Strong's Hebrew: 693. אָרַב (arab) -- to lie in wait
693. arab
Strong's Concordance
arab: to lie in wait
Original Word: אָרַב
Part of Speech: Verb
Transliteration: arab
Phonetic Spelling: (aw-rab')
Short Definition: ambush
NAS Exhaustive Concordance
Word Origin
a prim. root
Definition
to lie in wait
NASB Translation
ambush (15), ambushes (2), lay in wait (3), lie in ambush (1), lie in wait (7), lies in wait (1), lurked (1), lurks (4), lying in ambush (1), lying in wait (3), set an ambush (2), waited in ambush (1).

Brown-Driver-Briggs
אָרַב verb lie in wait (Arabic be crafty) —

Qal Perfect וְאָרַב consecutive Deuteronomy 19:11; Judges 21:20; אָרָֽבְתִּי׃ Job 31:9; אָֽרְבוּ Psalm 59:4; Lamentations 4:19; Imperfect יֶאֱרֹב Psalm 10:9 (twice in verse); יֶאֱרֹ֑בוּ Proverbs 1:18; Micah 7:2; וָיֶּ˜ אֶרְבוּ Judges 9:34; Judges 16:2; נֶָֽאֶרְבָה Proverbs 1:11; Imperative אֱרֹב Judges 9:32; Infinitive אֱרָבֿ Proverbs 12:6; Participle אֹרֵב Joshua 8:2 11t.; אוֺרֵב Joshua 8:12 4t.; אֹרְבִים Joshua 8:4 2t; — lie in wait (with hostile purpose), absolute Judges 9:32,43 + Judges 21:20; Job 31:9; Psalm 10:9; Proverbs 7:12; Proverbs 23:28; 1 Samuel 22:8,13; Lamentations 3:10 (of bear, compare Psalm 10:9); with infinitive of purpose Psalm 10:9; with accusative דָּם ׳א Proverbs 12:6; with עַל, and person against whom Deuteronomy 19:11; Judges 9:34; usually with ל Micah 7:2; Judges 16:2; Psalm 59:4; Proverbs 1:11,18; Proverbs 24:15; Lamentations 4:19 compare Joshua 8:2,4,14; Participle as substantive = liers-in-wait (plural) Judges 20:29; usually singular collective ambush Joshua 8:2,12,14,19,21; Judges 16:9,12; Judges 20:33,36,37 (twice in verse); Judges 20:38; Ezra 8:31; plural of this singular = ambuscades Jeremiah 51:12; singular = place of lying-in-wait, ambush (local sense) Joshua 8:7.

Pi`el Participle plural liers-in-wait id quod

Qal Participle מְאָֽרְבִים Judges 9:25 (with ל), 2 Chronicles 20:22 (with עַל). ?

Hiph`il Imperfect זַיָּרֶב בנחל (for וַיַּאֲרֶב) 1 Samuel 15:5 (compare Dr Köi. 390; Ges-Kau§ 68. 2 queries) but text dubious; compare Ol§ 237 b, & Klo, who proposes ויעבר בנחל.

Strong's Exhaustive Concordance
lie in ambush, lay lie in wait

A primitive root; to lurk -- (lie in) ambush(-ment), lay (lie in) wait.

Forms and Transliterations
אֱרָב־ אָ֥רְבוּ אָֽרְב֡וּ אָרָֽבְתִּי׃ אֹֽרְבִ֔ים אֹרְבִ֤ים אֹרֵ֗ב אֹרֵ֛ב אֹרֵ֥ב ארב ארב־ ארבו ארבים ארבתי׃ בְּאָרְבָּ֑ם בארבם הָ֣אֹרֵ֔ב הָֽאֹרֵב֙ הָאֹֽרְבִ֑ים הָאֹרֵ֑ב הָאֹרֵ֔ב הארב הארבים וְאָ֤רַב וְאֹרֵ֧ב וְאוֹרֵ֖ב וְהָאֹרֵ֖ב וְהָאֹרֵ֗ב וְהָאֹרֵ֣ב וְהָאוֹרֵ֡ב וֶאֱרֹ֖ב וַאֲרַבְתֶּ֥ם וַיֶּאֱרֹ֖ב וַיֶּאֶרְב֣וּ וַיֶּאֶרְבוּ־ ואורב וארב וארבתם והאורב והארב ויארב ויארבו ויארבו־ יֶ֭אֱרֹב יֶאֱרֹ֑בוּ יֶאֱרֹ֔בוּ יֶאֱרֹ֬ב יארב יארבו לְאֹרֵ֖ב לארב מְ֠אָֽרְבִים מְאָרְבִ֗ים מֵהָ֣אוֹרֵ֔ב מארבים מהאורב נֶאֶרְבָ֥ה נארבה תֶּֽאֱרֹ֑ב תֶּאֱרֹ֣ב תֶאֱרֹֽב׃ תארב תארב׃ ’ā·rā·ḇə·tî ’ā·rə·ḇū ’ārāḇətî ’ārəḇū ’ĕ·rāḇ- ’ĕrāḇ- ’ō·rə·ḇîm ’ō·rêḇ ’ōrêḇ ’ōrəḇîm aRaveti areVu bə’ārəbām bə·’ā·rə·bām beareBam erov hā’ōrêḇ hā’ōrəḇîm hā·’ō·rə·ḇîm hā·’ō·rêḇ haoRev haoreVim lə’ōrêḇ lə·’ō·rêḇ leoRev mə’ārəḇîm mə·’ā·rə·ḇîm mê·hā·’ō·w·rêḇ meareVim mêhā’ōwrêḇ meHaoRev ne’erḇāh ne·’er·ḇāh neerVah oRev oreVim te’ĕrōḇ ṯe’ĕrōḇ te·’ĕ·rōḇ ṯe·’ĕ·rōḇ teeRo vaaravTem vaiyeeRo vaiyeerVu veArav veeRo vehaoRev veoRev wa’ăraḇtem wa·’ă·raḇ·tem way·ye·’ĕ·rōḇ way·ye·’er·ḇū way·ye·’er·ḇū- wayye’erḇū wayye’erḇū- wayye’ĕrōḇ wə’āraḇ we’ĕrōḇ wə’ōrêḇ wə’ōwrêḇ wə·’ā·raḇ we·’ĕ·rōḇ wə·’ō·rêḇ wə·’ō·w·rêḇ wə·hā·’ō·rêḇ wə·hā·’ō·w·rêḇ wəhā’ōrêḇ wəhā’ōwrêḇ ye’ĕrōḇ ye’ĕrōḇū ye·’ĕ·rō·ḇū ye·’ĕ·rōḇ yeeRo yeeRou
Links
Interlinear GreekInterlinear HebrewStrong's NumbersEnglishman's Greek ConcordanceEnglishman's Hebrew ConcordanceParallel Texts
Englishman's Concordance
Strong's Hebrew 693
41 Occurrences


’ā·rā·ḇə·tî — 1 Occ.
’ā·rə·ḇū — 2 Occ.
bə·’ā·rə·bām — 1 Occ.
’ĕ·rāḇ- — 1 Occ.
hā·’ō·rêḇ — 4 Occ.
hā·’ō·rə·ḇîm — 1 Occ.
lə·’ō·rêḇ — 2 Occ.
mə·’ā·rə·ḇîm — 2 Occ.
mê·hā·’ō·w·rêḇ — 1 Occ.
ne·’er·ḇāh — 1 Occ.
’ō·rêḇ — 4 Occ.
’ō·rə·ḇîm — 2 Occ.
ṯe·’ĕ·rōḇ — 3 Occ.
wa·’ă·raḇ·tem — 1 Occ.
way·ye·’ĕ·rōḇ — 1 Occ.
way·ye·’er·ḇū — 2 Occ.
wə·’ā·raḇ — 1 Occ.
we·’ĕ·rōḇ — 1 Occ.
wə·hā·’ō·w·rêḇ — 4 Occ.
wə·’ō·rêḇ — 2 Occ.
ye·’ĕ·rōḇ — 2 Occ.
ye·’ĕ·rō·ḇū — 2 Occ.

Deuteronomy 19:11
HEB: שֹׂנֵ֣א לְרֵעֵ֔הוּ וְאָ֤רַב לוֹ֙ וְקָ֣ם
NAS: his neighbor and lies in wait for him and rises
KJV: his neighbour, and lie in wait for him, and rise up
INT: hates his neighbor and lies and rises against

Joshua 8:2
HEB: שִׂים־ לְךָ֥ אֹרֵ֛ב לָעִ֖יר מֵאַחֲרֶֽיהָ׃
NAS: for yourselves. Set an ambush for the city
KJV: unto yourselves: lay thee an ambush for the city
INT: shall take Set an ambush the city behind

Joshua 8:4
HEB: רְ֠אוּ אַתֶּ֞ם אֹרְבִ֤ים לָעִיר֙ מֵאַחֲרֵ֣י
NAS: See, you are going to ambush the city
KJV: Behold, ye shall lie in wait against the city,
INT: See you to ambush the city behind

Joshua 8:7
HEB: וְאַתֶּ֗ם תָּקֻ֙מוּ֙ מֵהָ֣אוֹרֵ֔ב וְהוֹרַשְׁתֶּ֖ם אֶת־
NAS: And you shall rise from [your] ambush and take possession
KJV: Then ye shall rise up from the ambush, and seize
INT: and you shall rise from ambush and take of the city

Joshua 8:12
HEB: וַיָּ֨שֶׂם אוֹתָ֜ם אֹרֵ֗ב בֵּ֧ין בֵּֽית־
NAS: and set them in ambush between
KJV: and set them to lie in ambush between Bethel
INT: men and set ambush between Bethel

Joshua 8:14
HEB: יָדַ֔ע כִּֽי־ אֹרֵ֥ב ל֖וֹ מֵאַחֲרֵ֥י
NAS: But he did not know that [there was] an ambush against him behind
KJV: but he wist not that [there were] liers in ambush against him behind
INT: know for that an ambush behind the city

Joshua 8:19
HEB: וְהָאוֹרֵ֡ב קָם֩ מְהֵרָ֨ה
NAS: The [men in] ambush rose quickly
KJV: And the ambush arose quickly
INT: ambush rose quickly

Joshua 8:21
HEB: כִּֽי־ לָכַ֤ד הָֽאֹרֵב֙ אֶת־ הָעִ֔יר
NAS: saw that the [men in] ambush had captured
KJV: saw that the ambush had taken
INT: for had captured ambush the city for

Judges 9:25
HEB: בַעֲלֵ֨י שְׁכֶ֜ם מְאָרְבִ֗ים עַ֚ל רָאשֵׁ֣י
NAS: set men in ambush against him on the tops
KJV: set liers in wait for him in the top
INT: the men of Shechem ambush on the tops

Judges 9:32
HEB: אֲשֶׁר־ אִתָּ֑ךְ וֶאֱרֹ֖ב בַּשָּׂדֶֽה׃
NAS: who are with you, and lie in wait in the field.
KJV: thou and the people that [is] with thee, and lie in wait in the field:
INT: who for and lie the field

Judges 9:34
HEB: עִמּ֖וֹ לָ֑יְלָה וַיֶּאֶרְב֣וּ עַל־ שְׁכֶ֔ם
NAS: by night and lay in wait against
KJV: that [were] with him, by night, and they laid wait against Shechem
INT: by night and lay against Shechem

Judges 9:43
HEB: לִשְׁלֹשָׁ֣ה רָאשִׁ֔ים וַיֶּאֱרֹ֖ב בַּשָּׂדֶ֑ה וַיַּ֗רְא
NAS: companies, and lay in wait in the field;
KJV: companies, and laid wait in the field,
INT: three companies and lay the field looked

Judges 16:2
HEB: הֵ֔נָּה וַיָּסֹ֛בּוּ וַיֶּאֶרְבוּ־ ל֥וֹ כָל־
NAS: they surrounded [the place] and lay in wait for him all
KJV: hither. And they compassed [him] in, and laid wait for him all night
INT: here surrounded and lay all night

Judges 16:9
HEB: וְהָאֹרֵ֗ב יֹשֵׁ֥ב לָהּ֙
NAS: Now she had [men] lying in wait in an inner room.
KJV: Now [there were] men lying in wait, abiding
INT: lying had an inner

Judges 16:12
HEB: עָלֶ֙יךָ֙ שִׁמְשׁ֔וֹן וְהָאֹרֵ֖ב יֹשֵׁ֣ב בֶּחָ֑דֶר
NAS: are upon you, Samson! For the [men] were lying in wait in the inner room.
KJV: [be] upon thee, Samson. And [there were] liers in wait abiding
INT: and Samson the were lying abiding the inner

Judges 20:29
HEB: וַיָּ֤שֶׂם יִשְׂרָאֵל֙ אֹֽרְבִ֔ים אֶל־ הַגִּבְעָ֖ה
NAS: set men in ambush around
KJV: set liers in wait round about
INT: set Israel ambush about Gibeah

Judges 20:33
HEB: בְּבַ֣עַל תָּמָ֑ר וְאֹרֵ֧ב יִשְׂרָאֵ֛ל מֵגִ֥יחַ
NAS: and the men of Israel in ambush broke
KJV: at Baaltamar: and the liers in wait of Israel
INT: and arrayed Baal-tamar ambush of Israel broke

Judges 20:36
HEB: בָֽטְחוּ֙ אֶל־ הָ֣אֹרֵ֔ב אֲשֶׁר שָׂ֖מוּ
NAS: they relied on the men in ambush whom
KJV: because they trusted unto the liers in wait which they had set
INT: relied against ambush whom had set

Judges 20:37
HEB: וְהָאֹרֵ֣ב הֵחִ֔ישׁוּ וַֽיִּפְשְׁט֖וּ
NAS: the men in ambush hurried and rushed
KJV: And the liers in wait hasted,
INT: ambush hurried and rushed

Judges 20:37
HEB: הַגִּבְעָ֑ה וַיִּמְשֹׁךְ֙ הָאֹרֵ֔ב וַיַּ֥ךְ אֶת־
NAS: Gibeah; the men in ambush also deployed
KJV: upon Gibeah; and the liers in wait drew [themselves] along,
INT: Gibeah deployed ambush and struck all

Judges 20:38
HEB: יִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל עִם־ הָאֹרֵ֑ב הֶ֕רֶב לְהַעֲלוֹתָ֛ם
NAS: of Israel and the men in ambush was that they would make a great
KJV: and the liers in wait, that they should make a great
INT: of Israel and ambush A great rise

Judges 21:20
HEB: לֵאמֹ֑ר לְכ֖וּ וַאֲרַבְתֶּ֥ם בַּכְּרָמִֽים׃
NAS: Go and lie in wait in the vineyards,
KJV: Go and lie in wait in the vineyards;
INT: saying Go and lie the vineyards

1 Samuel 22:8
HEB: עַבְדִּ֥י עָלַ֛י לְאֹרֵ֖ב כַּיּ֥וֹם הַזֶּֽה׃
NAS: against me to lie in ambush, as [it is] this
KJV: my servant against me, to lie in wait, as at this day?
INT: my servant against to lie day this

1 Samuel 22:13
HEB: לָק֥וּם אֵלַ֛י לְאֹרֵ֖ב כַּיּ֥וֹם הַזֶּֽה׃
NAS: up against me by lying in ambush as [it is] this
KJV: for him, that he should rise against me, to lie in wait, as at this day?
INT: rise against lying age this

2 Chronicles 20:22
HEB: נָתַ֣ן יְהוָ֣ה ׀ מְ֠אָֽרְבִים עַל־ בְּנֵ֨י
NAS: the LORD set ambushes against the sons
KJV: set ambushments against the children
INT: set the LORD ambushes against the sons

41 Occurrences

692
Top of Page
Top of Page