Hebrews 12:18
New International Version
You have not come to a mountain that can be touched and that is burning with fire; to darkness, gloom and storm;

New Living Translation
You have not come to a physical mountain, to a place of flaming fire, darkness, gloom, and whirlwind, as the Israelites did at Mount Sinai.

English Standard Version
For you have not come to what may be touched, a blazing fire and darkness and gloom and a tempest

Berean Study Bible
For you have not come to a mountain that can be touched and that is burning with fire; to darkness, gloom, and storm;

Berean Literal Bible
For you have not come to that being touched and having been kindled with fire, and to darkness, and to gloom, and to storm,

New American Standard Bible
For you have not come to a mountain that can be touched and to a blazing fire, and to darkness and gloom and whirlwind,

King James Bible
For ye are not come unto the mount that might be touched, and that burned with fire, nor unto blackness, and darkness, and tempest,

Christian Standard Bible
For you have not come to what could be touched, to a blazing fire, to darkness, gloom, and storm,

Contemporary English Version
You have not come to a place like Mount Sinai that can be seen and touched. There is no flaming fire or dark cloud or storm

Good News Translation
You have not come, as the people of Israel came, to what you can feel, to Mount Sinai with its blazing fire, the darkness and the gloom, the storm,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
For you have not come to what could be touched, to a blazing fire, to darkness, gloom, and storm,

International Standard Version
You have not come to something that can be touched, to a blazing fire, to darkness, to gloom,

NET Bible
For you have not come to something that can be touched, to a burning fire and darkness and gloom and a whirlwind

New Heart English Bible
For you have not come to something that might be touched, and that burned with fire, and darkness, gloom, and storm,

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
For you have not approached the fire that burned and was tangible, neither to the darkness and dark fog and the tempest,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
You have not come to something that you can feel, to a blazing fire, to darkness, to gloom, to a storm,

New American Standard 1977
For you have not come to a mountain that may be touched and to a blazing fire, and to darkness and gloom and whirlwind,

Jubilee Bible 2000
For ye are not come unto the mount that might be touched and that burned with fire nor unto blackness and darkness and tempest

King James 2000 Bible
For you are not come unto the mount that might be touched, and that burned with fire, nor unto blackness, and darkness, and tempest,

American King James Version
For you are not come to the mount that might be touched, and that burned with fire, nor to blackness, and darkness, and tempest,

American Standard Version
For ye are not come unto a mount that might be touched, and that burned with fire, and unto blackness, and darkness, and tempest,

Douay-Rheims Bible
For you are not come to a mountain that might be touched, and a burning fire, and a whirlwind, and darkness, and storm,

Darby Bible Translation
For ye have not come to [the mount] that might be touched and was all on fire, and to obscurity, and darkness, and tempest,

English Revised Version
For ye are not come unto a mount that might be touched, and that burned with fire, and unto blackness, and darkness, and tempest,

Webster's Bible Translation
For ye are not come to the mount that might be touched, and that burned with fire, nor to blackness, and to darkness, and tempest,

Weymouth New Testament
For you have not come to a material object all ablaze with fire, and to gloom and darkness and storm and trumpet-blast and the sound of words--

World English Bible
For you have not come to a mountain that might be touched, and that burned with fire, and to blackness, darkness, storm,

Young's Literal Translation
For ye came not near to the mount touched and scorched with fire, and to blackness, and darkness, and tempest,
Study Bible
An Unshakable Kingdom
17For you know that afterward, when he wanted to inherit the blessing, he was rejected. He could find no ground for repentance, though he sought the blessing with tears. 18For you have not come to a mountain that can be touched and that is burning with fire; to darkness, gloom, and storm; 19to a trumpet blast or to a voice that made its hearers beg that no further word be spoken.…
Cross References
Exodus 19:12
And you are to set up a boundary for the people around the mountain and tell them, 'Be careful not to go up on the mountain or touch its base. Whoever touches the mountain shall surely be put to death.

Exodus 19:16
On the third day, when morning came, there was thunder and lightning. A thick cloud was upon the mountain, with a very loud trumpet blast, so that all the people in the camp trembled.

Exodus 19:18
Mount Sinai was completely enveloped in smoke, because the LORD had descended on it in fire. And smoke rose like the smoke of a furnace, and the whole mountain quaked violently.

Exodus 20:18
All the people witnessed the thunder and lightning, the sound of the trumpet, and the mountain in smoke. And when the people saw this, they trembled and stood at a distance.

Deuteronomy 4:11
You came near and stood at the foot of the mountain, a mountain blazing with fire to the heavens, with black clouds and deep darkness.

Deuteronomy 5:5
At that time I was standing between the LORD and you to declare to you the word of the LORD, because you were afraid of the fire and would not go up the mountain. And He said:

Deuteronomy 5:22
The LORD spoke these commandments in a loud voice to your whole assembly out of the fire, the cloud, and the deep darkness on the mountain; He added nothing more. And He wrote them on two tablets of stone and gave them to me.

2 Corinthians 3:7
Now if the ministry of death, which was engraved in letters on stone, came with such glory that the Israelites could not gaze at the face of Moses because of its fleeting glory,

2 Corinthians 3:9
For if the ministry of condemnation was glorious, how much more glorious is the ministry of righteousness!

Treasury of Scripture

For you are not come to the mount that might be touched, and that burned with fire, nor to blackness, and darkness, and tempest,

Exodus 19:12-19
And thou shalt set bounds unto the people round about, saying, Take heed to yourselves, that ye go not up into the mount, or touch the border of it: whosoever toucheth the mount shall be surely put to death: …

Exodus 20:18
And all the people saw the thunderings, and the lightnings, and the noise of the trumpet, and the mountain smoking: and when the people saw it, they removed, and stood afar off.

Exodus 24:17
And the sight of the glory of the LORD was like devouring fire on the top of the mount in the eyes of the children of Israel.







Lexicon
For
γὰρ (gar)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 1063: For. A primary particle; properly, assigning a reason.

you have not come to
προσεληλύθατε (proselēlythate)
Verb - Perfect Indicative Active - 2nd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 4334: From pros and erchomai; to approach, i.e. come near, visit, or worship, assent to.

[ a mountain that ] can be touched
ψηλαφωμένῳ (psēlaphōmenō)
Verb - Present Participle Middle or Passive - Dative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 5584: From the base of psallo; to manipulate, i.e. Verify by contact; figuratively, to search for.

and
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

that is burning
κεκαυμένῳ (kekaumenō)
Verb - Perfect Participle Middle or Passive - Dative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 2545: To ignite, light, burn, lit. and met; I consume with fire. Apparently a primary verb; to set on fire, i.e. Kindle or consume.

with fire;
πυρὶ (pyri)
Noun - Dative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 4442: Fire; the heat of the sun, lightning; fig: strife, trials; the eternal fire. A primary word; 'fire'.

to darkness,
γνόφῳ (gnophō)
Noun - Dative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 1105: Darkness, gloom; a thick cloud. Akin to nephos; gloom.

gloom,
ζόφῳ (zophō)
Noun - Dative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 2217: Darkness, murkiness, gloom. Akin to the base of nephos; gloom.

and
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

storm;
θυέλλῃ (thyellē)
Noun - Dative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 2366: A storm, tempest, whirlwind. From thuo a storm.
(18-29) The exhortation to faithfulness is most impressively enforced by means of a comparison between the earlier revelation and that which is given in Christ.

The mount that might be touched.--It appears certain that the word "mount" has no place in the true Greek text. Had this word been in the sentence as originally written, its absence from all our more ancient authorities would be inexplicable; whilst, on the other hand, the contrast with Hebrews 12:22, and the recollection of Deuteronomy 4:11, from which the last words in this verse are taken, would very naturally lead a transcriber to supply this word, which he might suppose to have accidentally dropped out of the text. If, however, the writer did not make use of the word here, though the contrast of Hebrews 12:22 was already before his mind, it seems certain that the word was not in his thought; and hence we have no right to introduce it in the explanation of the verse. The true translation, in all probability, is as follows: For ye are not come unto a material (literally, a palpable) and kindled fire, and unto gloom and darkness and tempest. The object of the writer is to set forth the terrors which accompanied the giving of the Law,--that which the awe-stricken people saw and heard. Not the mount, but the terrible fire was that which met their gaze. Thus again and again in Deuteronomy we find reference to the voice and the fire alone (Deuteronomy 4:33; Deuteronomy 4:36; Deuteronomy 5:4; Deuteronomy 5:25-26; Deuteronomy 18:16). Shortly before "the day of the assembly" in Horeb Israel had been led by "a pillar of fire" (Exodus 13:21); in Hebrews 12:29 of this chapter the figure of "a consuming fire" is applied to God Himself. To avoid such associations as these, and vividly to represent what then was shown to the Israelites, he speaks of "a material and kindled fire." The metaphor in "palpable" as applied to fire is hardly more remarkable than that involved in "a darkness which may be felt" (Exodus 10:21, where the word used in the LXX. is almost the same as that which we have here).

Verses 18-29. - There follows now, both for encouragement and for warning, a grand contrast between the Mosaic and Christian dispensations, founded on the phenomena that accompanied the giving of the Law. To Mount Sinai, with its repelling terrors, is opposed an ideal picture of Mount Zion and the heavenly Jerusalem, expressive of the communion of saints in Christ. And then at ver. 25 (as previously in Hebrews 10.) the tone of encouragement changes again to one of warning, the very excess of privilege being made the measure of the guilt of slighting it. Verse 18. - For ye are not come unto a mount that might be touched, and that burned, with fire, and unto blackness and darkness and tempest. The allusion is to the Israelites approaching Mount Sinai when the Law was given (see Deuteronomy 4:11, whence still more than from Exodus 19. the whole description is taken, "And ye came near [προσήλθετε, the same word as is used supra, Hebrews 4:16; Hebrews 7:25], and stood under the mountain"). Though the word "mount" in the Received Text has the support of no ancient authority, it must be understood, whether or not originally written. For it comes after προσήλθετε in the passage of Deuteronomy which is evidently referred to, the following words, "blackness, darkness, tempest" (σκότος γνόφος θύελλα), being also found there. And otherwise we should have to translate, "a touched [i.e. palpable] and kindled fire;" but "touched" (φηλαφωμένῳ) is not suitable to fire; and we should also lose the evidently intended contrast between the two mountains of Sinai and Zion, which appears in ver. 22. Neither may we trans- late, as some would do, "a mountain that might be touched, and kindled fire;" for the original passage in Deuteronomy has "and the mountain burned with fire (καὶ τὸ ὄρος ἐκαίετο πυρὶ)." The participle φηλαφωμένῳ (literally, that was touched), rather than ψηφαλητῷ, may be used here, although on the occasion referred to all were forbidden to touch the mountain, by way of bringing more distinctly into view the actual Sinai, which was touched at other times, and which Moses both touched and ascended. If so, the main purpose of the word is to contrast the local and palpable mountain of the Law with the ideal Mount Zion which is afterwards spoken cf. Or, the verb ψηλαλάω may here carry with it its common sense of groping after, as in the dark (cf. Deuteronomy 28:29, Καὶ ἔση ψηλαφῶν μεσημβρίας ὡσεὶ ψηλαφήσαι ὁ τυφλὸς ἐν τῷ σκότει), with reference to the cloudy darkness about Sinai, and in contrast with the clear unclouded vision of Zion. 12:18-29 Mount Sinai, on which the Jewish church state was formed, was a mount such as might be touched, though forbidden to be so, a place that could be felt; so the Mosaic dispensation was much in outward and earthly things. The gospel state is kind and condescending, suited to our weak frame. Under the gospel all may come with boldness to God's presence. But the most holy must despair, if judged by the holy law given from Sinai, without a Saviour. The gospel church is called Mount Zion; there believers have clearer views of heaven, and more heavenly tempers of soul. All the children of God are heirs, and every one has the privileges of the first-born. Let a soul be supposed to join that glorious assembly and church above, that is yet unacquainted with God, still carnally-minded, loving this present world and state of things, looking back to it with a lingering eye, full of pride and guile, filled with lusts; such a soul would seem to have mistaken its way, place, state, and company. It would be uneasy to itself and all about it. Christ is the Mediator of this new covenant, between God and man, to bring them together in this covenant; to keep them together; to plead with God for us, and to plead with us for God; and at length to bring God and his people together in heaven. This covenant is made firm by the blood of Christ sprinkled upon our consciences, as the blood of the sacrifice was sprinkled upon the altar and the victim. This blood of Christ speaks in behalf of sinners; it pleads not for vengeance, but for mercy. See then that you refuse not his gracious call and offered salvation. See that you do not refuse Him who speaketh from heaven, with infinite tenderness and love; for how can those escape, who turn from God in unbelief or apostacy, while he so graciously beseeches them to be reconciled, and to receive his everlasting favour! God's dealing with men under the gospel, in a way of grace, assures us, that he will deal with the despisers of the gospel, in a way of judgment. We cannot worship God acceptably, unless we worship him with reverence and godly fear. Only the grace of God enables us to worship God aright. God is the same just and righteous God under the gospel as under the law. The inheritance of believers is secured to them; and all things pertaining to salvation are freely given in answer to prayer. Let us seek for grace, that we may serve God with reverence and godly fear.
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