Romans 9:21
New International Version
Does not the potter have the right to make out of the same lump of clay some pottery for special purposes and some for common use?

New Living Translation
When a potter makes jars out of clay, doesn't he have a right to use the same lump of clay to make one jar for decoration and another to throw garbage into?

English Standard Version
Has the potter no right over the clay, to make out of the same lump one vessel for honorable use and another for dishonorable use?

Berean Study Bible
Does not the potter have the right to make from the same lump of clay one vessel for special occasions and another for common use?

Berean Literal Bible
Or does the potter not have authority over the clay, to make out of the same lump one vessel unto honor, but one unto dishonor?

New American Standard Bible
Or does not the potter have a right over the clay, to make from the same lump one vessel for honorable use and another for common use?

King James Bible
Hath not the potter power over the clay, of the same lump to make one vessel unto honour, and another unto dishonour?

Christian Standard Bible
Or has the potter no right over the clay, to make from the same lump one piece of pottery for honor and another for dishonor?

Contemporary English Version
Doesn't a potter have the right to make a fancy bowl and a plain bowl out of the same lump of clay?"

Good News Translation
After all, the man who makes the pots has the right to use the clay as he wishes, and to make two pots from the same lump of clay, one for special occasions and the other for ordinary use.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Or has the potter no right over the clay, to make from the same lump one piece of pottery for honor and another for dishonor?

International Standard Version
A potter has the right to do what he wants to with his clay, doesn't he? He can make something for a special occasion or something for ordinary use from the same lump of clay.

NET Bible
Has the potter no right to make from the same lump of clay one vessel for special use and another for ordinary use?

New Heart English Bible
Or hasn't the potter a right over the clay, from the same lump to make one part a vessel for honor, and another for dishonor?

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Or is not a potter authorized over the clay to make some formed things from it, one vessel for honor and one for dishonor?

GOD'S WORD® Translation
A potter has the right to do whatever he wants with his clay. He can make something for a special occasion or something for everyday use from the same lump of clay.

New American Standard 1977
Or does not the potter have a right over the clay, to make from the same lump one vessel for honorable use, and another for common use?

Jubilee Bible 2000
Has not the potter power over the clay, of the same lump to make one vessel unto honour and another unto dishonour?

King James 2000 Bible
Has not the potter power over the clay, of the same lump to make one vessel unto honor, and another unto dishonor?

American King James Version
Has not the potter power over the clay, of the same lump to make one vessel to honor, and another to dishonor?

American Standard Version
Or hath not the potter a right over the clay, from the same lump to make one part a vessel unto honor, and another unto dishonor?

Douay-Rheims Bible
Or hath not the potter power over the clay, of the same lump, to make one vessel unto honour, and another unto dishonour?

Darby Bible Translation
Or has not the potter authority over the clay, out of the same lump to make one vessel to honour, and another to dishonour?

English Revised Version
Or hath not the potter a right over the clay, from the same lump to make one part a vessel unto honour, and another unto dishonour?

Webster's Bible Translation
Hath not the potter power over the clay of the same lump to make one vessel to honor, and another to dishonor?

Weymouth New Testament
Or has not the potter rightful power over the clay to make out of the same lump one vessel for more honourable and another for less honourable uses?

World English Bible
Or hasn't the potter a right over the clay, from the same lump to make one part a vessel for honor, and another for dishonor?

Young's Literal Translation
hath not the potter authority over the clay, out of the same lump to make the one vessel to honour, and the one to dishonour?
Study Bible
The Calling of the Gentiles
20But who are you, O man, to talk back to God? Shall what is formed say to Him who formed it, “Why have you made me like this?” 21Does not the potter have the right to make from the same lump of clay one vessel for special occasions and another for common use? 22What if God, intending to show His wrath and make His power known, bore with great patience the vessels of His wrath, prepared for destruction?…
Cross References
Isaiah 10:15
Does an ax raise itself above the one who swings it? Does a saw boast over him who saws with it? It would be like a staff waving the one who lifts it! It would be like a staff lifting him who is not wood!

Isaiah 45:9
Woe to him who quarrels with his Maker--one clay pot among many. Does the clay ask the potter, 'What are you making?' Does your work say, 'He has no hands'?

Jeremiah 18:6
"O house of Israel, can I not treat you as this potter treats his clay? declares the LORD. Just like clay in the potter's hand, so are you in My hand, O house of Israel.

Romans 9:20
But who are you, O man, to talk back to God? Shall what is formed say to Him who formed it, "Why have you made me like this?"

Romans 9:22
What if God, intending to show His wrath and make His power known, bore with great patience the vessels of His wrath, prepared for destruction?

2 Timothy 2:20
A large house contains not only vessels of gold and silver, but also of wood and clay. Some indeed are for honorable use, but others are for common use.

Treasury of Scripture

Has not the potter power over the clay, of the same lump to make one vessel to honor, and another to dishonor?

the potter.

Romans 9:11,18
(For the children being not yet born, neither having done any good or evil, that the purpose of God according to election might stand, not of works, but of him that calleth;) …

Proverbs 16:4
The LORD hath made all things for himself: yea, even the wicked for the day of evil.

Isaiah 64:8
But now, O LORD, thou art our father; we are the clay, and thou our potter; and we all are the work of thy hand.

one vessel.

Romans 9:22,23
What if God, willing to shew his wrath, and to make his power known, endured with much longsuffering the vessels of wrath fitted to destruction: …

Jeremiah 22:28
Is this man Coniah a despised broken idol? is he a vessel wherein is no pleasure? wherefore are they cast out, he and his seed, and are cast into a land which they know not?

Hosea 8:8
Israel is swallowed up: now shall they be among the Gentiles as a vessel wherein is no pleasure.







Lexicon
{Does} not
οὐκ (ouk)
Adverb
Strong's Greek 3756: No, not. Also ouk, and ouch a primary word; the absolute negative adverb; no or not.

the
(ho)
Article - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

potter
κεραμεὺς (kerameus)
Noun - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 2763: A potter. From keramos; a potter.

have
ἔχει (echei)
Verb - Present Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 2192: To have, hold, possess. Including an alternate form scheo skheh'-o; a primary verb; to hold.

the right
ἐξουσίαν (exousian)
Noun - Accusative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 1849: From exesti; privilege, i.e. force, capacity, competency, freedom, or mastery, delegated influence.

to make
ποιῆσαι (poiēsai)
Verb - Aorist Infinitive Active
Strong's Greek 4160: (a) I make, manufacture, construct, (b) I do, act, cause. Apparently a prolonged form of an obsolete primary; to make or do.

from
ἐκ (ek)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1537: From out, out from among, from, suggesting from the interior outwards. A primary preposition denoting origin, from, out.

the
τοῦ (tou)
Article - Genitive Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

same
αὐτοῦ (autou)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Genitive Neuter 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.

lump
φυράματος (phyramatos)
Noun - Genitive Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 5445: A mass or lump, as of bread dough. From a prolonged form of phuro, mean to knead; a mass of dough.

of clay
πηλοῦ (pēlou)
Noun - Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 4081: Clay, mud. Perhaps a primary word; clay.

one
(ho)
Personal / Relative Pronoun - Accusative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 3739: Who, which, what, that.

vessel
σκεῦος (skeuos)
Noun - Accusative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 4632: A vessel, implement, equipment or apparatus (specially, a wife as contributing to the usefulness of the husband).

for
εἰς (eis)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1519: A primary preposition; to or into, of place, time, or purpose; also in adverbial phrases.

special occasions
τιμὴν (timēn)
Noun - Accusative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 5092: A price, honor. From tino; a value, i.e. Money paid, or valuables; by analogy, esteem, or the dignity itself.

and
δὲ (de)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 1161: A primary particle; but, and, etc.

[another]
(ho)
Personal / Relative Pronoun - Accusative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 3739: Who, which, what, that.

for
εἰς (eis)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1519: A primary preposition; to or into, of place, time, or purpose; also in adverbial phrases.

common use?
ἀτιμίαν (atimian)
Noun - Accusative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 819: Disgrace, dishonor; a dishonorable use. From atimos; infamy, i.e. comparative indignity, disgrace.
(21) Hath not the potter . . .?--In strict logic, this verse would supply a confirmation, rather than a refutation, of the original objection. If man is merely as clay in the hands of the potter, it would not be un-reasonable to say, "Why doth He yet find fault?" No one would think of blaming a piece of earthenware because it was well or badly made. The argument of the Apostle is not directed to this. He has left the point with which he started in Romans 9:19, and is engaged in proving the position taken up in Romans 9:20. Whatever they may be, God's dealings are not to be canvassed by men. Still, we cannot overlook the fact that there is apparently a flaw in the logic, though, perhaps, only such a flaw as is inseparable from our necessarily imperfect conceptions of this mysterious subject. The two lines of thought--that which proves the divine sovereignty and that which proves human freedom--run parallel to each other, and are apt to collude when drawn together. (See Notes on Romans 8:29-30; Romans 9:11; Romans 9:18, above.)

For the imagery of the clay and the potter, compare Isaiah 64:8; Jeremiah 18:3-10.

9:14-24 Whatever God does, must be just. Wherein the holy, happy people of God differ from others, God's grace alone makes them differ. In this preventing, effectual, distinguishing grace, he acts as a benefactor, whose grace is his own. None have deserved it; so that those who are saved, must thank God only; and those who perish, must blame themselves only, Hos 13:9. God is bound no further than he has been pleased to bind himself by his own covenant and promise, which is his revealed will. And this is, that he will receive, and not cast out, those that come to Christ; but the drawing of souls in order to that coming, is an anticipating, distinguishing favour to whom he will. Why does he yet find fault? This is not an objection to be made by the creature against his Creator, by man against God. The truth, as it is in Jesus, abases man as nothing, as less than nothing, and advances God as sovereign Lord of all. Who art thou that art so foolish, so feeble, so unable to judge the Divine counsels? It becomes us to submit to him, not to reply against him. Would not men allow the infinite God the same sovereign right to manage the affairs of the creation, as the potter exercises in disposing of his clay, when of the same lump he makes one vessel to a more honourable, and one to a meaner use? God could do no wrong, however it might appear to men. God will make it appear that he hates sin. Also, he formed vessels filled with mercy. Sanctification is the preparation of the soul for glory. This is God's work. Sinners fit themselves for hell, but it is God who prepares saints for heaven; and all whom God designs for heaven hereafter, he fits for heaven now. Would we know who these vessels of mercy are? Those whom God has called; and these not of the Jews only, but of the Gentiles. Surely there can be no unrighteousness in any of these Divine dispensations. Nor in God's exercising long-suffering, patience, and forbearance towards sinners under increasing guilt, before he brings utter destruction upon them. The fault is in the hardened sinner himself. As to all who love and fear God, however such truths appear beyond their reason to fathom, yet they should keep silence before him. It is the Lord alone who made us to differ; we should adore his pardoning mercy and new-creating grace, and give diligence to make our calling and election sure.
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Alphabetical: a and another clay common Does for from have honorable lump make noble not of one Or out over potter pottery purposes right same some the to use vessel

NT Letters: Romans 9:21 Or hasn't the potter a right over (Rom. Ro) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
Romans 9:20
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