Bible
Drawing Near to God
8Draw near to God, and He will draw near to you. Cleanse your hands, you sinners, and purify your hearts, you double-minded. 9Grieve, mourn, and weep. Turn your laughter to mourning, and your joy to gloom. 10Humble yourselves before the Lord, and He will exalt you.…
Cross References
Nehemiah 8:9
Nehemiah the governor, Ezra the priest and scribe, and the Levites who were instructing the people said to all of them, "This day is holy to the LORD your God. Do not mourn or weep." For all the people were weeping as they heard the words of the Law.

Proverbs 14:13
Even in laughter the heart may ache, and joy may end in sorrow.

Matthew 21:41
"He will bring those wretches to a wretched end," they declared, "and will rent out the vineyard to other tenants who will give him his fruits in their seasons."

Luke 6:25
Woe to you who are well fed now, for you will hunger. Woe to you who laugh now, for you will mourn and weep.

Treasury of Scripture

Be afflicted, and mourn, and weep: let your laughter be turned to mourning, and your joy to heaviness.

afflicted.

James 5:1,2
Go to now, ye rich men, weep and howl for your miseries that shall come upon you

Psalm 119:67,71,136
Before I was afflicted I went astray: but now have I kept thy word…

Psalm 126:5,6
They that sow in tears shall reap in joy…

let.

Job 30:31
My harp also is turned to mourning, and my organ into the voice of them that weep.

Proverbs 14:13
Even in laughter the heart is sorrowful; and the end of that mirth is heaviness.

Ecclesiastes 2:2
I said of laughter, It is mad: and of mirth, What doeth it?







Lexicon
Grieve,
ταλαιπωρήσατε (talaipōrēsate)
Verb - Aorist Imperative Active - 2nd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 5003: To endure severe hardship, be harassed, complain. From talaiporos; to be wretched, i.e. Realize one's own misery.

mourn,
πενθήσατε (penthēsate)
Verb - Aorist Imperative Active - 2nd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 3996: To mourn, lament, feel guilt. From penthos; to grieve.

and
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

weep.
κλαύσατε (klausate)
Verb - Aorist Imperative Active - 2nd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 2799: To weep, weep for, mourn, lament. Of uncertain affinity; to sob, i.e. Wail aloud.

Turn
μετατραπήτω (metatrapētō)
Verb - Aorist Imperative Passive - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 3344: To turn, change, corrupt, pervert. From meta and strepho; to turn across, i.e. Transmute or corrupt.

your
ὑμῶν (hymōn)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Genitive 2nd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 4771: You. The person pronoun of the second person singular; thou.

laughter
γέλως (gelōs)
Noun - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 1071: Laughter. From gelao; laughter.

to
εἰς (eis)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1519: A primary preposition; to or into, of place, time, or purpose; also in adverbial phrases.

mourning,
πένθος (penthos)
Noun - Accusative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 3997: Mourning, sorrow, sadness, grief. Strengthened from the alternate of pascho; grief.

and
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

[your]
(hē)
Article - Nominative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

joy
χαρὰ (chara)
Noun - Nominative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 5479: Joy, gladness, a source of joy. From chairo; cheerfulness, i.e. Calm delight.

to
εἰς (eis)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1519: A primary preposition; to or into, of place, time, or purpose; also in adverbial phrases.

gloom.
κατήφειαν (katēpheian)
Noun - Accusative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 2726: From a compound of kata and perhaps a derivative of the base of phaino; demureness, i.e. sadness.
(9) Be afflicted, and mourn, and weep.--For wretchedness, sorrow, and tears are the three steps of the homeward way to peace and God. And in proof of real conversion there must be the outward lamentation, as well as the inward contrition. Grieve, therefore, with a "godly sorrow not to be repented of" (2Corinthians 7:10)--the remorseful anguish of a Peter, and not a Judas. Let the foolish laughter at sin, which was "as the crackling of thorns" before the avenging fire (Ecclesiastes 7:6), be turned to mourning; banish the joyous smile for the face cast down to heaviness, and so await the blessedness of those that mourn (Matt. v, 4), even the promised comfort of God.

Verse 9. - St. James's version of "Blessed are they that mourn: for they shall be comforted" (Matthew 5:4). Be afflicted. Ταλαιπωρήσατε: only here in the New Testament, occasionally in the LXX. Heaviness. Κατήφεια: another ἄπαξ λεγόμενον, apparently never found in the LXX. or in the apostolic Fathers; it is, however, used by Josephus and Philo. It is equivalent to "dejection," and "exactly describes the attitude of the publican, who would not lift up so much as his eyes unto heaven, Luke 18:13 (Plumptre)." 4:1-10 Since all wars and fightings come from the corruptions of our own hearts, it is right to mortify those lusts that war in the members. Wordly and fleshly lusts are distempers, which will not allow content or satisfaction. Sinful desires and affections stop prayer, and the working of our desires toward God. And let us beware that we do not abuse or misuse the mercies received, by the disposition of the heart when prayers are granted When men ask of God prosperity, they often ask with wrong aims and intentions. If we thus seek the things of this world, it is just in God to deny them. Unbelieving and cold desires beg denials; and we may be sure that when prayers are rather the language of lusts than of graces, they will return empty. Here is a decided warning to avoid all criminal friendships with this world. Worldly-mindedness is enmity to God. An enemy may be reconciled, but enmity never can be reconciled. A man may have a large portion in things of this life, and yet be kept in the love of God; but he who sets his heart upon the world, who will conform to it rather than lose its friendship, is an enemy to God. So that any one who resolves at all events to be upon friendly terms with the world, must be the enemy of God. Did then the Jews, or the loose professors of Christianity, think the Scripture spake in vain against this worldly-mindedness? or does the Holy Spirit who dwells in all Christians, or the new nature which he creates, produce such fruit? Natural corruption shows itself by envying. The spirit of the world teaches us to lay up, or lay out for ourselves, according to our own fancies; God the Holy Spirit teaches us to be willing to do good to all about us, as we are able. The grace of God will correct and cure the spirit by nature in us; and where he gives grace, he gives another spirit than that of the world. The proud resist God: in their understanding they resist the truths of God; in their will they resist the laws of God; in their passions they resist the providence of God; therefore, no wonder that God resists the proud. How wretched the state of those who make God their enemy! God will give more grace to the humble, because they see their need of it, pray for it are thankful for it, and such shall have it. Submit to God, ver. 7. Submit your understanding to the truth of God; submit your wills to the will of his precept, the will of his providence. Submit yourselves to God, for he is ready to do you good. If we yield to temptations, the devil will continually follow us; but if we put on the whole armour of God, and stand out against him, he will leave us. Let sinners then submit to God, and seek his grace and favour; resisting the devil. All sin must be wept over; here, in godly sorrow, or, hereafter, in eternal misery. And the Lord will not refuse to comfort one who really mourns for sin, or to exalt one who humbles himself before him.
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