1 Kings 22:47
New International Version
There was then no king in Edom; a provincial governor ruled.

New Living Translation
(There was no king in Edom at that time, only a deputy.)

English Standard Version
There was no king in Edom; a deputy was king.

Berean Study Bible
And there was no king in Edom; a deputy served as king.

King James Bible
There was then no king in Edom: a deputy was king.

New King James Version
There was then no king in Edom, only a deputy of the king.

New American Standard Bible
Now there was no king in Edom; a governor served as king.

NASB 1995
Now there was no king in Edom; a deputy was king.

NASB 1977
Now there was no king in Edom; a deputy was king.

Amplified Bible
Now there was no king in Edom; a deputy (governor) was [serving as] king.

Christian Standard Bible
There was no king in Edom; a deputy served as king.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
There was no king in Edom; a deputy served as king.

American Standard Version
And there was no king in Edom: a deputy was king.

Contemporary English Version
The country of Edom had no king at the time, so a lower official ruled the land.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And there was then no king appointed in Edom.

English Revised Version
And there was no king in Edom: a deputy was king.

Good News Translation
The land of Edom had no king; it was ruled by a deputy appointed by the king of Judah.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
There was no king in Edom; instead, a deputy ruled.

International Standard Version
There was no king reigning in Edom; there was only a stand-in king.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And there was no king in Edom: a deputy was king.

Literal Standard Version
and there is no king in Edom; he set up a king.

NET Bible
There was no king in Edom at this time; a governor ruled.

New Heart English Bible
There was no king in Edom: a deputy was king.

World English Bible
There was no king in Edom: a deputy was king.

Young's Literal Translation
and there is no king in Edom; he set up a king.

Additional Translations ...
Study Bible
Jehoshaphat Reigns in Judah
46He banished from the land the male shrine prostitutes who remained from the days of his father Asa. 47And there was no king in Edom; a deputy served as king. 48Jehoshaphat built ships of Tarshish to go to Ophir for gold, but they never set sail, because they were wrecked at Ezion-geber.…

Cross References
2 Samuel 8:14
He placed garrisons throughout Edom, and all the Edomites were subject to David. So the LORD made David victorious wherever he went.

2 Kings 3:9
So the king of Israel, the king of Judah, and the king of Edom set out, and after they had traveled a roundabout route for seven days, they had no water for their army or for their animals.

2 Kings 8:20
In the days of Jehoram, Edom rebelled against the hand of Judah and appointed their own king.


Treasury of Scripture

There was then no king in Edom: a deputy was king.

no king

Genesis 25:23
And the LORD said unto her, Two nations are in thy womb, and two manner of people shall be separated from thy bowels; and the one people shall be stronger than the other people; and the elder shall serve the younger.

Genesis 27:40
And by thy sword shalt thou live, and shalt serve thy brother; and it shall come to pass when thou shalt have the dominion, that thou shalt break his yoke from off thy neck.

Genesis 36:31
And these are the kings that reigned in the land of Edom, before there reigned any king over the children of Israel.









(47) There was then no king in Edom.--This notice is apparently connected with the following verses; for Ezion-geber is a seaport of the Edomite territory. Whatever may have been the influence of Hadad in the last days of Solomon (1Kings 11:14), Edom does not seem to have regained independence till the time of Jehoram, son of Jehoshaphat (2Chronicles 21:8-10); although in the confederacy against Jehoshaphat, those "of Mount Seir" are included with the Moabites and Ammonites (2Chronicles 20:10; 2Chronicles 20:22). The "king of Edom," of 2 Kings 3, who is evidently a subject ally, not regarded in consultation (see 1Kings 22:6-9), must be "the deputy" of this passage.

Verse 47. - There was then no king in Edom: a deputy [נִצָב, same word as in 1 Kings 4:7. It is implied that this officer was appointed by the king of Judah (Wordsworth)] was king. [This fact is mentioned to show how it was that Jehoshaphat was able to build a fleet at Ezion-Geber, in the territory of Edom (1 Kings 9:26). That country would seem to have regained its independence very soon after Solomon's death (1 Kings 11:14), but would also appear from the text, and from 2 Kings 8:20, 22, to have been again made subject to Judah, probably by Jehoshaphat himself; see 2 Chronicles 17:10, 11.]

Parallel Commentaries ...


Lexicon
And there was no
אֵ֛ין (’ên)
Adverb
Strong's Hebrew 369: A non-entity, a negative particle

king
וּמֶ֥לֶךְ (ū·me·leḵ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4428: A king

in Edom;
בֶּאֱד֖וֹם (be·’ĕ·ḏō·wm)
Preposition-b | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 123: The name of a condiment

a deputy
נִצָּ֥ב (niṣ·ṣāḇ)
Verb - Nifal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5324: To take one's stand, stand

served as king.
מֶֽלֶךְ׃ (me·leḵ)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4428: A king


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OT History: 1 Kings 22:47 There was no king in Edom: (1Ki iKi i Ki 1 Kg 1kg)
1 Kings 22:46
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