Romans 9:12
New International Version
not by works but by him who calls--she was told, "The older will serve the younger."

New Living Translation
he calls people, but not according to their good or bad works.) She was told, "Your older son will serve your younger son."

English Standard Version
she was told, “The older will serve the younger.”

Berean Study Bible
not by works but by Him who calls, she was told, “The older will serve the younger.”

Berean Literal Bible
not of works, but of the One calling, it was said to her, "The older will serve the younger."

New American Standard Bible
it was said to her, "THE OLDER WILL SERVE THE YOUNGER."

King James Bible
It was said unto her, The elder shall serve the younger.

Christian Standard Bible
not from works but from the one who calls--she was told, The older will serve the younger.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
not from works but from the One who calls--she was told: The older will serve the younger.

International Standard Version
according to his calling and not by actions), Rebecca was told, "The older child will serve the younger one."

NET Bible
it was said to her, "The older will serve the younger,"

New Heart English Bible
it was said to her, "The elder will serve the younger."

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
For it was said, “The elder shall be a Servant to the younger”,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
a choice based on God's call and not on anything people do.

New American Standard 1977
it was said to her, “THE OLDER WILL SERVE THE YOUNGER.”

Jubilee Bible 2000
it was said unto her, The elder shall serve the younger.

King James 2000 Bible
It was said unto her, The elder shall serve the younger.

American King James Version
It was said to her, The elder shall serve the younger.

American Standard Version
it was said unto her, The elder shall serve the younger.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Not of works, but of him that calleth, it was said to her: The elder shall serve the younger.

Darby Bible Translation
it was said to her, The greater shall serve the less:

English Revised Version
it was said unto her, The elder shall serve the younger.

Webster's Bible Translation
It was said to her, The elder shall serve the younger.

Weymouth New Testament
"The elder of them will be bondservant to the younger."

World English Bible
it was said to her, "The elder will serve the younger."

Young's Literal Translation
'The greater shall serve the less;'
Study Bible
God's Sovereign Choice
11Yet before the twins were born or had done anything good or bad, in order that God’s plan of election might stand, 12not by works but by Him who calls, she was told, “The older will serve the younger.” 13So it is written: “Jacob I loved, but Esau I hated.”…
Cross References
Genesis 25:23
and He declared to her: "Two nations are in your womb, and two peoples from within you will be separated; one people will be stronger than the other, and the older will serve the younger."

Matthew 6:24
No one can serve two masters: Either he will hate the one and love the other, or he will be devoted to the one and despise the other. You cannot serve both God and money.

Treasury of Scripture

It was said to her, The elder shall serve the younger.

The elder.

Genesis 25:22,23
And the children struggled together within her; and she said, If it be so, why am I thus? And she went to inquire of the LORD…

2 Samuel 8:14
And he put garrisons in Edom; throughout all Edom put he garrisons, and all they of Edom became David's servants. And the LORD preserved David whithersoever he went.

1 Kings 22:47
There was then no king in Edom: a deputy was king.

younger.







Lexicon
not
οὐκ (ouk)
Adverb
Strong's Greek 3756: No, not. Also ouk, and ouch a primary word; the absolute negative adverb; no or not.

by
ἐξ (ex)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1537: From out, out from among, from, suggesting from the interior outwards. A primary preposition denoting origin, from, out.

works
ἔργων (ergōn)
Noun - Genitive Neuter Plural
Strong's Greek 2041: From a primary ergo; toil; by implication, an act.

but
ἀλλ’ (all’)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 235: But, except, however. Neuter plural of allos; properly, other things, i.e. contrariwise.

by
ἐκ (ek)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1537: From out, out from among, from, suggesting from the interior outwards. A primary preposition denoting origin, from, out.

Him who
τοῦ (tou)
Article - Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

calls,
καλοῦντος (kalountos)
Verb - Present Participle Active - Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 2564: (a) I call, summon, invite, (b) I call, name. Akin to the base of keleuo; to 'call'.

she
αὐτῇ (autē)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Dative Feminine 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.

was told,
ἐρρέθη (errethē)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Passive - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 2046: Probably a fuller form of rheo; an alternate for epo in certain tenses; to utter, i.e. Speak or say.

“The
(Ho)
Article - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

older
μείζων (meizōn)
Adjective - Nominative Masculine Singular - Comparative
Strong's Greek 3173: Large, great, in the widest sense.

will serve
δουλεύσει (douleusei)
Verb - Future Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 1398: To be a slave, be subject to, obey, be devoted. From doulos; to be a slave to.

the
τῷ (tō)
Article - Dative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

younger.”
ἐλάσσονι (elassoni)
Adjective - Dative Masculine Singular - Comparative
Strong's Greek 1640: Less, smaller; poorer, inferior. Or elatton el-at-tone'; comparative of the same as elachistos; smaller.
(12) The elder shall serve the younger.--The margin gives as an alternative rendering, "the greater shall serve the lesser." The quotation is taken from the LXX., in which there is the same ambiguity.

This ambiguity also appears to exist in the Hebrew, where it is a disputed question whether the words refer to age or to the comparative strength of the two peoples. In either case, it is the nations that should spring from Esau and Jacob that are meant.

9:6-13 The rejection of the Jews by the gospel dispensation, did not break God's promise to the patriarchs. The promises and threatenings shall be fulfilled. Grace does not run in the blood; nor are saving benefits always found with outward church privileges. Not only some of Abraham's seed were chosen, and others not, but God therein wrought according to the counsel of his own will. God foresaw both Esau and Jacob as born in sin, by nature children of wrath even as others. If left to themselves they would have continued in sin through life; but for wise and holy reasons, not made known to us, he purposed to change Jacob's heart, and to leave Esau to his perverseness. This instance of Esau and Jacob throws light upon the Divine conduct to the fallen race of man. The whole Scripture shows the difference between the professed Christian and the real believer. Outward privileges are bestowed on many who are not the children of God. There is, however, full encouragement to diligent use of the means of grace which God has appointed.
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Alphabetical: but by calls her him it not older said serve she The to told was who will works younger

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