2 Chronicles 20:22
New International Version
As they began to sing and praise, the LORD set ambushes against the men of Ammon and Moab and Mount Seir who were invading Judah, and they were defeated.

New Living Translation
At the very moment they began to sing and give praise, the LORD caused the armies of Ammon, Moab, and Mount Seir to start fighting among themselves.

English Standard Version
And when they began to sing and praise, the LORD set an ambush against the men of Ammon, Moab, and Mount Seir, who had come against Judah, so that they were routed.

Berean Study Bible
The moment they began their shouts and praises, the LORD set an ambush against the men of Ammon, Moab, and Mount Seir who had come against Judah, and they were defeated.

New American Standard Bible
When they began singing and praising, the LORD set ambushes against the sons of Ammon, Moab and Mount Seir, who had come against Judah; so they were routed.

King James Bible
And when they began to sing and to praise, the LORD set ambushments against the children of Ammon, Moab, and mount Seir, which were come against Judah; and they were smitten.

Christian Standard Bible
The moment they began their shouts and praises, the LORD set an ambush against the Ammonites, Moabites, and the inhabitants of Mount Seir who came to fight against Judah, and they were defeated.

Contemporary English Version
As soon as they began singing, the LORD confused the enemy camp,

Good News Translation
When they began to sing, the LORD threw the invading armies into a panic.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The moment they began their shouts and praises, the LORD set an ambush against the Ammonites, Moabites, and the inhabitants of Mount Seir who came to fight against Judah, and they were defeated.

International Standard Version
Right on time, as they began to sing and praise, the LORD ambushed the Ammonites, Moabites, and the inhabitants of Mount Seir who had attacked Judah, and they were defeated.

NET Bible
When they began to shout and praise, the LORD suddenly attacked the Ammonites, Moabites, and men from Mount Seir who were invading Judah, and they were defeated.

New Heart English Bible
When they began to sing and to praise, the LORD set ambushers against the children of Ammon, Moab, and Mount Seir, who had come against Judah; and they were struck.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
As they started to sing praises, the LORD set ambushes against the Ammonites, Moabites, and the people of Mount Seir who had come into Judah. They were defeated.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And when they began to sing and to praise, the LORD set liers-in-wait against the children of Ammon, Moab, and mount Seir, that were come against Judah; and they were smitten.

New American Standard 1977
And when they began singing and praising, the LORD set ambushes against the sons of Ammon, Moab, and Mount Seir, who had come against Judah; so they were routed.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And when they began to sing and to praise, the LORD set the sons of Moab and those of Mount Seir to ambush the sons of Ammon, who were coming against Judah; and they smote one another.

King James 2000 Bible
And when they began to sing and to praise, the LORD set ambushes against the children of Ammon, Moab, and mount Seir, who were come against Judah; and they were defeated.

American King James Version
And when they began to sing and to praise, the LORD set ambushes against the children of Ammon, Moab, and mount Seir, which were come against Judah; and they were smitten.

American Standard Version
And when they began to sing and to praise, Jehovah set liers-in-wait against the children of Ammon, Moab, and mount Seir, that were come against Judah; and they were smitten.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And when they began the praise and thanksgiving, the Lord caused the children of Ammon to fight against Moab, and the inhabitants of mount Seir that came out against Juda; and they were routed.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And when they began to sing praises, the Lord turned their ambushments upon themselves, that is to say, of the children of Ammon, and of Moab, and of mount Seir, who were come out to fight against Juda, and they were slain.

Darby Bible Translation
And when they began the song of triumph and praise, Jehovah set liers-in-wait against the children of Ammon, Moab, and mount Seir, who had come against Judah, and they were smitten.

English Revised Version
And when they began to sing and to praise, the LORD set liers in wait against the children of Ammon, Moab, and mount Seir, which were come against Judah; and they were smitten.

Webster's Bible Translation
And when they began to sing and to praise, the LORD set ambushes against the children of Ammon, Moab, and mount Seir, who were come against Judah; and they were smitten.

World English Bible
When they began to sing and to praise, Yahweh set ambushers against the children of Ammon, Moab, and Mount Seir, who had come against Judah; and they were struck.

Young's Literal Translation
And at the time they have begun with singing and praise, Jehovah hath put ambushments against the sons of Ammon, Moab, and mount Seir, who are coming in to Judah, and they are smitten,
Study Bible
The Enemies Destroy Themselves
21Then Jehoshaphat consulted with the people and appointed those who would sing to the LORD and praise the splendor of His holiness. As they went out before the army, they were singing: “Give thanks to the LORD, for His loving devotion endures forever.” 22The moment they began their shouts and praises, the LORD set an ambush against the men of Ammon, Moab, and Mount Seir who had come against Judah, and they were defeated. 23The Ammonites and Moabites rose up against the inhabitants of Mount Seir, destroying them completely. And when they had made an end to the inhabitants of Seir, they helped to destroy one another.…
Cross References
2 Chronicles 13:13
Now Jeroboam had sent an ambush around to advance from the rear, so that while he was in front of Judah, the ambush was behind them.

2 Chronicles 20:10
And now, here are the men of Ammon, Moab, and Mount Seir, whom You did not let Israel invade when they came out of Egypt; but Israel turned away from them and did not destroy them.

2 Chronicles 21:8
In the days of Jehoram, Edom rebelled against the hand of Judah and appointed their own king.

Treasury of Scripture

And when they began to sing and to praise, the LORD set ambushes against the children of Ammon, Moab, and mount Seir, which were come against Judah; and they were smitten.

Judges 7:22
And the three hundred blew the trumpets, and the LORD set every man's sword against his fellow, even throughout all the host: and the host fled to Bethshittah in Zererath, and to the border of Abelmeholah, unto Tabbath.

1 Samuel 14:16,20
And the watchmen of Saul in Gibeah of Benjamin looked; and, behold, the multitude melted away, and they went on beating down one another

2 Kings 6:17
And Elisha prayed, and said, LORD, I pray thee, open his eyes, that he may see. And the LORD opened the eyes of the young man; and he saw: and, behold, the mountain was full of horses and chariots of fire round about Elisha.

were smitten.







Lexicon
The moment
וּבְעֵת֩ (ū·ḇə·‘êṯ)
Conjunctive waw, Preposition-b | Noun - common singular
Strong's Hebrew 6256: Time, now, when

they began
הֵחֵ֨לּוּ (hê·ḥêl·lū)
Verb - Hifil - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 2490: To bore, to wound, to dissolve, to profane, to break, to begin, to play

their shouts
בְרִנָּ֜ה (ḇə·rin·nāh)
Preposition-b | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7440: A creaking, shout

and praises,
וּתְהִלָּ֗ה (ū·ṯə·hil·lāh)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8416: Praise, song of praise

the LORD
יְהוָ֣ה ׀ (Yah·weh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3068: LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel

set
נָתַ֣ן (nā·ṯan)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5414: To give, put, set

an ambush
מְ֠אָֽרְבִים (mə·’ā·rə·ḇîm)
Verb - Piel - Participle - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 693: To lie in wait

against the men
עַל־ (‘al-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

of Ammon,
בְּנֵ֨י (bə·nê)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 1121: A son

Moab,
מוֹאָ֧ב (mō·w·’āḇ)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4124: Moab -- a son of Lot,also his descendants and the territory where they settled

and Mount
וְהַר־ (wə·har-)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 2022: Mountain, hill, hill country

Seir
שֵׂעִ֛יר (śê·‘îr)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8165: Seir -- a mountain range in Edom, also its inhabitants, also a mountain in Judah

who had come
הַבָּאִ֥ים (hab·bā·’îm)
Article | Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 935: To come in, come, go in, go

against Judah,
לִֽיהוּדָ֖ה (lî·hū·ḏāh)
Preposition-l | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3063: Judah -- 'praised', a son of Jacob, also the southern kingdom, also four Israelites

and they were defeated.
וַיִּנָּגֵֽפוּ׃ (way·yin·nā·ḡê·p̄ū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Nifal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 5062: To push, gore, defeat, stub, inflict
(22) And when they began.--Literally, And at the. time when they began with shouting and praise. (Comp. Deuteronomy 16:9, to begin with.) They had now reached the neighbourhood of the enemy; and their joyful paean was the signal for a Divine interposition. (Comp. Joshua 6:16; Joshua 6:20, and Psalm 46:6.)

The Lord set ambushments.--Jehovah placed liers in wait (Judges 9:25). (n?than here is equivalent in meaning to s?m there.)

Come against.--Come into, i.e., invade (2Chronicles 20:10).

They were smitten.--Right, according to the ordinary usage. (See 1Chronicles 19:16; 1Chronicles 19:19, "put to the worse.") This statement anticipates what follows. The ancient translators felt a difficulty here, as is evident from their versions. Thus the LXX. has, "The Lord made the sons of Ammon to war upon Moab and Mount Seir, who came out against Judah; and they were routed." The Vulg., "The Lord turned their ambushment against themselves, viz., that of the sons of Amnion and Moab and Mount Seir, who had gone forth to fight against Judah, and they were smitten."

The Syriac (and Arabic) travesty 2Chronicles 20:21 and the first clause of 2Chronicles 20:22 thus: "And he stood in the middle of the people, and said, Come, let us give thanks unto the Lord, and let us laud the splendour of his holiness, when he goeth out before our hosts, and maketh war for us with our foes: and be saying, Give thanks unto the Lord, for he is good, and his goodness endureth for ever. The hills began praising, and the mountains began rejoicing."They then continue as in 2Chronicles 20:24, omitting "The Lord set ambushments . . . they were smitten."

The self-destruction of the allied hordes was undoubtedly providential, but it need not have been miraculous. How was it brought about? The answer depends on the meaning of the term "liers in wait." Were angels meant, as some have thought (Ewald's b�ser Geister), a more appropriate and less ambiguous term would have been employed to express their agency. Nor is it likely that a Judean ambuscade is thus obscurely mentioned without any further reference or explanation: indeed it is evident from 2Chronicles 20:15; 2Chronicles 20:17; 2Chronicles 20:24, that the part of the Judeans was that of mere spectators of an accomplished fact. Nor, finally, must we suppose that "the waylaying was done by a section of the confederates themselves, probably certain of the Maonites."

The truth appears to be that some portion of the unwieldy and straggling host was suddenly attacked by a lurking band of Bedawi freebooters. In the providence of God the partial confusion which thus originated speedily became a universal panic. The Ammonites and Moabites instantly suspected their less civilised allies, the Maonites, of treachery, and fell upon them in a frenzy of revenge; after which, maddened by slaughter and mutual suspicion, and the memory of ancient feuds, they turned their reeking swords against each other, and the strife only ended with the self-annihilation of the allies. The occurrence is thus to some extent parallel with the self-destruction of the Midianite hordes, when thrown into confusion by the stratagem of Gideon (Judges 7:22).

The marvellous result, marvellously predicted, was brought to pass by a perfectly natural sequence of events, just as was Elisha's prophecy of plenty to famine-stricken Samaria, though at the time when it was uttered fulfilment seemed impossible, unless the Lord were to "make windows in heaven," and pour down supplies from thence by a visible miracle. In neither case was the course of events foreseen by the prophet, but only their issue. (See 2 Kings 7)

Verse 22. - Set ambushments. The Hebrew is נָתַן מְאָרְבִים, i.e. "set persons lying in wait," or "in ambush" (piel part. plur. of אָרַב). So Judges 9:25, but kal participle with apparently future equivalent meaning occurs eighteen times in Joshua, Judges, Samuel, Ezra, Jeremiah, and Lamentations. Who the persons were, supernatural or not, or what their mode of operation, is not told, and is not plain. The effects are quite plain - that first the two confederates, Moab and Ammon, thought they saw reason to fall on them "of Mount Seir," and secondly, having this done, to fall on one another to the end of mutual extermination. They were smitten. The marginal, "they smote one another," may be better, but it is not at all necessary, the meaning being that collectively they became the smitten instead of the smiters! 20:20-30 Jehoshaphat exhorted his troops to firm faith in God. Faith inspires a man with true courage; nor will any thing help more to the establishing of the heart in shaking times, than a firm belief of the power, and mercy, and promise of God. In all our trust in the Lord, and our praises of him, let us especially look at his everlasting mercy to sinners through Jesus Christ. Never was an army so destroyed as that of the enemy. Thus God often makes wicked people destroy one another. And never was a victory celebrated with more solemn thanksgivings.
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Alphabetical: against ambushes Ammon and As began come defeated had invading Judah LORD men Moab Mount of praise praising routed Seir set sing singing so sons the they to were When who

OT History: 2 Chronicles 20:22 When they began to sing (2 Chron. 2Ch iiCh ii ch 2 chr 2chr) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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