Romans 9:21
New International Version
Does not the potter have the right to make out of the same lump of clay some pottery for special purposes and some for common use?

New Living Translation
When a potter makes jars out of clay, doesn’t he have a right to use the same lump of clay to make one jar for decoration and another to throw garbage into?

English Standard Version
Has the potter no right over the clay, to make out of the same lump one vessel for honorable use and another for dishonorable use?

Berean Study Bible
Does not the potter have the right to make from the same lump of clay one vessel for special occasions and another for common use?

Berean Literal Bible
Or does the potter not have authority over the clay, to make out of the same lump one vessel unto honor, but one unto dishonor?

King James Bible
Hath not the potter power over the clay, of the same lump to make one vessel unto honour, and another unto dishonour?

New King James Version
Does not the potter have power over the clay, from the same lump to make one vessel for honor and another for dishonor?

New American Standard Bible
Or does the potter not have a right over the clay, to make from the same lump one object for honorable use, and another for common use?

NASB 1995
Or does not the potter have a right over the clay, to make from the same lump one vessel for honorable use and another for common use?

NASB 1977
Or does not the potter have a right over the clay, to make from the same lump one vessel for honorable use, and another for common use?

Amplified Bible
Does the potter not have the right over the clay, to make from the same lump [of clay] one object for honorable use [something beautiful or distinctive] and another for common use [something ordinary or menial]?

Christian Standard Bible
Or has the potter no right over the clay, to make from the same lump one piece of pottery for honor and another for dishonor?

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Or has the potter no right over the clay, to make from the same lump one piece of pottery for honor and another for dishonor?

American Standard Version
Or hath not the potter a right over the clay, from the same lump to make one part a vessel unto honor, and another unto dishonor?

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Or is not a potter authorized over the clay to make some formed things from it, one vessel for honor and one for dishonor?

Contemporary English Version
Doesn't a potter have the right to make a fancy bowl and a plain bowl out of the same lump of clay?"

Douay-Rheims Bible
Or hath not the potter power over the clay, of the same lump, to make one vessel unto honour, and another unto dishonour?

English Revised Version
Or hath not the potter a right over the clay, from the same lump to make one part a vessel unto honour, and another unto dishonour?

Good News Translation
After all, the man who makes the pots has the right to use the clay as he wishes, and to make two pots from the same lump of clay, one for special occasions and the other for ordinary use.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
A potter has the right to do whatever he wants with his clay. He can make something for a special occasion or something for everyday use from the same lump of clay.

International Standard Version
A potter has the right to do what he wants to with his clay, doesn't he? He can make something for a special occasion or something for ordinary use from the same lump of clay.

Literal Standard Version
Does the potter not have authority over the clay, out of the same lump to make one vessel to honor and one to dishonor?

NET Bible
Has the potter no right to make from the same lump of clay one vessel for special use and another for ordinary use?

New Heart English Bible
Or hasn't the potter a right over the clay, from the same lump to make one part a vessel for honor, and another for dishonor?

Weymouth New Testament
Or has not the potter rightful power over the clay to make out of the same lump one vessel for more honourable and another for less honourable uses?

World English Bible
Or hasn't the potter a right over the clay, from the same lump to make one part a vessel for honor, and another for dishonor?

Young's Literal Translation
hath not the potter authority over the clay, out of the same lump to make the one vessel to honour, and the one to dishonour?

Additional Translations ...
Context
The Calling of the Gentiles
20But who are you, O man, to talk back to God? Shall what is formed say to Him who formed it, “Why did You make me like this?” 21 Does not the potter have the right to make from the same lump of clay one vessel for special occasions and another for common use? 22What if God, intending to show His wrath and make His power known, bore with great patience the vessels of His wrath, prepared for destruction?…

Cross References
Isaiah 10:15
Does an axe raise itself above the one who swings it? Does a saw boast over him who saws with it? It would be like a rod waving the one who lifts it, or a staff lifting him who is not wood!

Isaiah 45:9
Woe to him who quarrels with his Maker--one clay pot among many. Does the clay ask the potter, 'What are you making?' Does your work say, 'He has no hands'?

Jeremiah 18:6
"O house of Israel, declares the LORD, can I not treat you as this potter treats his clay? Just like clay in the potter's hand, so are you in My hand, O house of Israel.

Romans 9:20
But who are you, O man, to talk back to God? Shall what is formed say to Him who formed it, "Why did You make me like this?"

Romans 9:22
What if God, intending to show His wrath and make His power known, bore with great patience the vessels of His wrath, prepared for destruction?

2 Timothy 2:20
A large house contains not only vessels of gold and silver, but also of wood and clay. Some indeed are for honorable use, but others are for common use.


Treasury of Scripture

Has not the potter power over the clay, of the same lump to make one vessel to honor, and another to dishonor?

the potter.

Romans 9:11,18
(For the children being not yet born, neither having done any good or evil, that the purpose of God according to election might stand, not of works, but of him that calleth;) …

Proverbs 16:4
The LORD hath made all things for himself: yea, even the wicked for the day of evil.

Isaiah 64:8
But now, O LORD, thou art our father; we are the clay, and thou our potter; and we all are the work of thy hand.

one vessel.

Romans 9:22,23
What if God, willing to shew his wrath, and to make his power known, endured with much longsuffering the vessels of wrath fitted to destruction: …

Jeremiah 22:28
Is this man Coniah a despised broken idol? is he a vessel wherein is no pleasure? wherefore are they cast out, he and his seed, and are cast into a land which they know not?

Hosea 8:8
Israel is swallowed up: now shall they be among the Gentiles as a vessel wherein is no pleasure.









(21) Hath not the potter . . .?--In strict logic, this verse would supply a confirmation, rather than a refutation, of the original objection. If man is merely as clay in the hands of the potter, it would not be un-reasonable to say, "Why doth He yet find fault?" No one would think of blaming a piece of earthenware because it was well or badly made. The argument of the Apostle is not directed to this. He has left the point with which he started in Romans 9:19, and is engaged in proving the position taken up in Romans 9:20. Whatever they may be, God's dealings are not to be canvassed by men. Still, we cannot overlook the fact that there is apparently a flaw in the logic, though, perhaps, only such a flaw as is inseparable from our necessarily imperfect conceptions of this mysterious subject. The two lines of thought--that which proves the divine sovereignty and that which proves human freedom--run parallel to each other, and are apt to collude when drawn together. (See Notes on Romans 8:29-30; Romans 9:11; Romans 9:18, above.)

For the imagery of the clay and the potter, compare Isaiah 64:8; Jeremiah 18:3-10. . . .

Parallel Commentaries ...


Greek
{Does} not
οὐκ (ouk)
Adverb
Strong's 3756: No, not. Also ouk, and ouch a primary word; the absolute negative adverb; no or not.

the
(ho)
Article - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

potter
κεραμεὺς (kerameus)
Noun - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's 2763: A potter. From keramos; a potter.

have
ἔχει (echei)
Verb - Present Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's 2192: To have, hold, possess. Including an alternate form scheo skheh'-o; a primary verb; to hold.

the right
ἐξουσίαν (exousian)
Noun - Accusative Feminine Singular
Strong's 1849: From exesti; privilege, i.e. force, capacity, competency, freedom, or mastery, delegated influence.

to make
ποιῆσαι (poiēsai)
Verb - Aorist Infinitive Active
Strong's 4160: (a) I make, manufacture, construct, (b) I do, act, cause. Apparently a prolonged form of an obsolete primary; to make or do.

from
ἐκ (ek)
Preposition
Strong's 1537: From out, out from among, from, suggesting from the interior outwards. A primary preposition denoting origin, from, out.

the
τοῦ (tou)
Article - Genitive Neuter Singular
Strong's 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

same
αὐτοῦ (autou)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Genitive Neuter 3rd Person Singular
Strong's 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.

lump
φυράματος (phyramatos)
Noun - Genitive Neuter Singular
Strong's 5445: A mass or lump, as of bread dough. From a prolonged form of phuro, mean to knead; a mass of dough.

of clay
πηλοῦ (pēlou)
Noun - Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong's 4081: Clay, mud. Perhaps a primary word; clay.

one
(ho)
Personal / Relative Pronoun - Accusative Neuter Singular
Strong's 3739: Who, which, what, that.

vessel
σκεῦος (skeuos)
Noun - Accusative Neuter Singular
Strong's 4632: A vessel, implement, equipment or apparatus (specially, a wife as contributing to the usefulness of the husband).

for
εἰς (eis)
Preposition
Strong's 1519: A primary preposition; to or into, of place, time, or purpose; also in adverbial phrases.

special occasions
τιμὴν (timēn)
Noun - Accusative Feminine Singular
Strong's 5092: A price, honor. From tino; a value, i.e. Money paid, or valuables; by analogy, esteem, or the dignity itself.

and
δὲ (de)
Conjunction
Strong's 1161: A primary particle; but, and, etc.

[another]
(ho)
Personal / Relative Pronoun - Accusative Neuter Singular
Strong's 3739: Who, which, what, that.

for
εἰς (eis)
Preposition
Strong's 1519: A primary preposition; to or into, of place, time, or purpose; also in adverbial phrases.

common use?
ἀτιμίαν (atimian)
Noun - Accusative Feminine Singular
Strong's 819: Disgrace, dishonor; a dishonorable use. From atimos; infamy, i.e. comparative indignity, disgrace.


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NT Letters: Romans 9:21 Or hasn't the potter a right over (Rom. Ro)
Romans 9:20
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