Romans 9:32
New International Version
Why not? Because they pursued it not by faith but as if it were by works. They stumbled over the stumbling stone.

New Living Translation
Why not? Because they were trying to get right with God by keeping the law instead of by trusting in him. They stumbled over the great rock in their path.

English Standard Version
Why? Because they did not pursue it by faith, but as if it were based on works. They have stumbled over the stumbling stone,

Berean Study Bible
Why not? Because their pursuit was not by faith, but as if it were by works. They stumbled over the stumbling stone,

Berean Literal Bible
Why? Because it was not by faith, but as by works. They stumbled over the stone of stumbling,

King James Bible
Wherefore? Because they sought it not by faith, but as it were by the works of the law. For they stumbled at that stumblingstone;

New King James Version
Why? Because they did not seek it by faith, but as it were, by the works of the law. For they stumbled at that stumbling stone.

New American Standard Bible
Why? Because they did not pursue it by faith, but as though they could by works. They stumbled over the stumbling stone,

NASB 1995
Why? Because they did not pursue it by faith, but as though it were by works. They stumbled over the stumbling stone,

NASB 1977
Why? Because they did not pursue it by faith, but as though it were by works. They stumbled over the stumbling stone,

Amplified Bible
And why not? Because it was not by faith [that they pursued it], but as though it were by works [relying on the merit of their works instead of their faith]. They stumbled over the stumbling Stone [Jesus Christ].

Christian Standard Bible
Why is that? Because they did not pursue it by faith, but as if it were by works. They stumbled over the stumbling stone.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Why is that? Because they did not pursue it by faith, but as if it were by works. They stumbled over the stumbling stone.

American Standard Version
Wherefore? Because they sought it not by faith, but as it were by works. They stumbled at the stone of stumbling;

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Why? Because it was not from faith, but from the works of The Written Law, for they were stumbled at the stumbling stone,

Douay-Rheims Bible
Why so? Because they sought it not by faith, but as it were of works. For they stumbled at the stumblingstone.

English Revised Version
Wherefore? Because they sought it not by faith, but as it were by works. They stumbled at the stone of stumbling;

Good News Translation
And why not? Because they did not depend on faith but on what they did. And so they stumbled over the "stumbling stone"

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Why? They didn't rely on faith to gain God's approval, but they relied on their own efforts. They stumbled over the rock that trips people.

International Standard Version
Why not? Because they did not pursue it on the basis of faith, but as if it were based on achievements. They stumbled over the stone that causes people to stumble.

Literal Standard Version
why? Because—not by faith, but as by works of law; for they stumbled at the stone of stumbling,

NET Bible
Why not? Because they pursued it not by faith but (as if it were possible) by works. They stumbled over the stumbling stone,

New Heart English Bible
Why? Because they did not seek it by faith, but as it were by works. They stumbled over the stumbling stone;

Weymouth New Testament
And why? Because they were pursuing a righteousness which should arise not from faith, but from what they regarded as merit. They stuck their foot against the stone which lay in their way;

World English Bible
Why? Because they didn't seek it by faith, but as it were by works of the law. They stumbled over the stumbling stone;

Young's Literal Translation
wherefore? because -- not by faith, but as by works of law; for they did stumble at the stone of stumbling,

Additional Translations ...
Context
Israel's Unbelief
31but Israel, who pursued a law of righteousness, has not attained it. 32Why not? Because their pursuit was not by faith, but as if it were by works. They stumbled over the stumbling stone, 33as it is written: “See, I lay in Zion a stone of stumbling and a rock of offense; and the one who believes in Him will never be put to shame.”…

Cross References
Isaiah 8:14
And He will be a sanctuary--but to both houses of Israel a stone of stumbling and a rock of offense, to the dwellers of Jerusalem a trap and a snare.

Isaiah 8:15
Many will stumble over these; they will fall and be broken; they will be ensnared and captured."

1 Peter 2:6
For it stands in Scripture: "See, I lay in Zion a stone, a chosen and precious cornerstone; and the one who believes in Him will never be put to shame."

1 Peter 2:8
and, "A stone of stumbling and a rock of offense." They stumble because they disobey the word--and to this they were appointed.


Treasury of Scripture

Why? Because they sought it not by faith, but as it were by the works of the law. For they stumbled at that stumbling stone;

Because.

Romans 4:16
Therefore it is of faith, that it might be by grace; to the end the promise might be sure to all the seed; not to that only which is of the law, but to that also which is of the faith of Abraham; who is the father of us all,

Romans 10:3
For they being ignorant of God's righteousness, and going about to establish their own righteousness, have not submitted themselves unto the righteousness of God.

Matthew 19:16-20
And, behold, one came and said unto him, Good Master, what good thing shall I do, that I may have eternal life? …

they stumbled.

Romans 11:11
I say then, Have they stumbled that they should fall? God forbid: but rather through their fall salvation is come unto the Gentiles, for to provoke them to jealousy.

Matthew 13:57
And they were offended in him. But Jesus said unto them, A prophet is not without honour, save in his own country, and in his own house.

Luke 2:34
And Simeon blessed them, and said unto Mary his mother, Behold, this child is set for the fall and rising again of many in Israel; and for a sign which shall be spoken against;









(32) For they stumbled.--"For," in this clause, should be omitted, and the two clauses thrown together, the words "of the law" also going out--Because (seeking righteousness), not of faith, but as if of works, they stumbled, &c.

That stumblingstone.--Christ. When Christianity, with the justification by faith which goes with it, was offered to them, they "were offended," and refused it.

Verses 32, 33. - Wherefore? Because they sought it not of faith, but as of works of law. The genuineness of the concluding word νόμου here is doubtful. Its omission does not affect the sense. If retained, it must, according to the rule observed in this Exposition, be translated law, not the Law. For they stumbled at the stone of stumbling; as it is written, Behold, I lay in Zion a stone of stumbling and rock of offence: and he that (πᾶς before ὁ πιστεύων, expressed in the Authorized Version by "whosoever," has no good support, having probably been supplied from ch. 10:11) believeth on him shall not be ashamed. Here, as throughout the Epistle, the apostle's position is supported by an Old Testament reference. In this instance it is to two passages of Isaiah intermingled (Isaiah 28:16 and Isaiah 8:14). The way in which they are fused is illustrative of St. Paul's way, elsewhere apparent, of referring to Scripture. As a rule, he quotes the LXX., but often varies from it, and sometimes so as to be closer to the Hebrew. Sometimes he seems to be quoting from memory, as one who is familiar with the general drift of prophecy on the subject in hand, and satisfied if the form of his quotation expresses such general drift. In the ease before us, he follows the Hebrew in Psalm 8:14, and the LXX. 2:28:16, where for the Hebrew expression rendered "shall not make haste," the LXX. has οῦ μὴ καταισχυνθῆ, apparently with the same essential meaning; for "make haste" seems to signify "haste away in terror and confusion." The two texts combined express the idea of a stone being laid by the Lord in Zion, which should be the support of the faithful, but a stumbling-block to others. It is not necessary to inquire whether the texts themselves have in the original any obvious Messianic reference. Enough that they denote God's plan of dealing with his people. But to understand the full idea in the apostle's mind, when he speaks of "the stone of stumbling," we must take into account also Psalm 118:22, and our Lord's language, as recorded in Matthew 21:42, 44 and Luke 20:17, 18. In the Psalms we find the figure of "the stone" used thus: "The stone which the builders refused is become the head stone of the corner;" and in the Gospels our Lord refers to this text as de. noting himself, and subjoins, with reference to Isaiah, the idea of the same stone being one on which some should fall and be broken, with the additional conception of its crushing those on whom itself should fall. The same view essentially is expressed in Simeon's words (Luke 2:34), that "this Child" should be for the fall as well as for the rising again of many in Israel; and it is repeated definitely in 1 Peter 2:7 (cf. also Acts 4:11; 1 Corinthians 1:23).





Parallel Commentaries ...


Greek
Why [not]?
διὰ (dia)
Preposition
Strong's 1223: A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through.

Because [their pursuit was]
ὅτι (hoti)
Conjunction
Strong's 3754: Neuter of hostis as conjunction; demonstrative, that; causative, because.

not
οὐκ (ouk)
Adverb
Strong's 3756: No, not. Also ouk, and ouch a primary word; the absolute negative adverb; no or not.

by
ἐκ (ek)
Preposition
Strong's 1537: From out, out from among, from, suggesting from the interior outwards. A primary preposition denoting origin, from, out.

faith,
πίστεως (pisteōs)
Noun - Genitive Feminine Singular
Strong's 4102: Faith, belief, trust, confidence; fidelity, faithfulness.

but
ἀλλ’ (all’)
Conjunction
Strong's 235: But, except, however. Neuter plural of allos; properly, other things, i.e. contrariwise.

as if [it were]
ὡς (hōs)
Adverb
Strong's 5613: Probably adverb of comparative from hos; which how, i.e. In that manner.

by
ἐξ (ex)
Preposition
Strong's 1537: From out, out from among, from, suggesting from the interior outwards. A primary preposition denoting origin, from, out.

works.
ἔργων (ergōn)
Noun - Genitive Neuter Plural
Strong's 2041: From a primary ergo; toil; by implication, an act.

They stumbled
προσέκοψαν (prosekopsan)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 3rd Person Plural
Strong's 4350: From pros and kopto; to strike at, i.e. Surge against; specially, to stub on, i.e. Trip up.

over the
τῷ (tō)
Article - Dative Masculine Singular
Strong's 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

stumbling
προσκόμματος (proskommatos)
Noun - Genitive Neuter Singular
Strong's 4348: A stumbling-block, an occasion for falling, a moral embarrassment. From proskopto; a stub, i.e. occasion of apostasy.

stone,
λίθῳ (lithō)
Noun - Dative Masculine Singular
Strong's 3037: A stone; met: of Jesus as the chief stone in a building. Apparently a primary word; a stone.


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NT Letters: Romans 9:32 Why? Because they didn't seek it (Rom. Ro)
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