James 1:11
New International Version
For the sun rises with scorching heat and withers the plant; its blossom falls and its beauty is destroyed. In the same way, the rich will fade away even while they go about their business.

New Living Translation
The hot sun rises and the grass withers; the little flower droops and falls, and its beauty fades away. In the same way, the rich will fade away with all of their achievements.

English Standard Version
For the sun rises with its scorching heat and withers the grass; its flower falls, and its beauty perishes. So also will the rich man fade away in the midst of his pursuits.

Berean Study Bible
For the sun rises with scorching heat and withers the plant; its flower falls and its beauty is lost. So too, the rich man will fade away in the midst of his pursuits.

Berean Literal Bible
For the sun has risen with its burning heat and withered the grass, and its flower has fallen, and the beauty of its appearance has perished. Thus also the rich man will fade away in the midst of his pursuits.

King James Bible
For the sun is no sooner risen with a burning heat, but it withereth the grass, and the flower thereof falleth, and the grace of the fashion of it perisheth: so also shall the rich man fade away in his ways.

New King James Version
For no sooner has the sun risen with a burning heat than it withers the grass; its flower falls, and its beautiful appearance perishes. So the rich man also will fade away in his pursuits.

New American Standard Bible
For the sun rises with its scorching heat and withers the grass; and its flower falls off and the beauty of its appearance is destroyed; so also the rich person, in the midst of his pursuits, will die out.

NASB 1995
For the sun rises with a scorching wind and withers the grass; and its flower falls off and the beauty of its appearance is destroyed; so too the rich man in the midst of his pursuits will fade away.

NASB 1977
For the sun rises with a scorching wind, and withers the grass; and its flower falls off, and the beauty of its appearance is destroyed; so too the rich man in the midst of his pursuits will fade away.

Amplified Bible
For the sun rises with a scorching wind and withers the grass; its flower falls off and its beauty fades away; so too will the rich man, in the midst of his pursuits, fade away.

Christian Standard Bible
For the sun rises and, together with the scorching wind, dries up the grass; its flower falls off, and its beautiful appearance perishes. In the same way, the rich person will wither away while pursuing his activities.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
For the sun rises with its scorching heat and dries up the grass; its flower falls off, and its beautiful appearance is destroyed. In the same way, the rich man will wither away while pursuing his activities.

American Standard Version
For the sun ariseth with the scorching wind, and withereth the grass: and the flower thereof falleth, and the grace of the fashion of it perisheth: so also shall the rich man fade away in his goings.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
For the sun rises with its heat and shrivels the grass and the blossom falls and the beauty of its appearance is destroyed. So also the rich man fades in his ways.

Contemporary English Version
scorched by the burning heat of the sun. The flowers lose their blossoms, and their beauty is destroyed. This is how the rich will disappear, as they go about their business.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For the sun rose with a burning heat, and parched the grass, and the flower thereof fell off, and the beauty of the shape thereof perished: so also shall the rich man fade away in his ways.

English Revised Version
For the sun ariseth with the scorching wind, and withereth the grass; and the flower thereof falleth, and the grace of the fashion of it perisheth: so also shall the rich man fade away in his goings.

Good News Translation
The sun rises with its blazing heat and burns the plant; its flower falls off, and its beauty is destroyed. In the same way the rich will be destroyed while they go about their business.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The sun rises with its scorching heat and dries up plants. The flowers drop off, and the beauty is gone. The same thing will happen to rich people. While they are busy, they will die.

International Standard Version
For the sun comes up with its scorching heat and dries up the grass. The flower in it drops off, and its beauty is gone. That is how the rich person will fade away in his pursuits.

Literal Standard Version
for the sun rose with the burning heat, and withered the grass, and the flower of it fell, and the beauty of its appearance perished, so also the rich in his way will fade away!

NET Bible
For the sun rises with its heat and dries up the meadow; the petal of the flower falls off and its beauty is lost forever. So also the rich person in the midst of his pursuits will wither away.

New Heart English Bible
For the sun arises with the scorching wind, and withers the grass, and the flower in it falls, and the beauty of its appearance perishes. So also will the rich person fade away in his pursuits.

Weymouth New Testament
The sun rises with his scorching heat and dries up the herbage, so that its flowers drop off and the beauty of its appearance perishes, and in the same way rich men with all their prosperity will fade away.

World English Bible
For the sun arises with the scorching wind, and withers the grass, and the flower in it falls, and the beauty of its appearance perishes. So also will the rich man fade away in his pursuits.

Young's Literal Translation
for the sun did rise with the burning heat, and did wither the grass, and the flower of it fell, and the grace of its appearance did perish, so also the rich in his way shall fade away!

Additional Translations ...
Context
Rejoicing in Trials
10But the one who is rich should exult in his low position, because he will pass away like a flower of the field. 11For the sun rises with scorching heat and withers the plant; its flower falls and its beauty is lost. So too, the rich man will fade away in the midst of his pursuits. 12Blessed is the man who perseveres under trial, because when he has stood the test, he will receive the crown of life that God has promised to those who love Him.…

Cross References
Psalm 37:2
For they wither quickly like grass and wilt like tender plants.

Psalm 39:6
Surely every man goes about like a phantom; surely he bustles in vain; he heaps up riches not knowing who will haul them away.

Psalm 90:6
in the morning it springs up new, but by evening it fades and withers.

Psalm 102:4
My heart is afflicted, and withered like grass; I even forget to eat my bread.

Psalm 102:11
My days are like lengthening shadows, and I wither away like grass.

Psalm 103:15
As for man, his days are like grass--he blooms like a flower of the field;

Isaiah 40:7
The grass withers and the flowers fall when the breath of the LORD blows on them; indeed, the people are grass.


Treasury of Scripture

For the sun is no sooner risen with a burning heat, but it wither the grass, and the flower thereof falls, and the grace of the fashion of it perishes: so also shall the rich man fade away in his ways.

risen.

Isaiah 49:10
They shall not hunger nor thirst; neither shall the heat nor sun smite them: for he that hath mercy on them shall lead them, even by the springs of water shall he guide them.

Jonah 4:7,8
But God prepared a worm when the morning rose the next day, and it smote the gourd that it withered…

Matthew 13:6
And when the sun was up, they were scorched; and because they had no root, they withered away.

so.

James 5:1-7
Go to now, ye rich men, weep and howl for your miseries that shall come upon you

Job 21:24-30
His breasts are full of milk, and his bones are moistened with marrow…

Psalm 37:35,36
I have seen the wicked in great power, and spreading himself like a green bay tree…









(11) For the sun is no sooner risen . . .--Translate, the sun arose with the burning heat, and dried up the grass; and the flower thereof fell away, and the grace of its fashion perished. The grace, the loveliness, the delicacy of its form and feature--literally, of its face--withered and died away. Often must the Apostle have seen such an effect of the fiery-Eastern sun, scorching with its pitiless glare the rich verdure of the wilderness; and in his ear, perchance, was the cry of Isaiah (Isaiah 40:6-8):--

"All flesh is grass:

And all the goodliness thereof is as the flower of the field.

The grass withereth;

The flower fadeth;

Because the Spirit of the Lord bloweth upon it:

--Surely the people is grass.

The grass withereth;

The flower fadeth;

But the Word of our God shall stand for ever." . . .

Verse 11. - Ἀνέτειλε . ἐξήρανε ἐξέπεσε... ἀπώλετο. Observe the aorists here and in ver. 24. The illustration or case mentioned by way of example is taken as an actual fact, and the apostle falls into the tone of narration (see Wirier, 'Grammar of New Testament Greek,' § 40:5, 6. 1). Render, For the sun arose with the scorching wind, and withered the grass; and the flower thereof fell away, and the grace of the fashion of it perished. Καύσων may refer to

(1) the heat of the sun, or

(2) more probably, the hot Samum wind, the קָדִים of the Old Testament (Job 27:21; Ezekiel 17:10, etc.).

Parallel Commentaries ...


Greek
For
γὰρ (gar)
Conjunction
Strong's 1063: For. A primary particle; properly, assigning a reason.

the
(ho)
Article - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

sun
ἥλιος (hēlios)
Noun - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's 2246: The sun, sunlight. From hele; the sun; by implication, light.

rises
ἀνέτειλεν (aneteilen)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's 393: To make to rise, I rise, shine (generally of the sun, and hence met.). From ana and the base of telos; to arise.

with
σὺν (syn)
Preposition
Strong's 4862: With. A primary preposition denoting union; with or together.

scorching heat
καύσωνι (kausōni)
Noun - Dative Masculine Singular
Strong's 2742: A scorching heat, hot wind. From kausoo; a glare.

and
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's 2532: And, even, also, namely.

withers
ἐξήρανεν (exēranen)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's 3583: To dry up, parch, be ripened, wither, waste away. From xeros; to desiccate; by implication, to shrivel, to mature.

the
τὸν (ton)
Article - Accusative Masculine Singular
Strong's 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

plant;
χόρτον (chorton)
Noun - Accusative Masculine Singular
Strong's 5528: Grass, herbage, growing grain, hay. Apparently a primary word; a 'court' or 'garden', i.e. herbage or vegetation.

its
αὐτοῦ (autou)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Genitive Masculine 3rd Person Singular
Strong's 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.

flower
ἄνθος (anthos)
Noun - Nominative Neuter Singular
Strong's 438: Bloom, possibly a reference to the bright flowers, such as poppies (among the grass). A primary word; a blossom.

falls
ἐξέπεσεν (exepesen)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's 1601: From ek and pipto; to drop away; specially, be driven out of one's course; figuratively, to lose, become inefficient.

and
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's 2532: And, even, also, namely.

[its]
(hē)
Article - Nominative Feminine Singular
Strong's 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

beauty
εὐπρέπεια (euprepeia)
Noun - Nominative Feminine Singular
Strong's 2143: Beauty, gracefulness, comeliness. From a compound of eu and prepo; good suitableness, i.e. Gracefulness.

is lost.
ἀπώλετο (apōleto)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Middle - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's 622: From apo and the base of olethros; to destroy fully, literally or figuratively.

So
οὕτως (houtōs)
Adverb
Strong's 3779: Thus, so, in this manner. Or (referring to what precedes or follows).

too,
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's 2532: And, even, also, namely.

the
(ho)
Article - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

rich [man]
πλούσιος (plousios)
Adjective - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's 4145: Rich, abounding in, wealthy; subst: a rich man. From ploutos; wealthy; figuratively, abounding with.

will fade away
μαρανθήσεται (maranthēsetai)
Verb - Future Indicative Passive - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's 3133: Pass: I die, wither (like the grass). Of uncertain affinity; to extinguish, i.e. to pass away.

in the midst of
ἐν (en)
Preposition
Strong's 1722: In, on, among. A primary preposition denoting position, and instrumentality, i.e. A relation of rest; 'in, ' at, on, by, etc.

his
αὐτοῦ (autou)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Genitive Masculine 3rd Person Singular
Strong's 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.

pursuits.
πορείαις (poreiais)
Noun - Dative Feminine Plural
Strong's 4197: A journey, pursuit, undertaking, progress. From poreuomai; travel; figuratively proceedings, i.e. Career.


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Appearance Arises Beauty Blossom Burning Destroyed Dries Drop Fade Falleth Falls Fashion Flower Flowers Goes Grace Grass Heat Herbage Midst Perishes Perisheth Plant Pursuits Rich Risen Scorching Sooner Sun Thereof Way Ways Wind Withereth Withers
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NT Letters: James 1:11 For the sun arises with the scorching (Ja Jas. Jam)
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